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Filters and Reflections Perspectives on Reality Zachary Jones, Brenda Dunne, Elissa Hoeger, Robert Jahn, editors ICRL Press, NJ. 2009 We respectfully submit this recent publication by the ICRL , a friend of our site. From the pen of the ancient Roman poet Lucretius Caro, to the banner of the 17th-century woodcut on the front cover , and from the traditions of some Native American cultures - we are advised that when confronting the unexplained it is best to consider it from several different perspectives.
Perhaps the most intriguing of Terence McKenna's fascinating theories and observations is his explanation for the origin of the human mind and human culture. To summarize: McKenna theorizes that as the North African jungles receded toward the end of the most recent ice age, giving way to grasslands, a branch of our tree-dwelling primate ancestors left the branches and took up a life out in the open -- following around herds of ungulates, nibbling what they could along the way. Among the new items in their diet were psilocybin-containing mushrooms growing in the dung of these ungulate herds. The changes caused by the introduction of this drug to the primate diet were many -- McKenna theorizes, for instance, that synesthesia (the blurring of boundaries between the senses) caused by psilocybin led to the development of spoken language: the ability to form pictures in another person's mind through the use of vocal sounds.
Psilocybin mushrooms are fungi that contain psychoactive indole alkaloids . There are multiple colloquial terms for psilocybin mushrooms, the most common being shrooms and magic mushrooms . [ 1 ] Biological genera containing psilocybin mushrooms include Agrocybe , Conocybe , Copelandia , Galerina , Gerronema , Gymnopilus , Hypholoma , Inocybe , Mycena , Panaeolus , Pluteus , and Psilocybe . There are approximately 190 species of psilocybin mushrooms and most of them fall in the genus Psilocybe . Psilocybin mushrooms have likely been used since prehistoric times and may have been depicted in rock art . Many cultures have used these mushrooms in religious rites. In modern Western society they are used recreationally for their psychedelic effects .
Psilocybe Cubensis Psilocybe cubensis is a species of psychedelic mushroom whose principle active compounds are psilocybin and psilocin . The mushrooms are reddish-cinnamon brown to golden brown in color and they will turn bluish/purplish when bruised due to the oxidation of their psilocin content.