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THIACLOPRIDE (Proteus)

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DE_WIKIPEDIA – Thiacloprid. Thiacloprid ist ein Insektizid aus der Klasse der Neonicotinoide.

DE_WIKIPEDIA – Thiacloprid.

Es wurde von einer japanischen Niederlassung für Bayer CropScience aus Imidacloprid weiterentwickelt zur Insekten-Bekämpfung von Acker- und Obstschädlingen wie Blattläusen und Mottenschildläusen, Blattflöhen, Apfelwicklern und Rüsselkäfern.[4][5] Abweichend von den meisten anderen Mitteln mit entsprechender Ausrichtung wirkt der Wirkstoff Thiacloprid auch gegen den Buchsbaumzünsler.[6] Toxizität[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Toxizität für den Menschen[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Die für den Endverbraucher verfügbaren Zubereitungen und Spritzmittel z.

B. in Zerstäuberflaschen enthalten meist nur wenig Wirkstoff. Toxizität für Bienen[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 05/08/20 Molecular Basis for Endocrine Disruption by Pesticides Targeting Aromatase and Estrogen Receptor. 1.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 05/08/20 Molecular Basis for Endocrine Disruption by Pesticides Targeting Aromatase and Estrogen Receptor

Introduction Under the modern lifestyle, humans are exposed to various chemicals such as pesticide residuals in fruits and vegetables, antibiotics in meat and milk, preservatives in cosmetics and personal care products [1,2]. These chemicals are usually in low doses and may not have a short term significant impact on the human body, but they can cause long term damages to health [3]. The effects of low-dose compounds on human health are mainly related to the endocrine system [4,5,6]. These compounds can in fact mimic or influence the action of endogenous hormones through various mechanisms, being therefore referred to as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) [7,8]. The modern industrial and agricultural system relies heavily on pesticides. EN_WIKIPEDIA - Thiacloprid. Thiacloprid is an insecticide of the neonicotinoid class.

EN_WIKIPEDIA - Thiacloprid.

Its mechanism of action is similar to other neonicotinoids and involves disruption of the insect's nervous system by stimulating nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Thiacloprid was developed by Bayer CropScience for use on agricultural crops to control of a variety of sucking and chewing insects, primarily aphids and whiteflies.[2][3] Regulation[edit] Thiacloprid has been banned in France since September 1, 2018.[4] The 5 neonicotinoids banned in France are Acetamiprid, Clothianidin, Imidacloprid, Thiacloprid and Thiamethoxam.[5] References[edit] Other external links[edit] Thiacloprid listing at pubchem pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Thiacloprid listing at toxnet toxnet.nlm.nih.gov (Reviewed 3/28/2019) Thiacloprid, as active substance and as formulation, poses a substantial risk to honey bees by disrupting learning and memory functions.

EURACTIV 17/01/20 L’UE va interdire l’insecticide thiaclopride. La Commission européenne a décidé le 13 janvier de ne pas renouveler l’approbation du thiaclopride, un pesticide à base de néonicotinoïdes jugé dangereux pour la santé et l’environnement par l’Autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments.

EURACTIV 17/01/20 L’UE va interdire l’insecticide thiaclopride

L’insecticide, produit par la société pharmaceutique Bayer, est sous le coup d’une interdiction sur le territoire de l’UE. La commissaire à la santé, Stella Kyriakides, écrit dans un communiqué que « l’utilisation de ce pesticide suscite des préoccupations environnementales, notamment concernant son impact sur les eaux souterraines, mais aussi sur la santé humaine, en raison de sa toxicité pour la reproduction ». Les néonicotinoïdes, ou néoniques, sont des pesticides controversés, utilisés depuis les années 1990. Ces produits sont très couramment utilisés pour le traitement de nombreuses cultures vivrières et fourragères.

On leur reproche des effets néfastes sur les abeilles et les pollinisateurs en général. JOUE 14/01/20 RÈGLEMENT D'EXÉCUTION (UE) 2020/23 DE LA COMMISSION du 13 janvier 2020 portant sur le non-renouvellement de l'approbation de la substance active «thiaclopride», conformément au règlement (CE) n° 1107/2009 du Parlement européen et du Conseil. Environmental Science and Technology, - 2017 - The neonicotinoid insecticide thiacloprid impacts upon bumblebee colony development under field conditions. JOURNAL OF SPECTROSCOPY - 2011 - Investigation of the mechanism of binding of thiacloprid to human serum albumin using spectroscopic techniques and molecular modeling methods. PEERJ 18/07/17 Nano-sized zeolites as modulators of thiacloprid toxicity on Chironomus riparius. Introduction The toxicity of particles within the nanoscale range has been intensively investigated during the last years, due to their unique properties and industrial benefits.

PEERJ 18/07/17 Nano-sized zeolites as modulators of thiacloprid toxicity on Chironomus riparius

While early studies addressed “colloids” up to 1 µm (Everett, 1972) the focus has shifted towards “nanoparticles” with particles sizes of 1–100 nm (e.g., Delay & Frimmel, 2012; Hartland et al., 2013; Lead & Wilkinson, 2006; Nowack & Bucheli, 2007; Scown, Van Aerle & Tyler, 2010). The origin of colloids/nanoparticles can be natural or synthetic (e.g., Delay & Frimmel, 2012; Lead & Wilkinson, 2006; Navarro et al., 2008; Nowack & Bucheli, 2007; Oberdörster, Oberdörster & Oberdörster, 2005).

Particularly synthetic particles have nowadays widespread applications, for example in electronics, personal care products, or pharmaceuticals (e.g., Handy & Shaw, 2007; Nowack & Bucheli, 2007; Oberdörster, 2010; Oberdörster, Oberdörster & Oberdörster, 2005; Savolainen et al., 2010). Material and Methods. ACTA AGRICULTURAE SCANDINAVICA 20/03/19 Repellency of insecticides and the effect of thiacloprid on bumble bee colony development in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) seed crops. ACTU ENVIRONNEMENT 22/03/19 Néonicotinoïdes interdits : des dérogations prévues pour les produits à base d'acétamipride. Le ministère de l'Agriculture soumet à consultation publique, jusqu'au 11 avril, le projet d'arrêté qui prévoit des dérogations à l'interdiction de l'utilisation des substances néonicotinoïdes néfastes pour les abeilles.

ACTU ENVIRONNEMENT 22/03/19 Néonicotinoïdes interdits : des dérogations prévues pour les produits à base d'acétamipride

Pour rappel, depuis le 1er septembre 2018, cinq substances actives néonicotinoïdes sont interdites d'utilisation dans la fabrication des produits phytopharmaceutiques et dans le traitement des semences. Environment International Volume 129, August 2019, Potential environmental risks of nanopesticides: Application of Cu(OH)2 nanopesticides to soil mitigates the degradation of neonicotinoid thiacloprid. EFSA 14/03/19 Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance thiacloprid. EFSA 20/06/18 Modification of the existing maximum residue levels for thiacloprid in corn gromwell seeds and radish. Food Chemistry Volume 253, 1 July 2018, Persistence of thiacloprid and deltamethrin residues in tea grown at different locations of North-East India. JavaScript is disabled on your browser.

Food Chemistry Volume 253, 1 July 2018, Persistence of thiacloprid and deltamethrin residues in tea grown at different locations of North-East India

Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. Highlights Persistence of thiacloprid and deltamethrin in tea leaves, made tea. Tea quality was evaluated in terms of ECG, EGCG, EGC, etc. The risk posed by insecticide residues to the consumers’ health is negligible. Thiacloprid increases catechin while deltamethrin enhances ECG and EGCG. NATURE 25/01/17 Single basal application of thiacloprid for the integrated management of Meloidogyne incognita and Bemisia tabaci in tomato crops. JOURNAL OF APICULTURAL RESEARCH - 2017 - Thiacloprid alters social interactions among honey bee workers (Apis mellifera) AFP 06/03/18 Trois questions sur le thiaclopride, un insecticide "tueur d'abeilles" dans le viseur des autorités.

Cette substance n'était pas concernée par le moratoire pris au niveau européen en 2013 sur les néonicotinoïdes.

AFP 06/03/18 Trois questions sur le thiaclopride, un insecticide "tueur d'abeilles" dans le viseur des autorités

Résultat : ses ventes ont explosé. Ce néonicotinoïde n'a jamais eu autant le vent en poupe. L'Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire (Anses) a recommandé, lundi 5 mars, dans un rapport d'étape de réduire "au maximum (les) usages" du thiaclopride dès 2018, "compte tenu de ses caractéristiques de danger, de l'accroissement important de son utilisation constatée au cours de la période 2010-2015. " Franceinfo revient en trois questions sur cet insecticide controversé. Qu'est-ce que le thiaclopride ? Le thiaclopride est utilisé par les agriculteurs pour lutter contre les insectes tels que les pucerons et les doryphores, qui endommagent notamment les cultures de colza, de maïs et de pommes de terre.

Cet insecticide est présumé toxique pour la reproduction humaine. Quel est le problème des néonicotinoïdes ? Néanmoins, l'Anses appelle à la prudence. GHENT UNIVERSITY - 2017 - Dissertation en ligne : Risk assessment of thiacloprid in combination with tebuconazole on Bombus terrestris. Food Chemistry Volume 213, 15 December 2016, Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometric methods for the determination of spinosad, thiacloprid and pyridalyl in spring onions and estimation of their pre-harvest interval values. Crop Protection Volume 91, January 2017, Determination of resistance and resistance mechanisms to thiacloprid in Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations collected from apple orchards in Isparta Province, Turkey. Highlights Six populations of Cydia pomonella were collected from different apple orchards in Isparta, Turkey.

Crop Protection Volume 91, January 2017, Determination of resistance and resistance mechanisms to thiacloprid in Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations collected from apple orchards in Isparta Province, Turkey

The populations had low or medium resistance to thiacloprid and no resistance to chlorpyrifos. Medium resistance populations to thiacloprid, PBO and DEF, had a significant synergistic effect. The levels of esteraz, GST and P450 enzymes were different depending on the population. Abstract The codling moth, Cydia pomenella is considered as the most important pest of apple worldwide and it causes significant economic losses yearly in orchards where it is not controlled effectively. The LD50 values of field and a susceptible population were used to determine the resistance ratios to thiacloprid and chlorpyrifos. Based on the results of the enzyme analyses, the P450 and esterase enzymes may play a role in the resistance in codling moths to thiacloprid. Keywords. Ecotoxicology. 2017 May;26(4):555-564. Comparative toxicity of imidacloprid and thiacloprid to different species of soil invertebrates.

ACTU ENVIRONNEMENT 10/08/16 Thiaclopride : la Commission européenne augmente la limite maximale de résidus dans le miel. Dans un règlement paru au Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, la Commission autorise l'augmentation de la limite maximale de résidus (LMR) à ne pas dépasser dans le miel et les produits de l'apiculture pour un néonicotïnoide : le thiaclopride.

ACTU ENVIRONNEMENT 10/08/16 Thiaclopride : la Commission européenne augmente la limite maximale de résidus dans le miel

La LMR passe de 0,05 mg/kg à 0,2 mg/kg. Cette modification découle d'une demande de l'Allemagne. Cette dernière souhaitait obtenir l'autorisation d'utilisation sur le colza d'un produit phytopharmaceutique contenant du thiaclopride. Pour tenir compte des résidus qui pourraient en conséquence se retrouver dans le miel, elle a alors proposé d'augmenter la LMR actuelle. L'Autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments a donné son feu vert en février dernier. Crop Protection Volume 90, December 2016, Evaluation of thiacloprid and clothianidin (neonicotinoids) as alternative to fenthion (organophosphate) for control of Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in deciduous fruit orchards. FGINSIGHT 22/06/16 Thiacloprid receives emergency authorisation for leaf miner control in sugar beet (UK) This was confirmed by the authorities as effective on June 21 and approval is in place for 120 days until October 18. BBRO said application should be made via a ground boom sprayer in a minimum of 200l/ha.

No more than two sprays of Biscaya (maximum individual dose: 0.4l/ha of thiacloprid) can be made to English sugar beet crops. Current observations by BBRO indicate that leaf miner populations are between first and second generations and overall, damage does not appear to be increasing. Recent wet conditions may have helped to reduce adult activity but new eggs will continue to be laid over the coming weeks and crops should be assessed to determine whether they need treating, said BBRO. BBRO trials have shown that the most effective stage for treatment is at egg hatch/larval emergence.

The threshold for treatment is when number of eggs and larvae exceeds the square of the number of true leaves, said BBRO. Growers should also check the underside of leaves for eggs and larvae, said BBRO. FOOD CHEMISTRY - 2016 - Chemometric-assisted QuEChERS extraction method for the residual analysis of thiacloprid, spirotetramat and spirotetramat’s four metabolites in pepper: Application of their dissipation patterns. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 07/06/16 Honey Bees’ Behavior Is Impaired by Chronic Exposure to the Neonicotinoid Thiacloprid in the Field. WebImagesPlus… Connexion Recherche avancée Scholar Scholar.

Références EFSA

Journal of Insect Physiology Volume 86, March 2016, The neonicotinoids thiacloprid, imidacloprid, and clothianidin affect the immunocompetence of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) 1. Introduction Honey bees provide vital pollination services to crops and wild plants and are thus important components for food security and the maintenance of biodiversity (Bascompte et al., 2006; Fontaine et al., 2006; Klein et al., 2007).

Recent reports on global pollinator declines (Biesmeijer et al., 2006; Potts et al., 2010a; Cameron et al., 2011) are alarming, especially with respect to the increasing demands for pollination services (Klein et al., 2007; Aizen and Harder, 2009). The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science 01/2013; Establishment of Pre-Harvest Residue Limits of Clothianidin and Thiacloprid in Ginseng. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.67). 01/2014 Thiacloprid-Nosema ceranae interactions in honey bees: host survivorship but not parasite reproduction is dependent on pesticide dose.

Rev. Bras. Frutic. vol.24 no.1 Jaboticabal Apr. 2002 OCCURENCE OF THRIPS ON NIAGARA TABLE GRAPE AND ITS CONTROL WITH THE INSECTI. ABSTRACT - Thrips are reported as important pests on table grapes in United States and several countries of Europe. Damage caused by thrips, particulary Frankliniella occidentalis, was observed on niagara table grape crop in Limeira-SP, Brazil. During the blooming period, high thrips densities were observed feeding on pollen and small berries. The symptoms left were more visible after the development of the berries and were characterized by dark scars and suberized surface on berries, sometimes causing the berry to crack, and the seed to prolapse.

The effect of insecticides thiacloprid or methiocarb, associated or not with the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae were evaluated during the blooming period. For evaluation of thrips damage on fruits, the treatments were applied three additional times, 7, 14 and 21 days after the first application. Index terms: chemical control, fungi, microbial control, thrips. In Brazil, there are no reports of thrips as pests of grapes.

Ciênc. agrotec. vol.33 no.spe Lavras 2009 Failure of imidacloprid and thiacloprid to control the guava-psyllid, Triozoida limbat. Review report for the active substance thiacloprid. JOUE - Directive n° 2009/88/CE du 30/07/09 modifiant la directive 98/8/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil aux fins de l'insc. Proteus s’attaque aux ravageurs récalcitrants. | par E.M. | Terre-net Média Bayer CropScience vient d’obtenir l’homologation de Proteus. Un insecticide nouvelle génération composé d’une nouvelle matière active (la thiaclopride), et ciblé puisqu’il vise les ravageurs difficiles de quatre cultures : le colza, les céréales, les betteraves et les pommes de terre. Ce nouvel insecticide combine l’effet choc, répulsif et persistant de la deltaméthrine, déjà bien connue, avec une toute nouvelle molécule : la thiaclopride. « Cette dernière appartient à la famille des néonicotinoïdes.

Pest Manag Sci. 2011 May;67(5):599-608. . Pyrethroid resistance and thiacloprid baseline susceptibility of European populations. AFP 17/02/10 Après Gaucho et Cruiser, Proteus fâche les apiculteurs. PLOS 28/06/11 Exposure to Sublethal Doses of Fipronil and Thiacloprid Highly Increases Mortality of Honeybees Previously Infecte. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2011) 87:440–443 Dissipation and Residue of. ANSES 16/03/12 AVIS de l’Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail relatif à la publication de l’article de Vidau et al. portant sur les effets d'une exposition d'abeilles infectées par Nosema ceranae à des.