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Philosophy 101

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Franz Brentano. 1.

Franz Brentano

Life and Work Franz Brentano was born on January 16, 1838 in Marienberg am Rhein, Germany, a descendent of a strongly religious German-Italian family of intellectuals (his uncle Clemens Brentano and his aunt Bettina von Arnim were among the most important writers of German Romanticism and his brother Lujo Brentano became a leading expert in social economics). He studied mathematics, poetry, philosophy, and theology in Munich, Würzburg, and Berlin. Philosophy 156: Different Kinds of Mental States. Desire. 1.


Theories of Desire There is a simple, conservative theory of desire according to which having a desire is a matter of having dispositions to act. According to this theory, dispositions to act are the only essential feature of desires; the tendencies a person has to feel certain ways or think in certain ways when she has a desire are interesting but inessential tendencies. Trigeminal nerve. The trigeminal nerve (the fifth cranial nerve, or simply CN V) is a nerve responsible for sensation in the face and motor functions such as biting and chewing.

Trigeminal nerve

The largest of the cranial nerves, its name ("trigeminal" = tri-, or three and -geminus, or twin; thrice-twinned) derives from the fact that each trigeminal nerve (one on each side of the pons) has three major branches: the ophthalmic nerve (V1), the maxillary nerve (V2), and the mandibular nerve (V3). The ophthalmic and maxillary nerves are purely sensory, and the mandibular nerve has sensory (or "cutaneous") and motor functions.[1] Structure[edit] Judicial activism and restrain. Swing Justice. Loose constructionist. Strict constructionist. Pragmatic ethics. Portal:Philosophy/Lists. Western Philosophy. Rationalism vs. Empiricism. Karl Marx. 1.

Karl Marx

Marx's Life and Works Karl Marx was born in Trier, in the German Rhineland, in 1818. Postmodernism. 1.


Precursors The philosophical modernism at issue in postmodernism begins with Kant's “Copernican revolution,” that is, his assumption that we cannot know things in themselves and that objects of knowledge must conform to our faculties of representation (Kant 1787). Ideas such as God, freedom, immortality, the world, first beginning, and final end have only a regulative function for knowledge, since they cannot find fulfilling instances among objects of experience.

With Hegel, the immediacy of the subject-object relation itself is shown to be illusory. Philosophy and the Hippy Dream - Hippyland. Hippies from A to Zby Skip Stone Hippy Philosophy and the Hippy Dream We are stardust, we are golden, and we've got to get ourselves back to the garden.

Philosophy and the Hippy Dream - Hippyland

Awesome_life_quotes_1.jpg (JPEG Image, 640 × 427 pixels) "Seven Blunders of the World" by Mahatma Gandhi. Reinventing Homework: A Study of "Fires in the Mind" Have you ever considered the idea of reinventing homework?

Reinventing Homework: A Study of "Fires in the Mind"

The purpose of education. Behind the rhetoric and politics, education is about the outcomes it achieves for its learners.

The purpose of education

More than being about the nuances of technology, learning space design, curriculum structures and pedagogical practices schools should have effective answers to questions that focus on what they hope to achieve for their learners. How we answer this question should then dictate the measures we utilise to achieve these goals and it is to these ends that we must apply our efforts. The prime goal of educational institutions is not as clear as one may consider. Many will point towards preparation for the future as a key goal and this is what drives much of the educational policies we see at present. Fighting Student Anxiety and Lack of Engagement with Free Play and Inquiry-Based Learning – A.J. JULIANI. In a recent paper written by Jean Twenge, a professor of psychology at San Diego State University, she dives into the mental health of our current students: In her paper, Twenge looks at four studies covering 7 million people, ranging from teens to adults in the US.

Fighting Student Anxiety and Lack of Engagement with Free Play and Inquiry-Based Learning – A.J. JULIANI

Among her findings: high school students in the 2010s were twice as likely to see a professional for mental health issues than those in the 1980s; more teens struggled to remember things in 2010-2012 compared to the earlier period; and 73% more reported trouble sleeping compared to their peers in the 1980s. These so-called “somatic” or “of-the-body” symptoms strongly predict depression. That’s not all. It goes beyond high school students: College students also feel more overwhelmed; student health centers are in higher demand for bad breakups or mediocre grades, issues that previously did not drive college kids to seek professional help.

And everyone aged 6-18 is seeking more mental health services, and more medication: Conversation Theory. Conversation theory is a cybernetic and dialectic framework that offers a scientific theory to explain how interactions lead to "construction of knowledge", or "knowing": wishing to preserve both the dynamic/kinetic quality, and the necessity for there to be a "knower".[1] This work was proposed by Gordon Pask in the 1970s.

Conversation Theory

Overview[edit] Conversation theory regards social systems as symbolic, language-oriented systems where responses depend on one person's interpretation of another person's behavior, and where meanings are agreed through conversations.[2] But since meanings are agreed, and the agreements can be illusory and transient, scientific research requires stable reference points in human transactions to allow for reproducible results. Pask found these points to be the understandings which arise in the conversations between two participating individuals, and which he defined rigorously.[3] Topics[edit] Levels of conversation[edit] Conversation[edit] Cognitive Reflector[edit] Paideia Proposal. The Paideia Proposal is a K–12 educational reform plan proposed by Mortimer Adler. Adler was a prolific author, and references to the Paideia plan for educational reform can be found in a number of his books listed in the references below.

The proposal[edit] The Paideia Proposal is a system of liberal education intended for all children, including those who will never attend a university. It was a response to what Adler characterized as the United States' antidemocratic or undemocratic educational system, a holdover from the 19th century, when the understanding of universal suffrage and basic human rights fell short of 20th century expectations. Alan Watts wiki.

Alan Watts - Philosophies of Asia (80 mins) Pantheism wiki. Pantheism is the belief that the universe (or nature as the totality of everything) is identical with divinity,[1] or that everything composes an all-encompassing, immanent God.[2] Pantheists thus do not believe in a distinct personal or anthropomorphic god.[3] Some Eastern religions are considered to be pantheistically inclined.

Definitions[edit] Pantheism is derived from the Greek roots pan (meaning "all") and theos (meaning "God"). There are a variety of definitions of pantheism. Some consider it a theological and philosophical position concerning God.[4]:p.8 As a religious position, some describe pantheism as the polar opposite of atheism.[5] From this standpoint, pantheism is the view that everything is part of an all-encompassing, immanent God.[2] All forms of reality may then be considered either modes of that Being, or identical with it.[7] Others hold that pantheism is a non-religious philosophical position. History[edit] Recent developments[edit] "Mr. Categorizations[edit] PANTHEISM: the World Pantheist Movement.

Partially Examined Life Podcast - What Is the Mind? (Turing, et al) Past Lectures. Philosophy for Beginners. General Philosophy. A Romp Through Ethics for Complete Beginners. Natural Right, autumn quarter 1962.