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To access Scopus consider the following options: Athens and Shibboleth (Institutional) users please login here. If you have previously registered with Scopus or ScienceDirect and your account is validated for remote access, you can login with your username and password. If your account is not validated for remote access, you may need to contact your institution's Scopus administrator (e.g. librarian) to have remote access enabled for your account. Alternatively, you may be able to gain access through your library's website or institution's VPN. New to Scopus? If you need further assistance, please contact our support team. Enhancing brief cognitive-behavioral therapy with motivational enhancement techniques in cocaine users. To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription.

Enhancing brief cognitive-behavioral therapy with motivational enhancement techniques in cocaine users

Click here to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Fig. 1 Diagram of participant recruitment, retention, and follow-up. Abstract Background We investigated the impact of enhancing brief cognitive-behavioral therapy with motivational interviewing techniques for cocaine abuse or dependence, using a focused intervention paradigm.

Methods. Cocaine use disorder prevalence: From current DSM-IV to proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria with both a two and three severity level classification. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice - Volume 17, Issue 3 - September 1998. The Effects of Standardized Testing on JSTOR. The Effects of Standardized Testing on Teaching and Schools - Herman - 2005 - Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice. Up for Debate: Are Standardized Tests Effective? This Up for Debate topic was submitted by Kishor Bharadwaj.

Up for Debate: Are Standardized Tests Effective?

If you have a topic to submit, send it to Have you ever experienced the No. 2 Sweaty Palms? That’s our very non-scientific term for the standardized-test jitters – the clammy hands, breathing trouble, inability to sit still, and even nausea that some students suffer while taking standardized tests such as the SAT, ACT, and HSPT. If anxiety has gripped you as you’ve filled in those letter bubbles, you’re not alone.

Standardized tests, aimed at determining how students measure up academically against their peers around the country, are a common source of dread among students, and for good reason: standardized-test scores are factored into all kinds of high-stakes decisions, such as how much federal funding schools receive and whether a student can get into the college of his or her dreams. Do Standardized Tests Accurately Show Students' Abilities? Standardized tests play a major role in education today, whether they are achievement tests measuring subject-specific knowledge or aptitude tests measuring scholastic readiness.

Do Standardized Tests Accurately Show Students' Abilities?

The goal of the assessments is to provide a yardstick to evaluate student performance across state standards. The No Child Left Behind Act and the Common Core State Standards Initiative are prominent examples of test-based accountability policies. The practice has ignited a debate about their effectiveness and how well this kind of test measures student achievement. Both sides are vocal about the pros and cons of standardized testing and the high stakes increasingly riding on the outcome. Low scores can prevent a student from advancing to the next grade or lead to school closings and teacher dismissals while high scores factor into tenure decisions and continued federal funding.

The history of standardized testing The SAT that we know today was first introduced in 1926 by the College Board. Consistent assessment. Pros and Cons of Public School Exit Exams. The Center of Education Policy predicts that by 2012, nearly 74% of all public schools in America will require students to pass an exit exam in order to graduate.

Pros and Cons of Public School Exit Exams

Currently, many schools across the country have already implemented mandatory exit-course tests, often referred to as “EOCs” (which stands for “End of Course” exam). According to interviews and surveys, “state education officials reported many reasons for adopting end-of-course exams. Almost all states that have adopted or are moving toward end-of-course exams reported that they are doing so to improve overall accountability, increase academic rigor and achieve alignment between state standards and curriculum.”

An Overview of Exit Exams The national education initiative “No Child Left Behind” is considered to be one of the main causes and catalysts for the rise in exit-exams. The Current Exit Exam Policies. BusinessWeek Debate Room Stop the Standardized Test Tyranny. Pro: An Overhyped Snapshot by Greg Fish Here’s an idea.

BusinessWeek Debate Room Stop the Standardized Test Tyranny

Rather than analyze student GPAs to track long-term performance, let’s create a set of standardized tests and hinge school budgets on how well their pupils do. What if Johnny or Suzie has a bad day and doesn’t answer enough questions correctly? Well, we’ll just cut the school’s funding. Or maybe not. Even worse, hinging the fate of the school and staff salaries on the results of these generic tests gives teachers a strong incentive to just teach the test and sacrifice classes that could help their pupils figure out their talents and what they want to study in college.

Finally, it’s much more likely that underfunded schools lacking in teachers and textbooks will be the ones scoring lowest. Con: Perpetuating an Unfair Cycle. Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing 1.