Sowc07 panel 3 3. The 10 worst countries for child labor. Where in the world are children toiling dangerous and dirty conditions, missing out on education and other basic rights?
A new report by risk analysis firm Maplecroft, which ranks 197 countries, identifies Eritrea, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar, Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Zimbabwe and Yemen as the 10 places where child labor is most prevalent. Countries with high poverty rates fare badly in the index due to the need for children to supplement their family income, the report said, but economically important countries like China, India, Russia and Brazil were also found to have extreme risks because child labor laws are often poorly enforced.
Trafficking of children into forced labor or sexual exploitation remains a big problem, the report added. Despite its fast-growing economy, China has witnessed a substantial increase in child labor risks over the past year, ranking 20th compared with 53rd a year earlier. 78M reasons to eradicate child labor in Asia-Pacific. Asia is the region considered as the fastest growing economy in the world, but millions of its workers are children.
There are more child workers here than in any other region in the world. In fact, half of the world’s child workers are in Asia and the Pacific, according to the International Labor Organization. These are children still waiting for their most basic of rights to be granted. Although the region has made meaningful efforts and improved legal frameworks, particularly related to trafficking in persons and the establishment of new tracking systems to enhance enforcement, there still is much to be done. There continue to be 78 million child laborers in Asia-Pacific, equivalent to almost 10 percent of all children in the region. Estimates based on national household surveys capture children involved in hazardous work, but many are unaccounted for because of the illegal and often inaccessible trades they’re involved in.
The list goes on and on. Address the root cause. India’s New Child-Labor Loophole. India’s new landmark child-labor bill should be a reason for children and human-rights advocates to celebrate, but it’s the bosses who are celebrating instead.
Between the lines of a seemingly progressive law, some loopholes officially sanction child exploitation in one of the world’s major bastions of underage labor. The law on the surface seeks to restrict child labor that continues to pervade unregulated low-wage industries, ranging from brick making to tea harvesting. However, an exemption for certain “family”-based businesses effectively leaves a soft spot for household-based industries fueled by kids’ cheap labor, including traditional trades like cigarette rolling or cutting cobblestones. A History of Child Labor. In the late 1700's and early 1800's, power-driven machines replaced hand labor for making most manufactured items.
Factories began to spring up everywhere, first in England and then in the United States. The factory owners found a new source of labor to run their machines — children. Operating the power-driven machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults. By the mid-1800's, child labor was a major problem. Children had always worked, especially in farming. By 1810, about 2 million school-age children were working 50- to 70-hour weeks. Church and labor groups, teachers, and many other people were outraged by such cruelty. Britain was the first to pass laws regulating child labor. In the United States it took many years to outlaw child labor. But some kinds of work are not regulated. The Canadian provinces today have child labor laws similar to those in the United States. Reviewed by Milton Fried Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. How Common Is Child Labor in the U.S.? - The Atlantic. On a warm day last summer Josh Bassais, a union organizer, went down to a non-union construction project in Edina, a Minneapolis suburb where new elementary classrooms were being built, to check out safety on the site.
He saw something surprising: a boy, who appeared to be about 12 or 13, wearing jeans and a fluorescent work vest, smoothing mortar on a brick wall. It was a clear violation of child-labor laws, which prohibit 12 and 13-year-olds from working most jobs, except on farms, and also say that youths aged 14 and 15 may not work in hazardous jobs, including construction. When others in the Laborers Union went to the site, they saw a boy too, this time driving a bobcat and cutting concrete with a saw.
“When our staff reported it to me, I wasn’t sure I believed it,” said Kevin Pranis, a spokesman for the union. “We sent him back to take a picture, since we didn’t want to make a report without knowing for sure the kid was underage.