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Psychology

Positive Psychology

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The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tool for when you need to take action on what you have been avoiding. We avoid doing the things that are most painful for us but the more you act and face the pain, the more options come your way. The Tool for when you are so enraged with a person that the anger traps you in a maze. The Tool for when insecurity or your “shadow” (an embodiment of everything you wish you were not) keeps you from expressing yourself. The Tool for when you are filled with worried, anxiety, and negativity. Everyone is tempted to quit using the Tools, but quitting will only stop your progress and destory all the gains you’ve made.
The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This video is part of a weekly series of interviews with contemporary thinkers and philosophers on questions that matter. Adam Phillips is a psychotherapist, literary critic and the author several well-known books, including “On Kissing, Tickling and Being Bored,” “Going Sane,” “On Kindness” and most recently, “On Balance.” Though not a professional academic philosopher, we interviewed Phillips because he’s written widely, from a unique psychoanalytic perspective, on a range of themes central to our project. View all interviews in the series here. Tyler Krupp is a doctoral student at the University of California, Berkeley. An Interview With Adam Phillips An Interview With Adam Phillips
Phenomenology in psychology Phenomenology in psychology Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Psychology:Debates · Journals · Psychologists Nevertheless, one abiding feature of 'experiences' is that, in principle, they are not directly observable by any external observer. Phenomenological psychology Edit {{Main|Phenomenology (psychology)]] The concepts of phenomenological philosophy have influenced at least two main fields of contemporary psychology: the qualitative psychology of Giorgi, Smith Interpretative_Phenomenological_Analysis, Kvale, and others; and the experimental approaches associated with Varela, Gallagher, Thompson, and others Embodied_cognition. Difficulties in considering subjective phenomena The philosophical psychology prevalent before the end of the nineteenth century relied heavily on introspection. Other approaches Notes
What is Self Psychology? Self Psychology Psychoanalysis What Is Self Psychology? - An Introduction A theory introduced by Heinz Kohut in the early 70's with the publication of his now famous monograph, The Analysis of the Self (1971), self psychology has burgeoned into the most significant analytic theory since Freud first introduced psychoanalysis to the scientific world in the early 20th century. Having been trained in the theories of American ego psychology, Kohut established a reputation as a staunchly conservative Freudian analyst, winning him in 1964 the presidency of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Yet it was his integrity, not his politics, and his deep concern for the many stalemated or premature terminations among his patient population, that eventually prompted him to question the very theories upon which he had staked his scientific surety and built his reputation. Setting aside his classical theory, Kohut took the lead from his patients in discovering his theory of the self. References. What is Self Psychology?
Phenomenology in Psychology

Phenomenology
Verhaltensforschung: Schlaue Hühner - Spektrum der Wissenschaft Verhaltensforschung: Schlaue Hühner - Spektrum der Wissenschaft Manche Tiere sind intelligenter als andere. So zeigen mehrere Vogelarten bemerkenswerte Fähigkeiten, die man früher nur uns Menschen zutraute: Elstern erkennen sich in einem Spiegel. Manche Krähen lernen von älteren Artgenossen, Werkzeuge herzustellen. Im Unterschied dazu gelten Hühner gemeinhin als wenig intelligent. Offenbar sind komplexe kognitive Fähigkeiten, die man traditionell höchstens noch manchen Menschenaffen zugesteht, im Tierreich viel weiter verbreitet als lange angenommen. Die Hierarchie des Hühnerhofs Forscher haben fast 100 Jahre gebraucht, um herauszufinden, was im Gehirn von Hühnern vor sich geht. Erst 30 Jahre später zeichneten Nicholas und Elsie Collias (1914-2010 und 1920-2006) von der University of California in Los Angeles die unterschiedlichen Rufe der Hühner auf und entdeckten ein Repertoire von 24 Lauten, die anscheinend bestimmte Ereignisse bezeichnen. Schon diese frühen Entdeckungen legten nahe, dass man das walnussgroße Hühnerhirn nicht unterschätzen darf.
In der Wissenschaft der Psychologie anerkannte und wirklich bedeutende Psychologen und Psychologinnen mit Artikel in der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia werden hier aufgeführt. Bedeutung wird z.B. an der Begründung einer Schule oder Theorie mit namhaften Anhängern, dem Verfassen eines epochalen Werkes und/oder der Leitung eines innerhalb der Psychologie herausragenden Institutes festgemacht. Vorwiegend als Psychotherapeuten bekannte Personen sind in der Liste bedeutender Psychotherapeuten enthalten. A[Bearbeiten] Alfred Adler – Mary Ainsworth – Gustav Johannes von Allesch - Gordon Allport – Rudolf Arnheim – Wilhelm Karl Arnold - Elliot Aronson - Solomon Asch – John William Atkinson B[Bearbeiten] C[Bearbeiten] Donald T. D[Bearbeiten] Karl Duncker - Dietrich Dörner – Rudolf Dreikurs – Heinrich Düker - E[Bearbeiten] Hermann Ebbinghaus – Daniil Borissowitsch Elkonin – Albert Ellis – Erik H. F[Bearbeiten] G[Bearbeiten] Franz Josef Gall – Francis Galton – Howard Gardner – Eugene T. H[Bearbeiten] Karl S. Liste bedeutender Psychologen – Wikipedia Liste bedeutender Psychologen – Wikipedia
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Image copyright University of Cambridge A University of Cambridge team has identified the areas of the brain that change the most during the teenage years. Brain scans showed that they are the areas associated with complex thought processes. The scientists also discovered a link between teenage brain development and mental illness, such as schizophrenia. The research is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. The team from Cambridge's department of psychiatry scanned the brains of 300 people between the ages of 14 and 24. While the areas associated with the basic functioning of the body such as vision, hearing and movement are fully developed by adolescence, the areas associated with complex thought and decision making are still changing. These areas are nerve centres with lots of connections to and from other key areas. The brain uses a similar set up to co-ordinate our thoughts and actions. How schizophrenia changed the course of my life Why brains are beautiful Scans reveal how teenage brain develops Scans reveal how teenage brain develops
Psychologie ve vzdělávání

Empatie zvyšuje agresivitu • RESPEKT
Ekonomie pozornosti aneb strčte si „Dobrý den, máte rád přírodu?“ do špic Každý červenec centrum Brna zaplní brigádníci a začne hon: „Dobrý den, máte rád přírodu?“ – „Dobrý den, přispějte na děti z dětských domovůůů!“ – „Jestlipak vás můžu na minutku zastavit a zeptat se vás, jakého máte operátora?“ Rozhodnete se kvůli těm otravům odjet z města, ale přes cedule nenajdete kudy: Cesta z města? Tak si aspoň chcete udělat dobře sklenkou vína, jenomže po stole v restauraci se válí tohle: Slovy legendárního běsnícího mechanika Luboše: neřešitelný problém, hoši! Čím platíme za informace zdarma Konzervativní ekonom by mohl namítnout, že to přece problém není. ... až na to, že nás to všechny stojí jednu z nejcennějších věcí, co máme: naši pozornost. Ekonom, psycholog a počítačový vědec Herbert Simon přišel před čtyřiceti lety s jednoduchým postřehem: v informační éře povede nadbytek informací zákonitě k nedostatku toho, co potřebujeme k jejich přijímání. Pozornost je tedy omezený, stále vzácnější zdroj. Začněte u sebe: nechovejte se jako ocasové Co s tím? Anketa Pozor! Ekonomie pozornosti aneb strčte si „Dobrý den, máte rád přírodu?“ do špic
Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds In 1975, researchers at Stanford invited a group of undergraduates to take part in a study about suicide. They were presented with pairs of suicide notes. In each pair, one note had been composed by a random individual, the other by a person who had subsequently taken his own life. The students were then asked to distinguish between the genuine notes and the fake ones. Some students discovered that they had a genius for the task. As is often the case with psychological studies, the whole setup was a put-on. In the second phase of the study, the deception was revealed. “Once formed,” the researchers observed dryly, “impressions are remarkably perseverant.” A few years later, a new set of Stanford students was recruited for a related study. Even after the evidence “for their beliefs has been totally refuted, people fail to make appropriate revisions in those beliefs,” the researchers noted. The Stanford studies became famous. The students were asked to respond to two studies. Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds
How pickpockets trick your mind How pickpockets trick your mind Our 12 days of Christmas rundown of the top stories of the year continues with #11: Pickpockets use much more than sleight of hand, says Caroline Williams, they hack your brain’s weaknesses. My mother has eyes in the back of her head. She also taught me from an early age to be suspicious of strange men, especially when they give you presents. Which makes it all the more surprising that a “nice man” bearing flowers managed to swipe 20 euros from her purse, while she was holding it in her hands and looking straight at it. “He said he was collecting for a church charity so I pulled out a euro,” she explains. But she needn’t feel bad. The most important of these loopholes is the fact that our brains are not set up to multi-task. So while sleight of hand helps, it’s as much about capturing all of somebody’s attention with other movements. Other tactics are more psychological. Brown thinks confidence plays a major role too. On the stage, specific movements can also trick us. Dirty tricks
The hidden tricks of powerful persuasion Are we always in control of our minds? As David Robson discovers, it’s surprisingly easy to plant ideas in peoples’ heads without them realising. Are we all just puppets on a string? Most people would like to assume that they are free agents – their fate lies in their own hands. Our ability to make deliberate decisions may often be an illusion — But you can regain control if you know how “What we’re finding more and more in psychology is that lots of the decisions we make are influenced by things we are not aware of,” says Jay Olson at McGill University in Quebec, Canada – who recently created an ingenious experiment showing just how easily we are manipulated by the gentlest persuasion. Olson has spent a lifetime exploring the subtle ways of tricking people’s perception, and it all began with magic. As an undergraduate in psychology, he found the new understanding of the mind often chimed with the skills he had learnt with his hobby. Subtle menu Don’t believe him? How to spot manipulation
The Power of Persuasion
psychology/social engineering

Brain science & Psychology

Möglicherweise sind wir doch freier in unserem Denken und Handeln als bislang angenommen. Darauf weist nun ein Versuch von Wissenschaftlern der Charité Berlin und der Technischen Universität Berlin hin. Die Forscher knüpften an das berühmte Experiment des US-amerikanischen Physiologen Benjamin Libet an, der in den 1980er Jahren die Hirnwellen seiner Probanden aufzeichnete, während diese einfache Bewegungsentscheidungen trafen. Dabei entdeckte er, dass sich bereits Sekundenbruchteile bevor die Versuchsteilnehmer ihre bewusste Entscheidung fällten, ein so genanntes Bereitschaftspotenzial in ihren Hirnwellen abzeichnete – ihr Gehirn hatte die Entscheidung also sozusagen vorweggenommen. Die Berliner Wissenschaftler ließen ihre Versuchsteilnehmer nun in einem ähnlichen Experiment gegen einen Computer antreten. Hirnforschung: Unser Wille ist doch nicht so unfrei
What every dictator knows: young men are natural fan... Young men are particularly liable to become fanatics. Every dictator, every guru, every religious leader, knows this. Fanatics have an overwhelming sense of identity based on a cause (a religion) or a community (gang, team), and a tight and exclusive bond with other members of that group. They will risk injury, loss or even death for the sake of their group. They regard everyone else as outsiders, or even enemies. In a world of nation-states, young men fought the wars that formed most countries. Why are young men like this? Testosterone acts on an ancient part of the brain, the limbic system. Crucially, males’ frontal lobes don’t fully mature until their late 20s, whereas those of women mature earlier. Of course, not all young men, even the fanatics, become terrorists. Social status is prized by the males of many animal species, including humans. This also occurs in humans, of course.
The shooter is almost always male. Of the past 129 mass shootings in the United States, all but three have been men. The shooter is socially alienated, and he can’t get laid. When Christopher Harper-Mercer fatally shot a professor and eight students at Umpqua Community College in Oregon on 1 October 2015, he revealed his own sexual frustrations, writing: ‘I am going to die friendless, girlfriendless, and a virgin.’ Robert L Dear Jr, who went on a shooting spree at Planned Parenthood in Colorado Springs on 27 November 2015, had been arrested years earlier after a neighbour complained that Dear hid in bushes and tried to peer into her house. It has become commonplace to argue that terrorist attacks are not about religion but politics or economics. The facts of toxic masculinity are rarely discussed after mass shootings, as we beat the usual drums of gun control and mental health. Get Aeon straight to your inbox The pre-modern West also demonised desire. So what can be done? Humiliation and rage: how toxic masculinity fuels mass shootings | Aeon Essays
toegepaste psychologie

Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth 2017 Georgia Southern University Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Electronic Theses & Dissertations The relatively young field of positive psychology serves to redirect the focus of common psychological investigation and intervention on factors that deplete well-being, toward characteristics and experiences that promote happiness and well-being (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Explicating vulnerability factors to anxiety difficulties is important as the National Comorbidity Study (NCS) lists anxiety as the most common and costly class of mental health disorders in the United States. University of Richmond Scott T. Commons Psychology - open acces articles
ToegepastPsycholoog.nl
NISB - Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Bewegen
OCR psychology

Criminal Minds Are Different From Yours, Brain Scans Reveal | Neuroscience & Psychology of Criminal Minds & Psychopaths
PsycPORT™: Psychology Newswire
Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition
Klaar met leven? Ouderen en het levenseinde in psychologisch perspectief.
Angst beheersen met mindfulness. Hoe aandacht en compassie je kunnen bevrijden van angst en paniek.
Ontwikkelingspsychologie.
Internet use in class tied to lower test scores
Reframing the Mind
Le manque de sommeil altère le cerveau des ados | Salle de presse | Inserm
Psychologie cognitive

Treating PTSD With Psychedelics: How Ecstasy, The ‘Rave’ Drug, May Help Trauma Patients Overcome Painful Memories
Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms
Nootropic
psychiatry/psychology

Science, neurology and psychology

Investigative psychology

Psychology, Social experiments

Psychology and Sociology

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

psychology + marketing

Psychology, Depression

"Modern" Psychology Continued

Psychology and stuff

Psychology and Emotional Control

Psychology vs Effectiveness

Psychology and Therapy