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Psychologie. The research paradigm – methodology, epistemology and ontology – explained in simple language. I have put together this post to explain what a research paradigm is, which includes ontology, epistemology, theoretical framework and methodology, and why it is important for your research or PhD.

The research paradigm – methodology, epistemology and ontology – explained in simple language

It took me a while to understand this properly, and below is a summary of my understanding of the topic, which I hope will help you. I suggest you go easy on yourself (I was pulling my hair out on the second day). Online Learning TED Talks. Brain–computer interface. A brain–computer interface (BCI), sometimes called a mind-machine interface (MMI), direct neural interface (DNI), synthetic telepathy interface (STI) or brain–machine interface (BMI), is a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device.

Brain–computer interface

BCIs are often directed at assisting, augmenting, or repairing human cognitive or sensory-motor functions. Research on BCIs began in the 1970s at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) under a grant from the National Science Foundation, followed by a contract from DARPA.[1][2] The papers published after this research also mark the first appearance of the expression brain–computer interface in scientific literature.

The field of BCI research and development has since focused primarily on neuroprosthetics applications that aim at restoring damaged hearing, sight and movement. History[edit] Berger's first recording device was very rudimentary. Philosophy/Spirituality. Thinker. How to Learn Without Memorizing. Photo by Edwin Stemp Rote memorization is an inefficient way to learn.

How to Learn Without Memorizing

Just retaining a single formula can mean pounding the same information into your skull dozens of times. If your computer hard drive had this accuracy, you’d probably throw it out. BizAngel Network - Business Angel Network. Intelligence is broken down into 9 different types, also called the 9 domains of intelligence.

BizAngel Network - Business Angel Network

The following infographic shows that being good at math or languages are not the only two ways to be smart. Source: Funders and Founders This categorization of intelligence was first theorized by developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. From then onwards, the Multiple Intelligences theory has been used as one of the primary models for research that has gone on concerning human cognition.

Gardner think that there is no one true way to measure intelligence and that the human brain is complicated like wired with a wide range of cognitive abilities. Framing intelligence in the way Gardner does disrupts the old mold of thinking in which intelligence was ultimately a measure of )what Gardner would call) logical-mathematical intelligence. A Stanford researcher's 15-minute study hack improves test grades by a third of a grade — Quartz. Policy makers, tech executives, teachers, and parents are forever trying to find new ways to improve kids’ performance at school.

A Stanford researcher's 15-minute study hack improves test grades by a third of a grade — Quartz

Schools design and redesign curricula, teachers embrace and reject new learning technologies, and parents plot ways to get their kids to study more. One novel solution researchers find helps kids to perform better is to get them to think about how they think—metacognition—and have them strategize how they study. If this sounds easy, it is not. Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Mindstuff. It's all in the Mind. Education. Self-Help, Self Improvement, Free Education. Brain Hacking. You Don’t Have to Be the Boss to Change How Your Company Works. Most workplaces face constant imperatives for change—from trivial-seeming matters such as installing new office printers to major ones such as implementing new policies to support diversity.

You Don’t Have to Be the Boss to Change How Your Company Works

Cognitive bias cheat sheet. 5 Brainwashing Tricks That Work No Matter How Smart You Are. #2.

5 Brainwashing Tricks That Work No Matter How Smart You Are

Everyone Has the Same Moral Code, They Just Use It Differently Win McNamee/Getty Images News/Getty Images Question: Change Your Entire Life With This Simple Technique From Thich Nhat Hanh. It’s Kind Of Amazing! Get elephant's newsletter To be beautiful means to be yourself.

Change Your Entire Life With This Simple Technique From Thich Nhat Hanh. It’s Kind Of Amazing!

You don’t need to be accepted by others. You need to accept yourself. ~ Thich Nhat Hanh I was visiting a friend in New York City this past weekend as we discussed various elements of all things spiritual. “Tip-of-the-Tongue Syndrome,” Transactive Memory, and How the Internet Is Making Us Smarter. By Maria Popova “A public library keeps no intentional secrets about its mechanisms; a search engine keeps many.”

“Tip-of-the-Tongue Syndrome,” Transactive Memory, and How the Internet Is Making Us Smarter

“The dangerous time when mechanical voices, radios, telephones, take the place of human intimacies, and the concept of being in touch with millions brings a greater and greater poverty in intimacy and human vision,” Anaïs Nin wrote in her diary in 1946, decades before the internet as we know it even existed. Her fear has since been echoed again and again with every incremental advance in technology, often with simplistic arguments about the attrition of attention in the age of digital distraction. But in Smarter Than You Think: How Technology is Changing Our Minds for the Better (public library), Clive Thompson — one of the finest technology writers I know, with regular bylines for Wired and The New York Times — makes a powerful and rigorously thought out counterpoint.

How to Train Your Mind to Think Critically and Form Your Own Opinions. Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed — How to Foolproof Your Mind, Part I. Our minds set up many traps for us. Unless we’re aware of them, these traps can seriously hinder our ability to think rationally, leading us to bad reasoning and making stupid decisions. Features of our minds that are meant to help us may, eventually, get us into trouble. Here are the first 5 of the most harmful of these traps and how to avoid each one of them. 1. The Anchoring Trap: Over-Relying on First Thoughts.

Psychology. The Brain. Distorted Thinking. Logic Puzzles. Theory of mind. Reason and validity. Sociology (Sociologia) Thinking Traps. Cognitive science. The Best Way to Win an Argument.

You are, I'm afraid to say, mistaken.

The Best Way to Win an Argument

The position you are taking makes no logical sense. Just listen up and I'll be more than happy to elaborate on the many, many reasons why I'm right and you are wrong. Are you feeling ready to be convinced? Whether the subject is climate change, the Middle East or forthcoming holiday plans, this is the approach many of us adopt when we try to convince others to change their minds. It's also an approach that, more often than not, leads to the person on the receiving end hardening their existing position.

A little over a decade ago Leonid Rozenblit and Frank Keil from Yale University suggested that in many instances people believe they understand how something works when in fact their understanding is superficial at best. What happens, argued the researchers, is that we mistake our familiarity with these things for the belief that we have a detailed understanding of how they work. Explain yourself The results were clear. Rhetoric and logical thinking. Cosmic Logic. Cognitive bias cheat sheet. 8 Key Traits of Paranoid Thinkers. Illusory Correlations: When The Mind Makes Connections That Don’t Exist. Why do CEOs who excel at golf get paid more, despite poorer stock market performance?

To see how easily the mind jumps to the wrong conclusions, try virtually taking part in a little experiment… …imagine that you are presented with information about two groups of people about which you know nothing. Let’s call them the Azaleans and the Begonians. For each group you are given a list of positive and negative behaviours. A good one might be: an Azalean was seen helping an old lady across the road. 15 Styles of Distorted Thinking. How to Train Your Mind to Think Critically and Form Your Own Opinions. Mindfulness Meditation Audio. List of psychic abilities.

This is a list of psychic abilities that have been attributed to real-world people. Many of these are also known as extrasensory perception or sixth sense. There is no evidence that psychic abilities exist, and they are not recognized by the scientific community. Superhuman abilities from fiction are not included. Jump up ^ Fontana, David (2005). Is There an Afterlife: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Psychic gifts. 2012 Ascension: New Powers and Abilities. How to activate the Pineal Gland? - Decalcify Pineal Gland. Ever asked the simple question of how to activate the Pineal Gland (Third Eye/Ajna Chakra)?

Now here is the answer… Once you have started the journey of stopping further decalcification of your pineal gland and begin the process of detoxifying it, the next step is to start activating your pineal gland and thus developing your third eye. How to Decalcify the Pineal Gland? Awakening Spiritual Sight This article is presented courtesy of the Spiritual Scientists at DecalcifyThePinealGland.com. How to Clean Up the Pineal Gland. Empathy tools. The Secret. The Six Stages of Mental Strength. Many people think that mentally strong people are simply born that way. That from the moment their feet hit the ground, they are simply endowed with some almost supernatural skill that allows them to face challenges bravely. Others think that mental strength is like a light bulb – it is either turned on or turned off.

Christian mysticism. Mental disorders. Jung. The theory of everything. Moving into Multifunctional Consciousness. Awakening. How "SuperAger" Brains Are Different Than Everyone Else's. Researchers working with SuperAgers—people aged 80 and up with impeccable memory—reveal how their brains look decades younger. Direct Brain-To-Brain Communication Used in Humans. Empower yourself. Knowledge is Power. Brain.

Brain Pathway Rediscovered After 100 Years. Modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are giving scientists unprecedented insight into the inner workings of the human brain. When neuroscientist Jason Yeatman of the University of Washington noticed a large fiber bundle that was unfamiliar to him and did not exist in modern scientific literature, he couldn’t believe he was actually the first person to discover the structure. It turns out that he was right; the structure had been described before. 7 Morning Rituals to Empower your day & Change your Life. How Experts Practice Better Than the Rest. My dad and I were standing in the front yard. Twelve Things You Were Not Taught in School About Creative Thinking. How to Memorize Things Quickly. Can I increase my brain power?

Can You Really Learn a Skill in A Week? The Secrets Inside Tim Ferriss' Insanely Fast Learning Strategy. The Method of Loci. How to Lucid Dream: 15 Steps. Sam Harris on the Paradox of Meditation and How to Stretch Our Capacity for Everyday Self-Transcendence.

18 Things Highly Creative People Do Differently. The Power Of Thought: Alter Your Genes and Cure any Disease. Brain, Mind, and Altered States of Consciousness. How to Study Less by Learning Things Once. How Experts Practice Better Than the Rest. Learning To Learn Faster: The One Superpower Everyone Needs.

Stop Thinking and Start Doing: The Power of Practicing More. Can You Really Learn a Skill in A Week? The Secrets Inside Tim Ferriss' Insanely Fast Learning Strategy. 8 Powerful Brain Hacks You Can Do in Under 2 Minutes. Famous Quotes at Quotery. Famous Quotes at Quotery. Hypnosis reaches the parts brain scans and neurosurgery cannot. Tools for Cleverness. Memory 5. Self Education. Memory Systems. Memory Hacks. Every Day Life.

New Skills. Learning methods. Memory techniques. Memory techniques. Learning Practices & Tips. Brain Train. Memory. Talent and gifted debate. Genius. "Talent" Learning. Consciousness.