Glazed Bricks (Top) Clay, glaze Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of King Sargon II, ca. 721-705 B.C. Sin Temple, Khorsabad Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1932 OIM A11810.271, A11810.272 The bricks with rosettes pictured at the top left were excavated by the Oriental Institute in 1932. They once formed part of the decoration of a temple façade at the ancient Mesopotamian site of Khorsabad.
Warriors: The Assyrians also lived in the land between two rivers. Their home was in northern Mesopotamia towards the mountains. They were famous traders. Their donkeys and caravans were known throughout the Mesopotamian area. Their religion was similar to that of Sumer and Babylon.
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Mesopotamia See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections. Contents Ancient Near East Sumeria (c. 3100-c. 2000 BCE) The Epic of Gilgamesh Sumerian Language Art Connections with India Akkadia (c.2350-2200 BCE) Babylonia (c.2000-1600 BCE) Code of Hammarabi Cities Creation Myths Religion Kassites and Hittites (c.1600-717 BCE) Kassites Hittites Hittite Texts Material Culture Assyria (c.1350- 612 BCE) Chaldea/Neo-Babylonia (612-539 BCE) Syrian Cities: Ebla, Ugarit, Emar Phoenicia 950 BCE on Carthage: The Punic Empire ANE Arts and Architecture ANE Mathematics and Astronomy Gender and Sexuality Modern Perspectives on Mesopotamia Common Issues: Mesopotamian/Egyptian/Hebrew/Greek History Centuries of Darkness?
Map showing the extent of Mesopotamia Mesopotamia (from the Ancient Greek : Μεσοποταμία : "[land] between rivers"; Arabic : بلاد الرافدين ( bilād al-rāfidayn ); Syriac : ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ ( Beth Nahrin ): "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system , corresponding to modern-day Iraq , the northeastern section of Syria and to a lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran . Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian , Babylonian , and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. In the Iron Age , it was controlled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires .
What do chariots, sailboats, and wheels have in common? The ancient Sumerians invented them all! The game of checkers invented at Ur Invention of the Wheel (thinkquest)