Policy and Society - 2004 - The Politics of SARS – Rational Responses or Ambiguity, Symbols and Chaos? CLINICAL REVIEW 13/01/05 Clinical review: SARS – lessons in disaster management. Core to any disaster management plan are leaders with clear responsibilities to coordinate efforts and develop policies to contain the disease; to coordinate resource allocation and manpower; to advise and share information regarding infection control and treatment; to share data and research endeavours; to maintain staff morale; and to provide information to various levels of government, health care institutions, front-line workers and the public [1, 13].
The model we propose (Fig. 1) is one of a Central Critical Care Crisis Team, composed of leaders of different subteams of multidisciplinary professionals responsible for domains of crucial importance: clinical management, infection control, education, communication, team morale, manpower and system thinking, data collection, research and, finally, lobbying to ensure resources are available to meet critical care needs. Infectious disease outbreak disaster plan. Infection control Surveillance Communication issues. THE LANCET - MAI 2013 - 10 years on, the world still learns from SARS.
With eerie coincidence, a new coronavirus has emerged on the tenth anniversary of the SARS outbreak.
Carrie Arnold looks at how the 2003 outbreak shaped disease surveillance and response. In early 2003, Hong Kong virologist Malik Peiris thought several of his patients with severe pneumonia at Queen Mary Hospital were yet more human cases of avian influenza. Patients did not respond to antibiotics, and the severity of the illness was consistent with H5N1 influenza, which was then circulating in the area.
Rumours abounded that a similar severe pneumonia was being found in nearby Guangdong, on mainland China, which only raised suspicions of a major influenza outbreak. UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG - 2006 - Thèse en ligne: RISK COMMUNICATION DURING THE SARS EPIDEMIC OF 2003. NATURE 10/07/03 SARS: What have we learned? It's less than four months since the World Health Organization issued global warnings about a mysterious and deadly form of pneumonia.
Nature's reporters pose key questions about the outbreak, and assess our preparedness to deal with future viral threats. To the friends and relatives of the 800-plus people slain by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), this might seem like a callous question. But SARS barely registers a blip in the annual body count caused by infectious disease. Influenza is likely to kill up to half-a-million people in 2003, whereas the death tolls from malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS will each run to seven figures.
So, when the outbreak is put into perspective, was the panic over SARS really warranted? UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG - 2006 - Thèse en ligne: RISK COMMUNICATION DURING THE SARS EPIDEMIC OF 2003. RESPIROLOGY 07/02/19 Severe acute respiratory syndrome and other emerging severe respiratory viral infections. In the World Health Organization (WHO) updated list of blue‐print priority diseases, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) are included together with disease X, which represents the concept that a pathogen currently unknown to cause human disease may lead to a serious international epidemic.1 SARS‐coronavirus (SARS‐CoV) first emerged in November 2002 in Foshan, China, where many healthcare workers (HCW) became infected.
On 21 February 2003, a 64‐year‐old male nephrologist from Guangdong Province took the infection to Hong Kong (HK) where the infection spread to 29 countries/regions within a few weeks by 16 hotel guests and visitors who were infected by the physician. SARS‐CoV spreads predominantly via respiratory droplets and contact with fomite2 but opportunistic airborne transmission is possible. The incubation period of MERS‐CoV infection is over 5 days, but may be as long as 2 weeks (median: 5.2 days (95% CI: 1.9–14.7)).
Biosafety and Health Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2019, Laboratory biosafety in China: past, present, and future. Highlights Since the SARS epidemic, China has constructed a biosafety laboratories network and set up an expert team on LB.
Global Health Journal Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2019, What we have learnt from the SARS epdemics in mainland China? 1.
Introduction In 2003, the world was confronted with the emergence of a new and in many cases fatal infectious disease: severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The first case with typical symptoms of SARS emerged in Foshan municipality, Guangdong Province, China, with the onset date of November 16, 2002.1 Five index cases were reported in Foshan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen municipalities of Guangdong Province before January 2003. As a result of initial lack of awareness of SARS by health care workers (HCWs), the disease spread unnoticed in the early stages of the epidemic.
This spreading of the disease was unduly prolonged by limited information sharing. 2. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 04/04/05 The immediate effects of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic on childbirth in Taiwan. Obstetrics services under the NHI program Since its implementation in March 1995, the National Health Insurance (NHI) program provides a mandatory and comprehensive universal health care coverage for all Taiwanese residents.
MBIO - JULY/AUGUST 2013 - Mechanisms of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronavirusInduced Acute Lung Injury. WIKIPEDIA - SARS conspiracy theory. The widespread reporting of claims by Kolesnokov and Filatov caused controversy in many Chinese internet discussion boards and chat rooms.
Many Chinese believed that the SARS virus could be a biological weapon manufactured by the United States, which perceived China's rise as a potential threat to its dominance and superiority in the world. The failure to find the source of the SARS virus further convinced these people and many more that SARS was artificially synthesised and spread by some individuals and even governments. Circumstantial evidence suggests that the SARS virus crossed over to humans from Asian palm civets ("civet cats"), a type of animal that is often killed and eaten in Guangdong, where SARS was first discovered. However, civet cats are extensively used in food production without causing SARS in their handlers.
References Coronavirus COVID-19. Journal of Environmental and Public Health Volume 2018, The Impacts on Health, Society, and Economy of SARS and H7N9 Outbreaks in China: A Case Comparison Study. Mathematical and Computer Modelling Volume 40, Issue 13, December 2004, A discrete epidemic model for SARS transmission and control in China. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES - JUNE 2003 - Global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) HEALTH_GOV_ON_CA - OCT 2003 - DISEASES: SARS - Questions and Answers. What is SARS?
SARS stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and is a severe form of pneumonia, accompanied by a fever. It is believed the illness is spread from coughing and sneezing or from direct face-to-face contact with an ill person. The virus is also present in other body fluids such as saliva, urine, and faeces. It is believed that the virus can survive in faecal matter for 1.5 to 2 days. THE LANCET 08/04/03 Coronavirus as a possible cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome. NATURE 10/12/18 Origin and evolution of pathogenic coronaviruses. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal Volume 17, 2019, Epidemic Models of Contact Tracing: Systematic Review of Transmission Studies of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. WHOSummary of probable SARS cases with onset of illness from 1 November 2002 to 31 July (2018), p. 2003 WHOMERS situation update July 2018 G.
Chowell, F. Abdirizak, S. BMC Med, 13 (2015), p. 210. NATURE 30/10/03 SARS virus infection of cats and ferrets - There is now a choice of animal models for testing therapies against the human virus. He reservoir of the coronavirus isolated from patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) Ann Glob Health. 2016 Jan-Feb;82(1):180-8. From SARS to Avian Influenza: The Role of International Factors in China's Approach to Infectious Disease Control. Over the past decades global environmental change, globalization, urbanization, and the rise in movement of people have increased the risk for pandemic diseases. Health is no longer the sole responsibility of national governments and an international health governance system has emerged, making transparency, cooperation, and coordinated multilateral responses the international norm. The role of international political factors in motivating changes in domestic health policy was, until recently, largely neglected by international relations and political science academics.
Objectives The present study will answer the question, “How can international relations theories and concepts add to our understanding of how and why China changed its infectious disease policy?” Methods. Académie des sciences - Académie nationale de médecine - Juin 2004 - Virus, agents transmissibles non conventionnels et barrières d’espèces Séance publique - Mardi 1er juin 2004 Au sommaire: Grippe et syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère (SRAS), des menaces. Archives of Virology June 2017, Volume 162, Issue 6, Simultaneous detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, and related bat coronaviruses by real-time reverse transcription PCR.
J Thorac Dis. 2013 August; 5(Suppl 2): S118–S121. Tracing the SARS-coronavirus. EUROSURVEILLANCE 04/10/12 Severe respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus, in a patient transferred to the United Kingdom from the Middle East, September 2012. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science Volume 9, Number 2, 2011 Acting on the Lessons of SARS: What Remains To Be Done? Chauve-souris et SRAS. Severe acute respiratory syndrome.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Between November 2002 and July 2003, an outbreak of SARS in southern China caused an eventual 8,273 cases and 775 deaths reported in multiple countries with the majority of cases in Hong Kong. (9.6% fatality rate) according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Within weeks, SARS spread from Hong Kong to infect individuals in 37 countries in early 2003. Epidemiology Pneumonie atypique. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère lié au coronavirus ou plus simplement syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère (SRAS) est une maladie infectieuse des poumons (pneumonie) due au virus SARS-CoV de la famille des coronavirus.
Il est apparu pour la première fois en Chine en , et a provoqué une épidémie en . Agent responsable[modifier | modifier le code] L'identification du virus a été assez rapide (quelques mois contre plusieurs années pour le virus du VIH dans les années 1980), 11 laboratoires ayant été mobilisés par l'OMS. Le virus responsable du syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère, SARS-CoV appartient à la famille des Coronaviridae, au genre des Coronavirus. La rapidité de l'identification de ce virus peut (entre autres) s'expliquer par le fait que ce virus a été classé de niveau 3+, qui n'existe pas dans la classification des dangers biologiques : le virus est soit niveau 3 soit niveau 4. Diagnostic[modifier | modifier le code] OMS 2003 RAPPORT SUR LA SANTE DANS LE MONDE - SRAS: les leçons tirées d'une nouvelle maladie.
SENAT 03/04/03 Question au gouvernement : Virus de la pneumopathie atypique. JO ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE 14/09/04 Au sommaire: QE N° 22131; santé - épidémies - système de prévention. bilan et perspectives (conc. FOREIGN POLICY 22/10/14 How to Shut Down a Country and Kill a Disease China’s response to SARS a decade ago was effective but brutal. Is there a better way to stop the spread of Ebola? With every passing day the absence of a powerful international response to West Africa's Ebola epidemic allows the horror to grow, pushing the nightmares in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea closer to the catastrophic worst-case scenario forecasted by the U.S.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: an estimated 1.4 million cumulative cases, with 980,000 dead, by Feb. 1, 2015 -- a prediction so dire as to be impossible to imagine. For Liberia and Sierra Leone, the dire augury translates to this: In the absence of radical measures to stop the virus's spread, the two countries could witness a combined 10,000 new cases per week by the time Americans sit down for Thanksgiving feasts, and they could see some 14 percent of their populations perish by Easter. What is to be done? A dramatic new study from a team of Virginia-based researchers dissects the current rates of the spread of Ebola and the likely impact of various strategies for controlling the epidemic. Lessons From a Dark Time. Académie des sciences - Académie nationale de médecine - Juin 2004 - Virus, agents transmissibles non conventionnels et barrière. Rapport du Groupe de travail du CSHPF : "Rapatriement et SRAS" (CSHPF, 14 janvier 2005)
Haut Conseil de la santé publique > avis et rapports. INVS 02/12/04 Syndrome respiratoire aigu sévère. L'épidémie de Sras en 2003 en France. Rapport sur la gestion épidémiologique du. La pandémie de Sras apparue en 2003 en Asie diffuse rapidement dans trente pays avant de s'interrompre en trois mois, grâce à des mesures de prévention et de contrôle drastiques. En France la réponse mise en place dès le déclenchement de l'alerte internationale inclut une surveillance épidémiologique centralisée à l'InVS. Tout cas possible de Sras doit être signalé à l'InVS et mis en isolement strict. Le suivi médical et épidémiologique permet le classement en cas exclu ou cas probable. Les personnes contacts des cas probables sont mises en quarantaine pendant 10 jours à domicile et suivies quotidiennement.
Au total, 437 cas possibles de Sras sont signalés entre mars et juillet 2003. Au décours de cette épidémie nous avons interrogé des cliniciens et épidémiologistes responsables du suivi des cas et des contacts, sur leur vécu vis à vis du risque infectieux et de la gestion des signalements. PLOS - MAI 2010 - Anatomy of the Epidemiological Literature on the 2003 SARS Outbreaks in Hong Kong and Toronto: A Time-Stratifi. Abstract Background Outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases, especially those of a global nature, require rapid epidemiological analysis and information dissemination. The final products of those activities usually comprise internal memoranda and briefs within public health authorities and original research published in peer-reviewed journals.