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Country salutes veterans of anti-Japanese aggression war. BEIJING - All living veterans who fought in the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression will receive recognition in the run-up to China's V-Day celebrations, it was announced Tuesday.

Country salutes veterans of anti-Japanese aggression war

A circular jointly issued by the ministries of civil affairs, and finance, along with the National Health and Family Planning Commission, told their local offices to deliver consolation money or gifts to veterans. A dwindling band of brothers. Japan's surrender in August 1945 was not only the final act of World War II, but also signaled the end of the country's brutal eight-year occupation of China.

A dwindling band of brothers

Seventy years on, only a handful of Chinese combatants are still alive, and although most are now age 90 or older, their memories of the conflict are still vivid, as Wu Fang reports. Liu Yuedong wears three bullet scars - one each in his back, waist and leg - like badges of honor, and his memories of the intense battles he fought in against the Japanese army are as fresh today as when he saw action more than 70 years ago. "We had too many fights with them, and scars were simply unavoidable when you had to run against machine-gun fire," said the 91-year-old New Fourth Army veteran, who lives in Hefei, the capital of Anhui province.

Explain the news. Mystery over deaths of 3,000 Napoleonic soldiers in mass grave has been solved - News - Archaeology. The jumbled bones of the men who died on the French leader’s ill fated attempt to march on Moscow in 1812 show signs of starvation, according to archaeologists from the University of Central Florida.

Mystery over deaths of 3,000 Napoleonic soldiers in mass grave has been solved - News - Archaeology

According to Forbes, buttons found on the site, which was first discovered in Lithuanian capital Vilnius in 2002, show over 40 different regiments were represented from Napoleon’s army as they made their desperate dash back across Europe. Around 500,000 in the Emperor’s army began their long march to Moscow in June 1812, but by the time they were stumbling back to Vilnius in retreat six months later only 40,000 had survived. Loading gallery Recent archaeological discoveries. Mitsubishi apologises for using US prisoners of war in Japanese mines - Business - News - The Independent.

During a ceremony in Los Angeles, believed to be the first of its kind, Hikaru Kimura, a senior executive, said he was sorry for using the prisoners for labour in mines.

Mitsubishi apologises for using US prisoners of war in Japanese mines - Business - News - The Independent

James Murphy, a surviving inhabitant of the Japanese camps, attended the ceremony to accept the award. The 94-year-old said it was a “glorious day… for 70 years we wanted this”. Read more: Osamu Masuko: Any colour car, as long as its greenGeneral Sir Mike Jackson: ‘It’s vital we never say... we cannot help you’ “I listened very carefully to Mr Kimura's statement of apology and found it very very sincere, humble and revealing,” Murphy said. “We hope that we can go ahead now and have a better understanding, a better friendship and closer ties with our ally, Japan.” 'Auschwitz book-keeper' Oskar Groening sentenced to four years - BBC News. A German court has convicted a 94-year-old former guard at the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz of being an accessory to the murder of at least 300,000 Jews.

'Auschwitz book-keeper' Oskar Groening sentenced to four years - BBC News

Oskar Groening, known as the "book-keeper of Auschwitz", was sentenced to four years in prison. He was responsible for counting the belongings confiscated from prisoners and had admitted "moral guilt". His lawyers said he did not facilitate genocide, but prosecutors argued that he had helped the camp run smoothly. Many observers have questioned whether Groening will ultimately be sent to jail, given his advanced age. He is expected to be one of the last Nazis to face a courtroom. Defence lawyer Hans Holtermann was quoted as saying that he would review the verdict before deciding whether to appeal. How-the-nazi-note-which-helped-end-ww11-in-europe-was-nearly-forgotten-in-a-us-safe-10380780. A treasonous telegram from No. 2 Nazi Hermann Goering to none other than the fuhrer himself.

how-the-nazi-note-which-helped-end-ww11-in-europe-was-nearly-forgotten-in-a-us-safe-10380780

A message that, along with the advancing Allied troops, helped drive Adolf Hitler to swallow cyanide and shoot himself inside his underground Berlin bunker. Despite its influence on World War II, however, the memorandum ended up inside a South Carolina safe, nearly forgotten for more than a decade until a college student made it his senior thesis. On 7 July, the itinerant but now infamous telegram sold at auction for $55,000. Not bad for a scrap of paper plucked at random in the pitch dark. A picture dated 1939 shows German Nazi Chancellor and dictator Adolf Hitler consulting a geographical survey mapThis is the story of how a Nazi note changed the course of history, only to slip through the cracks thanks to an American soldier’s ignorance of German. It was April 23, 1945, almost a year after American troops landed at Normandy. But not Hermann Goering. Revealed: the role of the west in the runup to Srebrenica’s fall. The fall of Srebrenica in Bosnia 20 years ago, prompting the worst massacre in Europe since the Third Reich, was a key element of the strategy pursued by the three key western powers –Britain, the US and France – and was not a shocking and unheralded event, as has long been maintained.

Revealed: the role of the west in the runup to Srebrenica’s fall

Eight thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed over four days in July 1995 by Bosnian Serb death squads after they took the besieged town, which had been designated a “safe area” under the protection of UN troops. The act has been declared a genocide by the war crimes tribunal in The Hague, and the Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadžic and General Ratko Mladic await verdicts in trials for directing genocide. Blame has also been placed on Dutch troops, who evicted thousands seeking refuge in their headquarters, and watched while the Serbs separated women and young children from their male quarry. In August 2008, the tribunal indicted Hartmann for breach of confidentiality and summoned her for trial. Greece crisis could be a Sarajevo moment for the eurozone. A hundred and one years ago on Sunday, gun shots rang out in a city in southern Europe.

Greece crisis could be a Sarajevo moment for the eurozone

Few at the time paid much heed to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife as they drove through the streets of Sarajevo. Within six weeks, however, Europe was at war. The Road to Waterloo. By Dr HUW J.

The Road to Waterloo

DAVIES ‘Napoleon has humbugged me, by God; he has gained twenty-four hours’ march on me’. With these words, uttered in an anteroom at a ball famously hosted by the Duchess of Richmond three days before Waterloo, the Duke of Wellington, commanding an allied army composed of Dutch, Belgian, German, and British troops ordered his force to concentrate at a small strategic crossroads south of Brussels, called Quatre Bras. Fighting History – Antony Beevor on patriotic paintings. A painting at the Royal Academy Exhibition of 1771 caused a sensation.

Fighting History – Antony Beevor on patriotic paintings

Benjamin West’s The Death of General Wolfe, which depicted the moment of victory in the battle of Quebec 12 years earlier, helped break the convention that soldiers in historical scenes should be shown wearing classical costume. West, from Pennsylvania, was an ambitious young American making his way in London with paintings of historical and mythological subjects. Two commissions from George III had already marked an important step in his professional and social ascent. The forgotten Irish soldiers who fought for Britain in the first world war. This is the story of my great-grandfather, of Ireland, and of the importance of remembering.

Sylvester James Cummins was a carpenter, like his father. Poignant stories of first world war's conscientious objectors go online. In the winter of 1916 the conscientious objector Harry Millward wrote to his wife Lizzie, maintaining a determinedly jaunty tone. “The unexpected has again happened. We are going to Dartmoor Prison tomorrow ... We are all in good spirits but as you must know Dartmoor is indeed a place I never in the past days expected to get there. There is some great history attached to this place and many daring escapes have taken place.” Millward would not escape. His first world war records have now been placed online by the Imperial War Museum (IWM) to mark Conscientious Objectors Day, along with those of 16,500 others who refused to serve. Soldiers of the Caribbean: Britain's forgotten war heroes - BBC News. They fought against Hitler and helped rebuild Britain - yet the contributions of thousands of men and women from Caribbean colonies during World War Two have been largely forgotten.

Some 10,000 left their families and homes to join the British armed forces, working behind the scenes and on the frontline to defeat the Nazis. "We were British subjects and that was something to be proud of," said Victor Brown, a Jamaican who fought with the Merchant Navy. Although Britain was initially reluctant to let black people join the war effort, the rules were relaxed as the war progressed and casualties mounted. Enthusiasm to defend "King and Empire" was widespread across the Caribbean and Mr Brown, like thousands of others, was quick to sign up.

Ilja van Weringh sur Twitter : "#ibhistory #ibdp is.... 'The Hiroshima bomb detonated 3km from my house': veterans around the globe tell their extraordinary war stories. Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin by Timothy Snyder – review. He found himself treading upon "bottomless, unsteady earth" crawling with small flies. The novelist Vasily Grossman, then a Red Army soldier, was walking across the still-settling wasteland where the extermination camp of Treblinka had stood until nine months before.

As Timothy Snyder writes, Grossman "found the remnants: photographs of children in Warsaw and Vienna; a bit of Ukrainian embroidery; a sack of hair, blonde and black". The fatal fact of the Nazi-Soviet pact. I'm honoured that Efraim Zuroff and Dovid Katz chose to respond to my article about the 28 September 1939 treaty on borders and friendship between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. I agree with them that the Holocaust must be regarded as central to the war and the century; I have just published a book, Bloodlands, that seeks to anchor the Holocaust, along with the other mass killing campaigns of the time and place, in European history. Though we share this concern, I find myself troubled by the form that their central argument takes.

I didn't and don't equate Hitler and Stalin. Katz puts "somewhat equal" in quotations, but I never use any such phrase. Zuroff says that I "posit" that the Soviet Union was Nazi Germany; I most certainly do no such thing. What I try to do, in the 28 September article and generally, is understand what it means for a vast east European territory and several east European peoples to have been touched by both Nazi and Soviet power. The Reich's forgotten atrocity. From the buried bunker, Hitler’s ghost still haunts Berlin’s psyche, 70 years on.

Vietnam 40 years on: how a communist victory gave way to capitalist corruption. 100 years on: The day the first poison gas attack changed the face of warfare forever - World - News - The Independent. At around 5pm, across a 6km front, troops released almost 6,000 metal cannisters – 168 tonnes – of poisonous chlorine gas towards trenches held by French and Algerian forces near the Belgian city of Ypres. Oskar Groening trial: 93-year-old Auschwitz guard admits he was 'morally complicit' in holocaust crimes - Europe - World - The Independent.

The officer who refused to lie about being black - BBC News. Today it's taken for granted that people of all ethnic groups should be treated equally in the armed forces and elsewhere. But as Leslie Gordon Goffe writes, during World War One black officers in the British armed forces faced a system with prejudice at its core. When war was declared in 1914, a Jamaican, David Louis Clemetson, was among the first to volunteer. A 20-year-old law student at Cambridge University when war broke out, Clemetson was eager to show that he and others from British colonies like Jamaica - where the conflict in Europe had been dismissed by some as a "white man's war" - were willing to fight and die for King and Country. He did die. Schlump by Hans Herbert Grimm, book review - Reviews - Books - The Independent. Why the West Needs to Ditch Its Exceptionalist Mindset  Chomsky: 'I Don't Look at Twitter Because It Doesn't Tell Me Anything' 

This is an interview for Byline, a crowdfunded independent media platform that gives you a personalized newspaper. Remarkable Gallipoli Pictures Show The First World War Battlefield Then And Now. US prisoners of war had parts of their brains and livers removed during WWII, new Japanese exhibit shows - Asia - World - The Independent. Spanish Civil War: Rediscovered photos in Navarra museum. King Richard III Killed By A Spike Thrust Into His Neck. We know Richard III was a great fighter despite his physical deformities, and now scientists have discovered exactly how the warrior king lost his life on the battlefield. Would you be beautiful in the ancient world? WW2: Survivors tales of covered up disaster. Why Right Now Is a Crucial Time for Islam in Europe 

Who first said 'The pen is mightier than the sword'? Viewpoint: The roots of the battle for free speech. Adrian Carton de Wiart: The unkillable soldier. Lingering impact of British nuclear tests in the Australian outback. How did Hitler's scar-faced henchman become an Irish farmer? How France has forgotten the Christmas truce soldiers. Pin by Jonathan Boyd on IB History: The First World War. The Nazis Obsessed Over Beauty — War Is Boring. East Germany's trade in human beings.