Single Mothers In International Context: Mothers Or Workers? - Duncan, Simon; Edwards, Rosalind, Rosalind Edwards, Simon Duncan University of Bradford; Rosalind Edwards South Bank University., Sign In. Impact Factor:1.697 | Ranking:Family Studies 13 out of 43.
Sign In. Impact Factor:1.418 | Ranking:Social Issues 13 out of 41 | Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary 19 out of 93 | Sociology 36 out of 142 Source:2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data This item requires a subscription to Youth & Society.
To view this item, select one of the options below: What role can child and family services play in enhancing opportunities for parents and families : Exploring the concepts of social exclusion and social inclusion. This Practice Sheet draws upon research to provide practitioners and policy-makers with ideas about how the concept of social inclusion can be used to plan and deliver child and family services in ways that enhance opportunities for parents and families.
Key messages Definitions of social exclusion are often vague and ambiguous however one of the best ways of understanding social exclusion is to explore how it is distinct from poverty and deprivation. Social exclusion is not the equivalent of poverty (i.e., inadequate economic resources) or deprivation (i.e., an enforced lack of socially perceived necessities). Social exclusion, in contrast to poverty and deprivation, is fundamentally about a lack of connectedness and participation.In the Australian policy context social inclusion is understood as four key "domains" of opportunity.
What is social exclusion? According to a report by Catholic Social Services (2010) "social exclusion has never been an easy term to define" (p. 10). Employment. Family Matters - Issue 91 - Post-separation parenting and Indigenous families. Family Matters - Issue 84 - Children's exposure to parental and familial adversities. The experience of trauma, loss and bereavement during childhood have both immediate and long-term consequences for health and general wellbeing.
Children who have experienced the death of a parent or witnessed violent and/or traumatic events report more psychological symptoms than those who have not (Cerel, Fristad, Verducci, Weller, & Weller, 2006; Freeman, Mokros, & Poznanski, 1993). Children's exposure to violence has also been associated with lower IQ scores and poorer reading ability (Delaney-Black et al., 2002). Issues for the safety and wellbeing of children in families with multiple and complex problems - How do drug and alcohol misuse, mental health problems and domestic violence affect parenting? Substance misuse, mental health problems and domestic violence are commonly associated with child protection involvement and are described as "key risk factors" for child abuse and neglect.
There is substantial research documenting the association between these parental problems and poor outcomes for children. Children are particularly vulnerable to cumulative harm in families with multiple and complex problems in which the unremitting daily impact of multiple adverse circumstance and events has a profound and exponential impact on children, and diminishes their sense of safety and wellbeing (Bromfield & Miller, 2007). Despite the strong association between these parental problems and child protection, there is limited guidance for practitioners that sets out exactly how these problems affect parenting. This paper does not investigate the subsequent long-term effects of abuse and neglect on children. How can parental substance misuse affect parenting Individual impacts Risks to children.
Family Matters - Issue 85 - Family is for life. This article highlights the formative influence of familial childhood experiences on the lives of young adults.
Using data from the Australian Temperament Project (ATP), links are explored between supportive parent-child relationships, adverse family experiences in childhood and psychosocial outcomes in early adulthood. A large body of research has shown that the experiences of childhood can exert an enduring influence on an individual's life (e.g., Rutter, Kim-Cohen, & Maughan, 2006; Schilling, Aseltine Jr, & Gore, 2007).
For better or worse, many people's most defining relationships and experiences occur within the context of their families. Positive family relationships can help children flourish, but adverse experiences can have a negative impact on children's wellbeing and subsequent development. Negative or traumatic childhood experiences within the family are associated with an array of psychosocial problems in later life. Two questions were addressed: The study Measures Findings. Family Matters - Issue 90 - The prevalence of potential family life difficulties in a national longitudinal general population sample of Australian children.
A large body of literature has linked family life difficulties with a range of mental health problems during childhood, adolescence and adulthood, including anxiety, depressive disorders, drug and alcohol misuse and psychosis, as well as other problems such as obesity (e.g., Green et al., 2010; Kessler, Davis, & Kendler, 1997; Read & Bentall, 2012; Schilling, Aseltine, & Gore, 2007; Zubrick, et al., 2005).
These life difficulties have been variously referred to as adverse childhood experiences, life events and maladaptive family functioning. Fm96. Family Matters - Issue 84 - Child support and Welfare to Work reforms. Many single-parent households in Australia rely heavily on both social security payments and child support.
From 1 July 2006 to 1 July 2008, sweeping reforms saw significant changes to the income support eligibility requirements for single-resident parents (known as the Welfare to Work [WTW] reforms), as well as to the calculation of child support. The combined financial effects of the changes were not modelled as part of either of the reform packages, although the two are linked in their aims. In this paper, we examine whether these changes have significant implications for the after-tax income of single parents, and consequently for the economic wellbeing of children in those households, by modelling the combined effect of these changes. The concerns that led to the introduction of the child support scheme have not abated.
It is outside the scope of this paper to determine if the combined reforms fulfil their intended goals; rather we consider their potential in this regard. Endnotes. Nov 2013. PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE(a) REPORTING NO RELIGION(b), 1911-2011 (a) Prior to 1971, people describing themselves as as more than 50% Aboriginal were excluded from counts of the population(b) Includes (variously over time) atheists, agnostics, freethinkers, socialists, rationalists, humanists and people who stated 'No denomination' and 'No religion'(c) In the 1933 Census the public was specifically informed there was no legal obligation to answer the question on religion. 'Not stated' responses increased at this point.
6224.0.55.001 - Labour Force, Australia: Labour Force Status and Other Characteristics of Families, Jun 2012. In June 2012, there were 961 thousand one parent families, making up 15% of all families.
About two-thirds of these one parent families (67%) had dependants living with them. There were 780 thousand single mother families in June 2012, making up the vast majority of one parent families (81%). * One parent family with 15 to 24 years dependent student** One parent family without dependents, but with children 15 years or over. Dec 2009. This article is also available as a PDF - Download the PDF here Have your say below Employment can provide an individual with benefits in terms of financial security, self-esteem and social engagement.
While most children may have access to a wide range of sporting activities, certain circumstances or characteristics of a child may be associated with lower or higher participation in organised sport or dancing. Differences by age Differences by sex. What is poverty and inequality in developed and developing count.