How do i change uuid of swap partition type [SOLVED] (Page 1) / Kernel & Hardware. Uniq - Removing duplicate lines. The following command will sort all lines and remove duplicates (keeping unique lines): :sort u If you need more control, here are some alternatives.
There are two versions (and \v "verymagic" version as a variant of the second): the first leaves only the last line, the second leaves only the first line. (Use \zs for speed reason.) Rosetta Stone for Unix. Footnotes 1.
In System V-based Unixes, run level relates to booting, shutdown, and single-user mode. In BSD, it has to do with security. 2. Memtester version 4. A userspace utility for testing the memory subsystem for faults.
It's portable and should compile and work on any 32- or 64-bit Unix-like system. (Yes, even weird, proprietary Unices, and even Mac OS X.) The GNU Privacy Handbook. Copyright © 1999 by The Free Software Foundation Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.
A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License". Please direct questions, bug reports, or suggestions concerning this manual to the maintainer, Mike Ashley (<email@example.com>). When referring to the manual please specify which version of the manual you have by using this version string: $Name: v1_1 $. Contributors to this manual include Matthew Copeland, Joergen Grahn, and David A. Finding open files with lsof. Files are ubiquitous in the UNIX® environment, leading to a common phrase: "Everything is a file.
" Not only is regular data accessed through files, but also network connections and, often, hardware. In some cases, an entry appears when you request a directory listing through ls. In other cases, such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP) sockets, there is no directory listing. But behind the scenes, a file descriptor has been assigned to the application, regardless of the nature of the file, providing a common interface for applications to interact with the underlying operating system. DOS to Linux Cheat Sheet. Native Win32 ports of some GNU utilities.
CS360 Lecture notes. Unix Toolbox. Hardware | Statistics | Users | Limits | Runlevels | root password | Compile kernel | Repair grub | Misc Running kernel and system information # uname -a # Get the kernel version (and BSD version) # lsb_release -a # Full release info of any LSB distribution # cat /etc/SuSE-release # Get SuSE version # cat /etc/debian_version # Get Debian version.
System accounting in Linux. Monitoring user activity is a first line of defense in discovering unauthorized activity on your system.
Jim McIntyre covers monitoring tools and system accounting procedures for your Linux system in this Daily Drill Down. The ability to monitor user activity on a Linux system is one of the first skills a Linux administrator should master.