Tobacco smoking. Of all the risk factors for ill health, tobacco smoking is responsible for the greatest burden on the health of Australians, accounting for 7.8% of the total burden of disease in 2003 (see The burden of disease and injury in Australia 2003 for more detail). Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for: coronary heart diseasestrokeperipheral vascular diseasenumerous cancers including cancers of the lung, mouth, oesophagus, larynx, kidney, pancreas, bladder, stomach and cervixand other diseases and conditions.
In 2003, an estimated 15,511 people died in Australia as a result of tobacco smoking. How many Australians smoke? Results from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey show that, in 2013, for Australians aged 14 years and over: Smoking rates among Australian adults have declined steadily since the early 1970s. Since 1991, the proportion of daily smokers has almost halved (from 24.3% to 12.8% respectively). Environmental tobacco smoke Further information Alcohol and other drugs. Tobacco and the environment. The-environmental-impact-of-tobacco-use - Tobacco In Australia. Cigarette butts are common litter items. An estimated 60% of Australian smokers do not dispose of their butts appropriately when smoking outside.1,2 Tobacco packages consisting of cardboard, foil and plastic wrappers, and matches, match boxes and lighters also contribute to the volume of smoking related litter in Australia.
According to Keep Australia Beautiful's National Litter Index for 2009–10, cigarette butts remain the most pervasive litter item nationally, and an average of 32 cigarette butts per 1,000m2 were identified across all national sites during the year of 2009–10 (up from 30 cigarette butts in 2008–09, the same as 2007–08 and down from 35 butts in 2006–07 and 34 butts in 2005–06).3 Clean Up Australia's annual Rubbish Report 2010 similarly reports that cigarette butts were the most commonly found rubbish item for the fifteenth year in a row. Cigarette butts, which make up 19.5% of total rubbish, were most commonly found on beaches and in parks.4 Recent news and research 1. Tobacco. Author and Page information Tobacco and smoking have a number of negative effects: Tobacco smoking killsTobacco exacerbates povertyTobacco contributes to world hunger by diverting prime land away from food productionTobacco production damages the environmentTobacco reduces economic productivityWhile the Tobacco industry may employ people, this can be considered an example of “wasted labor”, capital and resources.
The World Health Organization has noted that policy measures such as complete bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and its sponsorship do decrease tobacco use. However, the tobacco industry uses its enormous resources to derail or weaken laws and agreements in various countries and regions. These issues are introduced below. Tobacco Smoking kills The world’s premier health organization, the World Health Organization (WHO) is quite blunt about the impacts of tobacco and smoking: Tobacco smoking is the second major cause of death in the world.
Sources: Back to top , p. 23 include: . Tobacco. Smoking and tobacco - City of Melbourne. Introduction Smoke-free areas Maps of Smoke-free areas Childcare centres in the City of Melbourne Children’s playgrounds Smoke-free learning environments Building entrances Public transport Smoke-free workplaces Reporting an incident Introduction Smoking is a major cause of preventable death in Victoria and a leading cause of avoidable chronic illness and hospitalisation from conditions including cancer and cardiovascular disease. Smoking in public places and the sale of tobacco is strictly controlled in Victoria. A number of laws have been passed in recent years to help keep the Victorian community free from tobacco-related illnesses. The City of Melbourne is committed to protecting the public health of the community by applying two types of smoking bans.
We are responsible for implementing smoking bans under the Tobacco Act 1987. We are responsible for ensuring all premises within the municipality comply with these laws. Back to top Smoke-free areas in the City of Melbourne Children’s playgrounds. The economic and health benefits of tobacco taxation. World Health Organization. Protect people from tobacco smoke: smoke-free environments. Tobacco | Danila Dilba Experience. Tackling tobacco – the facts Almost one in two Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are smokers, and while this rate is slowly falling it is still nearly three times the national average.
In fact, one in five Indigenous people will die from a smoking-related illness. Smoking is the single biggest factor contributing to illness in our community, more than alcohol and all other drugs combined. Smoking causes many cancers, heart and kidney disease and stroke and can also lead to blindness and type 2 diabetes. Smoking doesn’t just affect the person who smokes. Children and babies who are exposed to smoke, known as second-hand or passive smoke, can develop asthma, chest infections and pneumonia. Tobacco is known to contain up to 4000 chemicals, including rat poison, battery acid and solvents, arsenic, DDT, lighter fuel and radioactive compounds. Why should I quit? Stopping smoking will improve your health, help you live longer and provide a healthier home and future for your family.
Smoking - Cancer Council Australia. In 2005 there were an estimated 11,308 new cases of cancer and 8,155 deaths from cancer that can be attributed to smoking. This represents over 11% of cases and nearly 21% of cancer deaths. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals, over 70 of which are known to cause cancer. When you inhale cigarette smoke these chemicals enter your lungs and spread through your body via blood and lymph systems. As soon as you quit smoking, there are immediate and long-term health benefits, even if you already suffer from smoking-related health problems. Chemicals in tobacco will also affect people who are exposed to your cigarette smoke. More information about the health risks of passive smoking is available in Cancer Council's position statement on the health risks of passive smoking.
What is secondhand smoke - Quit Victoria. Secondhand Smoke. Listen Emma's friend Megan lights up a cigarette every chance she gets — while she's cruising around with their friends on Friday nights, during breaks at the pizza place, before soccer scrimmages, even as she babysits her brother. Emma's worried — both for her friend's health and for her own. She's not sure Megan realizes how her habit could be affecting the health of the people she smokes around.
Everyone knows smoking is a bad idea. And by now you've probably heard that breathing in someone else's secondhand smoke is also hazardous to your health. What Is Secondhand Smoke? Secondhand smoke comes from both the smoke that smokers exhale (called mainstream smoke) and the smoke floating from the end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe (called sidestream smoke).
<a href=" do you avoid secondhand smoke? So secondhand smoke doesn't just impact a person in the future. What Can You Do? Chances are, you know someone who smokes. If you smoke, try to quit. Back Back. Fact Sheet - Secondhand Smoke Facts - Smoking & Tobacco Use. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content Get Email Updates To receive email updates about Smoking & Tobacco Use, enter your email address: Quick Links Related CDC Sites HomeData and StatisticsFact Sheets Secondhand Smoke (SHS) Facts Recommend on Facebook Tweet Overview Secondhand smoke harms children and adults, and the only way to fully protect nonsmokers is to eliminate smoking in all homes, worksites, and public places.1,2,3You can take steps to protect yourself and your family from secondhand smoke, such as making your home and vehicles smokefree.2,3 Separating smokers from nonsmokers, opening windows, or using air filters does not prevent people from breathing secondhand smoke.1,2,3 What Is Secondhand Smoke?
Secondhand Smoke Harms Children and Adults Health Effects in Children In children, secondhand smoke causes the following:1,2,3 Health Effects in Adults Patterns of Secondhand Smoke Exposure Top. Secondhand-smoke-fact-sheet.pdf. Secondhand Smoke and Cancer. On the national level, several laws restricting smoking in public places have been passed.
Federal law bans smoking on domestic airline flights, nearly all flights between the United States and foreign destinations, interstate buses, and most trains. Smoking is also banned in most federally owned buildings. The Pro-Children Act of 1994 prohibits smoking in facilities that routinely provide federally funded services to children. Many state and local governments have passed laws prohibiting smoking in public facilities, such as schools, hospitals, airports, bus terminals, parks, and beaches, as well as private workplaces, including restaurants and bars. Some states have passed laws regulating smoking in multiunit housing and cars. More than half of the states have enacted statewide bans on workplace smoking.
The U.S. More information about this program is available on the Healthy People 2020 Web site at on the Internet. Secondhand smoke (passive smoking) - Quit Victoria. Environmental tobacco smoke. Environmental Tobacco Smoke - OHS Reps. Passive smoking or second hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) can be a serious health issue in some workplaces. How big an issue is passive smoking in your workplace? Inhaling other people's smoke can have serious health effects, both short term and long term. If passive smoking is an issue at your workplace, then, as an elected OHS rep, there is something you can do about it. The Victorian Government has now introduced wide ranging legislation prohibiting smoking in almost all indoor premises and workplaces. Nevertheless, there may still be some workers who are exposed to the hazard of passive smoking. (see The Legal Situation below) Just like other hazards, this should be controlled at the source - this means making the workplace smoke free.
As the OHS rep you have the right to take OHS issues to your employer and seek to have them resolved. Advice for reps Going smoke-free does not hurt business Other issues Visiting clients in their home The Legal Situation See Also. Environmental tobacco smoke - Cancer Council Queensland. Smokers take a health risk every time they choose to light up.
That is their decision and their choice. Many Australians choose not to smoke. This means they don’t want to inhale tobacco smoke. Yet, when they share their environment with a smoker, they lose this right and their freedom of choice. Second-hand smoke has negative affects for everyone; adults, children and especially for mother and baby during pregnancy. An involuntary smoker’s overall risk of cancer increases according to their level of exposure to tobacco smoke. The more time you spend in the close company of smokers, the more you are exposed to tobacco smoke and the more your risk of disease increases. Research indicates that exposure to second-hand smoke causes many diseases and conditions in adults: Lung cancer Heart disease There is also evidence to suggest that exposure to second-hand smoke may cause: Breast cancer Nasal sinus cancer Respiratory symptoms Stroke Worsening of asthma Children Pregnancy.
Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): General Information and Health Effects. Lung Cancer When evidence from various studies is combined, they indicate that exposure to ETS increases the number of lung cancers detected in non-smokers. Non-smoking co-workers of smokers have a relative risk of approximately 1.39. Cancers Other than Lung Cancer Traditionally, studies focused on finding the effects of ETS on the respiratory system.
In addition to the cancers mentioned for passive smokers, studies of active smokers have also recorded a risk of cancer to: the renal pelvis (part of the ureter that receives urine from the kidney), possibly the renal adenocarcinoma (the glands of the kidney), parts of the mouth and throat such as the lip, oropharynx (the back of the mouth), larynx (voice box), and hypopharynx (area below the pharynx or throat), the esophageal (tube from the pharynx to the stomach) stomach, liver, bladder, and pancreatic cancers. In addition, animal studies have seen cancers of the liver, pancreas, and aerodigestive tract (head and neck, esophagus, and lungs).
Lights out for smoking in outdoor dining areas. Illustration: Matt Golding Smokers will soon be banned from lighting up in outdoor dining areas – including beer gardens, cafes, and takeaway shops – under a state government plan to make eateries cigarette-free. After years of lagging behind other states, Victorians will no longer be able to smoke in outdoor venues where food is served, with fines of up to $758 for people who breach the new rules.
The Andrews government will unveil the policy on Sunday, placing Labor on a potential collision course with pubs and restaurants who fear the move could be detrimental to trade. But in a bid to soften the blow, the changes will not be implemented until August 1, 2017, providing businesses with almost two years to raise any concerns and get used to the proposed reforms. "It's important that businesses have enough time to prepare for these changes," said Health Minister Jill Hennessy. "We know that smoking kills and we know that second-hand smoke puts the health of non-smokers at risk. The Dangers of Secondhand Smoke. Banning tobacco advertising. Tobacco companies have always defended their promotions by claiming that advertising serves only to encourage adult smokers to switch or try new brands.1 'Our business is not about persuading people to smoke; it is about offering quality brands to adults who have already taken the decision to smoke.' British American Tobacco Australia website 20112 Encouraging use of particular brands among existing users is certainly one important function of tobacco advertising.
However, published research shows that tobacco advertising is also associated with an increase in overall tobacco consumption.3 Smokers can be prompted to smoke more frequently and those who are in the process of quitting can be lured back to the product through the promotion of familiar and reassuring brands. Restriction of the advertising of tobacco products is an important focus for comprehensive tobacco control. 11.1.1 Tobacco advertising increases youth smoking 11.1.2 Marketing to 'over 18s' 184.108.40.206 Freedom of speech 1. 2.
15.4 Smoking bans in key public areas and environments - Tobacco In Australia. Most Australian states and territories have adopted legislation banning smoking in workplaces (with a number of exceptions and variations as laid out in the state and territory summaries; see Chapter 15, Section 15.7). Smoking bans were adopted in most indoor workplaces throughout Australia many years before such legislation was introduced, primarily based on acceptance by employers that secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure presented an occupational health and safety risk to employees.1,2 Section 16 (1) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 1991 imposes on all employers a duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practical, that their workers are safe from injury and risks to their health while at work. In 2003, the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) recommended that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke should be eliminated in all Australian workplaces. 15.4.1 Hospitality venues 220.127.116.11 Sleeping accommodation 18.104.22.168 Cafés, restaurants 22.214.171.124 Pubs and clubs.
Cancer Council NT 2014-15 - Tobacco Awareness Program. Deakin Smoke-Free. I want to quit. Reasons for tobacco laws: Tobacco reforms - Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. Competitions. Household smoking behaviours and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke am...: Deakin University Library Search. Is the socioeconomic gap in childhood exposure to secondhand smoke widening...: Deakin University Library Search. A cross-sectional survey of the prevalence of environmental tobacco smoke p...: Deakin University Library Search. Things to do instead of smoking. Things you could be doing instead of Smoking - Nathan Henderson. What the Tobacco Companies Didn't Warn You About.
Smoking 'epidemic' likely to kill two out of three Australian smokers: mortality study. Smoking - Cancer Council Australia. Tobacco smoking in the general population. International comparisons. 4.14 Population prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke in the home - Tobacco In Australia. 9789241564922_eng. Victorian Smoking Rates at Record Lows - August 2013 - Cancer Council Victoria. Smoking-prevalence-2010.pdf. Ch1_Prevalence.