Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( ); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable")—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father", "papa") in India. Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. Gandhi is commonly, though not officially, considered the Father of the Nation in India.
Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in his earliest known photo, aged 7, c. 1876 English barrister Civil rights movement in South Africa (1893–1914) History of U.S. Military Interventions since 1890. By Dr. Zoltan Grossman The following is a partial list of U.S. military interventions from 1890 to 2011. Below the list is a Briefing on the History of U.S. Military Interventions. The list and briefing are also available as a powerpoint presentation. This guide does not include: mobilizations of the National Guard offshore shows of naval strength reinforcements of embassy personnel the use of non-Defense Department personnel (such as the Drug Enforcement Administration) military exercises non-combat mobilizations (such as replacing postal strikers) the permanent stationing of armed forces covert actions where the U.S. did not play a command and control role the use of small hostage rescue units most uses of proxy troops U.S. piloting of foreign warplanes foreign or domestic disaster assistance military training and advisory programs not involving direct combat civic action programs and many other military activities.
Quotes in Christian Science Monitor and The Independent. OSS.Net, Inc. Home Page. Peacekeeping Intelligence. Project for a World Intelligence Center -- 1957. Greed, Secrecy, Deception & Genocide. Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence. Rebuilding Americas Defenses.
Baghdad War Diary. At 5pm EST Friday 22nd October 2010 WikiLeaks released the largest classified military leak in history. The 391,832 reports ('The Iraq War Logs'), document the war and occupation in Iraq, from 1st January 2004 to 31st December 2009 (except for the months of May 2004 and March 2009) as told by soldiers in the United States Army. Each is a 'SIGACT' or Significant Action in the war. They detail events as seen and heard by the US military troops on the ground in Iraq and are the first real glimpse into the secret history of the war that the United States government has been privy to throughout.
The reports detail 109,032 deaths in Iraq, comprised of 66,081 'civilians'; 23,984 'enemy' (those labeled as insurgents); 15,196 'host nation' (Iraqi government forces) and 3,771 'friendly' (coalition forces). The majority of the deaths (66,000, over 60%) of these are civilian deaths.That is 31 civilians dying every day during the six year period. Outline of war. The Guantanamo Files. In its latest release of classified US documents, WikiLeaks is shining the light of truth on a notorious icon of the Bush administration’s "War on Terror" — the prison at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, which opened on January 11, 2002, and remains open under President Obama, despite his promise to close the much-criticized facility within a year of taking office. In thousands of pages of documents dating from 2002 to 2008 and never seen before by members of the public or the media, the cases of the majority of the prisoners held at Guantánamo — 765 out of 779 in total — are described in detail in memoranda from JTF-GTMO, the Joint Task Force at Guantánamo Bay, to US Southern Command in Miami, Florida.
These memoranda, known as Detainee Assessment Briefs (DABs), contain JTF-GTMO’s recommendations about whether the prisoners in question should continue to be held, or should be released (transferred to their home governments, or to other governments). (Andy Worthington) 1. Personal information 2. 3. Kabul War Diary. Sunday, July 25 5pm EST. WikiLeaks today released over 75,000 secret US military reports covering the war in Afghanistan.
The Afghan War Diary is an extraordinary secret compendium of over 91,000 reports covering the war in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010. The reports describe the majority of lethal military actions involving the United States military. They include the number of persons internally stated to be killed, wounded, or detained during each action, together with the precise geographical location of each event, and the military units involved and major weapon systems used. The Afghan War Diary is the most significant archive about the reality of war to have ever been released during the course of a war. Most entries have been written by soldiers and intelligence officers listening to reports radioed in from front line deployments.
Each report consists of the time and precise geographic location of an event that the US Army considers significant. Afghan War Diary - Reading guide. Thích Quảng Đức. Thích is a Buddhist honorary title and Quảng Đức is descriptive of meritorious attributes: see dharma name. Thích Quảng Đức (1897 – 11 June 1963, born Lâm Văn Túc), was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963. Quang Duc was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngô Đình Diệm.
Photographs of his self-immolation were circulated widely across the world and brought attention to the policies of the Diệm government. John F. Kennedy said in reference to a photograph of Duc on fire, "No news picture in history has generated so much emotion around the world as that one Quang Duc's act increased international pressure on Diệm and led him to announce reforms with the intention of mollifying the Buddhists. Biography Accounts of the life of Quảng Đức are derived from information disseminated by Buddhist organizations. Religious background Self-immolation  Dirty Wars Official Trailer 1 (2013) - War Documentary HD. Syria File. Imperialism. Genocide. Peaceanddialogueplatform. War. Casualties in Iraq - Antiwar.com. List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll.
Institute for War and Peace Reporting - Amnesty International | Working to Protect Human Rights. Welcome to the United Nations. List of anti-war organizations. List of anti-war organizations From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search In order to facilitate organized, determined, and principled opposition to war, peace-centered activists have often founded anti-war organizations. These groups range from temporary coalitions which address one war or pending war, to more permanent structured organizations which work to end the concept of war and the factors which lead to large-scale destructive conflicts. The overwhelming majority do so in a nonviolent manner. Contents [hide] Society of Peace Origins International Africa Asia Europe North America United States Canada Oceania Religious Christian Buddhist Buddhist Peace Fellowship See also Retrieved from " Categories: Navigation menu Personal tools Namespaces Variants Views Actions Navigation Interaction Tools Print/export Languages Edit links This page was last modified on 25 May 2014 at 00:38.
Category:Peace organizations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Peace organizations are part of the Peace movement. See also Category:Anti-nuclear weapons movement for organizations which focus on opposition to nuclear weapons and/or nuclear testing. International Society for Peace Subcategories This category has the following 13 subcategories, out of 13 total. Pages in category "Peace organizations" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 292 total.
(previous 200) (next 200)(previous 200) (next 200) War. "Conflict zone" redirects here. For the 2001 video game, see Conflict Zone. The War by Tadeusz Cyprian (1949), a photograph in the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw showing ruins of Warsaw's Napoleon Square in the aftermath of World War II. War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality.
An absence of war is usually called "peace". Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant casualties. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature, others argue that it is only a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances. Etymology The scholarly study of war is sometimes called polemology (American English: /ˌpɑːləˈmɑːlədʒi/ pah-lə-MAHL-ə-jee), from the Greek polemos, meaning "war", and -logy, meaning "the study of". Types History Effects. Guide to anti-war websites | Special reports | guardian.co.uk. List of peace activists. This list of peace activists includes people who've proactively advocated diplomatic, philosophical, and non-military resolution of major territorial or ideological disputes through nonviolent means and methods. Peace activists usually work with others in the overall peace movement to focus the world's attention on the irrationality of violent conflicts, decisions, and actions.
They thus initiate and facilitate wide public dialogues aimed at nonviolently altering long-standing societal agreements directly related to, and held in place by, the various irrational, violent, habitual, and historically fearful thought-processes residing at the core of these conflicts, with the intention of peacefully ending the conflicts themselves. Howard Zinn. Life and career Early life Zinn was born to a Jewish immigrant family in Brooklyn.
His father, Eddie Zinn, born in Austria-Hungary, emigrated to the U.S. with his brother Samuel before the outbreak of World War I. Howard's mother, Jenny (Rabinowitz) Zinn, emigrated from the Eastern Siberian city of Irkutsk. World War II On a post-doctoral research mission nine years later, Zinn visited the resort near Bordeaux where he interviewed residents, reviewed municipal documents, and read wartime newspaper clippings at the local library. Zinn wrote: I recalled flying on that mission, too, as deputy lead bombardier, and that we did not aim specifically at the 'Skoda works' (which I would have noted, because it was the one target in Czechoslovakia I had read about) but dropped our bombs, without much precision, on the city of Pilsen. Six years later, he wrote: Education After World War II, Zinn attended New York University on the GI Bill, graduating with a B.A. in 1951.