Media freedom / FOI
The International Telecommunications Union has approved the adoption of a technical standard for deep packet inspection (DPI) technology, arousing concerns about the potential effects of standardizing invasive technology that can be used for censorship and surveillance. What is DPI? As described in our blog post on Russia’s new internet bill, information over the internet is sent in packets. Just like letters dropped in the mail, each packet contains a header indicating the destinations. Herdict Blog » Blog Archive » DPI Threat to Freedom of Expression
"The recent declines in this region, which had previously seen such broad advances in media freedom, are a stark reminder that such freedoms are fragile and must be nurtured and defended when they come under attack." This blog entry describes a range of negative developments over the past decade that "have left media freedom on the defensive in much of Central and South America." It highlights some data shared in the Freedom of the Press 2012" report. The Fragile State of Media Freedom in Latin America
Berlin ist die Heimat der Netzaktivisten: Sie kippen Gesetze, beraten Parteien und bringen die alte Ordnung durcheinander. Die Nerds haben jetzt Macht. Aber was wollen sie damit? DIE ZEIT Nº 29/201212. Netzaktivisten: Club der Visionäre | Digital
Oh no they di’nt… | the engine room The engine room has been on the road recently, Alix presenting the Tahrir data project at this year’s Personal Democracy Forum, and I presenting on open data standards for international human rights indices, with quite a bit going on in-between. More about all of this soon, but first a quick post to clear up a story I have seen shooting across the politico-tech sphere: No, the United Nations did NOT declare the internet to be a human right.
Action | Access
"65 years since your independence," a new battle for freedom is under way in India -- according to a YouTube video uploaded by an Indian member of Anonymous, the global "hacktivist" movement. With popular websites like Vimeo.com blocked across India by court order, the video calls for action: "Fight for your rights. Fight for India." Over the past several weeks, the group has launched distributed denial-of-service attacks against websites belonging to Internet service providers, government departments, India's Supreme Court, and two political parties. The War for India's Internet - By Rebecca MacKinnon
Internet Freedom: Beyond Circumvention Posted by Ethan on Feb 22nd, 2010 in Geekery, Human Rights | 19 comments Secretary Clinton’s recent speech on Internet Freedom has signaled a strong interest from the US State Department in promoting the use of the internet to promote political reforms in closed societies. It makes sense that the State Department would look to support existing projects to circumvent internet censorship. The New York Times reports that a group of senators is urging the Secretary to apply existing funding to support the development and expansion of censorship circumvention programs, including Tor, Psiphon and Freegate. I’ve spent a good part of the last couple of years studying internet circumvention systems. My colleagues Hal Roberts, John Palfrey and I released a study last year that compared the strengths and weaknesses of different circumvention tools.
Breakthroughs and Pushback in the Middle East The year 2011 featured precarious but potentially far-reaching gains for media freedom in the Middle East and North Africa. Major steps forward were recorded in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, where longtime dictators were removed after successful popular uprisings. Freedom of the Press 2012
Threats to the Open Net: May 4, 2012
Illustration by Jennifer Daniel Illustration by Jennifer Daniel Close Close Open When Syria’s government unblocked Facebook, YouTube and Blogspot in February, many activists saw the move as an overture to protesters, possibly one offering a semblance of the freedoms won by insurgents in Egypt and Tunisia. Others saw it as a potential means of surveillance. When Social Networks Become Tools of Oppression: Jillian C. York
A Moment in Time: A Very Short History of Content Regulation Renata Uitz of Central European University welcomes Rob Faris, research director of the Berkman Center and the OpenNet Initiative. "A bunch of smart people invented the internet," says Faris, highlighting the wonderful ways in which the Internet brought millions of people together. "People began using the Internet for various other things too - porn, making fun of religion and national leaders...On the Internet we have the good, the ugly, and the illegal, and a whole lot of it." Faris asks us to pause and think about how we might draw a line between that which is offensive or very offensive and that which is illegal.
The changing face of digital rights activism San Francisco, CA - In February 2012, Twitter announced a new mechanism that would allow the company to minimise the effects of government censorship requests. Though new for Twitter, the idea of per-country takedowns has existed in the industry since at least 2006, when Google blocked Thai visitors to certain YouTube videos by IP address in order to comply with local laws. Now, Google relies upon the mechanism to operate within the laws of the more than 60 countries in which it has offices. Other companies, such as Facebook, do the same.
Video: 10 Most Censored Countries - Reports
The Data Journalism Handbook is a free, open source reference book for anyone interested in the emerging field of data journalism. It is the result of an international, collaborative effort involving dozens of data journalism’s leading advocates and best practitioners – including from the BBC, the Chicago Tribune, the Guardian, the Financial Times, the New York Times, the Washington Post and many others. The book is freely available online under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license so anyone can read, copy, share, redistribute and reuse it. Why is Data Journalism Important?
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Overview of MSI Europe & Eurasia The 2013 MSI study for Europe & Eurasia found a mix of positive and negative developments in almost every country. As last year, overall significant improvement, defined as 0.10 points or more, was observed in six countries, while significant regression was observed in five. Media Sustainability Index (MSI) - Europe & Eurasia | IREX - Civil Society, Education and Media Development
Open Government Partnership: an introduction | Public Leaders Network | Guardian Professional The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global effort to make governments better. It is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption and create safer communities. By finding new ways to engage with citizens, including using the latest technologies, governments can tap their expertise to make better decisions. The OGP was formally launched on 20 September 2011 when eight founding governments – Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, Philippines, South Africa, United Kingdom and United States – endorsed an Open Government Declaration, and announced their country action plans. In the spirit of collaboration OGP is overseen by a steering committee of governments and civil society organisations.
Wer kontrolliert Medien? Medien haben Macht: Die Meinung von Journalistinnen und Journalisten verbreitet sich großflächig und hat in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung starkes Gewicht. Ein EU-Projekt (7. Rahmenprogramm) mit dem Titel "MediaACT" vergleicht nun in 14 Ländern Europas und im arabischen Raum die so genannte Medienselbstkontrolle. Wer kontrolliert Medien?
THE ASIA MEDIA DIRECTORY 2011, Media Programme Asia edited by Alastair Carthew and Simon Winkelmann Asia Media Update Overview The overwhelming trend in the 33 countries analysed in the Asia Media Update for the first half of 2013, from Kazakhstan in the west to New Zealand in the east, are introducing, or planning to introduce, new media laws and regulations.
Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet
MediaLandscape2011.pdf (application/pdf Object)
Case study reports – Media regulation: A panacea for free and independent media? « MEDIADEM
The 10 Tools of Online Oppressors - Reports