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Surveillance syndromique en abattoirs

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FRONT. VET. SCI. 08/01/19 Editorial: Slaughterhouses as Sources of Data for Animal Health Intelligence. The value of meat inspection as an animal health and food safety surveillance tool has been recognized by a number of agencies and organizations, including, the European Food Safety Authority. Because most food animals would eventually be slaughtered, slaughterhouses are considered a key element along the food production chain in which pathological data, information on the presence of pathogens, drug residues, chemical contaminants, and antimicrobial resistance may be measured. Slaughterhouses therefore represent an important control point for the early identification of potential problems that may have an impact on public health as well as on animal health and welfare.

In this research topic, 25 authors contributed 5 original research articles discussing the various animal health intelligence opportunities offered by slaughterhouse surveillance, its limitations, as well as the types of control actions that may be triggered or promoted as a result of it. Author Contributions Edited by: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE 29/10/15 Timely reporting and interactive visualization of animal health and slaughterhouse surveillance data in Switzerland. Ulrich J. Muellner1,2,3†, Flavie Vial1*†, Franziska Wohlfender1, Daniela Hadorn4, Martin Reist4 and Petra Muellner1,2,3,5 1Veterinary Public Health Institute, Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland 2Epi-interactive, Wellington, New Zealand 3Epi-interactive, Eppingen, Germany 4Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office, Bern, Switzerland 5SAFOSO Inc., Liebefeld, Switzerland The reporting of outputs from health surveillance systems should be done in a near real-time and interactive manner in order to provide decision makers with powerful means to identify, assess, and manage health hazards as early and efficiently as possible.

Keywords: customizable dashboards, data exploration, early-warning system, information dissemination, open tools, outbreak detection, web application Received: 22 July 2015; Accepted: 02 October 2015; Published: 29 October 2015 *Correspondence: Flavie Vial, Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz.,- Vol. 32 (2) Coordination des politiques de surveillance de la santé animale et de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments « de l'étable à la table ». Au sommaire: L’intégration des données émanant de la surveillance à l’abatto. Résumé : La surveillance exercée dans les abattoirs à des fins de santé animale et de sécurité sanitaire des aliments consiste à réaliser des examens pour détecter la présence de maladies, d’agents pathogènes, de résidus de médicaments et de contaminants chimiques et à déceler l’apparition de résistances aux agents antimicrobiens.

Cette surveillance est préconisée par les gouvernements, ainsi que par le secteur privé et les institutions de recherche. Diverses mesures ou dispositifs volontaires ou réglementaires peuvent être appliqués afin de promouvoir ou d’imposer cette surveillance. Les efforts déployés pour intégrer les données émanant de diverses organisations se heurtent à des difficultés importantes d’ordre juridique, logistique et financier. Mots-clés Abattoir – Animal – Denrée alimentaire – Intégration – Politique sanitaire – Santé – Sécurité sanitaire – Surveillance. 10lynch409416.pdf. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 08/2011; Veterinary syndromic surveillance: Current initiatives and potential for development.

ISDS 2013 Conference Abstracts - Evaluation of Swiss Abattoir Data for Integration in a Syndromic Surveillance System. ANIMAL HEALTH AUSTRALIA - MARS 2015 - Bovine syndromic surveillance system. FAO - 2014 - RISK-BASED DISEASE SURVEILLANCE - A manual for veterinarians on the design and analysis of surveillance for demonstration of freedom from disease. ENVA - 2012 - Thèse en ligne : CONTRIBUTION À LA MISE EN PLACE D’UN SYSTÈME DE SURVEILLANCE DÉMOGRAPHIQUE ET SYNDROMIQUE DANS LE CHEPTEL BOVIN DE LA COMMUNAUTÉ MNISI EN AFRIQUE DU SUD. UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN - 2015 - Random effect selection in generalised linear models: a practical application to slaughterhouse surveillance data in Denmark. SVA_SE - MAI 2014 - Standardising Syndromic Classification in Animal Health Data.

MEAT SCIENCE - 2015 - Comparison of whole carcass condemnation and partial carcass condemnation data for integration in a national syndromic surveillance system: The Swiss experience. UNIVERSITY OF GUELPH - JUNE 2014 - Thèse en ligne : An Investigation of Epidemiological Approaches for Syndromic Surveillance of Cattle Health using Ontario Condemnation Data. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, - 2014 - Thèse en ligne : Analyse et modélisation des données d’inspection en abattoir dans l’objectif de contribuer à la surveillance épidémiologique de la population bovine. UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN - 2015 - Random effect selection in generalised linear models: a practical application to slaughterhouse surveillance data in Denmark.

BMC Veterinary Research 31/01/14 Evaluation of Swiss slaughterhouse data for integration in a syndromic surveillance system. Activity of Swiss slaughterhouses Slaughterhouses are mostly located in the non-alpine region of Switzerland (northern half of the country). The slaughterhouse landscape is very heterogeneous with a few large slaughterhouses dominating the market, while the rest process a low number of carcasses per year (Table 1). This centralisation of the slaughtering business will likely be exacerbated in the future as larger cattle and pig slaughterhouses are receiving increasing number of animals. Table 1. Heterogeneity in the size of Swiss slaughterhouses We expected the FLEKO data to be sensitive to the effects of regulatory and economic changes in the industry. Table 2. Less than 50% of slaughterhouses were open for 12 months a year. Traffic through Swiss slaughterhouses Pigs, cattle and small ruminants constitute 97% of all slaughters recorded in the FLEKO (the rest being made up of rabbits, horses and farmed game).

Table 3. Pigs Normal slaughters Figure 1. Emergency slaughters Cattle Figure 2. BMC Veterinary Research 2013, 9 :88 Defining syndromes using cattle meat inspection data for syndromic surveillance purposes: a statistical approach with the 2005--2010 data from ten French slaughterhouses. BMC Veterinary Research 2015, 11:37 Suitability of sentinel abattoirs for syndromic surveillance using provincially inspected bovine abattoir condemnation data. Data source Pneumonic lung portion condemnation data were obtained from the Food Safety Decision Support System (FSDSS) database maintained by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). The database contains information regarding the number and reason for daily organs/body systems condemnations in provincially inspected abattoirs in Ontario.

The condemnation category of pneumonic lung was selected for these analyses, as this category represents a major health issue for beef cattle and was among the most frequently reported portion condemnations by provincial inspectors during the study period. Pneumonic lung condemnation refers to bovine lungs which were condemned for lesions indicative of a previous localized and resolved antero-ventral pneumonia infection (personal communication Abdul Rehmtulla, DVM, OMAFRA, Stone Road, Guelph, Ontario). This study conducted statistical analyses utilizing a pre-existing government database. Descriptive analyses. Epidemiol Infect. 2015 Jan 8:1-11. Pilot simulation study using meat inspection data for syndromic surveillance: use of whole carcass condemnation of adult cattle to assess the performance of several algorithms for outbreak detection. (Etude: SVA/INRA/ANS.

Original Papers Pilot simulation study using meat inspection data for syndromic surveillance: use of whole carcass condemnation of adult cattle to assess the performance of several algorithms for outbreak detection C. DUPUYa1a2, E. MORIGNATa1, F. a1 Unité Epidémiologie, Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail (ANSES), F-69364, Lyon, France. a2 Unité d’épidémiologie animale, UR346, INRA, F-63122, St Genès Champanelle, France. a3 Swedish Zoonosis Centre. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of several algorithms for outbreak detection based on weekly proportions of whole carcass condemnations. (Received July 26 2014) (Revised November 19 2014) (Accepted November 21 2014) Correspondence c1 Author for correspondence: E.

Surveillance syndromique en santé animale.