Tobacco smoking. Of all the risk factors for ill health, tobacco smoking is responsible for the greatest burden on the health of Australians, accounting for 7.8% of the total burden of disease in 2003 (see The burden of disease and injury in Australia 2003 for more detail).
Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for: coronary heart diseasestrokeperipheral vascular diseasenumerous cancers including cancers of the lung, mouth, oesophagus, larynx, kidney, pancreas, bladder, stomach and cervixand other diseases and conditions. In 2003, an estimated 15,511 people died in Australia as a result of tobacco smoking. How many Australians smoke? Results from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey show that, in 2013, for Australians aged 14 years and over: Smoking rates among Australian adults have declined steadily since the early 1970s.
Tobacco and the environment. The-environmental-impact-of-tobacco-use - Tobacco In Australia. Cigarette butts are common litter items.
An estimated 60% of Australian smokers do not dispose of their butts appropriately when smoking outside.1,2 Tobacco packages consisting of cardboard, foil and plastic wrappers, and matches, match boxes and lighters also contribute to the volume of smoking related litter in Australia. According to Keep Australia Beautiful's National Litter Index for 2009–10, cigarette butts remain the most pervasive litter item nationally, and an average of 32 cigarette butts per 1,000m2 were identified across all national sites during the year of 2009–10 (up from 30 cigarette butts in 2008–09, the same as 2007–08 and down from 35 butts in 2006–07 and 34 butts in 2005–06).3 Clean Up Australia's annual Rubbish Report 2010 similarly reports that cigarette butts were the most commonly found rubbish item for the fifteenth year in a row. Tobacco. Author and Page information Tobacco and smoking have a number of negative effects: Tobacco smoking killsTobacco exacerbates povertyTobacco contributes to world hunger by diverting prime land away from food productionTobacco production damages the environmentTobacco reduces economic productivityWhile the Tobacco industry may employ people, this can be considered an example of “wasted labor”, capital and resources.
The World Health Organization has noted that policy measures such as complete bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and its sponsorship do decrease tobacco use. However, the tobacco industry uses its enormous resources to derail or weaken laws and agreements in various countries and regions. Tobacco. Smoking and tobacco - City of Melbourne. Introduction Smoke-free areas Maps of Smoke-free areas.
The economic and health benefits of tobacco taxation. World Health Organization. Protect people from tobacco smoke: smoke-free environments. Danila Dilba Experience. Tackling tobacco – the facts Almost one in two Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are smokers, and while this rate is slowly falling it is still nearly three times the national average.
In fact, one in five Indigenous people will die from a smoking-related illness. Smoking is the single biggest factor contributing to illness in our community, more than alcohol and all other drugs combined. Smoking - Cancer Council Australia. In 2005 there were an estimated 11,308 new cases of cancer and 8,155 deaths from cancer that can be attributed to smoking.
This represents over 11% of cases and nearly 21% of cancer deaths. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals, over 70 of which are known to cause cancer. When you inhale cigarette smoke these chemicals enter your lungs and spread through your body via blood and lymph systems. What is secondhand smoke - Quit Victoria. Secondhand Smoke. Listen Emma's friend Megan lights up a cigarette every chance she gets — while she's cruising around with their friends on Friday nights, during breaks at the pizza place, before soccer scrimmages, even as she babysits her brother.
Emma's worried — both for her friend's health and for her own. She's not sure Megan realizes how her habit could be affecting the health of the people she smokes around. Everyone knows smoking is a bad idea. Fact Sheet - Secondhand Smoke Facts - Smoking & Tobacco Use. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content Get Email Updates To receive email updates about Smoking & Tobacco Use, enter your email address: Quick Links Related CDC Sites.
Secondhand-smoke-fact-sheet.pdf. Secondhand Smoke and Cancer. On the national level, several laws restricting smoking in public places have been passed.
Federal law bans smoking on domestic airline flights, nearly all flights between the United States and foreign destinations, interstate buses, and most trains. Smoking is also banned in most federally owned buildings. The Pro-Children Act of 1994 prohibits smoking in facilities that routinely provide federally funded services to children. Many state and local governments have passed laws prohibiting smoking in public facilities, such as schools, hospitals, airports, bus terminals, parks, and beaches, as well as private workplaces, including restaurants and bars. Some states have passed laws regulating smoking in multiunit housing and cars. The U.S. More information about this program is available on the Healthy People 2020 Web site at on the Internet.
Secondhand smoke (passive smoking) - Quit Victoria. Environmental tobacco smoke. Environmental Tobacco Smoke - OHS Reps. Environmental tobacco smoke - Cancer Council Queensland. Smokers take a health risk every time they choose to light up.
That is their decision and their choice. Many Australians choose not to smoke. This means they don’t want to inhale tobacco smoke. Yet, when they share their environment with a smoker, they lose this right and their freedom of choice. Second-hand smoke has negative affects for everyone; adults, children and especially for mother and baby during pregnancy. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): General Information and Health Effects. Lung Cancer When evidence from various studies is combined, they indicate that exposure to ETS increases the number of lung cancers detected in non-smokers.
Non-smoking co-workers of smokers have a relative risk of approximately 1.39. Cancers Other than Lung Cancer Traditionally, studies focused on finding the effects of ETS on the respiratory system. More recently, studies show that exposure to ETS may increase the risk of cancer at sites other than the lung. In addition to the cancers mentioned for passive smokers, studies of active smokers have also recorded a risk of cancer to: the renal pelvis (part of the ureter that receives urine from the kidney), possibly the renal adenocarcinoma (the glands of the kidney), parts of the mouth and throat such as the lip, oropharynx (the back of the mouth), larynx (voice box), and hypopharynx (area below the pharynx or throat), the esophageal (tube from the pharynx to the stomach) stomach, liver, bladder, and pancreatic cancers.
Lights out for smoking in outdoor dining areas. Illustration: Matt Golding Smokers will soon be banned from lighting up in outdoor dining areas – including beer gardens, cafes, and takeaway shops – under a state government plan to make eateries cigarette-free. After years of lagging behind other states, Victorians will no longer be able to smoke in outdoor venues where food is served, with fines of up to $758 for people who breach the new rules. The Andrews government will unveil the policy on Sunday, placing Labor on a potential collision course with pubs and restaurants who fear the move could be detrimental to trade. But in a bid to soften the blow, the changes will not be implemented until August 1, 2017, providing businesses with almost two years to raise any concerns and get used to the proposed reforms.
"It's important that businesses have enough time to prepare for these changes," said Health Minister Jill Hennessy. The Dangers of Secondhand Smoke. Banning tobacco advertising. Tobacco companies have always defended their promotions by claiming that advertising serves only to encourage adult smokers to switch or try new brands.1 'Our business is not about persuading people to smoke; it is about offering quality brands to adults who have already taken the decision to smoke.' 15.4 Smoking bans in key public areas and environments - Tobacco In Australia. Most Australian states and territories have adopted legislation banning smoking in workplaces (with a number of exceptions and variations as laid out in the state and territory summaries; see Chapter 15, Section 15.7). Smoking bans were adopted in most indoor workplaces throughout Australia many years before such legislation was introduced, primarily based on acceptance by employers that secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure presented an occupational health and safety risk to employees.1,2 Section 16 (1) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 1991 imposes on all employers a duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practical, that their workers are safe from injury and risks to their health while at work.
In 2003, the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) recommended that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke should be eliminated in all Australian workplaces. 15.4.1 Hospitality venues 188.8.131.52 Sleeping accommodation 184.108.40.206 Cafés, restaurants 220.127.116.11 Pubs and clubs. Cancer Council NT 2014-15 - Tobacco Awareness Program. Deakin Smoke-Free. I want to quit. Support at Deakin is available If you need support to help you cope, manage your habit or nicotine craving, please follow the link below. Reasons for tobacco laws: Tobacco reforms - Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. Competitions. Household smoking behaviours and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke am...: Deakin University Library Search. Is the socioeconomic gap in childhood exposure to secondhand smoke widening...: Deakin University Library Search. A cross-sectional survey of the prevalence of environmental tobacco smoke p...: Deakin University Library Search.
Things to do instead of smoking. Things you could be doing instead of Smoking - Nathan Henderson. What the Tobacco Companies Didn't Warn You About. Smoking 'epidemic' likely to kill two out of three Australian smokers: mortality study. Updated Media player: "Space" to play, "M" to mute, "left" and "right" to seek. Video: Professor Emily Banks discusses the research (ABC News) Two out of three smokers, or about 1.8 million Australians, will die because of their habit, the first large-scale Australian study on the link between smoking and mortality shows.
The study, published in the international journal BMC Medicine, found the smoking "epidemic" reduced a smoker's life expectancy by 10 years on average. Scientists from the Sax Institute in Sydney and the University of Melbourne followed 200,000 smokers over the age of 45. Professor Emily Banks, the lead author of the study, said smoking was a "very, very powerful addiction" and she hoped the findings would give people the information they needed to really consider whether they should continue to smoke. Smoking statistics "Even though we've been incredibly successful at tobacco control in Australia we still have 2.7 million smokers," Professor Banks said. Smoking - Cancer Council Australia. Tobacco smoking in the general population.
1.3.1 Latest estimates of smoking prevalence. International comparisons. An estimated 1.25 billion adults worldwide are smokers,1 and international findings that 20% of young teenage school students are also current tobacco users (in one form or another) confirm that tobacco-caused illness and death will continue for many decades to come.2,3 1.13.1 International comparisons of adult smoking prevalence In general, the prevalence of smoking is declining in industrialised countries in Northern and Western Europe, North America and the Western Pacific region, and on the increase in some countries in Asia, South America and Africa.1 As global patterns in tobacco use change, the burden of death can be expected to shift dramatically from the developed world to less wealthy countries.
A paradigm illustrating the typical progression of tobacco use worldwide, first proposed by Lopez and colleagues12 and later adapted by the WHO,6 is reproduced in Figure 1.13.1. 4.14 Population prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke in the home - Tobacco In Australia. 9789241564922_eng. Victorian Smoking Rates at Record Lows - August 2013 - Cancer Council Victoria. Tuesday 6 August, 2013 New Cancer Council Victoria data released today has revealed regular smoking rates in Victoria have dropped to a record low of 13.3%. Almost 60% of Victorian adults have never smoked, with the survey recording the highest proportion of never and non-smokers since the survey began in 1998.