The technical terminology used in virus alerts and descriptions can be confusing. The glossary below contains definitions for some of the most common terms with the top ones linked just below. Backdoor | Trojan | Virus | Worm
Adware (logiciel publicitaire) En général, les composants adwares (logiciels publicitaires) s'installent le long d'un shareware (partagiciel) ou freeware (gratuiciel) et apportent des publicités ciblées sur votre ordinateur. Ces publicités sont des sources de revenus pour le développeur du logiciel. L'adware affiche des publicités de type Web à travers des fenêtres contextuelles ou des bannières de publicité inopportunes. BHO (Browser Helper Object) Un BHO (Objet d'aide à la navigation) peut sembler être une barre d'outils bien utile dans Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE).
Access Control Access Control ensures that resources are only granted to those users who are entitled to them. Access Control List (ACL) A mechanism that implements access control for a system resource by listing the identities of the system entities that are permitted to access the resource.
Glossary Digital libraries have absorbed terminology from many fields, including computing, libraries, publishing, law, and more. This glossary gives brief explanations of how some common terms are used in digital libraries today, which may not be the usage in other contexts. Often the use in digital libraries has diverged from or extended the original sense of a term. AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules)
The URL of this document is: http://www.matisse.net/files/glossary.html which is where you can look for the latest, most complete version. Feel free to make links to that URL. Back to Index
ASN.1: Abstract Syntax Notation. An abstract notation for structuring complex data objects. Activation Data: Private data, other than keys, that are required to access cryptographic modules (i.e., unlock private keys for signing or decryption events).
ActiveX control A software component of Microsoft Windows that can be used to create and distribute small applications through Internet Explorer . ActiveX controls can be developed and used by software to perform functions that would otherwise not be available using normal Internet Explorer capabilities.
Like many subjects, information security comes with its own terminology and the jargon can be opaque to outsiders. Click below to shed light on the murky world of cyber crime. Unwanted programs that, once installed, bombard users with unwanted adverts. Often those pushing the aware programs get paid for every machine they manage to recruit. Some adware poses as fake computer security software. Can be very hard to remove.
ASC includes the following Glossary in order to clarify some of the terms used in this document, particularly the more frequently used terms in anti-spyware products and research. This Glossary will be updated as we continue with our work. ActiveX Control: See “Browser Plug-in.” Advertising Display Software: Any program that causes advertising content to be displayed. Adware: A type of Advertising Display Software , specifically certain executable applications whose primary purpose is to deliver advertising content potentially in a manner or context that may be unexpected and unwanted by users.
Current News George A. Miller , who began the WordNet project in the mid-1980s, passed away on July 22, 2012 at the age of 92. You can read his obituary here . About WordNet WordNet® is a large lexical database of English.