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Convict Australia

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A New South Wales Government Site Disclaimer | Privacy | Copyright | Right to Information | Accessibility | Contact Us | Feedback | Site Map. European discovery and the colonisation of Australia. European mariners Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), Captn.

European discovery and the colonisation of Australia

James Cook, F.R.S, 1784, print: stipple engraving. Image courtesy of the . The first records of European mariners sailing into 'Australian' waters occurs around 1606, and includes their observations of the land known as Terra Australis Incognita (unknown southern land). The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutchman, Willem Janszoon.

Between 1606 and 1770, an estimated 54 from a range of nations made contact. In 1770, Englishman Lieutenant James Cook charted the Australian east coast in his ship .

Ships of the First Fleet

First Fleet - Investigating. The Learning section outlines a general framework for the process of posing questions.

First Fleet - Investigating

The Investigating section, provides numerous sample questions that we might use for investigating the First Fleet. Asking questions is easy, but we also have to learn how to ask them. The art of framing questions is a very important skill - questions need to be framed in such a way that answering them becomes possible. We'll need to decide whether the question can be answered by the Database or whether we'll have to research other resources, such as those in Stories and Links. Can you complete this table: Compare this table with the following tables from Lloyd Robson's book which is a random sample of 6000 of the total 116,000 convicts tansported to Australia. In the quotes from Governor Phillip's journals in Stories, he mentions convicts who are farmers and carpenters. Note: many of the convicts have incomplete details. Two convicts named Youngson committed the same crime. European discovery and the colonisation of Australia. A convict without socks - Sydney Living Museums - Historic Houses Trust of NSW.

Transportation. A convict Story. Convict records. New!

Convict records

Sentenced beyond the Seas: Australia's early convict records, 1788-1801 A project to digitise and index Australia's earliest convict records. Convict Indents list the convicts transported to New South Wales. Search over 12,000 names listed in these records and view the digital indents online.Search early convict arrivals and view the indents online » Search over 130,000 names in the convict databaseAll available in the one index - Search c.130,000 entries including certificates of freedom; bank accounts; deaths; exemptions from Government Labor; pardons; tickets of leave; and, tickets of leave passports.

See more about these records » How do you know if there was a convict in your family? There are several different records that may indicate if a person was a convict: A marriage certificate of the ancestor may state 'married with the permission of the Governor'. Now you can start on the exciting research to find your convict ancestor! On this page Finding Aids. A Convict Story: interactive teaching resource - Sydney Living Museums - Historic Houses Trust of NSW. A day in the life of a convict - Historic Houses Trust of NSW.

Some hapless individuals experienced the full horrors of convict transportation.

A day in the life of a convict - Historic Houses Trust of NSW

It was no wonder that some, like Anderson, endured periods of mental instability. Navy seaman and thief Charles ‘Bony’ Anderson arrived in Sydney from Devonshire in 1834, aged 24. He was heavily tattooed, with designs of a mermaid, anchor, buoy, cottage, flag, heart, crucifix, sun, moon and seven stars, Adam and Eve, serpent and tree. In coming years he was frequently flogged, for mutinous conduct, striking fellow prisoners, assaulting an overseer and neglect of work. After one offence he was apparently cruelly chained to a rock on Goat Island, in public view and fed with a long pole. Convict transportation: related sites, books and more. Convicts_to_Australia. More than 160,000 convicts were transported to Australia between 1788 and 1868.


About 80,000 convicts were sent to New South Wales (NSW), including a few to Port Phillip (future Melbourne) and Moreton Bay (future Brisbane) which were part of NSW until 1851. Van Diemen s Land (Tasmania) received 69,000. The last convicts to land in eastern Australia were in Tasmania in 1852. However, Western Australia (WA) only started receiving convicts in 1850 and continued to 1868. 9,700 convicts were sent to WA to help its very small population to build public buildings.

There were no female prisoners transported to Western Australia. Pilot Short History of Convict Australia - Convict Life. Short History of Convict Australia is the first ever documentary about Australia’s convict past.

Pilot Short History of Convict Australia - Convict Life

It visits the locations where convicts lived and worked, talks to historians and descendants of convicts and experiences the legacy of the dramatic, brutal birth of a nation. This site is the number one resource for those who want to know more about Convict Australia, and the locations where Australian history actually happened. Top 10 Ideas for Teaching Australian History to Kids.

Media - Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney. 00:00:11:21RICHARD GLOVER:Are you one of our regular students for Self Improvement Wednesday?

Media - Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney

Each week, you get to learn something new and each week, you can test out what you've learnt on our website, where there's already a pop-up test all about today's lesson. Your lesson this week - Convict Secrets of the Rocks. Your teacher is Associate Professor Grace Karskens, Senior Lecturer in Australian History at the University of New South Wales. Grace, good afternoon. European discovery and the colonisation of Australia. European discovery and the colonisation of Australia. Convicts in Australia. Key points Convicts arrived in Australia in 1788, on the First Fleet.

Convicts in Australia

Many convicts were sentenced to deportation for minor crimes as life became very tough in Great Britain. Convicts formed a large percentage of the Australian population for the first few decades of settlement. Governor Lachlan Macquarie encouraged reformed convicts to participate in society.