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Philosophy

Philosophy of Life

Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font. See also List of Greek mythological figures Notes External links Media related to Family trees of Greek mythology at Wikimedia Commons Family tree of the Greek gods Family tree of the Greek gods
List of common misconceptions List of common misconceptions From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This list corrects erroneous beliefs that are currently widely held about notable topics. Each misconception and the corresponding facts have been discussed in published literature. Note that each entry is formatted as a correction; the misconceptions themselves are implied rather than stated. Arts and culture Food and cooking Roll-style Western sushi. Searing meat does not "seal in" moisture, and in fact may actually cause meat to lose moisture. Legislation and crime Literature The Harry Potter books, though they have broken children's book publishing records, have not led to an increase in reading among children or adults, nor slowed the ongoing overall decline in book purchases by Americans, and children who did read the Harry Potter books were not more likely to go on to read more outside of the fantasy and mystery genres.[21][22][23][24] Music Religion Hebrew Bible Buddhism Christianity Islam Sports
Lojong (Tib. བློ་སྦྱོང་,Wylie: blo sbyong) is a mind training practice in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition based on a set of aphorisms formulated in Tibet in the 12th century by Geshe Chekhawa. The practice involves refining and purifying one's motivations and attitudes. The fifty-nine or so slogans that form the root text of the mind training practice are designed as a set of antidotes to undesired mental habits that cause suffering. They contain both methods to expand one's viewpoint towards absolute bodhicitta, such as "Find the consciousness you had before you were born" and "Treat everything you perceive as a dream", and methods for relating to the world in a more constructive way with relative bodhicitta, such as "Be grateful to everyone" and "When everything goes wrong, treat disaster as a way to wake up." History of the practice[edit] Atiśa journeyed to Sumatra and studied with Dharmarakṣita for twelve years. Geshe Chekhawa is claimed to have cured leprosy with mind training. 1. 2. Lojong Lojong
Rational Wiki
Philosophy and Ideology

Annual Economics Lecture 2013 – ‘Justice In Economics’ Play Audio: Download Audio: MP3 audio. Download size 21.9MB. Audio duration 45 minutes Peter Bowman, new Head of Economics, on why a healthy and prosperous economy needs to have justice as its foundation, and the ways in which this could best work in practice. Recorded Tuesday 26 February 2013, London Progress with prosperity Download Audio: MP3 audio. Ian Mason on a new vision of the economy, putting the human being at the heart of economic life. Recorded Tuesday 7th February 2012, London Would you sell your mother? Download Audio: MP3 audio. Ian Mason, Head of Law and Economics, explores in his annual lecture the implications for economics of a renewed relationship with mother Earth, the generous source of the wealth and prosperity produced by modern economies. Recorded Tuesday 15th March 2011, London World Without Want Download Audio: MP3 audio. Ian Mason (Head of Economics) with an introduction by Peter Bowman. Opportunity out of Crisis Philosophy Audio | Philosophy Podcasts | Schools of Economic Science | School of Economic Science Philosophy Audio | Philosophy Podcasts | Schools of Economic Science | School of Economic Science
Feminism in Greek literature from Homer to Aris...
The Standard Argument Against Free Will The Standard Argument has two parts. First, if determinism is the case, the will is not free. We call this the Determinism Objection. Together, these objections can be combined in the Responsibility Objection, namely that no Free Will model has yet provided us an intelligible account of the agent control needed for moral responsibility. Both parts are logically and practically flawed, partly from abuse of language that led some 20th-century philosophers to call free will a "pseudo-problem," and partly from claims to knowledge that are based on faulty evidence. Part One - The Determinism Objection Determinism is true. Part Two - The Randomness Objection Chance exists. Examples of the Standard Argument Can you see the two standard objections and the flaws in reasoning or claims of truth that are based on faulty evidence? (70) XXV. John Fiske's Version "Volitions are either caused or they are not. Dl. It is a compelling objection. Thomas Pink's Version The Standard Argument Against Free Will The Standard Argument Against Free Will
RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY (Why)

U.S. Religion Map and Religious Populations - U.S. Religious Landscape Study - Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life
Lots of atheists, more Muslims, fewer Christians and Jews: this is the new America Drifting towards atheism: the Washington Post's overview map The Washington Post has produced six massively detailed maps showing the religious make-up of America. The main map is above – if you want to enlarge it you'll have to click through to the Post's report here. The author/analyst, Niraj Chokshi, has uncovered some fascinating material – most of it lurking in the 2010 US Religion Census (data submitted by congregations, not the official US Census) but so much more surprising set out in map form. Did you know there are – possibly – now more religious Muslims than religious Jews in Florida? We're in difficult territory here because the US census isn't allowed to ask people their religious affiliation. There are still more Jews than Muslims in Florida, loosely defined; these figures measure Judaism as a religion. Again, click through to the Washington Post for an interactive map. You think Protestantism is holding its ground? Here's Bill Maher exulting over the trend: Lots of atheists, more Muslims, fewer Christians and Jews: this is the new America
A surprising map of the world's most and least religiously diverse countries The world's most and least religiously diverse countries may not be quite what you think, judging by an extensive report by Pew, from April 2014, that scores and ranks countries on religious diversity by indexing survey data with a mathematical model. The results, to be honest, really surprised me. Here's the data mapped out, with the most religiously diverse countries in blue and the least diverse in yellow: Religious diversity by country, as measured by Pew's Religious Diversity Index. Click to enlarge. The three most religiously diverse countries all turn out to be in East Asia: Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The least religiously diverse countries are easier to spot, and are typically dominated by a large Muslim majority: that band of yellow from Morocco, across North Africa and Middle East, all the way to Pakistan. The US is not as religiously diverse as you might think It's a common refrain of conservative Christian Americans that "the US is a Christian country." A surprising map of the world's most and least religiously diverse countries
Philosophy

Welcome to Less Wrong
RationalWiki
Teleologic Evolution, Intelligent Self-Design, Anticipatory Computing, Local-Global Feedback Concurrent ontology and the extensional conception of attribute "By analogy with the extension of a type as the set of individuals of that type, we define the extension of an attribute as the set of states of an idealized observer of that attribute, observing concurrently with observers of other attributes. The attribute theoretic counterpart of an operation mapping individuals of one type to individuals of another is a dependency mapping states of one attribute to states of another. We integrate attributes with types via a symmetric but not self-dual framework of dipolar algebras or disheaves amounting to a type-theoretic notion of Chu space over a family of sets of qualia doubly indexed by type and attribute, for example the set of possible colors of a ball or heights of buildings. We extend the sheaf-theoretic basis for type theory to a notion of disheaf on a profunctor. Keywords: Attribute, Chu space, ontology, presheaf, type." "3.3 Ontology of properties and qualia (Notes: Teleologic Evolution, Intelligent Self-Design, Anticipatory Computing, Local-Global Feedback
The Folly of Thinking We Know SANTA BARBARA, Calif. — WE’VE most of us, surely, heard all the figures: Humanity now produces as much data in two days as it did in all of history till the year 2003 — and the amount of data is doubling every two years. In the time you take to read this piece, the human race will generate as much data as currently exists in the Library of Congress. For that matter — yes, your inbox and Facebook page would reflect this — 10 percent of all the pictures ever taken as of the end of 2011 were taken in 2011. Yet as we think about how an entire Boeing 777 has gone missing for almost two weeks now, we’re also painfully reminded of how much we can’t — and may never — know, even in the Knowledge Economy. The Nobel Prize-winning economist and psychologist Daniel Kahneman has noted, after decades of research, that it’s our nature to overestimate how much we understand the world and to underestimate the role of chance. As Gardiner G. The Folly of Thinking We Know
9 Things An Award-Winning American Actress Born in Israel Has To Say About Being Jewish 9 Things An Award-Winning American Actress Born in Israel Has To Say About Being Jewish By Becca Lower 2 days ago Here are 9 things Award-winning actress Natalie Portman has said about her Jewish faith and the significant place Israel has in her life. Several of these quotes come via Hillel International. 1. On the Jewish Community “The people I grew up with on Long Island are wonderful people. 2. “When I go to Israel, I always want to go to temple on the High Holy Days even if no one in my family is going with me. 3. “My grandparents didn’t talk about those [Holocaust] years much, especially my grandfather. 4. While doing research into her family’s experiences during the Holocaust for her role in the film ‘V For Vendetta,’ Portman found a connection between that time and what’s happening in the world now: “I loved that this film is an abstract thing because after the Holocaust, people said it would never happen again but now we have Rwanda and Bosnia. 5. “To me, the most important concept in Judaism is that you can break any law of Judaism to save a human life. 6. 7. 8. 9.
8 Ways To Tell if You’re A Truly Compassionate Person “If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.” -Dalai Lama His remarks capture a simple truth: Despite popular belief that happiness depends solely on you, the way to achieve it may not lie just within yourself, but in your relationships and interactions with others. “When we have feelings of caring or love for other people, we feel better,” clinical psychologist Lisa Firestone, Ph.D., tells The Huffington Post. The good news is, if you don’t normally identify as someone who is overly empathetic, studies show it’s a habit that can be cultivated. Below, find eight signs you’re a truly compassionate person. You find commonalities with other people. Compassionate people know what it’s like to be down on their luck, and they keep those experiences in mind to develop a more empathetic nature, whether through volunteering or just simply networking. You don’t put emphasis on money. You act on your empathy. You’re kind to yourself. You’re mindful.
Ist Theologie eine Wissenschaft?
Hannah Arendt - Ihr Denken veränderte die Welt: Amazon.de: Barbara Sukowa, Axel Milberg, Janet McTeer, Julia Jentsch, Ulrich Noethen, Michael Degen, Klaus Pohl, Victoria Trauttmansdorff, Nicholas Woodeson, Sascha Ley, Friederike Becht, Megan Gay, Tom Leic
Credo ut intelligam (lat., „ich glaube, damit ich erkennen kann“) ist eine Kurzformulierung für ein theologisch-philosophisches Programm von Anselm von Canterbury (1033–1109), mit dem er den Glauben rational begründen will, ohne dabei diese Begründung zur Bedingung für den Glauben zu machen. Sie ist in Anlehnung und Kontrast zum theologischen Ansatz credo quia absurdum („ich glaube, weil es widersinnig ist“) formuliert (der früher Tertullian oder Augustin zugeschrieben wurde), und setzt einen ähnlichen Ansatz Augustins fort (Credimus, ut cognoscamus, „wir glauben, um zu erkennen“). Das Programm credo, ut intelligam ist grundlegend für die Scholastik geworden. Die Schrift Proslogion, in der dieses Programm aufgestellt wird, enthält philosophisch-theologisch argumentierende Teile wie auch Abschnitte in Gebetsform.[1] Ausgangspunkt des Werkes ist aber das berühmt gewordene "unum argumentum" ("das eine Argument"),[2] mit dem Anselm zu beweisen sucht,[3] Siehe auch[Bearbeiten] Credo ut intelligam
Philosophy/Spirituality

Foundation for "A Course in Miracles" - What is ACIM? How It Came A Course in Miracles began with the sudden decision of two people to join in a common goal. Their names were Helen Schucman and William Thetford, Professors of Medical Psychology at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. They were anything but spiritual. Psychologist, educator, conservative in theory and atheistic in belief, I was working in a prestigious and highly academic setting. Although their intention was serious, they had great difficulty in starting out on their joint venture. To continue Helen's first-person account: Three startling months preceded the actual writing, during which time Bill suggested that I write down the highly symbolic dreams and descriptions of the strange images that were coming to me. The names of the collaborators in the recording of the Course do not appear on the cover because the Course can and should stand on its own. What It Is The Workbook includes 365 lessons, one for each day of the year. What It Says
On a remote mountaintop of the Himalayas sits Jhamtse Gatsal (Tibetan for “The Garden of Love and Compassion”), a special school and home for 85 abandoned and neglected children. Founded by former Buddhist monk Lobsang Phunstok, who trained under the Dalai Lama, this unique community gives boys and girls the chance to escape extreme poverty and grow up in an environment where they are free to be themselves and dream about their future. The inspiring documentary Tashi and the Monk tells the story of Lobsang, whose own dark childhood led him to create this safe haven, and his newest arrival, feisty five-year-old Tashi, who was neglected and abandoned by her parents. Directed by Andrew Hinton and Johnny Burke, Tashi and the Monk is Emmy nominated and has won 23 festival prizes including the Best Short and Pare Lorentz Awards from the International Documentary Association (IDA). "As uplifting a film as you'll ever see." - The Week. “Compassion in action.” - Banff Mountain Film Festival. Tashi And The Monk (2014)
Philosophy & Politics

Jean-François Revel
Albert Camus, 1957 (Robert Edwards/Wikimedia Commons). Si l’auteur de « L’Homme révolté », publié il y a soixante ans, était toujours vivant, il dirait que les événements qui se déroulent aujourd’hui dans son Afrique du Nord natale nous rappellent que la Méditerranée a une rive sud dont la jeunesse incarne les principes de son essai : « La plus orgueilleuse des races, nous autres Méditerranéens », déclarait-il, « vivons toujours de la même lumière ». Alors que le monde plongeait dans les profondeurs glaciales de la guerre froide au début des années 50, Albert Camus ne pouvait trouver de chaleur intellectuelle ni à l’Est, ni même à l’Ouest. Son regard était fixé sur la Méditerranée, où « la jeunesse du monde se trouve toujours autour des mêmes rivages ». C’est tout sauf cela. Ils ne sont pas prêts pour la démocratie ? Le monde, pour Camus, était le théâtre de deux formes d’absurdité : Camus écrivait évidemment en opposition aux sophismes meurtriers du communisme. Révolte ou révolution ? « L'Homme révolté » de Camus éclaire les révolutions arabes
Camus par Sartre
For teachers, it’s not just what you say, it’s how you say it | EdSource
Teaching Philosophy

Public vs. Private – Should Student Work Be Public On the Web?
7 Essentials in My Emergency Teacher Toolkit - WeAreTeachers
Portail du film documentaire
Video Italo Calvino à propos de ses livres "Le Baron perché" et "Le vicomte pourfendu" notice archives video ina.fr
Thomas Aquinas, part 1: rediscovering a father of modernity | Tina Beattie | Opinion
7 of History's Most Brilliant Scientists People Forget Were Catholic | ChurchPOP
Q and A with Dr. Craig: Richard Dawkins' Argument for Atheism in The God Delusion
A Global Ethic Now - An Internet Learning Platform of the Global Ethic Foundation
spiral dynamics ® | NVC Consulting – Spiral Dynamics® Training & Graves Theory
Odessa
Psychology/Ethics/Philosophy

Western Philosophy

philosophy+technology

History of Philosophy, Definitions, Concepts

Philosophy/Thought/Life

Modern Political Philosophy

Film and Philosophy

Rhetoric and Philosophy II

Assessment Philosophy

Philosophy of mind

General Educational Philosophy K-12

Philosophie