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Города Беларуси. Фото. List of cities and towns in Belarus. Homyel’, Rumyantsev-Paskevich Residence Grodno, Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier Brest, Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross Babruysk, Church of the Immaculate Conception of Saint Virgin Mary Barysaw, Church of the Resurrection of Christ Orsha, former Jesuit Cloister Mazyr, Cathedral of Archangel Michael The following is the list of cities and towns in Belarus.

Overview[edit] According to the Law under May 5, 1998, the categories of the most developed urban localities in Belarus are as follows: This division was inherited by the contemporary Republic of Belarus from BSSR and introduced in 1938.[3] At the beginning of 2010 112 settlements had the status of a city/town. 12 towns of voblasć subordinance;99 towns of rajon subordinance;Minsk — the capital of the country.

The list[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Viktor Balalaikin / Портфолио фотографа. Brest Fortress. A stretch of the ring barrack of the Citadel with projecting semi-tower on the left The Main Entrance to the War Memorial Satirical drawing from "Hasło Łódzkie" newspaper, 5 October 1930. The text: "From the series: 'Most popular Polish spa towns' - Brest-on-the-Bug. " The picture is a reference to the Brest trial and the "Brest elections", when many Polish politicians of the Centrolew party were imprisoned in the Brest Fortress (pictured).

Brest Fortress (Belarusian: Брэсцкая крэпасць, Brestskaya krepasts' ; Russian: Брестская крепость, Brestskaya krepost' ; Polish: Twierdza brzeska), formerly known as Brest-Litovsk Fortress, is a 19th-century Russian fortress in Brest, Belarus. It is one of the most important Soviet World War II war monuments commemorating the Soviet resistance against the German invasion on June 22, 1941 (Operation Barbarossa). Fortress layout[edit] the layout of the Brest Fortress in June 1941. 1. A ring of outlying forts was built later around the old citadel. Nesvizh Castle. Nesvizh Castle or Niasvizh Castle (Belarusian: Нясвіжскі замак, Niasvižski zamak, Polish: zamek w Nieświeżu, Russian: Несвижский замок, Nesvizhskiy zamok) is a residential castle of the Radziwiłł family in Nesvizh, Belarus.

It is situated at an elevation of 183 meters.[1] From 1921 to 1939 the complex was located in Poland and was considered one of the most beautiful Polish castles in the Kresy region. History[edit] The Radziwiłł portrait gallery The estate was owned by the Radziwiłł magnate family from 1533, when it was awarded to Mikołaj Radziwiłł and his brother Jan Radziwiłł after the extinction of the Kiszka family. Since the Radziwiłłs were one of the most important and wealthy clans of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, it was there that the Lithuanian Archive was moved in 1551. After the Union of Lublin the castle became one of the most important residences in the central part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The castle in the 19th century. Grodno Region. Grodno/Hrodna Region (Belarusian: Гродзенская вобласць, Hrodzienskaja vobłasć; Russian: Гродненская область, Grodnenskaya oblast; Polish: Obwód grodzieński) is one of the regions of Belarus. It is located in the northwestern part of the country. The capital Grodno, is the biggest city of the region. It lies on the Neman River. Grodno's existence is attested to from 1127.

Two castles dating from the 14th - 18th centuries are located here on the steep right bank of the Nemen. Many consider this city one of the most beautiful in Belarus: one of its masterpieces survived through the centuries, Orthodox St Boris & St Gleb (Kalozhskaya) Church dating back to the 12th century, is the second oldest in Belarus. History[edit] This region was the westernmost "borderlands" of the Early East Slavs (tribal union Dregovichs?) In 1413, the area around Grodno, part of the Duchy of Trakai, was transformed into newly established Trakai Voivodeship. Heritage and tourism[edit] Demographics (2002)[edit] Hrodna.

Grodno - wikipedia. History[edit] The modern city of Hrodna originated as a small fortress and a fortified trading outpost maintained by the Rurikid princes on the border with the lands of the Baltic tribal union of the Yotvingians. The first reference to Grodno dates to 1005.[2] The official foundation year is 1127.

At this year Grodno was mentioned in the Primary Chronicle as Goroden' and located at a crossing of numerous trading routes, this Slavic settlement, possibly originating as far as the late 10th century, became the capital of a poorly attested but separate principality, ruled by Yaroslav the Wise's grandson and his descendants.[2] Along with Navahrudak, Hrodna was regarded as the main city on the far west of so-called Black Ruthenia, a border region that neighboured the original Lithuania.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit] A 16th-century view of Grodno. To aid the reconstruction of trade and commerce, the grand dukes allowed the creation of a Jewish commune in 1389. World War I[edit] "Grodno". Old Hrodna Castle. Bathory's Castle in Hrodna, Belarus. The Old Hrodna Castle (also known as the Hrodna Upper Castle and Bathory's Castle) originated in the 11th century as the seat of a dynasty of Black Ruthenian rulers, descended from a younger son of Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev. The 13th-century keep of the castle belonged to a type of Belarusian defensive tower represented by the Tower of Kamyanyets.

Vytautas the Great added five Brick Gothic towers in 1391-98, transforming the castle into one of his main residences. Casimir IV Jagiellon also favoured Hrodna over Lithuania's official capital. The castle's revival was owing to Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac who raised sufficient funds to finance the refurbishing of the royal residence. After the partitions of Poland the castle was given over to the Russian army and housed a barracks. Coordinates: Mir Castle Complex. Coordinates: 53°27′4.46″N 26°28′22.80″E / 53.4512389°N 26.4730000°E / 53.4512389; 26.4730000 The Mirsky Castle Complex (Belarusian: Мірскі замак, Polish: Zamek w Mirze) is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Belarus. [1] It is located in the town of Mir, in the Karelichy District of the Hrodna voblast, at WikiMiniAtlas 53°27′4.46″N 26°28′22.80″E / 53.4512389°N 26.4730000°E / 53.4512389; 26.4730000, 29 km to the north-west from another World Heritage site, Nesvizh Castle.

Mir Castle Complex is situated at an elevation of 164 meters. From 1921 to 1939 the castle was located in Poland. History[edit] Duke Yuri Ivanovich Ilyinich (pl:Jerzy Iwanowicz Ilinicz) began construction of the castle near the village of Mir after the turn of the 16th century in the Gothic architectural style. Their son, Maurice Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, sold the castle to Nikolai Svyatopolk-Mirsky, of the Bialynia clan, in 1895. In December 2000, the Mir Castle was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[2] Mir Castle. Mir, Belarus. Mir (Belarusian: Мір; Russian: Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is an urban settlement in Kareličy (Карэлічы) raion, Hrodna Voblast, Belarus ( WikiMiniAtlas 53°27′N 26°28′E / 53.450°N 26.467°E / 53.450; 26.467) on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Prior to 1939 the town was in Poland. History[edit] In 1569, it became a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Mir was the site of two very famous horse fairs associated with Saint Nikolaus feast days, first held on May 9 and the second fair on December 6 each year. Today, Mir has little industry and is no longer an internationally renowned center of Jewish learning or Roma horse trade. Notable residents[edit] Zalman Shazar (1889–1974), Israeli author, poet, and third President of Israel from 1963 to 1973 See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Rusnė. Blick von Norden auf Russ und die Mündungsarme des gleichnamigen Flusses (links): In der Bildmitte die Skirwieth (heute die Grenze zwischen Litauen und Russland), rechts vorne die Atmath, im Hintergrund das Kurische Haff Rusnė (deutsch Ruß) ist ein Städtchen (miestelis) in der Rajongemeinde Šilutė (Heydekrug) im Westen Litauens im Bezirk Klaipeda. Name[Bearbeiten] Der Name leitet sich möglicherweise vom skandinavischen Stamm der Rus her.

Im Dialekt der an der Memel siedelnden baltischen Schalauer bedeutet der Name Ort, der umflossen ist. Geografie[Bearbeiten] Der Ort liegt am Anfangspunkt des Memeldeltas bzw. der durch die dortige Verzweigung der Memel gebildeten Insel, auf deren Gebiet sich der Regionalpark „Nemuno Deltos“ (Memel-Delta) erstreckt. Geschichte[Bearbeiten] Im Ort Ruß im Memeldelta fanden schon die Wikinger einen sicheren Hafen, von dem aus sie über die Flusswege weiter nach Osten vordrangen. Religionen[Bearbeiten] Kirche[Bearbeiten] Kirchengebäude[Bearbeiten] Juden[Bearbeiten] Ragnit-Neman. Neman (russisch Неман, deutsch Ragnit) ist eine Kleinstadt in der russischen Oblast Kaliningrad (ehemaliges nördliches Ostpreußen) mit 11.798 Einwohnern (Stand 14. Oktober 2010).[1] Sie ist Sitz einer Rajonverwaltung und Sitz der städtischen Gemeinde Nemanskoje.

Geographie[Bearbeiten] Die Stadt Neman[Bearbeiten] Geschichte[Bearbeiten] Geschichte von Burg und Stadt seit dem Mittelalter[Bearbeiten] Ihren Ursprung hat die Stadt in der Burg Ragnit (prußisch ragas: Horn, Ecke, Landzunge, Spitze, Hinausragendes), einem Stützpunkt des Prußenstammes der Schalauen. Auch während des Zuges Napoleons gegen Russland erlitt Ragnit schwere Brandschäden. Nach der Fertigstellung der Eisenbahnstrecke von Tilsit nach Stallupönen (1894) sowie der Schmalspurbahn Ragnit – Insterburg der Insterburger Kleinbahnen (1913) siedelten sich schnell Industriebetriebe an.

Zu Beginn des Zweiten Weltkrieges lebten in Ragnit 10.094 Einwohner, die Stadt beherbergte Zellstoff-, Holzwaren- und Maschinenbaufabriken. Klaipėda Region. Historical map of Memelland and the northern part of East Prussia. Historical flag of the Memelland from 1919 to 1924 and de facto until 1939. Postage stamps of the Klaipėda Region in use 1920-1925. The upper stamp is French with overprint in German "MEMEL".

The other stamps are Lithuanian, one with overprint in Lithuanian and in German, the other without. The original Prussian Scalovian and Curonian territory was by the duke of Masovia requested and by the emperor and pope confirmed to be conquered, christianized and to be administered by the Teutonic Knights, who constructed Memelburg ("Memel Castle") and the city of Memel (now usually known by its Lithuanian name Klaipėda). The then predominantly ethnic German Memel Territory (Prussian Lithuanians and Memellanders constituted the other ethnic groups), situated between the river and the town of that name, was occupied by Lithuania in the "Klaipėda Revolt" of 1923.

Timeline[edit] Treaty of Versailles[edit] Lithuanian takeover[edit] Territoire de Memel. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Carte historique de la région entre 1923 et 1939, présentant la partie nord de la Prusse-Orientale et le territoire de Memel. Drapeau du territoire de Memel entre 1919 à 1924, puis de facto jusqu'en 1939. Le territoire de Memel (en allemand, Memelland) ou région de Klaipėda (en lituanien, Klaipėdos kraštas) est une région située autour de l'actuelle ville lituanienne de Klaipėda qui bénéficia d'un statut particulier entre 1920 et 1939. Ancienne région du royaume de Prusse situé dans la province de Prusse-Orientale, majoritairement peuplée de germanophones, le territoire de Memel fut créé après la Première Guerre mondiale par le traité de Versailles, puis placé par la Société des Nations sous administration française.

Le territoire était constitué d'une bande de 140 km de long et de 20 km de large au nord du fleuve Niémen, entre la Prusse-Orientale et la Lituanie proprement dite. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Insurgés lituaniens en 1923. Lithuania Minor. Although hardly anything remains of the original culture due to the expulsion of Germans after World War II, Lithuania Minor has made an important contribution to Lithuanian culture as a whole. The written standard form of Prussian-Lithuanian provided the "skeleton" of modern Lithuanian,[1] evolved from people close to Stanislovas Rapalionis and graduating from Lithuanian language school established in Vilnius, who were expelled from Grand Duchy during counter-reformation years.

Those include notable names like Abraomas Kulvietis and Martynas Mažvydas. During the years of the Lithuanian press ban, most of the Lithuanian books printed using the Latin alphabet were published in Lithuania Minor. Terminology[edit] The term "Lithuania Minor" (Kleinlitauen or little Lithuania in German) applied to the northeastern part of the former province of East Prussia (about 31 500 km²). Either the area limited in the south by M. Geography[edit] History[edit] Pre-Lithuania Minor[edit] Emergence[edit] H. AdM | Ueber uns. Die AdM, die Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Memellandkreise e.V. ist der Dachverband der Memelländer. Die AdM wurde bereits am 24.8.1948 als Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Memelländer gegründet und als Zusammenschluß der vier memelländischen Kreise später in Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Memellandkreise umbenannt.Der Vertretertag ist das höchste Organ der AdM. Aus Ihren Reihen wird ein geschäftsführender Bundesvorstand gewählt. Presseorgan ist das "Memeler Dampfboot".Zur Zeit gehören der AdM an: 8 Ortsgruppen 3 Ortsgemeinschaften 1 Kirchspiel 2 Gruppen im Memelland • der Verein der Deutschen in Memel und • die Gemeinschaft Heide in Heydekrug Die Heimatkreise: • Memel-Stadt • Memel-Land • Heydekrug • Pogegen werden jeweils durch einen Kreisvertreter hier in der BRD vertreten.

Die Bezirke: • Nord • Süd • West • Ost für (Mecklenburg/Vorpommern) • Ost für (Thüringen/Sachsen ) werden ebenfalls jeweils durch einen Bezirksvertreter vertreten. Wir über uns ... Resolution ... Satzung der Name und Sitz Haftung a) b) Memelland. Das Memelland 1923 bis 1939 unter litauischer Hoheit. Die Landesfarben des Memellandes Briefmarken vom Memelland, 1920–1925 Französisches Mandatsgebiet. „Die Säerin“, französische Briefmarke, überstempelt „Memel 1 Mark“ (1920) Als Memelland oder Memelgebiet (litauisch Klaipėdos kraštas) wird im deutschen Sprachraum jener in der Zwischenkriegszeit von Deutschland abgetrennte Landesteil Ostpreußens bezeichnet, der nördlich der Memel bzw. ihres Deltaarms Skierwieth (Skirvytė) gelegen ist, sowie der entsprechende Teil der Kurischen Nehrung.

Am 20. 1945, gegen Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs, wurde es in der Schlacht um Ostpreußen (13. Geschichte[Bearbeiten] Vor der Zugehörigkeit des späteren Memellandes zu einem Staat waren die baltischen Stämme der Schalauer, Kuren und Karschauer dort sesshaft. In der Eroberungszeit war die einheimische Bevölkerung aus den Randgebieten des damaligen Preußens dezimiert und teilweise in besser kontrollierbare Gebiete umgesiedelt worden. Ab 10. Politik[Bearbeiten] Memeldelta. Elchniederung. Panemunė. Tilsit-Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast. Tilsit. Königin-Luise-Brücke.