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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi pronunciation (pronounced: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ; 2 October 1869 [ 1 ] – 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi , was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India . Employing non-violent civil disobedience , Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. [ 2 ] [ 3 ]
Blessed Teresa of Calcutta , [ 1 ] born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu ( Albanian: [aˈɲɛs ˈɡɔɲdʒa bɔjaˈdʒiu] ) and commonly known as Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an ethnic Albanian , Indian Roman Catholic nun . Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity , a Roman Catholic religious congregation , which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. They run hospices and homes for people with HIV / AIDS , leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; children's and family counseling programmes; orphanages; and schools. Members of the order must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, and the fourth vow, to give "Wholehearted and Free service to the poorest of the poor". She was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize .
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a pioneer American teacher , patent clerk , nurse , and humanitarian . At a time when relatively few women worked outside the home, Barton built a career helping others. One of her greatest accomplishments was founding the American Red Cross . This organization helps victims of war and disasters. She was never married, but had a relationship with John J Elwell