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Summary Discussion Salt might not be good for your diet, but it can be good for your password security. Instead of storing passwords in plain text, a common practice is to apply a one-way hash, which effectively randomizes the output and can make it more difficult if (or when?) attackers gain access to your password database. Prevention and Mitigations Related CWEs Related Attack Patterns CAPEC-IDs: [view all]16, 20, 49, 55, 97 Monster Mitigations These mitigations will be effective in eliminating or reducing the severity of the Top 25. A Monster Mitigation Matrix is also available to show how these mitigations apply to weaknesses in the Top 25. See the Monster Mitigation Matrix that maps these mitigations to Top 25 weaknesses. Appendix A: Selection Criteria and Supporting Fields Entries on the 2011 Top 25 were selected using three primary criteria: weakness prevalence, importance, and likelihood of exploit. Prevalence Acceptable ratings were: Importance Ratings for Importance were: Additional Fields CWE - 2011 CWE/SANS Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Errors CWE - 2011 CWE/SANS Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Errors
Welcome to The Internet of Compromised Things This post is a bit of a public service announcement, so I'll get right to the point: Every time you use WiFi, ask yourself: could I be connecting to the Internet through a compromised router with malware? It's becoming more and more common to see malware installed not at the server, desktop, laptop, or smartphone level, but at the router level. Routers have become quite capable, powerful little computers in their own right over the last 5 years, and that means they can, unfortunately, be harnessed to work against you. I write about this because it recently happened to two people I know. In both cases, they eventually determined the source of the problem was that the router they were connecting to the Internet through had been compromised. This is way more evil genius than infecting a mere computer. Hilarious meme images I am contractually obligated to add to each blog post aside, this is scary stuff and you should be scared. Router malware is the ultimate man-in-the-middle attack. Probably. Welcome to The Internet of Compromised Things
Exploit Exercises
SQL Injection Attacks by Example SQL Injection Attacks by Example A customer asked that we check out his intranet site, which was used by the company's employees and customers. This was part of a larger security review, and though we'd not actually used SQL injection to penetrate a network before, we were pretty familiar with the general concepts. We were completely successful in this engagement, and wanted to recount the steps taken as an illustration. "SQL Injection" is subset of the an unverified/unsanitized user input vulnerability ("buffer overflows" are a different subset), and the idea is to convince the application to run SQL code that was not intended. If the application is creating SQL strings naively on the fly and then running them, it's straightforward to create some real surprises. We'll note that this was a somewhat winding road with more than one wrong turn, and others with more experience will certainly have different -- and better -- approaches. We speculate that the underlying SQL code looks something like this: A standalone query of
Information Security

Zarp - Network Attack Tool Zarp - Network Attack Tool Zarp is a network attack tool centred around the exploitation of local networks. This does not include system exploitation, but rather abusing networking protocols and stacks to take over, infiltrate, and knock out. Sessions can be managed to quickly poison and sniff multiple systems at once, dumping sensitive information automatically or to the attacker directly. Various sniffers are included to automatically parse usernames and passwords from various protocols, as well as view HTTP traffic and more. Features zarp has around 30+ modules grouped into categories of attack and has multiple functionalities under each group: PoisonersDenial of ServiceSniffersScannersServicesParameterAttacks Installation zarp is intended to be as dependency-free as possible. LinuxPython 2.7.xScapy (packaged with zarp) It is also recommended that user’s have the following installed for access to specific modules: Usage . The Future You can download zarp here:
"s243aSo someone on FMS was asking how to leak things....
"IceCat has some additional features to promote free...
Cyber Security

Security snapshot reveals massive personal data loss Security snapshot reveals massive personal data loss Image copyright Reuters More than 500 million digital identities were stolen or exposed in 2015, suggests a report from security firm Symantec. In addition, it said, fake technical support scams rose by 200% and crypto-based ransomware attacks grew by 35%. Hackers also made more use of unknown software bugs to make sure attacks work, said the annual threat report. It said the gangs behind the attacks had become more professional and now resembled legitimate software firms. "They have extensive resources and highly skilled technical staff that operate with such efficiency that they maintain normal business hours and even take the weekends and holidays off," said Kevin Haley, director of Symantec security response in a statement. Call centres had been set up by some gangs to make scams and cons more effective, he said. Some of these groups were involved in tech support scams that try to trick people into paying to fix non-existent problems on their home computers. Image copyright PA
Image copyright Thinkstock A cyber-attack, similar to one that saw $81m (£56m) stolen from Bangladesh's central bank, has hit a second bank. The warning about the second attack came from Swift, which oversees the financial messaging network that underpins global money transfers. Swift said the target was a commercial bank but did not name the organisation or reveal if any cash had been taken. The attack used techniques and tools resembling those used to steal cash from Bangladesh in February, it said. Swift is used by about 11,000 financial institutions around the world to move large amounts of cash. The attackers had a "deep and sophisticated knowledge of specific operational controls" at the targeted bank, and could have been aided in their theft by "malicious insiders", said Swift. In both attacks the thieves sought to submit fraudulent messages to the Swift network to transfer large amounts of cash to accounts they controlled. Second bank cyber-attack detected by Swift after Bangladesh raid Second bank cyber-attack detected by Swift after Bangladesh raid
Rental fraud is rising sharply, the BBC has learned during an investigation in which it confronted two online fraudsters for their crimes. Scam artists offer cheap flats for rental, demanding instant deposits. But they do not actually own the homes - and would-be tenants' cash is lost. Reports of rental fraud in England and Wales leapt from 2,216 in 2014 to 3,193 in 2015. BBC researchers posed as tenants to expose tricks used by fake landlords. More news on this and other stories from London One advert fraudsters attempted to place on the flat-sharing website EasyRoomMate offered a plush Kensington apartment for just £700 per month, far below the market rate. Atta Nasim, of Milestone Estate Agents in north-west London, called the price "crazy", adding that you would not get a garage for that price in the area. Land Registry documents show she is not the legal owner of a property there and when researchers visited the mansion block it was to find all the flats inhabited. Online rental fraud rising steeply Online rental fraud rising steeply
Sicurezza ICT: c'è ancora differenza tra Safety e Security? Il significato in 6 punti Sicurezza ICT: c'è ancora differenza tra Safety e Security? Il significato in 6 punti Safety, il significato: Oggi ha ancora senso parlare di una differenza tra Safety e Security? Con la progressiva informatizzazione delle aziende, che significato ha valutare come diversi e separati gli ambiti della sorveglianza e della protezione? Perché si tende ancora oggi a considerare la sicurezza come un servizio, invece che come un asset strategico? L'assunto fondamentale è che oggi il business non esiste senza Internet. La maggior parte dei processi è digitale o in qualche modo passa dalle tecnologie digitali. Proteggere le persone, le aziende e le informazioni è parte integrante di una strategia in cui convergono sistemi di videosorveglianza, telecontrollo, antintrusione, antieffrazione ma anche di protezione da tutte le derive del cybercrime che colpisce gli utenti in azienda oppure in mobilità, a casa come in automobile, in treno o a piedi. Che cosa significa Safety e cosa significa Security Il significato di safety e di security. La sicurezza nelle smart city Garantendo:
Istruzione non è solo educare le nuove generazioni alla conoscenza di nozioni e alla trasmissione del sapere, ma anche e soprattutto insegnare il rispetto dei valori fondanti di una società, riaffermare quotidianamente, anche in ambito scolastico, quei principi di civiltà, come la riservatezza e la dignità della persona, che devono sempre essere al centro della formazione di ogni cittadino. In quest’ottica il Garante per la protezione dei dati personali ha pubblicato "La scuola a prova di privacy". La guida tiene conto delle innovazioni previste, ma ancora in fase di attuazione, dell’ultima riforma della scuola, e raccoglie i casi affrontati dal Garante con maggiore frequenza, al fine di offrire elementi di riflessione e indicazioni per i tanti quesiti che vengono posti dalle famiglie e dalle istituzioni scolastiche. La guida è articolata in cinque capitoli, che riportano regole ed esempi: Vademecum sulla privacy a scuola — Notizie della scuola Vademecum sulla privacy a scuola — Notizie della scuola
SentinelOne - Next Generation Endpoint Protection
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How To Find Wi-Fi Password Using CMD Of All Connected Networks Whenever we connect to a WiFi network and enter the password to connect to that network, we actually make a WLAN profile of that WiFi network. That profile is stored inside our computer along with the other required details of the WiFi profile. Instead of using a GUI to find the individual passwords, we can also look for the WiFi password of that particular WiFi network using cmd. These steps work even when you are totally offline or you are not connected to the particular wifi you are looking the password for. How to know the WiFi password using cmd: Open the command prompt and run it as administrator. In the next step, we want to know about all the profiles that are stored in our computer. netsh wlan show profile This command will list out all the WiFi profiles that you have ever connected to. In the above picture, I have intentionally blurred some of my WiFi networks’ name. Want to learn Wi-Fi hacking? Type the following command to see the password of any WiFi network: How To Find Wi-Fi Password Using CMD Of All Connected Networks
Forensics — Null Byte « Wonder How To Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 16 (Extracting EXIF Data from Image Files) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 15 (Parsing Out Key Info from Memory) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 14 (Live Memory Forensics) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 13 (Browser Forensics) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 12 (Windows Prefetch Files) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 11 (Using Splunk) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 10 (Identifying Signatures of a Port Scan & DoS Attack) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 9 (Finding Storage Device Artifacts in the Registry) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 8 (More Windows Registry Forensics) Hack Like a Pro: Digital Forensics for the Aspiring Hacker, Part 7 (Windows Sysinternals)
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Download the file above, and save it somewhere, then double click on it. (1) Click "Run" then choose the installer's language and click OK (2). Make sure you have at least 80MB of free disk space in the location you select. If you want to leave the bundle on the computer, saving it to the Desktop is a good choice. Click Install (3) Wait until the installer finishes. Once the installation is complete, click Finish to launch Tor Browser's wizard. Once you see Tor Browser's wizard click Connect Alternatively, you can launch Tor Browser by going to the folder Tor Browser which can be found at the location you saved the bundle at (Default: Desktop) and double click on the Start Tor Browser application. Once Tor is ready, Tor Browser will automatically be opened. Once you are finished browsing, close any open Tor Browser windows by clicking on the (6). To use Tor Browser again, double click on the "Start Tor Browser" application. Tor Browser
Privacy & Security

Articles by Jack H. Writer Meaning: Each and every company is exposed to certain risks. Security risk analysis meaningful use is nothing but taking necessary steps as an ensurement towards the control and the expenditure which is included with the risk. It can also be called as risk management process. Types of security analysis: By using quantitative method one can know the situations in which the risk may occur and the loss it may cause. Meaningful use of security risk analysis: Follow-up with the best of the best management so that you can save your time which you will need if you do it by yourself. In the process of risk analysis meaningful use you will know the following things: Security risks which can be faced. Actual process which needs to be followed to do a risk analysis: Evaluate the scope of risk analysis. Summary: Security risk analysis and its meaningful use are really necessary to run an organization smoothly and profitably. About Jack H. Writer Created on May 6th 2013 05:03. Necessity of Security Risk Analysis and its Uses by Jack H.
News UPDATED: Security Hack Exposes Forms Authentication in ASP.NET For more on this story, please see: Microsoft To Release Out-of-Band Patch for ASP.NET Security Flaw Two security researchers, Thai Duong and Juliano Rizzo, have discovered a bug in the default encryption mechanism used to protect the cookies normally used to implement Forms Authentication in ASP.NET. Once the Machine Key is determined, attackers can create bogus forms authentication cookies. Microsoft is recommending, as a workaround, reducing information returned to the client in the event of an error to prevent intruders from gathering the information needed to determine the Machine Key. On a Web farm, these changes will have to be made on all the servers in the farm. A video, posted Thursday, Sept. 16 on YouTube shows Thai Duong demonstrating the attack using POET. About the Author AES Encryption Flaw Exposes ASP.NET Sites -- Visual Studio Magazine
Security | C# How to Scan a Process' Memory ( January 26th, 2014 | Apex | Security ) Intro This article is about how to get the memory dump of a process, by checking almost all memory addresses that can store data. Since C# is quite a high level programming language, I think this is the only method available to do this. C# Create Secure Desktop (Anti-Keylogger) ( November 2nd, 2013 | Apex | Security ) Since the number of Keyloggers keeps growing, I decided to publish this little trick hoping that it might be useful for someone. C# Detect if Debugger is Attached ( September 9th, 2013 | Apex | Security ) This method is used to detect if a running process has a debugger attached to it. C# Read/Write another Process' Memory ( August 4th, 2013 | Apex | Security ) Today's tutorial is about...processes' memory! C#/PHP Compatible Encryption (AES256) ( July 6th, 2013 | Apex | Security ) C# Prevent Reflector from Decompiling ( June 1st, 2013 | Apex | Security ) MD5, CRC32, SHA1, SHA256, Hash Online, Online Hash Generator, Hash Calculator

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