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Greek Medicine. The ancient Greeks initially regarded illness as a divine punishment and healing as, quite literally, a gift from the gods. However, by the 5th century BCE, there were attempts to identify the material causes for illnesses rather than spiritual ones and this led to a move away from superstition towards scientific enquiry, although, in reality, the two would never be wholly separated. Greek medical practitioners, then, began to take a greater interest in the body itself and to explore the connection between cause and effect, the relation of symptoms to the illness itself and the success or failure of various treatments.

The Greek Approach Greek medicine was not a uniform body of knowledge and practice but rather a diverse collection of methods and beliefs which depended on such general factors as geography and time period and more specific factors such as local traditions and a patient’s gender and social class. The observation of symptoms became a preoccupation of the Greek doctor. NIMH » Borderline Personality Disorder. Definition Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental disorder marked by a pattern of ongoing instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning. These experiences often result in impulsive actions and unstable relationships. A person with BPD may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that may last from only a few hours to days. Some people with BPD also have high rates of co-occurring mental disorders, such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders, along with substance abuse, self-harm, suicidal thinking and behaviors, and suicide.

While mental health experts now generally agree that the label "borderline personality disorder" is very misleading, a more accurate term does not exist yet. Signs and Symptoms People with BPD may experience extreme mood swings and can display uncertainty about who they are. Other symptoms include Seemingly ordinary events may trigger symptoms. Tests and Diagnosis Risk Factors Genetics. Psychotherapy. Signs of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

If you are worried that a friend or loved one may have borderline personality disorder (BPD), it's important to be informed about the illness and its symptoms. While some of the symptoms of BPD are not easily identified, others are associated with observable behaviors. Here are some signs that may indicate your loved one needs to be evaluated by a healthcare professional: Symptoms and Signs of Borderline Personality Disorder Intense Anger and Aggressive Behavior: Some people with BPD experience intense anger that they rarely or never express outwardly. Others express anger openly, sometimes in the form of physical aggression. What You Can Do to Help If you have observed one or more of these signs of BPD in your loved one, it may make sense to encourage him to see a professional for an evaluation. Sources: American Psychiatric Association. Zanarini, MC, Frankenburg, FR, Sickel, AE, & Yong, L. Ajp.psychiatryonline.