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Celiac disease is an autoimmune digestive disease that damages the villi of the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. What does this mean? Essentially the body is attacking itself every time a person with celiac consumes gluten.
On this page: What is celiac disease? Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. People who have celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten is found mainly in foods but may also be found in everyday products such as medicines, vitamins, and lip balms. The small intestine is shaded above.
Screening: Celiac Disease
Coeliac disease ( pron.: / ˈ s iː l i . æ k / ; spelled celiac disease in North America [ 1 ] and often celiac sprue ) is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed people of all ages from middle infancy onward. Symptoms include pain and discomfort in the digestive tract, chronic constipation and diarrhoea , failure to thrive (in children), and fatigue , but these may be absent, and symptoms in other organ systems have been described. Vitamin deficiencies are often noted in people with Coeliacs disease due to the reduced ability of the small intestine to properly absorb nutrients from food.