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Summer Research Program for Science Teachers August 2004 Jason Choi Sleepy Hollow High School Westchester, NY “The Nature of Science” An Activity for the First Day of Class Introduction: The purpose of this activity is to get the students to think about the nature of science, and also, to show the importance of being an active participant in the learning process. Materials: Print the following pattern on cardstock paper and cut out the individual pieces. Procedure: Hand out all the pieces except the small square marked X. Once all the students have arranged the pieces to produce figure 2, hand out the small square marked X to each student and explain that a new scientific discovery has been made. Encourage students to work individually at first, and then, to work in groups if the frustration level rises. Hints may be given to help the students along. Some Additional Thoughts and Ideas: This activity always seems to validate my belief that human beings are inherently curious. Standard A The Nature of Science - An Activity for the First Day of Class The Nature of Science - An Activity for the First Day of Class
Before Doing this lab, consider doing the NEW High-Tech Version: The E-Mail Lab. (Details below under EXTENSIONS AND VARIATIONS. TEACHER PREPARATIONS: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. We have TWO VERSIONS of this activity available here. SET A: 16 checks: 4 checks/sheet; WITH check numbers note that the printed instructions say "...pull 4 checks..." SET B: 16 checks: 4 checks/sheet; NO check numbers; note that the printed instructions say "...pull 4 checks..." A SECOND VERSION, (developed by Leslie Hays and Paul Loozen), using Overhead, and ONE SET OF CHECKS (Set C): SET C: 17 checks on 3 sheets; NO check numbers Note: the overhead instructions for this version say "... pull 3 checks...". LAB PREPARATION & PROCEDURES: 1. 2. This entire lab can be done easily using oral instructions, but the structured material may be the way to go if this is your first experience with this material, especially with the questions used. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Lesson: Nat. of Sci. mini-lesson: Checks Lab Lesson: Nat. of Sci. mini-lesson: Checks Lab
Nature of Science

How do social forces shape how science is conducted, funded, communicated and reviewed? Do the practices and processes employed in biomedical research—collaboration, communication, skepticism, and peer review—lead to a valuable and objective way of learning about the world? This curriculum introduces students to ways in which scientific research is conducted, how social forces influence scientific priorities, and how basic scientific research may, or may not, support medical applications for human health. Throughout the unit, students are asked to consider their roles and responsibilities in being scientifically literate citizens. The 118-page curriculum constists of five lessons, formative and summative assessments, and student media review and analysis handouts. Download the complete curriculum here. An article about Gummy Bear Lab Meeting: Social Practices in a Scientific Community was recently published in the 2013 summer issue of NSTA's publication The Science Teacher. The Social Nature of Scientific Research | NWABR.ORG The Social Nature of Scientific Research | NWABR.ORG
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Air pressure for kids Air pressure for kids Today we are looking at air pressure. Air pressure is the force exerted by air on any surface in contact with it. We are going to demonstrate air pressure by using it to force an egg into a bottle. What you need: A boiled egg A glass bottle or jar with a neck a little smaller than an egg 2 matches What to do: Place the cooled boiled egg on top of the glass bottle, making sure there is no way the egg fits through. Ask an adult to light two matches and drop them inside the glass jar, quickly place the egg back on top.Watch as the egg drops inside the jar. Ignore the carrot in our jar, we didn’t have any matches so had to fashion a carrot and some cocktail sticks! The Science Bit The matches heat up the air inside the glass jar. Our jar was quite small, so it would be interesting to see what would happen if a larger one was used. Pop back over next week to see how to make a barometer to measure air pressure.
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How to Clear a Stuffy Nose in 1 Minute How to Clear a Stuffy Nose in 1 Minute Over 85% of people can make their stuffy nose clear in less than 1 minute if their follow instructions correctly. This remedy was tested on more than 100,000 people. This simple breathing exercise of how to clear a stuffy nose or get rid of nasal congestion was developed by Russian doctors practicing the Buteyko breathing method.Buteyko Nose Clearing Exercise 1. Sit back, upright and relaxed on a dining room chair. 2. You have our permission to reprint this article via creative commons license if you attribute us with a live backlink to this article. - Organic Health
10 out-of-this-world places 10 out-of-this-world places The salt flats of Bolivia. (Photo: Laumerle / Dreamstime.com) Rivers that run red. Blinding white landscapes. Cliffs that wave in swirls of orange. Salt Flats, Bolivia The name says it all. Today, 10 billion tons remain spread across around 4,000 square miles, where it cracks in naturally occurring hexagonal designs. The Chocolate Hills, The Philippines (Photo: Olga Khoroshunova / Dreamstime.com) Local lore has it that the mounds on the Philippine island of Bohol were formed from the tears of a giant who fell in love with a local girl. Rio Tinto, Spain (Photo: Luis Estallo / Dreamstime.com) Rio Tinto literally translates to Red River, and it is not a misnomer. Giant's Causeway, Northern Ireland (Photo: Dariophotography / Dreamstime.com) Hike down along the coast at the northern end of Northern Ireland and you'll come across a scene that will leave you scratching your head: Hexagonal stones that stacked along the water like the world's largest Qbert set. Spotted Lake, British Columbia
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Human Nature

Early Bird or Night Owl? It May Be in Your Genes If no amount of coffee seems to help you feel fresh and alert in the morning, you may be able to blame your genes. According to a new study by the genetics company 23andMe, the preference for being a "morning person" — someone who enjoys waking up early and going to bed early — rather than being an "evening person," who tends to stay up late at night and desperately reaches for the snooze button when the alarm goes off in the morning, is at least partially written in your genes. Researchers at the company found 15 regions of the human genome that are linked to being a morning person, including seven regions associated with genes regulating circadian rhythm — the body's internal clock. "I find it interesting to see how genetics influences our preferences and behaviors," said study co-author David Hinds, a statistical geneticist at 23andMe, a privately held genetic testing company headquartered in Mountain View, California. [7 Diseases You Can Learn About from a Genetic Test] Early Bird or Night Owl? It May Be in Your Genes
How Microbes, Viruses, Imprinted Genes, and Other Selfish Entities Shape Our Behavior Abstract Psychologists and psychiatrists tend to be little aware that (a) microbes in our brains and guts are capable of altering our behavior; (b) viral DNA that was incorporated into our DNA millions of years ago is implicated in mental disorders; (c) many of us carry the cells of another human in our brains; and (d) under the regulation of viruslike elements, the paternally inherited and maternally inherited copies of some genes compete for domination in the offspring, on whom they have opposite physical and behavioral effects. This article provides a broad overview, aimed at a wide readership, of the consequences of our coexistence with these selfish entities. The overarching message is that we are not unitary individuals but superorganisms, built out of both human and nonhuman elements; it is their interaction that determines who we are. Article Notes © The Author(s) 2015 Humans as Superorganisms Humans as Superorganisms
Underwater World Captured in Stunning Photos: Slide Show
Microscopic Sea Creatures Microscopic Sea Creatures By Daily Mail Reporter Updated: 16:31 GMT, 30 September 2010 Bobbing away in the dark depths of the ocean, these tiny creatures display a unique beauty that few get to truly appreciate. And the latest publication by a scientist who studies these microscopic animals is set to become an unlikely bestseller - all thanks to the beauty of plankton. His coffee table book about the amazing life forms that live unseen in the oceans has dozens of remarkable photographs taken through a microscope. Amazing life forms: Dr Richard Kirby's passion for plankton has led to a set of marvellous pictures which feature in his book Ocean Drifters, a secret world beneath the waves like these tiny Jellyfish Hidden beauty: Stunning images of a Horseshoe worm (left) and a Moon Jellyfish The book also points out that without the miniature creatures we would have no fish, oil, gas or clouds, and the sea would lose its distinctive smell. Tiny creatures: Images of Sea Angels (left) and Acantharea
Welcome to Kavachi, a volcano located in the Southwest Pacific Ocean, in the Solomon Islands. Its first recorded eruption was in 1939, and the most recent eruption occurred in January of 2014. In addition to venting the Earth's fiery innards, Kavachi also serves as a home for sea creatures, as National Geographic reported. "When it's erupting, there's no way anything could live in there," says ocean engineer Brennan Phillips in the video below. That's what makes discovering these animals down inside the volcano so perplexing. The descent into the volcano begins. Youtube/National Geographic The water's color dramatically changes as the camera lowers into the volcanic plume. Here is the first animal spotted: the sixgill stingray. Throughout its hour-long journey inside the underwater volcano, the camera spotted three species: the scalloped hammerhead shark, the silky shark and the sixgill stingray. Sharks Found Inside An Active Volcano — Alive Sharks Found Inside An Active Volcano — Alive
Back in early August we put stickers on our trees’ green leaves to see if they would by effected by the lack of sunlight. We kept checking to see if a change was taking place and had no luck, UNTIL the leaves started changing colors. We were so excited to find polka dot leaves last week! Next summer we will try darker stickers instead of white to see if we can get a change when the leaves are green. How to do it: 1. For an explanation on why the Autumn deciduous trees change color and more science experiments with Autumn leaves visit Science Made Simple. polka dot trees leaf experiment - 5 orange potatoes
Without ancestral gene life on Earth might not have evolved beyond slime Researchers at the University of British Columbia have identified a common ancestral gene that enabled the evolution of advanced life over a billion years ago. The gene, found in all complex organisms, including plants and animals, encodes for a large group of enzymes known as protein kinases that enabled cells to be larger and to rapidly transfer information from one part to another. "If the duplications and subsequent mutations of this gene during evolution didn't happen, then life would be completely different today," said Steven Pelech, a professor in Division of Neurology in the UBC Faculty of Medicine. "The most advanced life on our planet would probably still be bacterial slime." Plants, animals, mushrooms and more all exist because they are made up of eukaryotic cells that are larger and far more complex than bacteria. The new research, published this week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, identifies the gene that gave rise to protein kinases.
Regulating Critical Period Plasticity: Insight from the Visual System to Fear Circuitry for Therapeutic Interventions
Growing up in the suburbs of New York City, Takao Hensch learned German from his father, Japanese from his mother and English from the community around him. “I was always wondering,” he says, “what is it that makes it so easy to learn languages when you're young, and so hard once you begin to get older?” Today, as a neuroscientist at Boston Children's Hospital in Massachusetts, Hensch is at the forefront of efforts to answer that question in full molecular detail. Language acquisition is just one of many processes that go through a 'sensitive' or 'critical' period — an interval during development when the neural circuits responsible for that process can be sculpted, and radically changed, by experience (see 'Open and shut'). During critical periods, children can make rapid progress at discerning facial features that look like their own, recognizing spoken language and locating objects in space. Or maybe not. Dogma, inhibited Clever mechanisms Windows of opportunity Neurodevelopment: Unlocking the brain
Nature, Nurture, & Development

Simple Nature Decor Finally the day has come! I have been stressing about this for weeks. I think because many of the items did not come until the last-minute. Read More My Bedroom Refresh Week three is here and, wow, there is not enough hours in a day! Read More WINTER HOME TOUR: WARM & COZY SPACES After the holidays, I feel most of us get into the organizational mood. Read More Source Last week I shared my plans for the refresh of my son’s/guest bedroom. Read More It’s been quite a few years since I had my Aunt’s homemade pasta with her delicious Bolognese sauce.
Recycle & Stencil I love to recycle things. I knew that my leftover reclaimed wood planks would come in handy someday. So when it was my turn to lead the Winter Challenge I picked a Stencil project for them. Read More I was super excited to get the opportunity to have my valentine tree featured in J-14 Decorate. Read More I’ve been blogging now for 4 years, but have been wanting so badly to learn how to make a simple YouTube video for my blog. Read More Bedrooms are happy places. Read More I love star fish for the holidays! Simple Nature Decor
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