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Colonization and Decolonization - A Manual for Indigenous Liberation in the 21st Century. This is an online version of the Colonization and Decolonization Manual written and illustrated by Gord Hill (Kwakwaka’wakw nation), who frequently writes under the pseudonym Zig Zag. This manual is divided into four sections. The first section defines colonialism, its methods, & its history up to today (i.e. ,the US invasion & occupation of Iraq). The second section details the impact colonialism has had on Indigenous peoples, including sociological & individual impacts. The third section examines the concept of decolonization. The fourth section discusses decolonization within North America. It will be seen that the liberation of Indigenous peoples in North America is closely-connected to a global process of resistance & survival. Sections 1 & 2 can be held as separate 45 minute to 1 hour classes; the 3rd & 4th sections on Decolonization can be presented as one 1 hour class.

Total: 3 classes at 1 hour each: 3 hours. For presentations, contact: zig_zag48(at) -- Frederick Douglas. The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Victorian Age: Topic 4: Overview. Great Britain during Victoria's reign was not just a powerful island nation. It was the center of a global empire that fostered British contact with a wide variety of other cultures, though the exchange was usually an uneven one. By the end of the nineteenth century, nearly one-quarter of the earth's land surface was part of the British Empire, and more than 400 million people were governed from Great Britain, however nominally. An incomplete list of British colonies and quasi-colonies in 1901 would include Australia, British Guiana (now Guyana), Brunei, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Gambia, the Gold Coast (Ghana), Hong Kong, British India (now Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), Ireland, Kenya, Malawi, the Malay States (Malaysia), Malta, Mauritius, New Zealand, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somaliland (Somalia), South Africa, the Sudan, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), and Trinidad and Tobago.

The British Empire. Armed Forces | Art and Culture | Articles | Biographies | Colonies | Discussion | Glossary | Library | Links | Map Room | Sources and Media | Science and Technology | Search | Student Zone | Timelines | TV & Film | Wargames. The Colonization of Africa. Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization.

At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social.

It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The Scramble for Africa But other factors played an important role in the process. The political impetus derived from the impact of inter-European power struggles and competition for preeminence.

Back to top The African Resistance A Period of Change. Fiction v nonfiction – English literature's made-up divide. There’s a mighty canyon that runs down the middle of the world of the word, carving through bookshops, libraries and literary prizes, splitting them into fiction and nonfiction. Those who try to build bridges over this fissure may find themselves – like Geoff Dyer – rejecting the terms on which they are read, or, like Sheila Heti, arguing with their own book jackets.

Those who are caught on the wrong side of the divide are attacked as frauds, pillioried or even – like James Frey – hounded out of their homes. But according to the writer Aleksandar Hemon, this strange chasm doesn’t even exist in the language of his birth. In Bosnian, says Hemon, “there are no words for fiction and nonfiction, or the distinction thereof”. “This is not to say that there is no truth or untruth,” he continues.

“It’s just that a literary text is not defined by its relation to truth or imagination.” He thinks the categorisation in English literature may have something do with religion. Proportional-pie-chart-of-the-worlds-most-spoken-languages-1. Berlin Conference To Colonize Africa Began On This Day In 1884. Africa’s colonization by other major powers of the world at the tail end of the 19th century spelled doom and division for the mighty continent. It wasn’t until 1950 that Africa would begin the tough process of gaining much of its independence from Western Europeans. On this day in 1884, the Berlin Conference began the process of dividing Africa and its rich resources. SEE ALSO: Slave Revolt Leader Nat Turner Executed On This Day In 1831 In 1884, Portugal called for the conference, also known as the Congo or West African Conference, and tasked Germany’s first chancellor, Otto Von Bismarck, to organize the event.

Bismarck called on representatives from the following countries to lay out the new policy for colonization: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (which was united until 1905), the Ottoman Empire, and the United States. By 1902, 90 percent of the continent was under European control. Arab/Arabic/Arabian. Arabs are a people whose place of ethnic origin is the Arabian Peninsula. The language which they speak, and which has spread widely to other areas, is Arabic. “Arabic” is not generally used as an adjective except when referring to the language or in a few traditional phrases such as “gum arabic” and “arabic numerals.” Note that in these few phrases the word is not capitalized. Otherwise it is “Arab customs,” “Arab groups,” “Arab countries,” etc. A group of Arab individuals is made of Arabs, not “Arabics” or “Arabians.”

The noun “Arabian” by itself normally refers to Arabian horses. The other main use of the word is in referring to the collection of stories known as The Arabian Nights. However, the phrase “Saudi Arabian” may be used in referring to citizens of the country of Saudi Arabia, and to aspects of the culture of that country. It is also important not to treat the term “Arab” as interchangeable with “Muslim.” The standard pronunciation of “Arab” in American English is “AIR-rub.”

Deep Racism: The Forgotten History Of Human Zoos. In the late 1800s to well into the 1900s, Europeans created “human zoos” in cities like Paris; Hamburg, Germany; Antwerp, Belgium; Barcelona, Spain; London; Milan; Warsaw, Poland; St Louis; and New York City. These were popular human exhibits where whites went to watch Black people who were on display.

The Black people were usually forced to live behind gates and in cages similar to animals in a zoo today. Some of the human exhibits were coerced into appearing or even kidnapped. Others agreed to go on tour in return for a wage. Sometimes the human exhibits were treated cruelly, and kept as virtual prisoners in cages or behind wire fences, where they were poorly fed and housed in inadequate accommodation which did little to keep out the cold.Many of them died quickly, some within a year of their captivity. A large number of visitors attended these exhibitions in each city daily. Below are several photos showing the horrible reality of people who were forced to live in human zoos. Decolonizing the University. This text is a transcription of a talk given at Azania House, Bremner Building, University of Cape Town, April 2015.

I want to thank you all for this wonderful invitation to be a part of the conversations you have been having here at UCT, and at Azania House. We, those outside your university, and at other universities, down the road and across the country, are watching with great enthusiasm and inspired by the courage and thoughtfulness with which you are conducting this moment of subversion.

I have to say that I am in particular very encouraged by the connections you have made between subjections of different kinds, particularly two very neglected forms of subjection — in the sphere of knowledge production, and in the sphere of gender and sexuality. These are remarkable connections and the kind of leadership that is visible to those of us on the outside, shows a genuine effort to unsettle imperial hubris, but also patriarchal power relations. Let me elaborate. Idris Elba can't be James Bond because he isn't 'English English' says Roger Moore. By Sebastian Shakespeare for the Daily Mail Published: 01:39 GMT, 28 March 2015 | Updated: 13:08 GMT, 28 March 2015 Might Sir Roger Moore be even more politically incorrect than his old alter ego James Bond? Interviewed in the new Paris Match magazine he is asked about the widely mooted idea of black British actor Idris Elba becoming the next 007. 'A few years ago, I said that [black actor] Cuba Gooding Jnr would make an excellent Bond, but it was a joke!

' replies Sir Roger, 87, who starred in seven Bond movies between 1973 and 1985. 'Although James may have been played by a Scot, a Welshman and an Irishman, I think he should be "English-English",' he continues. 'Nevertheless, it's an interesting idea, but unrealistic.' Bond? Controversy: A few years ago, I said that Cuba Gooding Jnr would make an excellent Bond, but it was a joke! ' The Scot who played Bond was Sean Connery, the Welshman was Timothy Dalton and the Irishman was Pierce Brosnan. How much more of an Englishman could he be? Watch colonialism collapse before your eyes in this mesmerizing GIF.

One of the things that bothers people so much about Russia's slow play to gobble up chunks of Ukraine is that countries, by and large, have stopped annexing each others' territory since World War II. This modern success is all the more remarkable by the fact that, for most of history, countries loved to conquer land and subjugate the people living there.

European colonialism has been far and away the worst offender in this regard in the last 500 years. Take a look at this GIF charting the rise and fall of (mostly) European empires from 1492, when the European discovery of the Americas kicked off their movement west and south, to 2008. (Asuros) A lot of interesting things pop out in that GIF. Thailand never gets colonized by any power, European or Asian. Thailand never got colonized by any power, European or Asian But the biggest, most remarkable thing in the map is the ebb and flow in the territory controlled by the big European powers. Why? That's, in a way, the point. Africa's size. British Colonialism in Antigua - Caribbean History and Hurricanes. Norway to restage 1914 'human zoo' that exhibited Africans as inmates. As part of mammoth celebrations of the 200th anniversary of Norway’s constitution, the government is funding two artists to re-enact a "human zoo", which will open to the public on 15 May.

Oslo’s original human zoo or Kongolandsbyen was central to Norway’s world fair in 1914. The artists claim that the new project, which they named European Attraction Limited, is meant to provoke a discussion on colonialism and racism in a post-modern world, engaging with Norway’s racist past in the process. Some anti-racism organisations and commentators have labelled the project offensive and racist. Is there any artistic value in the re-enactment of such a dehumanising spectacle, especially in a world not yet fully healed of racism? Is this an abuse of art? Or will the re-enactment reverse the modest gains of the equality struggles, especially when the world engages with the subject of race so superficially? “Once again, the black body will be prepped, scripted and presented to a white gaze. Dialogues Home Page. Chimamanda Adichie: The danger of a single story.

King Leopold's Soliloquy, by Mark Twain. By Mark Twain Boston: The P. R. Warren Co., 1905. Second Edition. [Note: Paginated according to the edition by International Publishers, New York, 1970- GF] "A memorial for the perpetuation of my name. " King Leopold's Soliloquy [Throws down pamphlets which he has been reading. ---- ----!! Miscreants -- they are telling everything! Of officials -- "pals" and "pimps" of mine, "unspeakable Belgians" every one -- and hoisted my flag, and "took in" a President of the United States, and got him to be the first to recognize it and salute it.

These meddlesome American missionaries! Talking, always telling. These pests! Without blasphemy, since God has observed them from the beginning and has manifested no dissatisfaction with them, nor shown disapproval of them, nor hampered nor interrupted them in any way. Blest, crowned, beatified with this great reward, this golden reward, this unspeakably precious reward, why should I care for men's cursings and revilings of me? Blood and put into my pocket. 40 Maps That Will Help You Make Sense of the World. If you’re a visual learner like myself, then you know maps, charts and infographics can really help bring data and information to life. Maps can make a point resonate with readers and this collection aims to do just that. Hopefully some of these maps will surprise you and you’ll learn something new.

A few are important to know, some interpret and display data in a beautiful or creative way, and a few may even make you chuckle or shake your head. If you enjoy this collection of maps, the Sifter highly recommends the r/MapPorn sub reddit. You should also check out 1. 2. 3. 4. Pangea was a supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras, forming about 300 million years ago. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 37. 38. 39. 40. *Bonus* World Map Tattoo with Countries Visited Coloured. The World Factbook. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us daily.

If you have information you think might interest CIA due to our foreign intelligence collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U.S., immediately contact your local law enforcement or FBI Field Office. For threats outside the U.S., contact CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a U.S. official. In addition to the options below, individuals contact CIA in a variety of creative ways. If you feel it is safe, consider providing these details with your submission: Your full name Biographic details, such as a photograph of yourself, and a copy of the biographic page of your passport How you got the information you want to share with CIA How to contact you, including your home address and phone number We cannot guarantee a response to every message. Internet: Send a message here. Department of English Languages and Literature - Courses.

PostcolDefs. Postcolonial Digital Humanities | Global explorations of race, class, gender, sexuality and disability within cultures of technology. Resources | Apartheid Museum. Archive - Apartheid in South Africa - Living under racial segregation and discrimination. Apartheid Timeline. Postcolonial Studies @ Emory.