Major Threats From E-Waste: Current Generation And Impacts. Waste from used electrical and electronic equipment – commonly known as e-waste or WEEE – is one of the fastest growing solid waste streams around the world today.
The rapid uptake of information technology around the world, coupled with the advent of new designs and technologies at regular intervals is causing the early obsolescence of much electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). In the United States, believed to produce the largest amounts of e-waste in the world, it is estimated that over 100 million computers, monitors and televisions become obsolete each year and that amount is growing year on year . The Human and Environmental Effects of E-Waste. (April 2013) Roughly 40 million metric tons of electronic waste (e-waste) are produced globally each year, and about 13 percent of that weight is recycled mostly in developing countries.
About 9 million tons of this waste—discarded televisions, computers, cellphones, and other electronics—are produced by the European Union, according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). And UNEP notes that this estimate of waste is likely too low.1 Informal recycling markets in China, India, Pakistan, Vietnam, and the Philippines handle anywhere from 50 percent to 80 percent of this e-waste, often shredding, burning, and dismantling the products in "backyards. " Where Toxic Waste Comes From and Its Dangerous Effects. Hazardous wastes are poisonous byproducts of manufacturing, farming, city septic systems, construction, automotive garages, laboratories, hospitals, and other industries.
The waste may be liquid, solid, or sludge and contain chemicals, heavy metals, radiation, dangerous pathogens, or other toxins. Even households generate hazardous waste from items such as batteries, used computer equipment, and leftover paints or pesticides. Green Choices - Environmental impacts of waste disposal. Disposing of waste has huge environmental impacts and can cause serious problems.
In the UK much is buried in landfill sites – holes in the ground, sometimes old quarries, sometimes specially dug. Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Leachate produced as waste decomposes may cause pollution. Badly-managed landfill sites may attract vermin or cause litter. Incinerating waste also causes problems, because plastics tend to produce toxic substances, such as dioxins, when they are burnt.
E-Waste. What is e-waste?
E-waste is otherwise known as electronic waste, including such items as old, broken or obsolete: cell phonescomputer towers and monitorskeyboards and computer micescanners and printersprojectorstelevision setsvideo cassetteselectronic scientific equipmentetc. Why should I recycle my e-waste? Although the e-waste stream is smaller than other waste streams, the problem posed is very real. Landfilling e-waste is harmful to the environment because substances such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, plastics and flame retardants can leach out into the soil and water.