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Soviet Union -Postcard from Bishkek. Amu Darya - Explorer. Andijan. Асхабадское восстание (1918) - Askhabadskoe uprising (1918) В Закаспийской области большевики практически не имели социальной опоры, так как рабочий класс был представлен в основном железнодорожными рабочими, зажиточным и высококвалифицированным слоем, придерживавшимся меньшевистско-эсеровской ориентации.

Асхабадское восстание (1918) - Askhabadskoe uprising (1918)

Поэтому, когда в связи с осадой силами атамана Дутова Оренбурга и чехословацким мятежом в июне 1918 г. в Закаспии было объявлено об учёте мужчин от 18 до 35 лет (что являлось подготовительным актом к мобилизации), в Закаспии начались волнения и митинги. 17 июня серьёзные волнения произошли в Асхабаде. 3 июля пал Оренбург, и немедленно была объявлена мобилизация; однако рабочие идти в армию отказались. Bischkek. Bischkek [biʃˈkʲek] (kirgisisch/russisch Бишкек, ehemals Frunse) ist die Hauptstadt und gleichzeitig der politische, wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Mittelpunkt Kirgisistans.


Die Stadt ist aus einer Karawanenstation an der Seidenstraße hervorgegangen und erlebte im Laufe ihrer Zeit mehrere Umbenennungen. Central Asia. Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

Central Asia

It is also sometimes referred to as Middle Asia, and, colloquially, "the 'stans" (as the six countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix "-stan", meaning "land of")[1] and is within the scope of the wider Eurasian continent. In modern contexts, all definitions of Central Asia include these five republics of the former Soviet Union: Kazakhstan (pop. 16.6 million), Kyrgyzstan (5.5 million), Tajikistan (7.6 million), Turkmenistan (5.1 million), and Uzbekistan (29.5 million), for a total population of 64.7 million as of 2012.

Other areas sometimes included are Afghanistan, Mongolia, eastern Iran, and sometimes Xinjiang and Tibet in western China. Various definitions of its exact composition exist, and not one definition is universally accepted. Russisch-Zentralasien, Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon 1905-09. Среднеазиатские владения Российской империи - Central Asian possessions of the Russian Empire. Soviet Central Asia. Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible Eurasian boundaries for the region Soviet Central Asia refers to the section of Central Asia formerly controlled by the Soviet Union, as well as the time period of Soviet administration (1918–1991).

Soviet Central Asia

In terms of area, it is nearly synonymous with Russian Turkestan, the name for the region during the Russian Empire. Soviet Central Asia went through many territorial divisions before the current borders were created in the 1920s and 1930s. Making Central Asia Soviet. Subject essay: Lewis Siegelbaum Nativization ("korenizatsiia") in Central Asia involved the preferential selection of indigenous peoples to leadership positions in political, economic, and cultural institutions, and the promotion of indigenous languages over Russian.

Making Central Asia Soviet

Both dimensions reflected the party's commitment to overcoming "great-power chauvinism" and the legacy of "cultural backwardness" that was blamed on tsarist colonial practices. Central Asia. Zoï has contributed to UNECE water assessments and helped facilitate implementation of UNECE and United Nations conventions in Central Asia.

Central Asia

Based on its previous work with Afghanistan, Zoï was invited to assist in the facilitation of the Afghan-Tajik cooperation process. In the development of this atlas, Zoï’s special talents for presenting environmental issues visually have been of particular value. Economic development and natural resource management are top priorities for cooperation between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Tajikistan. For both countries the adequate knowledge and sharing of information about natural resources and hazards are important. Ferghana. Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan ( i/ˌkɑːzəkˈstɑːn/ or /ˌkæzəkˈstæn/; Kazakh: Қазақстан Qazaqstan, قازاقستان, pronounced [qɑzɑqstɑ́n]; Russian: Казахстан [kəzɐxˈstan]), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a contiguous transcontinental country in Central Asia, with its smaller part west of the Ural River in Europe.[2] Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country by land area and the ninth largest country in the world; its territory of 2,727,300 square kilometres (1,053,000 sq mi) is larger than Western Europe.[2][6] It has borders with (clockwise from the north) Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea.


The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. With 17 million people (2013 estimate)[7] Kazakhstan has the 62nd largest population in the world, though its population density is less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 people per sq. mi.). Karakalpakstan_Каракалпакская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика. -The Russian Conquest. Contents Intervention by RussiaRussian AnnexationRussian KhorezmRepression and DissentPrelude to RevolutionReferences Russian troops entering Khiva through the Hazarasp gate. -The Russian Conquest

From a drawing by N. N. Karazin published in the Illustrated London News, 22 November 1873. Intervention by Russia. Kirgisistan. Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan (/kɜrɡɪˈstɑːn/ kur-gi-STAHN;[6] Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан (IPA: [qɯrʁɯsˈstɑn]); Russian: Киргизия), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасы; Russian: Кыргызская Республика), formerly known as Kirghizia, is a country located in Central Asia.[7] Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east.


Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Despite Kyrgyzstan's struggle for political stabilization among ethnic conflicts,[8][9] revolts,[10] economic troubles,[11][12] transitional governments,[13] and political party conflicts,[14] it maintains a unitary parliamentary republic. Two times a Coloured Revolution took place here, in 2004 and 2010. The official language, Kyrgyz, is closely related to the other Turkic languages, on the other hand the country is under a strong cultural influence from Russia, being rather Russified.

Kyrgyz people. Киргизская Автономная Социалистическая Советская Республика (1920—1925) Киргизская Автономная Социалистическая Советская Республика — казахская национальная автономия в составе РСФСР.

Киргизская Автономная Социалистическая Советская Республика (1920—1925)

Республиканский центр — город Оренбург. Geschichte Kirgisistans. Die turksprachigen Kirgisen wanderten vom 8. Jahrhundert an in das Gebiet des heutigen Kirgisistans ein. Коканд - Kokand. Коканд: Вход во дворец Худояр хана, построен в 1871 Дворец Худояр хана в наши дни. Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика - Khorezm People's Soviet Republic. Mirzacho'l. Nomadic Kyrgyz family on the Mirzacho'l Steppe in Uzbekistan (photograph by S.

M. Наманган - Namangan. Наманга́н (узб. Просмотр темы - Полигон ХО в Нукусе - Polygon CW Nukus. Кстати, помните сообщение в прессе за 2002 год. Речь там тоже шла и о полигоне и об ОВ, якобы, оставленных нашими войсками. Orenburg. Sart. Sart is a name for the settled inhabitants of Central Asia and the Middle East, which has had shifting meanings over the centuries. Sarts, known sometimes as Ak-Sart ("White Sart") in ancient times, did not have any particular ethnic identification, and were usually (though not always) town-dwellers. Since the 16th century and onward Mughal historians referred to the Tajiks of the Kabulistan (now Afghanistan) and surrounding regions as Sarts.[1] Origin[edit] Semirechye Oblast - Seven Rivers land. Сoat of arms of Semirechye and the city of Verniy Administrative division[edit] As of 1897, the Semirechye Oblast was divided into 6 uyezds: Demographics[edit] As of 1897, 987,863 people populated the oblast.

Kazakhs constituted the majority of the population. Вооружённое восстание в Ташкенте в октябре 1917 года - Armed uprising in Tashkent in October 1917. Вооружённое восстание в Ташкенте в октябре 1917 года — вооружённый насильственный захват власти в Ташкенте коалицией левых эсеров и большевиков[1] в октябре — ноябре 1917 года и переход власти к Советам солдатских и рабочих депутатов[2]. Tashkent Metro. Tajikistan. Таджикская Советская Социалистическая Республика. Tadzhik+Soviet+Socialist+Republic. State-building, migration and economic development on the frontiers of northern Afghanistan and southern Tajikistan.

Закаспийское временное правительство - Transcaspian Government 1918. Закаспийская область - Trans-Caspian region. Russian Turkestan. Turkestan. Поселенец Туркестан — Яндекс: нашлось 58 тыс. ответов. Autonome Sozialistische Sowjetrepublik Turkestan. Turkistan -Russian Penetration- Encyclopedia Britannica. Туркестанская автономия. Turkestan Military District. Turkmenistan. Туркменская Советская Социалистическая республика понятие. Туркестанское генерал-губернаторство - Turkestan province. Туркестанская Автономная Социалистическая Советская Республика - Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Usbekische SSR_Soviet Encyclopedia. Usbekische ssr - new cities. WRITING THE HISTORY OF COLLECTIVIZATION IN UZBEKISTAN : ORAL NARRATIVES.Kamp.

Tuwinische Volksrepublik.