DG_Handbuch_NN.pdf. Herdict Blog » Blog Archive » DPI Threat to Freedom of Expression. The International Telecommunications Union has approved the adoption of a technical standard for deep packet inspection (DPI) technology, arousing concerns about the potential effects of standardizing invasive technology that can be used for censorship and surveillance.
What is DPI? The Fragile State of Media Freedom in Latin America. Netzaktivisten: Club der Visionäre. Berlin ist die Heimat der Netzaktivisten: Sie kippen Gesetze, beraten Parteien und bringen die alte Ordnung durcheinander. The engine room. The engine room has been on the road recently, Alix presenting the Tahrir data project at this year’s Personal Democracy Forum, and I presenting on open data standards for international human rights indices, with quite a bit going on in-between.
More about all of this soon, but first a quick post to clear up a story I have seen shooting across the politico-tech sphere: No, the United Nations did NOT declare the internet to be a human right. A headline to the contrary is great, and fits well into the Arab Spring narrative that many of us are still vainly hoping will blossom into a real domino effect of democratization. So it is understandable that many smart commentators have grabbed at it–with varying degrees of precision (PdF notes that the “declaration” was in a report, Mashable that disconnection constitutes a violation). Action. The War for India's Internet - By Rebecca MacKinnon. "65 years since your independence," a new battle for freedom is under way in India -- according to a YouTube video uploaded by an Indian member of Anonymous, the global "hacktivist" movement.
With popular websites like Vimeo.com blocked across India by court order, the video calls for action: "Fight for your rights. Fight for India. " Over the past several weeks, the group has launched distributed denial-of-service attacks against websites belonging to Internet service providers, government departments, India's Supreme Court, and two political parties.
Street protests are being planned for this coming Saturday, June 9, in as many as 18 cities to protest laws and other government actions that a growing number of Indian Internet users believe have violated their right to free expression and privacy online. A lively national Internet freedom movement has grown rapidly across India since the beginning of this year. India is not China or Iran, however. Internet Freedom: Beyond Circumvention. Posted by Ethan on Feb 22nd, 2010 in Geekery, Human Rights | 19 comments Secretary Clinton’s recent speech on Internet Freedom has signaled a strong interest from the US State Department in promoting the use of the internet to promote political reforms in closed societies.
It makes sense that the State Department would look to support existing projects to circumvent internet censorship. Freedom of the Press 2012. Breakthroughs and Pushback in the Middle East The year 2011 featured precarious but potentially far-reaching gains for media freedom in the Middle East and North Africa.
Major steps forward were recorded in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, where longtime dictators were removed after successful popular uprisings. While trends in these countries were not uniformly positive, with important setbacks to democratic prospects in both Egypt and Libya toward year’s end, the magnitude of the improvements—especially in Tunisia and Libya—represented major breakthroughs in a region that has a long history of media control by autocratic leaders. Threats to the Open Net: May 4, 2012. When Social Networks Become Tools of Oppression: Jillian C. York. When Syria’s government unblocked Facebook, YouTube and Blogspot in February, many activists saw the move as an overture to protesters, possibly one offering a semblance of the freedoms won by insurgents in Egypt and Tunisia.
Others saw it as a potential means of surveillance. They were right: Within weeks, reports began to emerge from detained Syrian activists who said that authorities had demanded their Facebook passwords. Others inside the country noted that their friends’ Facebook walls had been compromised and now contained pro-regime sentiment. A Moment in Time: A Very Short History of Content Regulation. Renata Uitz of Central European University welcomes Rob Faris, research director of the Berkman Center and the OpenNet Initiative.
"A bunch of smart people invented the internet," says Faris, highlighting the wonderful ways in which the Internet brought millions of people together. "People began using the Internet for various other things too - porn, making fun of religion and national leaders...On the Internet we have the good, the ugly, and the illegal, and a whole lot of it. " Faris asks us to pause and think about how we might draw a line between that which is offensive or very offensive and that which is illegal.
"Governments then caught on and started to think about how to rein in activity on the Internet," says Faris. "The US Congress tried to block content on the Internet," but the Supreme Court repeatedly blocked it; thus, the only large-scale filtering in the United States exists in schools and libraries. The changing face of digital rights activism. San Francisco, CA - In February 2012, Twitter announced a new mechanism that would allow the company to minimise the effects of government censorship requests.
Though new for Twitter, the idea of per-country takedowns has existed in the industry since at least 2006, when Google blocked Thai visitors to certain YouTube videos by IP address in order to comply with local laws. Video: 10 Most Censored Countries - Reports. Why is Data Journalism Important? The Data Journalism Handbook is a free, open source reference book for anyone interested in the emerging field of data journalism.
It is the result of an international, collaborative effort involving dozens of data journalism’s leading advocates and best practitioners – including from the BBC, the Chicago Tribune, the Guardian, the Financial Times, the New York Times, the Washington Post and many others. The book is freely available online under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license so anyone can read, copy, share, redistribute and reuse it. Additionally a printed version and an e-book will be published by O’Reilly Media. The Guardian on Facebook. IREX - Civil Society, Education and Media Development. Overview of MSI Europe & Eurasia The 2013 MSI study for Europe & Eurasia found a mix of positive and negative developments in almost every country.
As last year, overall significant improvement, defined as 0.10 points or more, was observed in six countries, while significant regression was observed in five. Eleven of 21 countries showed little overall average change from 2012. Significant findings included the following: Only Moldova showed a second straight year of significant improvement in overall sustainability, maintaining its momentum from 2012. Competitive political scenes in Georgia, Moldova, and Armenia correlated with sustainability gains in each country for 2013, largely due to increases in free expression and plurality of news sources. Open Government Partnership: an introduction. The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global effort to make governments better. It is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption and create safer communities.
By finding new ways to engage with citizens, including using the latest technologies, governments can tap their expertise to make better decisions. Wer kontrolliert Medien? Wer kontrolliert Medien? Medien haben Macht: Die Meinung von Journalistinnen und Journalisten verbreitet sich großflächig und hat in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung starkes Gewicht.
Ein EU-Projekt (7. Rahmenprogramm) mit dem Titel "MediaACT" vergleicht nun in 14 Ländern Europas und im arabischen Raum die so genannte Medienselbstkontrolle. Dazu wurde eine repräsentative Umfrage mit 2.000 Journalistinnen und Journalisten durchgeführt. Den WissenschaftlerInnen geht es darum, Faktoren zu identifizieren, welche die Medienselbstkontrolle stärken oder schwächen und Instrumente zur Stärkung verantwortungsbewussten Journalismus aufzuzeigen. THE ASIA MEDIA DIRECTORY 2011, Media Programme Asia. Edited by Alastair Carthew and Simon Winkelmann Asia Media Update.
Data Retention. Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet. This report provides a new perspective on the social and political dynamics behind the threats to expression. It develops a conceptual framework on the ‘ecology of freedom of expression’ for discussing the broad context of policy and practice that should be taken into consideration in discussions of this issue. Over the first decade of the 21st century, the Internet and its convergence with mobile communications has enabled greater access to information and communication resources. MediaLandscape2011.pdf (application/pdf Object) Case study reports – Media regulation: A panacea for free and independent media? « MEDIADEM. The 10 Tools of Online Oppressors - Reports. SAN FRANCISCO In reporting news from the world’s most troubled nations, journalists have made a seismic shift this year in their reliance on the Internet and other digital tools.
Blogging, video sharing, text messaging, and live-streaming from cellphones brought images of popular unrest from the central square of Cairo and the main boulevard of Tunis to the rest of the world. In Other Languages • Español • Português • Français • Русский • العربية • Multimedia • Audio Report: Offenders and TacticsIn Print • Download the pdfMore on This Issue • CPJ Internet Channel: Danny O'Brien's blog • Blogging in Egypt: Virtual network, virtual oppression • Burmese exile news site endures hacking, DDoS attacks Yet the technology used to report the news has been matched in many ways by the tools used to suppress information.