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Psychology

Positive Psychology

:: Authentic Happiness ::
The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tools Book |  The Featured Five The Tool for when you need to take action on what you have been avoiding. We avoid doing the things that are most painful for us but the more you act and face the pain, the more options come your way. The Tool for when you are so enraged with a person that the anger traps you in a maze. The Tool for when insecurity or your “shadow” (an embodiment of everything you wish you were not) keeps you from expressing yourself. The Tool for when you are filled with worried, anxiety, and negativity. Everyone is tempted to quit using the Tools, but quitting will only stop your progress and destory all the gains you’ve made.
The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This video is part of a weekly series of interviews with contemporary thinkers and philosophers on questions that matter. Adam Phillips is a psychotherapist, literary critic and the author several well-known books, including “On Kissing, Tickling and Being Bored,” “Going Sane,” “On Kindness” and most recently, “On Balance.” Though not a professional academic philosopher, we interviewed Phillips because he’s written widely, from a unique psychoanalytic perspective, on a range of themes central to our project. View all interviews in the series here. Tyler Krupp is a doctoral student at the University of California, Berkeley. An Interview With Adam Phillips An Interview With Adam Phillips
Psychology

Brain Basics
Personality Test Based on Jung and Briggs-Myers This free personality test will allow you to obtain your four-letter type code according to Jung's typology as developed by Myers, Briggs, von Franz, and van der Hoop. Our test is one of several ways to quantify interpretations of Jung's typology, similar but not identical, to the MBTI test (the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® MBTI), the Jung Type Indicator, and other such instruments. CelebrityTypes Personality Type Test is the property of CelebrityTypes International. Ours is one of the few free tests that is subjected to statistical controls and validation. Even so, please keep in mind that tests are merely indicators - a first peek at the system to get you started. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and MBTI are trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., who publish the MBTI test. We also draw on the psychology of personality types presented in C.G. This test follows established theory. Personality Test Based on Jung and Briggs-Myers
Phenomenology in psychology Phenomenology in psychology Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Psychology:Debates · Journals · Psychologists Nevertheless, one abiding feature of 'experiences' is that, in principle, they are not directly observable by any external observer. Phenomenological psychology Edit {{Main|Phenomenology (psychology)]] The concepts of phenomenological philosophy have influenced at least two main fields of contemporary psychology: the qualitative psychology of Giorgi, Smith Interpretative_Phenomenological_Analysis, Kvale, and others; and the experimental approaches associated with Varela, Gallagher, Thompson, and others Embodied_cognition. Difficulties in considering subjective phenomena The philosophical psychology prevalent before the end of the nineteenth century relied heavily on introspection. Other approaches Notes
What is Self Psychology? Self Psychology Psychoanalysis What Is Self Psychology? - An Introduction A theory introduced by Heinz Kohut in the early 70's with the publication of his now famous monograph, The Analysis of the Self (1971), self psychology has burgeoned into the most significant analytic theory since Freud first introduced psychoanalysis to the scientific world in the early 20th century. Having been trained in the theories of American ego psychology, Kohut established a reputation as a staunchly conservative Freudian analyst, winning him in 1964 the presidency of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Yet it was his integrity, not his politics, and his deep concern for the many stalemated or premature terminations among his patient population, that eventually prompted him to question the very theories upon which he had staked his scientific surety and built his reputation. Setting aside his classical theory, Kohut took the lead from his patients in discovering his theory of the self. References. What is Self Psychology?
Phenomenology in Psychology

Phenomenology
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Methods for Changing Behaviors
Human Psychology

To read this story in full you will need to login or make a payment (see right). Nature 455, 1038-1039 (23 October 2008) | doi:10.1038/4551038a; Published online 22 October 2008 Being human: Religion: Bound to believe? Pascal Boyer1 Pascal Boyer is in the Departments of Psychology and Anthropology, Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, USA, and is the author of Religion Explained. Top of page Abstract Atheism will always be a harder sell than religion, Pascal Boyer explains, because a slew of cognitive traits predispose us to faith. Is religion a product of our evolution? These links to content published by NPG are automatically generated. I want to purchase this article Price: $18 In order to purchase this article you must be a registered user. Personal subscribers to Nature can view articles published from 1997 to the current issue. Being human: Religion: Bound to believe? : Nature Being human: Religion: Bound to believe? : Nature
Psychology, Depression

Depression: The Four Most Important Symptoms Depression: The Four Most Important Symptoms Out of 28 different symptoms of depression, these four are the most important. Some symptoms of depression are much more central to the condition than others, a new study finds. These are: Sad mood.Decreased interest in life or pleasure.Energy loss.Concentration problems. Despite this, psychiatrists and psychologists sometimes use longer ‘checklists’ of symptoms to diagnose depression. They then add them up, sometimes without regard to which symptoms are more important. Dr Eiko Fried, who led the study, said: “We need to stop thinking of depression as a disease that causes a number of interchangeable symptoms.Depression is a complex, extremely heterogeneous system of interacting symptoms.And some of these symptoms may be far more important than others.” Researchers looked at 28 different symptoms of depression. They examined them as a network, as Dr Fried explained: “If you think of depression as a network of interacting symptoms, one symptom can cause another. Dr Fried continued:
The US federal poverty level for a family of four is $24,250 a year. Key brain structures show weaker connections in poor children, a new study finds. Brain scans of 105 children aged between 7 and 12 showed weaker connections in the hippocampus and amygdala, among other differences. The hippocampus is a key brain area related to memory, learning and the regulation of stress. The amygdala is related to processing emotions and also stress. Poorer children had the weakest brain connections in the hippocampus and amygdala. Poverty was also related to higher levels of depression. Professor Deanna M. “Our past research has shown that the brain’s anatomy can look different in poor children, with the size of the hippocampus and amygdala frequently altered in kids raised in poverty.In this study, we found that the way those structures connect with the rest of the brain changes in ways we would consider to be less helpful in regulating emotion and stress.” Professor Joan L. Professor Barch said: Growing Up Poor Changes Brain Connectivity and Depression Risk Growing Up Poor Changes Brain Connectivity and Depression Risk
How pickpockets trick your mind How pickpockets trick your mind Our 12 days of Christmas rundown of the top stories of the year continues with #11: Pickpockets use much more than sleight of hand, says Caroline Williams, they hack your brain’s weaknesses. My mother has eyes in the back of her head. She also taught me from an early age to be suspicious of strange men, especially when they give you presents. Which makes it all the more surprising that a “nice man” bearing flowers managed to swipe 20 euros from her purse, while she was holding it in her hands and looking straight at it. “He said he was collecting for a church charity so I pulled out a euro,” she explains. But she needn’t feel bad. The most important of these loopholes is the fact that our brains are not set up to multi-task. So while sleight of hand helps, it’s as much about capturing all of somebody’s attention with other movements. Other tactics are more psychological. Brown thinks confidence plays a major role too. On the stage, specific movements can also trick us. Dirty tricks
The hidden tricks of powerful persuasion The hidden tricks of powerful persuasion Are we always in control of our minds? As David Robson discovers, it’s surprisingly easy to plant ideas in peoples’ heads without them realising. Are we all just puppets on a string? Most people would like to assume that they are free agents – their fate lies in their own hands. Our ability to make deliberate decisions may often be an illusion — But you can regain control if you know how “What we’re finding more and more in psychology is that lots of the decisions we make are influenced by things we are not aware of,” says Jay Olson at McGill University in Quebec, Canada – who recently created an ingenious experiment showing just how easily we are manipulated by the gentlest persuasion. Olson has spent a lifetime exploring the subtle ways of tricking people’s perception, and it all began with magic. As an undergraduate in psychology, he found the new understanding of the mind often chimed with the skills he had learnt with his hobby. Subtle menu Don’t believe him? How to spot manipulation
The Power of Persuasion
psychology/social engineering

Psychology 101 - AQA A | Disclaimer: this site is to be used as a revision tool and not to be copied.
Brain science & Psychology

Möglicherweise sind wir doch freier in unserem Denken und Handeln als bislang angenommen. Darauf weist nun ein Versuch von Wissenschaftlern der Charité Berlin und der Technischen Universität Berlin hin. Die Forscher knüpften an das berühmte Experiment des US-amerikanischen Physiologen Benjamin Libet an, der in den 1980er Jahren die Hirnwellen seiner Probanden aufzeichnete, während diese einfache Bewegungsentscheidungen trafen. Dabei entdeckte er, dass sich bereits Sekundenbruchteile bevor die Versuchsteilnehmer ihre bewusste Entscheidung fällten, ein so genanntes Bereitschaftspotenzial in ihren Hirnwellen abzeichnete – ihr Gehirn hatte die Entscheidung also sozusagen vorweggenommen. Die Berliner Wissenschaftler ließen ihre Versuchsteilnehmer nun in einem ähnlichen Experiment gegen einen Computer antreten. Hirnforschung: Unser Wille ist doch nicht so unfrei
What every dictator knows: young men are natural fan... Young men are particularly liable to become fanatics. Every dictator, every guru, every religious leader, knows this. Fanatics have an overwhelming sense of identity based on a cause (a religion) or a community (gang, team), and a tight and exclusive bond with other members of that group. They will risk injury, loss or even death for the sake of their group. They regard everyone else as outsiders, or even enemies. In a world of nation-states, young men fought the wars that formed most countries. Why are young men like this? Testosterone acts on an ancient part of the brain, the limbic system. Crucially, males’ frontal lobes don’t fully mature until their late 20s, whereas those of women mature earlier. Of course, not all young men, even the fanatics, become terrorists. Social status is prized by the males of many animal species, including humans. This also occurs in humans, of course.
The shooter is almost always male. Of the past 129 mass shootings in the United States, all but three have been men. The shooter is socially alienated, and he can’t get laid. When Christopher Harper-Mercer fatally shot a professor and eight students at Umpqua Community College in Oregon on 1 October 2015, he revealed his own sexual frustrations, writing: ‘I am going to die friendless, girlfriendless, and a virgin.’ Robert L Dear Jr, who went on a shooting spree at Planned Parenthood in Colorado Springs on 27 November 2015, had been arrested years earlier after a neighbour complained that Dear hid in bushes and tried to peer into her house. It has become commonplace to argue that terrorist attacks are not about religion but politics or economics. The facts of toxic masculinity are rarely discussed after mass shootings, as we beat the usual drums of gun control and mental health. Get Aeon straight to your inbox The pre-modern West also demonised desire. So what can be done? Humiliation and rage: how toxic masculinity fuels mass shootings | Aeon Essays
toegepaste psychologie

Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth 2017 Georgia Southern University Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Electronic Theses & Dissertations The relatively young field of positive psychology serves to redirect the focus of common psychological investigation and intervention on factors that deplete well-being, toward characteristics and experiences that promote happiness and well-being (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Explicating vulnerability factors to anxiety difficulties is important as the National Comorbidity Study (NCS) lists anxiety as the most common and costly class of mental health disorders in the United States. University of Richmond Scott T. Commons Psychology - open acces articles
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NISB - Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Bewegen
OCR psychology

The latest neuroscience research is presenting intriguing evidence that the brains of certain kinds of criminals are different from those of the rest of the population. While these findings could improve our understanding of criminal behavior, they also raise moral quandaries about whether and how society should use this knowledge to combat crime. The criminal mind In one recent study, scientists examined 21 people with antisocial personality disorder – a condition that characterizes many convicted criminals. Brain scans of the antisocial people, compared with a control group of individuals without any mental disorders, showed on average an 18-percent reduction in the volume of the brain's middle frontal gyrus, and a 9 percent reduction in the volume of the orbital frontal gyrus – two sections in the brain's frontal lobe. "The amygdala is the seat of emotion. University of Pennsylvania criminologist Adrian RaineCredit: U Penn Neurological base of crime Ethical quandaries Criminal Minds Are Different From Yours, Brain Scans Reveal | Neuroscience & Psychology of Criminal Minds & Psychopaths
PsycPORT™: Psychology Newswire
Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition
Psychology and Therapy

Klaar met leven? Ouderen en het levenseinde in psychologisch perspectief.
Angst beheersen met mindfulness. Hoe aandacht en compassie je kunnen bevrijden van angst en paniek.
Ontwikkelingspsychologie.
Learn Psychology!

Science, neurology and psychology

Investigative psychology

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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

psychology + marketing

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