Digital History. Printable Version Firsthand Account of the Battle of Shiloh Written by a Northern Soldier Digital History ID 403 Author: Edgar Pearce Date:1862 Annotation: Under the Anaconda Plan, Union forces in the West were to seize control of the Mississippi River while Union forces in the East tried to capture the new Confederate capital in Richmond.
In the western theater, the Confederates had built two forts, Fort Donelson along the Cumberland River and Fort Henry on the Tennessee River, which controlled the Kentucky and western Tennessee region and blocked the Union's path to the Mississippi. The Union officer responsible for capturing these forts was Ulysses S. Grant and some 42,000 men then proceeded south along the Tennessee River. A first-hand account of the Battle of Shiloh, written by a northern soldier, follows.
Document: [Confederate] General Beauregard is an able General, or he would not have caught us in the way he did before. Source: Gilder Lehrman Institute Copyright 2016 Digital History. Catalog Record: [Louisiana newspaper reports on the battles... Battle of Shiloh. Wisconsin Historical Society. Historical Essay Civil War Battle Summary Enlarge.
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Images View More Images Videos View More Videos Exhibitions View More Exhibitions. Battle of Shiloh. The Battle of Shiloh occurred on April 6 and 7, 1862, at Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River.
Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston attacked a Union army under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, hoping to repel the Union advance. In the previous few months, the Union military had won several victories in Kentucky and Tennessee. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee, numbering approximately forty-thousand men, had captured Confederate Forts Henry and Donelson in February. General Don Carlos Buell, commander of the Army of the Ohio, had secured Nashville, the capital of Tennessee, several weeks earlier. Johnston hoped to defeat Grant before the two Union armies could combine their numbers.
As the Confederates launched their assault in the early morning hours of April 6, the Union soldiers put up fierce resistance, but they were still driven back toward the Tennessee River. United States history. The Battle of Shiloh, 1862. The Battle of Shiloh, 1862 In April 1862 General Ulysses S.
Grant's army was encamped along the Tennessee River just north of the Mississippi border; poised to strike a blow into the heartland of the South. Grant had been at this location for about a month, awaiting the arrival of additional troops under General Buell before he began his march southward. Battle Of Shiloh. The Battle of Shiloh, which took place on April 6-7, 1862, is one of the Civil War’s most momentous fights, but perhaps one of the least understood.
The standard story of the engagement reads that Union troops were surprised in their camps at dawn on April 6. Defeat seemed certain, but Union Brigadier General Benjamin M. Prentiss saved the day by holding a sunken road some 3 feet deep. Thanks to the tenacious fighting in that area, it came to be known as the Hornet’s Nest. Prentiss eventually capitulated, leaving Rebel commander General Albert Sidney Johnston in a position to drive on to victory. This standard account of Shiloh, however, is more myth than fact. Unfortunately, such misunderstandings and oft-repeated campfire stories have over the years become for many the truth about Shiloh, distorting the actual facts and painting an altered picture of the momentous events of those April days.
Cynicism aside, there is a real need to correct such errors. Battle of Shiloh - American Civil War. My TV provider is not listed.
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