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Use In Finnish, to identify something as yours, you add a possessive suffix to the object. The number of possessors can be distinguished for the singular and plural, except for the third person, which is -nsa in both singular and plural. However, the construction hides the number of possessed objects; käteni may mean either "my hand" or "my hands". In spoken language, people will sometimes leave out the possessive suffix, that is why you hear people say "Mikä sun nimi on? " 2. 2.1. . - kirja -> kirjani (my book) - sisko -> siskosi (your sister) - koti -> kotinsa (his home) 2.2. . - nimi -> nime- -> nimeni (my name) - lapsi -> lapse- -> lapsesi (your child) - veli -> velje- -> veljensä (his brother) 2.3. . - vuosi -> vuoteni (my year) - käsi -> kätesi (your hand) - vesi -> vetenne (your (plural) water) 2.4.
Finnish Grammar - Plural Stem. 1 Introduction The plural stem is used to form the plural of the translative, inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, allative, abessive, and instructive. 2 Formation The plural stem is formed with the aid of the genitive stem.
The plural stem always includes a plural marker i. In the inflection examples below, the inessive endings have been separated from the stem by a hyphen. 2.1 Words that end in a vowel a) Words that end in a single a If a word ends in a single a, there are two ways of forming the plural stem. Otherwise, the last letter a of the genitive stem is replaced by o, and the plural marker i is attached after it. The previous rule is also applied to all words with three or more syllables no matter which vowels there are in the preceding syllables. b) Words that end in a single ä If a word ends in a single ä, the plural stem is formed by replacing ä by the plural marker i. c) Words that end in i d) Words that end in a single e, o, u, y, or ö e) Words that end in a long vowel 3 Usage. Le Petit Prince (Antoine de Saint-Exupéry) Bernard Giraudeau.
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