JOURNAL OF VECTOR ECOLOGY 03/06/20 Host distribution and pathogen infection of fleas (Siphonaptera) recovered from small mammals in Pennsylvania. The number of recognized flea‐borne pathogens has increased over the past decade.
However, the true number of infections related to all flea‐borne pathogens remains unknown. To better understand the enzootic cycle of flea‐borne pathogens, fleas were sampled from small mammals trapped in central Pennsylvania. A total of 541 small mammals were trapped, with white‐footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus ) and southern red‐backed voles (Myodes gapperi ) accounting for over 94% of the captures. Only P. leucopus were positive for examined blood‐borne pathogens, with 47 (18.1%) and ten (4.8%) positive for Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti , respectively. In addition, 61 fleas were collected from small mammals and tested for pathogens. Ectoparasites can spread various pathogens among host populations in nature. Pathogens primarily isolated from ticks have been reported in fleas. Small mammal trapping and ectoparasite sampling Small mammal blood pathogen detection Flea pathogen detection. VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES - MARS 2017 - The challenges and advances in diagnosis of vector-borne diseases: where do we stand?
PLOS 13/07/17 Are disease reservoirs special? Taxonomic and life history characteristics. Eurosurveillance, Volume 14, Issue 12, 26 March 2009 International network for capacity building for the control of emerging viral vector-borne zoonotic diseases: ARBO-ZOONET. Threat from Emerging Vectorborne Viruses - Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016. Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Suggested citation for this article The earliest members of genus Homo were surely bedeviled by blood-feeding arthropods, some of which doubtless carried zoonotic pathogens.
However, the phenomenon of vectorborne human epidemic disease began only after humans began building settlements 15,000 years ago (1). Settlements offered pathogens not only host density but also opportunities for their vertebrate reservoirs and arthropod vectors to cohabit with us. Epidemic Yersinia pestis (the Medieval Black Death) was only possible because black rats (Rattus rattus), the host of the vector flea, had become extraordinarily successful at living off human garbage and nesting in our buildings. Two of the most important malaria vectors in the world exploit human activity to proliferate.
Fourth, accurate diagnosis is key to surveillance and response. Dr. References Diamond J. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2014; 4(4): 253-261 Microbial secondary metabolites are an alternative approaches against insect vector to prevent zoonotic diseases.
WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe. Vidéos zoonoses vectorielles à visionner. Veterinary Parasitology 182 (2011) 14– 21 Vectorborne parasitic zoonoses: Emerging scenarios and new perspectives. MODELISATION EN ZOONOSES D'ORIGINE VECTORIELLE ET PARASITAIRE. VETERINARY ITALIA 2009 - Volume 45 (1), January-March Zoonoses and vector-borne diseases in Croatia - a multidisciplinary approach. Thèse - Université Paris X 10/12/07 Géographie de zoonoses en Thaïlande : de la distribution des rongeurs, vecteurs et hôtes, au risque de transmission - Thèse et Atlas en ligne. Abstract : Formerly considered in Thailand as wild meat or agricultural pests, rats and mice (Murinae) have recently emerged as major carriers and reservoirs of diseases since leptospirosis epidemics dramatically increased in 1996.
Furthermore rodents are responsible for transmitting scrub typhus, another zoonosis with high incidence, and represent additional threat by carrying hantaviruses, which remain undiagnosed. This thesis aims at exploring the geography of rodent-borne zoonoses in order to assess the risk of human infection.A long-term fieldwork allowed studying the diversity of murine rodents in different representative ecosystems. A survey in Phrae province was conducted to evaluate the health system and health behaviour in rural areas. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1999;129:1099–1105 Shared vector-borne zoonoses of the Old World and New World: home grown or translocated? PLOS 22/05/14 An Invasive Vector of Zoonotic Disease Sustained by Anthropogenic Resources: The Raccoon Dog in Northern Europe.
Abstract The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is an introduced species in Europe with a continually expanding range.
Since the species is capable of affecting local ecosystems and is a vector for a number of severe zoonotic diseases, it is important to understand its food habits. Raccoon dog diet was studied in Estonia by examining the contents of 223 stomach samples collected during the coldest period of the year, August to March, in 2010–2012.
The most frequently consumed food categories were anthropogenic plants (e.g. cereals, fruits; FO = 56.1%) and carrion (e.g. carcasses of artiodactyls and carnivores; FO = 48.4%). Carrion was also the only food category that was consumed significantly more frequently by raccoon dogs exhibiting symptoms of sarcoptic mange than by uninfected animals. Citation: Süld K, Valdmann H, Laurimaa L, Soe E, Davison J, Saarma U (2014) An Invasive Vector of Zoonotic Disease Sustained by Anthropogenic Resources: The Raccoon Dog in Northern Europe. OIE - Prix 2015 de la Journée Vétérinaire mondiale - THÈME RETENU EN 2015 : LES MALADIES VECTORIELLES À POTENTIEL ZOONOTIQUE.
Prix 2015 de la Journée Vétérinaire mondiale La Journée vétérinaire mondiale a été créée en 2000 à l’initiative de l’Association mondiale vétérinaire (AMV).
Elle est célébrée chaque année le dernier samedi du mois d’avril. En 2008, l'AMV et l’Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE) ont décidé de créer le Prix de la Journée vétérinaire mondiale dans le but de récompenser la structure qui aura le mieux célébré la contribution de la profession vétérinaire à la société. Le nom du lauréat du Prix 2015 de la Journée vétérinaire mondiale sera annoncé lors de la Cérémonie d’Ouverture de la 83e Session Générale de l’Assemblée mondiale des Délégués de l’OIE qui se tiendra à Paris (France), le 24 mai 2015 ; le lauréat sera invité au 32e Congrès vétérinaire mondial, du 13 au 17 septembre 2015 à Istanbul (Turquie), pour recevoir ce Prix doté d’une somme de 1 000 USD. Le lauréat sera prévenu par courrier électronique et informé des aspects logistiques de la cérémonie de remise de prix. MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH - 2009 Zoonotic and vector-borne disease surveillance report. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife Volume 4, Issue 1, April 2015, Wildlife reservoirs for vector-borne canine, feline and zoonotic infections in Austria.
Volume 4, Issue 1, April 2015, Pages 88–96 Including Articles from ‘International Congress on Parasites of Wildlife’, pp. 49 - 158 Highlights Wild canids of Austria harbour pathogens, e.g.
Echinococcus multilocularis. Rodents are the key factor as reservoir and intermediate and paratenic hosts. Wild boars provide an interface for transmission. INTECH - NOV 2011 - Non-Flavivirus Encephalitis Au sommaire: Zoonotic and Animal Vector Mediated Encephalitides. Edited by Sergey Tkachev, ISBN 978-953-307-720-8, 372 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published November 16, 2011 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1740 Edited Volume This book covers the different aspects of non-flavivirus encephalitises of different ethiology.
The first section of the book considers general problems of epidemiology such as study of zoonotic and animal vectors of encephalitis causative agents and methods and approaches for encephalitis zoonoses investigations. The members of different virus species are known to be the causative agents of encephalitis, so the second section of the book is devoted to these viral pathogens, their epidemiology, pathology, diagnostics and molecular mechanisms of encephalitis development by such viruses as HIV/SIV, herpes simplex virus type 1 and equine herpesvirus 9, measles virus, coronaviruses, alphaviruses and rabies virus. EMERGING HEALTH THREATS JOURNAL Vol 3 (2010) Ecological approaches to informing public health policy and risk assessments on emerging vector-borne zoonoses.