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Journal of Theoretical Biology : The promise of Mechanical Turk: How online labor markets can help theorists run behavioral experimentsVolume 299 , 21 April 2012, Pages 172–179 Evolution of Cooperation
Iowa Electronic Market for 2008 Democratic National Primary.
Prediction markets (also known as predictive markets , information markets , decision markets , idea futures , event derivatives , or virtual markets ) are speculative markets created for the purpose of making predictions. The current market prices can then be interpreted as predictions of the probability of the event or the expected value of the parameter.
Example of a one-dimensional (constraint) knapsack problem: which boxes should be chosen to maximize the amount of money while still keeping the overall weight under or equal to 15 kg? A multiple constrained problem could consider both the weight and volume of the boxes.
In mathematics and computer science , an optimization problem is the problem of finding the best solution from all feasible solutions . Optimization problems can be divided into two categories depending on whether the variables are continuous or discrete.