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The Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter that took place in 1994 in the East African state of Rwanda . Over the course of approximately 100 days (from the assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on April 6 through mid-July) over 500,000 people were killed, according to a Human Rights Watch estimate. [ 2 ] Estimates of the death toll have ranged from 500,000–1,000,000, [ 1 ] or as much as 20% of the country's total population. It was the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the minority Tutsi , who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu peoples, who had come to power in the rebellion of 1959–62. [ 3 ] In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front , a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda in an attempt to defeat the Hutu-led government.
While a viral video has helped millions of people discover the Lord’s Resistance Army, the video conceals a key reality on the ground: the LRA is a rapidly weakening force, and probably a dying organization, reduced to stealing food from villagers to survive. The once-feared gang of killers and child-kidnappers has only about 200 members still alive, according to estimates in Congo, where it is now based. The LRA was a formidable and terrifying force when it was based in northern Uganda in the 1990s.
The Lord's Resistance Army, once a Ugandan group, has driven tens of thousands from their homes in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan since it launched a campaign of terror at Christmas. The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) estimates that by the end of January 130,000 Congolese and at least 10,000 Sudanese had been forced to flee. In addition, the UNHCR reports that an LRA attack on the Congolese town of Aba, population 100,000, resulted in almost the entire population evacuating the town. It believes that 5,000 people have already crossed into Sudan at the town of Lasu.
8 March 2012 Last updated at 10:04 ET A former Catholic altar boy from northern Uganda, Joseph Kony has waged war in central Africa for more than two decades. He claims that his Lord's Resistance Army movement has been fighting to install a government in Uganda based on the Biblical 10 Commandments. But his rebels now terrorise large swathes of the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and the Central African Republic, and he is wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court (ICC). Regional armies are trying to hunt them down with the help of 100 US soldiers.
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Explaining Ugandan intervention in Congo: evidence and interpretations 1 Abstract This paper enquires into the reasons for Uganda's 1998 intervention in the recent Congo war, arguably the most important impediment to economic and political progress in sub-Saharan Africa.
An extraordinary thing happened on Monday night and Tuesday. Kony 2012 , an online video campaign by an American NGO called Invisible Children , went viral in social media, where it was shared tens of thousands of times. The campaign draws attention to fugitive Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony, calling on the public to encourage the use of military force to capture him and bring him to justice at the International Criminal Court. As leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army, Mr. Kony is accused of leading a civil war against his country’s government, targeting innocent civilians and abducting thousands of children in northern Uganda.
Thank you for doing more research about Invisible Children (IC) and KONY 2012. Hundreds of thousands of people have come out in support of KONY 2012 and the film’s intention of raising support for the arrest of Joseph Kony. There have also been some criticisms.
Like many people across the world, I am in the large minority that takes internet access for granted. On March 7 th , millions of wealthy people who count themselves among that group watched a half-hour long video made by a group called Invisible Children. The video went viral and ended up gaining unprecedented support via a mixture of pledges of support and video sharing, both quite innocent, and donations.
Invisible Children, Inc. is an organization founded in 2004 to bring awareness to the activities of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in Central Africa , and its leader, Joseph Kony . Specifically, the group seeks to put an end to the practices of the LRA which include abductions and abuse of children, and forcing them to serve as soldiers . To this end, Invisible Children urges the United States government to take military action in the central region of Africa. Invisible Children also operates as a charitable organization, soliciting donations and selling merchandise to raise money for their cause.
Joseph Rao Kony (pronounced IPA: [koɲ] ; [ 7 ] born sometime between July and September 1961) [ 1 ] is the head of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), guerrilla group in Uganda . While initially enjoying strong public support, the LRA allegedly turned on its own supporters, supposedly to "purify" the Acholi people and turn Uganda into a theocracy . [ 2 ] Kony proclaims himself the spokesperson of God and a spirit medium , has nurtured a cult of personality , and claims he is visited by a multinational host of 13 spirits, including a Chinese phantom. [ 2 ] Ideologically, the group is a syncretic mix of mysticism , Acholi nationalism and Christian fundamentalism , [ 8 ] and claims to be establishing a theocratic state based on the Ten Commandments and local Acholi tradition. [ 9 ] [ 10 ]