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Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80–70 BC, died after c. 15 BC) was a Roman author, architect, and engineer during the 1st century BC perhaps best known for his multi-volume work entitled De Architectura . By his own description [ 1 ] Vitruvius served as a ballista (artilleryman), the third class of arms in the military offices. He likely served as chief of the ballista (senior officer of artillery) in charge of doctores ballistarum (artillery experts) and libratore s who actually operated the machines. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Life and career Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci , an illustration of the human body inscribed in the circle and the square derived from a passage about geometry and human proportions in Vitruvius' writings Little is known about Vitruvius' life.
Another orphan text that no one wanted to enter, but that many nevertheless will be glad to see online. (Why is it that the self-aggrandizements of Cicero, the lecheries and whining of Ovid and the blatherings of that debauched old goose Seneca made it onto the Net before the works that give us solid technical information about what Rome was really good at, viz. the construction of her great buildings and works of engineering?) As almost always, I retyped the text rather than scanning it: not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.) Anyway, the text has been thoroughly proofread, and I believe it to be free of errors (but if there are errors, please report them).
Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Vitrúvio (à direita) mostrando o " De Architectura " a Augusto. Ilustração de um mecanismo para captação de água para a obra " De Architectura ".