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Andrea Palladio (30 November 1508 – 19 August 1580) was an Italian [ 1 ] architect active in the Republic of Venice . Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture , primarily by Vitruvius , is widely considered the most influential individual in the history of Western architecture . All of his buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic, but his teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise, The Four Books of Architecture , gained him wide recognition. [ 2 ] The city of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto are UNESCO World Heritage Sites . [ edit ] Biography Palladio was born on November 30, 1508 in Padua and was given the name, Andrea Di Pietro della Gondola. [ 3 ] His father, Pietro, called "della Gondola", was a miller. From early on, Andrea Palladio was introduced into the work of building.
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright , June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 532 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture . This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture". [ 1 ] Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums.
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) [ 1 ] was an American architect , and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" [ 2 ] and "father of modernism". [ 3 ] He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper , was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School , was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright , and an inspiration to the Chicago group of architects who have come to be known as the Prairie School . Along with Henry Hobson Richardson and Frank Lloyd Wright , Sullivan is one of "the recognized trinity of American architecture". [ 4 ] He posthumously received the AIA Gold Medal in 1944. [ edit ] Biography Louis Henry Sullivan was born to an Irish-born father, Patrick Sullivan, and a Swiss-born mother, née Andrienne List, both of whom had immigrated to the United States in the late 1840s. [ 5 ] He grew up living with his grandmother, Anna Mattheus List, in South Reading (now Wakefield ), Massachusetts.