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Eight per thousand , or otto per mille , is an Italian law under which Italian taxpayers can choose to whom devolve a compulsory 8 ‰ = 0.8% ('eight per thousand') from their annual income tax return between an organized religion recognised by Italy or, alternatively, to a social assistance scheme run by the Italian State. [ 1 ] This declaration is made on the IRE form. People are not required to declare a recipient; in that case the law stipulates that this undeclared amount be distributed among the normal recipients of such taxes in proportion to what they have already received from explicit declarations. In the period from 1990 to 2007 only 42.73%, on average, expressed a choice.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss ( pron.: / ɡ aʊ s / ; German : Gauß , pronounced [ɡaʊs] ( listen ) ; Latin : Carolus Fridericus Gauss ) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory , algebra , statistics , analysis , differential geometry , geodesy , geophysics , electrostatics , astronomy and optics . Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum [ 1 ] ( Latin , "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians") and "greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. [ 2 ] He referred to mathematics as "the queen of sciences". [ 3 ] [ edit ] Early years (1777–1798)
Behavior of lines with a common perpendicular in each of the three types of geometry In mathematics , non-Euclidean geometry is a small set of geometries based on axioms closely related to those specifying Euclidean geometry . As Euclidean geometry lies at the intersection of metric geometry and affine geometry , non-Euclidean geometry arises when either the metric requirement is relaxed, or the parallel postulate is set aside. In the latter case one obtains hyperbolic geometry and elliptic geometry , the traditional non-Euclidean geometries.
Posted on 03/06/2008 by erikpuura Missugune oleks maailmakaart, kui igas riigis oleks elanike tihedus samasugune? Riigi suurus kaardil väljendab selle elanike arvu. Selline kohati väljavenitatud ja kohati kokkupigistatud kaart on täiesti olemas, parajalt naljakas, aga ka mõtlemapanev.
This is a list of notable people who, typically before 15 years old, showed abilities comparable to those of highly skilled adults in specific fields; hence the term child prodigy . [ edit ] Mathematics and science [ edit ] Mathematics From left to right, Gabriel Carroll, Reid Barton, Liang Xiao, and Zhiqiang Zhang, the four perfect scorers in the 2001 IMO.
Leonardo da Vinci 's Profilo di capitano antico , also known as il Condottiero , 1480. Condottiero meant "leader of mercenaries" in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance A mercenary [ 1 ] is a person who takes part in an armed conflict, who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party". [ 2 ] [ 3 ] As a result of the assumption that a mercenary is essentially motivated by money, the term mercenary usually carries negative connotations.