Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
____________________________________________________________________ “A government that is big enough to give you all you want is big enough to take it all away.” — Barry Goldwater ____________________________________________________________________ “Now more than ever before, the people are responsible for the character of their Congress. If that body be ignorant, reckless and corrupt, it is because the people tolerate ignorance, recklessness and corruption.
Deism ( i / ˈ d iː . ɪ z əm / [ 1 ] [ 2 ] or / ˈ d eɪ . ɪ z əm / ) is the belief that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to determine the existence of God, accompanied with the rejection of revelation and authority as a source of religious knowledge. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Deism gained prominence in the 17th and 18th centuries during the Age of Enlightenment —especially in Britain, France, Germany and America—among intellectuals raised as Christians who believed in one god , but found fault with organized religion and could not believe in supernatural events such as miracles , the inerrancy of scriptures , or the Trinity . [ 8 ] Deism is derived from deus , the Latin word for god .
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, specifically defined as maximizing happiness and reducing suffering. Classic utilitarianism, as advocated by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill , is hedonistic . [ 1 ] It is now generally taken to be a form of consequentialism , although when Anscombe first introduced that term it was to distinguish between "old-fashioned Utilitarianism" and consequentialism. [ 2 ] According to utilitarianism the moral worth of an action is determined only by its resulting outcome, although there is debate over how much consideration should be given to actual consequences, foreseen consequences and intended consequences. Two influential contributors to this theory are Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.
Integral theory is a philosophy promoted by Ken Wilber that seeks a synthesis of the best of pre-modern, modern, and postmodern reality. [ 1 ] It is portrayed as a "theory of everything," [ 2 ] and offers an approach "to draw together an already existing number of separate paradigms into an interrelated network of approaches that are mutually enriching." [ 1 ] It has been applied by scholar-practitioners in 35 distinct academic and professional domains as varied as organizational management, art, and feminism. [ 1 ]
The 48 Laws of Power (2000) is the first book by American author Robert Greene . [ 1 ] The book, an international bestseller , is a practical guide for anyone who wants power, observes power, or wants to arm himself against power. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] It has sold over 1.2 million copies in the United States alone and is popular with famous rappers , entrepreneurs , celebrities , athletes and actors including 50 Cent , Jay-Z , Kanye West , Busta Rhymes , Ludacris , DJ Premier , Dov Charney , Brian Grazer , Andrew Bynum , Chris Bosh , and Will Smith . [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ edit ] Background
Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor , Latin lex parsimoniae ) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected. [ edit ] Overview The application of the principle often shifts the burden of proof in a discussion. [ a ] The razor states that one should proceed to simpler theories until simplicity can be traded for greater explanatory power. The simplest available theory need not be most accurate. Philosophers also point out that the exact meaning of simplest may be nuanced. [ b ]