Pneumonia. Student seeks to improve pneumonia vaccines. Almost a million Americans fall ill with pneumonia each year.
Nearly half of these cases require hospitalization, and 5-7 percent are fatal. Current vaccines provide protection against some strains of the disease, but, according to University of Pennsylvania sophomore Ivan Ye, the severity of the problem speaks to "an increasing need for a universal vaccine. " The University Scholar from Iowa City, Iowa, has been conducting research this summer to develop just such a vaccine under the guidance of Hao Shen, associate professor of microbiology at Penn's Perelman School of Medicine. Ye says the opportunity to contribute to such important research as an undergraduate "was a major factor in deciding to matriculate at Penn.
" New Advice for Vaccines to Stave Off Pneumonia - WSJ. Health Guide: Pneumonia. Definition An infection and inflammatory process of the bronchioles, alveolar spaces, and interstitial tissue of the lung parenchyma.
Clinical Signs May observe any of the following: Porphyrin (rust colored) stains about nose and/or eyes. Wheezing Small coughs Congestion Sneezing Increase in rapid breathing Labored breathing (use of abdominal muscles to breathe) Gasping. Hunched posturing Piloerection (ruffled, bristled fur) Lethargy Poor or loss of appetite. Pneumonia. Pneumonia (nu-mo'ne-a) is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Typical symptoms include a cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. Diagnostic tools include x-rays and culture of the sputum.
Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Pneumonia presumed to be bacterial is treated with antibiotics.