background preloader

ETUDE DE GENRE

Facebook Twitter

Psychologie(s) des transsexuels et des transgenres, de Françoise Sironi. Understanding Gender - Gender Spectrum. Understandings of gender continually evolve. In the course of a person’s life, the interests, activities, clothing and professions that are considered the domain of one gender or another evolve in ways both small and large. This has perhaps never been more true than it is now. The data show that today’s young people have significantly different understandings of gender than previous generations, with consequences for all children, families, organizations and institutions. For example: A 2015 Fusion Millennial poll of adults ages 18-34 in the USA found that the majority see gender as a spectrum, rather than a man/woman binary. All of us are inundated with gender messages from the time we are born, yet we offer children few opportunities to more deeply consider or understand this fundamentally important aspect of life.

Dimensions of Gender People tend to use the terms “sex” and “gender” interchangeably. Body Bodies themselves are also gendered in the context of cultural expectations. Social. The Gender Spectrum. Printer-friendly version Illustration by Olaf Hajek When we meet a newborn baby, most of us ask the same question: boy or girl? Often, the answer is easy. Often, but not always. Meet Alex, a fourth-grader in Madison, Wis., with long, blond hair, a lanky build and a broad smile.

Boy or girl? When we meet people for the first time, we look for gender cues in a way so automated we don’t even know we’re doing it. Then someone like Alex (we used a pseudonym to protect Alex’s privacy) walks into the room, and everything we thought we knew about gender flies out the window. Gender may seem simple, but the myths surrounding this concept mask its true complexity.

In the parlance of gender development, sex exists between your legs—it’s your biology, your chromosomes, your anatomy. For most kids, birth sex and gender identity match. The terminology used to describe these identities is vast and evolving. Alex has adamantly shirked gender boxes since the age of three, refusing to be called boy or girl. Androcentrism: It’s Okay to Be a Boy, but Being a Girl… Sociologists use the term “androcentrism” to refer to a new kind of sexism, one that replaces the favoring of men over women with the favoring of masculinity over femininity. According to the rules of androcentrism, men and women alike are rewarded, but only insofar as they are masculine (e.g., they play sports, drink whiskey, and are lawyers or surgeons w00t!). Meanwhile, men are punished for doing femininity and women… well, women are required to do femininity and simultaneously punished for it. Illustrating this concept, much more concisely, is this altered photograph of James Franco in drag.

Sent along by Stephanie V., the photo was originally for the cover of Candy, a “transversal style” fashion magazine. I’m not sure who added the copy,* but I like it: * So Caro Visi, where I found the image, credits Virus, but I can’t find it there. UPDATE: Sarah and John, in the comments thread, pointed out that the language is borrowed from a movie titled The Cement Garden.

The Problem with Tomboys — Gender Justice/Feminism. One night, after a particularly rough break-up, I told a close male friend of mine that my ex had once told me he wished I were more feminine. The ex was a jerk in many other ways, it turned out, but that comment particularly annoyed me. My male friend admitted I was “kind of a tomboy.” I nodded, which is what I felt I was supposed to do perhaps, but the comment perturbed me. The next day, still thinking about it, I asked my friend to clarify why he had called me a tomboy. “Well, you know, you play sports. You have a lot of guy friends. And sometimes you end up being the only girl out with our group. It doesn’t surprise me that some men — many men, perhaps — still think that women and girls should be dainty and clean, should sit inside and do traditionally “feminine” things like cook and gossip, while the men get to have adventures in the outdoors. When Women Wanted Sex Much More Than Men.

In the 1600s, a man named James Mattock was expelled from the First Church of Boston. His crime? It wasn’t using lewd language or smiling on the sabbath or anything else that we might think the Puritans had disapproved of. Rather, James Mattock had refused to have sex with his wife for two years. Though Mattock’s community clearly saw his self-deprivation as improper, it is quite possible that they had his wife’s suffering in mind when they decided to shun him.

The Puritans believed that sexual desire was a normal and natural part of human life for both men and women (as long as it was heterosexual and confined to marriage), but that women wanted and needed sex more than men. A man could choose to give up sex with relatively little trouble, but for a woman to be so deprived would be much more difficult for her. Yet today, the idea that men are more interested in sex than women is so pervasive that it seems almost unremarkable. Yet the times were clearly changing. So what happened? Les Magasins U – Noël 2015. Male and female brains wired differently, scans reveal | Science. Scientists have drawn on nearly 1,000 brain scans to confirm what many had surely concluded long ago: that stark differences exist in the wiring of male and female brains. Maps of neural circuitry showed that on average women's brains were highly connected across the left and right hemispheres, in contrast to men's brains, where the connections were typically stronger between the front and back regions.

Ragini Verma, a researcher at the University of Pennsylvania, said the greatest surprise was how much the findings supported old stereotypes, with men's brains apparently wired more for perception and co-ordinated actions, and women's for social skills and memory, making them better equipped for multitasking. "If you look at functional studies, the left of the brain is more for logical thinking, the right of the brain is for more intuitive thinking. So if there's a task that involves doing both of those things, it would seem that women are hardwired to do those better," Verma said. Biological basis of sexual orientation. CONTACT: Stanford University News Service (415) 723-2558 Biological basis of sexual orientation STANFORD -- Research into the biological basis of sexual orientation "presents a clear double message. Yes, genetics plays a part. No, it is not all genetics," Dora B. Goldstein, professor emeritus of molecular pharmacology, told the audience that attended the first in a series of public lectures sponsored by the Medical Center's Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual Community on March 9.

"This shouldn't be too surprising because that is what all kinds of behavioral studies indicate. Genes determine everything. In her noon presentation, Goldstein reviewed relevant research in a number of different areas: population studies, family studies, twin studies, genetic research, childhood behavior, and brain differences. The often used statistic that about 10 percent of men are homosexual comes from a study performed by Kinsey. The results of this survey are supported by studies of "gender non-conforming children. "