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The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tool for when you need to take action on what you have been avoiding. We avoid doing the things that are most painful for us but the more you act and face the pain, the more options come your way. The Tool for when you are so enraged with a person that the anger traps you in a maze. The Tool for when insecurity or your “shadow” (an embodiment of everything you wish you were not) keeps you from expressing yourself. The Tool for when you are filled with worried, anxiety, and negativity. Everyone is tempted to quit using the Tools, but quitting will only stop your progress and destory all the gains you’ve made.
The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This video is part of a weekly series of interviews with contemporary thinkers and philosophers on questions that matter. Adam Phillips is a psychotherapist, literary critic and the author several well-known books, including “On Kissing, Tickling and Being Bored,” “Going Sane,” “On Kindness” and most recently, “On Balance.” Though not a professional academic philosopher, we interviewed Phillips because he’s written widely, from a unique psychoanalytic perspective, on a range of themes central to our project. View all interviews in the series here. Tyler Krupp is a doctoral student at the University of California, Berkeley. An Interview With Adam Phillips An Interview With Adam Phillips
Psychology

Brain Basics
Personality Test Based on Jung and Briggs-Myers This free personality test will allow you to obtain your four-letter type code according to Jung's typology as developed by Myers, Briggs, von Franz, and van der Hoop. Our test is one of several ways to quantify interpretations of Jung's typology, similar but not identical, to the MBTI test (the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® MBTI), the Jung Type Indicator, and other such instruments. CelebrityTypes Personality Type Test is the property of CelebrityTypes International. Ours is one of the few free tests that is subjected to statistical controls and validation. Even so, please keep in mind that tests are merely indicators - a first peek at the system to get you started. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and MBTI are trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., who publish the MBTI test. We also draw on the psychology of personality types presented in C.G. This test follows established theory. Personality Test Based on Jung and Briggs-Myers
Phenomenology in psychology Phenomenology in psychology Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Psychology:Debates · Journals · Psychologists Nevertheless, one abiding feature of 'experiences' is that, in principle, they are not directly observable by any external observer. Phenomenological psychology Edit {{Main|Phenomenology (psychology)]] The concepts of phenomenological philosophy have influenced at least two main fields of contemporary psychology: the qualitative psychology of Giorgi, Smith Interpretative_Phenomenological_Analysis, Kvale, and others; and the experimental approaches associated with Varela, Gallagher, Thompson, and others Embodied_cognition. Difficulties in considering subjective phenomena The philosophical psychology prevalent before the end of the nineteenth century relied heavily on introspection. Other approaches Notes
What is Self Psychology? Self Psychology Psychoanalysis What Is Self Psychology? - An Introduction A theory introduced by Heinz Kohut in the early 70's with the publication of his now famous monograph, The Analysis of the Self (1971), self psychology has burgeoned into the most significant analytic theory since Freud first introduced psychoanalysis to the scientific world in the early 20th century. Having been trained in the theories of American ego psychology, Kohut established a reputation as a staunchly conservative Freudian analyst, winning him in 1964 the presidency of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Yet it was his integrity, not his politics, and his deep concern for the many stalemated or premature terminations among his patient population, that eventually prompted him to question the very theories upon which he had staked his scientific surety and built his reputation. Setting aside his classical theory, Kohut took the lead from his patients in discovering his theory of the self. References. What is Self Psychology?
Phenomenology in Psychology

Phenomenology
Labels, Ideology, Psychology, Social Control

Scientists Are Beginning to Figure Out Why Conservatives Are…Conservative Scientists are using eye-tracking devices to detect automatic response differences between liberals and conservatives.University of Nebraska-Lincoln You could be forgiven for not having browsed yet through the latest issue of the journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences. If you care about politics, though, you'll find a punchline therein that is pretty extraordinary. Click here to read more from Mooney on the science of why people don't believe in science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences employs a rather unique practice called "Open Peer Commentary": An article of major significance is published, a large number of fellow scholars comment on it, and then the original author responds to all of them. That's a big deal. It is a "virtually inescapable conclusion" that the "cognitive-motivational styles of leftists and rightists are quite different." The authors go on to speculate that this ultimately reflects an evolutionary imperative. That's pretty extraordinary, when you think about it. Scientists Are Beginning to Figure Out Why Conservatives Are…Conservative
The Creativity Pill - James Hamblin Health People taking dopamine for Parkinson's disease sometimes begin to generate a lot of artwork. New research differentiates their expressiveness from obsessive or impulsive tendencies. Please consider disabling it for our site, or supporting our work in one of these ways Subscribe Now > Neurologist Rivka Inzelberg recently noticed that her patients with Parkinson’s disease seemed to be authoring more novels than older people tend to author. Looking closer, poems and paintings also seemed to be pouring out of afflicted patients, in a relative sense—specifically those treated with a synthetic dopamine-precursor pill, levodopa (L-DOPA). So Inzelberg, a professor at Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine, asked around. Development of uncontrollable artistic urges has been documented in medical case studies. So Inzelberg’s current study tested for symptoms of impulse control disorder, as well as creativity—which it did in a variety of ways. She laughed. The Creativity Pill - James Hamblin
8 Reasons Young Americans Don’t Fight Back: How the US Crushed Youth Resistance By Bruce E. Levine / alternet.org Traditionally, young people have energized democratic movements. So it is a major coup for the ruling elite to have created societal institutions that have subdued young Americans and broken their spirit of resistance to domination. Young Americans—even more so than older Americans—appear to have acquiesced to the idea that the corporatocracy can completely screw them and that they are helpless to do anything about it. How exactly has American society subdued young Americans? 1. Today in the United States, two-thirds of graduating seniors at four-year colleges have student-loan debt, including over 62 percent of public university graduates. 2. Many of America’s greatest activists including Saul Alinsky (1909–1972), the legendary organizer and author of Reveille for Radicals and Rules for Radicals, would today certainly be diagnosed with ODD and other disruptive disorders. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Bruce E. 8 Reasons Young Americans Don’t Fight Back: How the US Crushed Youth Resistance
Marta Halina, University of Cambridge [PDF of Marta Halina’s paper] [Jump to Irina Mikhalevich’s commentary] [Jump to Robert Lurz’s commentary] [Jump to Kristin Andrews’s commentary] Abstract Mindreading is the ability to attribute mental states to other agents. 1. Mindreading is the ability to attribute mental states to other agents. Psychologists and philosophers have been pursuing the question of whether nonhuman animals (hereafter, animals) mindread for over 35 years (Premack and Woodruff 1978). The “alternative-hypothesis objection” is central to the critique advanced by the sceptics.[3] This objection holds that if an alternative non-mindreading hypothesis can account for the results of a mindreading experiment, then those results do not in fact provide good evidence for mindreading. Philosophers of science have been thinking about the relationship between theory and evidence for a long time, and in particular, when data should count as good evidence for a hypothesis. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Inference and Error in Comparative Psychology: The Case of Mindreading | Minds Online Inference and Error in Comparative Psychology: The Case of Mindreading | Minds Online
An Important but Rarely Discussed Lesson of the Stanford Prison Experiment - Beautiful Minds - Scientific American Blog Network An Important but Rarely Discussed Lesson of the Stanford Prison Experiment - Beautiful Minds - Scientific American Blog Network Any man can withstand adversity; if you want to test his character, give him power. — Abraham Lincoln I recently watched the movie adaptation of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Like most reviewers, I found it harrowing. The standard story, given by the experimenter Phillip Zimbardo, is that the experiment is a lesson about how everyday people (and groups consisting of everyday people), when given too much power, can become sadistic tyrants. While this is certainly a valuable lesson, I believe another crucial variable at play that is rarely mentioned by commentators of the prison experiment or even in psychology textbooks is the person. But even among the small sample of young male participants in the Stanford Prison Experiment, there was great variability in how people responded to power. I fear it's all too easy for us to focus our attention on that one loud, brash person who abuses power while ignoring the majority who were not nearly as cruel.
people-prone-to-this-emotion-are-better-at-reading-facial-expression Some good can come of this emotion — not so much its close cousin, shame. People who are more prone to feeling guilt are better at reading other people’s emotions, a new study finds. The guilt-prone were able to read all types of facial emotions better, tests revealed. They were particularly good on relatively low-intensity emotions. Subtle facial expressions are (obviously) the most difficult to detect. This is not the first time guilt has been linked to empathy, as the study’s authors explain: “[there is] a large body of prior research linking guilt-proneness with an enhanced capacity for empathy as assessed by self-report and as well as theory suggesting that guilt and empathic perspective taking operate synergistically following interpersonal transgressions.” Being better at reading facial emotions is just one of the benefits of being prone to guilt. ..and if that weren’t enough, guilt-proneness has also been linked to: Guilt may have more positive consequences, then, than shame.
Verhaltensforschung: Schlaue Hühner - Spektrum der Wissenschaft Manche Tiere sind intelligenter als andere. So zeigen mehrere Vogelarten bemerkenswerte Fähigkeiten, die man früher nur uns Menschen zutraute: Elstern erkennen sich in einem Spiegel. Manche Krähen lernen von älteren Artgenossen, Werkzeuge herzustellen. Im Unterschied dazu gelten Hühner gemeinhin als wenig intelligent. Offenbar sind komplexe kognitive Fähigkeiten, die man traditionell höchstens noch manchen Menschenaffen zugesteht, im Tierreich viel weiter verbreitet als lange angenommen. Die Hierarchie des Hühnerhofs Forscher haben fast 100 Jahre gebraucht, um herauszufinden, was im Gehirn von Hühnern vor sich geht. Erst 30 Jahre später zeichneten Nicholas und Elsie Collias (1914-2010 und 1920-2006) von der University of California in Los Angeles die unterschiedlichen Rufe der Hühner auf und entdeckten ein Repertoire von 24 Lauten, die anscheinend bestimmte Ereignisse bezeichnen. Schon diese frühen Entdeckungen legten nahe, dass man das walnussgroße Hühnerhirn nicht unterschätzen darf.
In der Wissenschaft der Psychologie anerkannte und wirklich bedeutende Psychologen und Psychologinnen mit Artikel in der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia werden hier aufgeführt. Bedeutung wird z.B. an der Begründung einer Schule oder Theorie mit namhaften Anhängern, dem Verfassen eines epochalen Werkes und/oder der Leitung eines innerhalb der Psychologie herausragenden Institutes festgemacht. Vorwiegend als Psychotherapeuten bekannte Personen sind in der Liste bedeutender Psychotherapeuten enthalten. A[Bearbeiten] Alfred Adler – Mary Ainsworth – Gustav Johannes von Allesch - Gordon Allport – Rudolf Arnheim – Wilhelm Karl Arnold - Elliot Aronson - Solomon Asch – John William Atkinson B[Bearbeiten] C[Bearbeiten] Donald T. D[Bearbeiten] Karl Duncker - Dietrich Dörner – Rudolf Dreikurs – Heinrich Düker - E[Bearbeiten] Hermann Ebbinghaus – Daniil Borissowitsch Elkonin – Albert Ellis – Erik H. F[Bearbeiten] G[Bearbeiten] Franz Josef Gall – Francis Galton – Howard Gardner – Eugene T. H[Bearbeiten] Karl S. Liste bedeutender Psychologen – Wikipedia
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Psychologie ve vzdělávání

Empatie zvyšuje agresivitu • RESPEKT
Ekonomie pozornosti aneb strčte si „Dobrý den, máte rád přírodu?“ do špic Každý červenec centrum Brna zaplní brigádníci a začne hon: „Dobrý den, máte rád přírodu?“ – „Dobrý den, přispějte na děti z dětských domovůůů!“ – „Jestlipak vás můžu na minutku zastavit a zeptat se vás, jakého máte operátora?“ Rozhodnete se kvůli těm otravům odjet z města, ale přes cedule nenajdete kudy: Cesta z města? Tak si aspoň chcete udělat dobře sklenkou vína, jenomže po stole v restauraci se válí tohle: Slovy legendárního běsnícího mechanika Luboše: neřešitelný problém, hoši! Čím platíme za informace zdarma Konzervativní ekonom by mohl namítnout, že to přece problém není. ... až na to, že nás to všechny stojí jednu z nejcennějších věcí, co máme: naši pozornost. Ekonom, psycholog a počítačový vědec Herbert Simon přišel před čtyřiceti lety s jednoduchým postřehem: v informační éře povede nadbytek informací zákonitě k nedostatku toho, co potřebujeme k jejich přijímání. Pozornost je tedy omezený, stále vzácnější zdroj. Začněte u sebe: nechovejte se jako ocasové Co s tím? Anketa Pozor!
In 1975, researchers at Stanford invited a group of undergraduates to take part in a study about suicide. They were presented with pairs of suicide notes. In each pair, one note had been composed by a random individual, the other by a person who had subsequently taken his own life. The students were then asked to distinguish between the genuine notes and the fake ones. Some students discovered that they had a genius for the task. As is often the case with psychological studies, the whole setup was a put-on. In the second phase of the study, the deception was revealed. “Once formed,” the researchers observed dryly, “impressions are remarkably perseverant.” A few years later, a new set of Stanford students was recruited for a related study. Even after the evidence “for their beliefs has been totally refuted, people fail to make appropriate revisions in those beliefs,” the researchers noted. The Stanford studies became famous. The students were asked to respond to two studies. Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds
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