EUREKALERT 29/09/20 Two pesticides approved for use in US harmful to bees (flupyradifurone et sulfoxaflor) A previously banned insecticide, which was approved for agricultural use last year in the United States, is harmful for bees and other beneficial insects that are crucial for agriculture, and a second pesticide in widespread use also harms these insects.
That is according to a new analysis from researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. As the agricultural industry turns to new types of pesticides to protect crops, the biologists behind the recent large-scale meta-analysis warn that two of these -- flupyradifurone (sold under the brand name Sivanto®) and the recently approved pesticide sulfoxaflor (sold under the name Transform® WG) -- have harmful effects similar to a class of pesticides known as neonicotinoids, several of which were recently banned in the European Union and Canada.
Neonicotinoid pesticides have been shown to be detrimental to honeybees and other beneficial insects. "It is clear that these insecticides are harmful to bees," Muth said. REVISTAFORUM_COM_BR 22/07/19 Governo Bolsonaro autoriza agrotóxico que extermina abelhas; liberações de produtos chega a 262 em 2019. O governo Jair Bolsonaro liberou nesta segunda-feira (22) novo lote de registro de agrotóxicos, chegando a 262 produtos liberados somente neste ano.
Entre os agrotóxicos autorizados está o sulfoxaflor, responsável por exterminar mais de meio bilhão de abelhas em quatro estados brasileiros entre os meses de janeiro e março – quando o projeto ainda estava em fase de testes. Inscreva-se no nosso Canal do YouTube, ative o sininho e passe a assistir ao nosso conteúdo exclusivo O sulfoxaflor foi um dos principais temas debatidos em abril na sessão da Comissão de Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável da Câmara que recebeu a ministra da Agricultura Teresa Cristina. Ex-líder da bancada ruralista, na ocasião, a ministra disse que o agrotóxico responsável pela morte das abelhas não estava registrado no Brasil. PLOS 21/05/20 Field rates of Sivanto™ (flupyradifurone) and Transform® (sulfoxaflor) increase oxidative stress and induce apoptosis in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.)
Abstract Pesticide exposures can have detrimental impacts on bee pollinators, ranging from immediate mortality to sub-lethal impacts.
Flupyradifurone is the active ingredient in Sivanto™ and sulfoxaflor is the active ingredient in Transform®. They are both relatively new insecticides developed with an intent to reduce negative effects on bees, when applied to bee-attractive crops. With the growing concern regarding pollinator health and pollinator declines, it is important to have a better understanding of any potential negative impacts, especially sub-lethal, of these pesticides on bees.
Journal of Integrative Agriculture Volume 18, Issue 7, July 2019, Sublethal effects of sulfoxaflor on the fitness of two species of wheat aphids, Sitobion avenae (F.) and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) Babcock et al., 2011 J M Babcock, C B Gerwick, J X Huang, M R Loso, G Thomas, G B Watson, Y ZhuBiological characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide Pest Management Science, 67 (2011), pp. 328-334.
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology Volume 158, July 2019, Fitness costs of sulfoxaflor resistance in the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 07/03/20 The Toxic Effects of Sulfoxaflor Induced in Earthworms (Eisenia fetida) under Effective Concentrations. Sulfoxaflor is a new kind of neonicotinoid insecticide that is used to control sap-feeding insect pests.
In this study, a hazard assessment of sulfoxaflor on soil invertebrate earthworms was performed under effective concentrations. The results showed that different exposure times and doses had significant influence on the toxicity of sulfoxaflor. Sulfoxaflor degraded quickly in artificial soil with a degradation rate of 0.002–0.017 mg/(kg·d) and a half-life of 12.0–15.4 d. At 0.5 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg, the ·OH− content, antioxidant enzyme activeities, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content and 8-OHdG content had significant differences compared to those in the control group.
On the 56th day, significant differences were only observed in the Glutathione S-transferase enzyme (GST) activity and 8-OHdG content at 1.0 mg/kg compared to those in the control group due to the degradation of sulfoxaflor. INSECTS 10/02/20 Sulfoxaflor Residues in Pollen and Nectar of Cotton Applied through Drip Irrigation and Their Potential Exposure to Apis mellifera L. Systemic insecticides have been applied through drip irrigation for controlling crop pests, but few studies have addressed potential negative effects of the application on non-target organisms.
In this study, the safety of sulfoxaflor applied at 450 or 700 g a.i. ha−1 through drip irrigation at different times before flowering or during flowering to honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) was studied in 2016–2017 in a cotton production field in Xinjiang, China. Results showed that sulfoxaflor residues in pollen and nectar of cotton treated with sulfoxaflor at 450 g a.i. ha−1 before and during flowering through drip irrigation were either undetectable or no more than 17 μg·kg−1. Application of sulfoxaflor at 700 g a.i. ha−1 before flowering resulted in ≤ 14.2 μg·kg−1 of sulfoxaflor in pollen and < 0.68 μg·kg−1 in nectar.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 29/10/19 Sulfoxaflor exposure reduces egg laying in bumblebees Bombus terrestris. Neonicotinoids are the most commonly used insecticides worldwide (Simon‐Delso et al., 2015), but evidence demonstrating their negative sub‐lethal impacts on important pollinators, such as bees (Rundlöf et al., 2015; Siviter, Koricheva, Brown, & Leadbeater, 2018; Tsvetkov et al., 2017; Woodcock et al., 2017), has resulted in legislative reassessment globally.
Most noticeably, within the European Union, three commonly used neonicotinoids (thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and clothianidin) are now banned from agricultural use outside of commercial greenhouses. In contrast to neonicotinoids, sulfoxaflor, the first branded sulfoximine‐based insecticide, is an increasingly important insecticide product that is now registered for use in 81 countries, offering an alternative to neonicotinoid‐based insecticides (Brown et al., 2016). 2.1 Insecticide exposure. ANSES 06/12/19 Jugement du tribunal administratif de Nice : l’Anses retire les autorisations de mise sur le marché de deux insecticides à base de sulfoxaflor.
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EFSA 30/03/20 Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment for the active substance sulfoxaflor in light of confirmatory data submitted. MINISTERE DE LA TRANSITION ECOLOGIQUE / MAA 31/12/19 Protection des pollinisateurs : le Gouvernement confirme l’interdiction d’utilisation des deux substances phytopharmaceutiques ayant un mode d’action identique à celui des néonicotinoïdes. PEERJ 12/08/19 No evidence for negative impacts of acute sulfoxaflor exposure on bee olfactory conditioning or working memory.
Introduction Bees provide vital pollination services for both wild flowers and commercial crops (Rader et al., 2016; Fijen et al., 2018), so localised declines in domestic honey bee populations and both localised and global range reductions of certain bumblebee species have led to suggestions that a global pollination crisis could be imminent (Biesmeijer et al., 2006; Colla & Packer, 2008; Aizen & Harder, 2009; Williams & Osborne, 2009; Potts et al., 2010; Cameron et al., 2011; Kerr et al., 2015; Goulson et al., 2015).
Although the intensification of agriculture, habitat loss, global warming and pathogen exposure have all been linked with bee declines (Brown & Paxton, 2009; Winfree et al., 2009; Cameron et al., 2011; Kerr et al., 2015; Goulson et al., 2015; Samuelson et al., 2018), particular attention has focused on the impact of agrochemicals. NATURE 15/08/18 Sulfoxaflor exposure reduces bumblebee reproductive success. MARYLAND AGRONOMY NEWS 15/07/19 SULFOXAFLOR REGISTERED FOR NEW USES. The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has just issued a long-term approval for the insecticide sulfoxaflor, which the Agency has characterized as “an effective tool to control challenging pests with fewer environmental impacts.” The following information is from today’s EPA OPP Update. “After conducting an extensive risk analysis, including the review of one of the agency’s largest datasets on the effects of a pesticide on bees, EPA is approving the use of sulfoxaflor on alfalfa, corn, cacao, grains (millet, oats), pineapple, sorghum, teff, teosinte, tree plantations, citrus, cotton, cucurbits (squash, cucumbers, watermelons, some gourds), soybeans, and strawberries.
EPA is providing long-term certainty for U.S. growers to use an important tool to protect crops and avoid potentially significant economic losses, while maintaining strong protection for pollinators,” said Alexandra Dapolito Dunn, assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. Land Use Policy Volume 75, June 2018, Reducing damages from sulfoxaflor use through mitigation measures to increase the protection of pollinator species. INSECTS 30/07/19 Sulfoxaflor and Natural Pyrethrin with Piperonyl Butoxide Are Effective Alternatives to Neonicotinoids against Juveniles of Philaenus spumarius, the European Vector of Xylella fastidiosa.
The threat imposed by the bacterial pathogen Xylella fastidiosa to crops of utter importance to European agriculture such as olive, stone fruit and grapevine calls for immediate research against the meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.), the main European vector. Management tools should consider reducing juveniles of vector populations growing on weeds or cover crops during spring as nymphs have limited movement and do not contribute to disease spread.
We examined a wide range of insecticides with different modes of action against P. spumarius nymphs in laboratory and semi-field glasshouse conditions. Pyrethroids (delthamethrin and λ-cyhalothrin) and natural pyrethrin (Pirecris®) + piperonyl butoxide (PBO) efficacy surpassed 86% after 24 h of exposure, without significant differences in the PBO amount tested. The inclusion of PBO caused a 3-fold increase in the mortality of P. spumarius nymphs compared to pyrethrin alone. GENETIC LITERACY PROJECT 13/08/19 Acute exposure to controversial insecticide sulfoxaflor doesn’t impact bee learning, study shows. EPA 10/07/19 Sulfoxaflor: Ecological Risk Assessment for Section 3 Registration for Various - Proposed New Uses. EPA - JUILLET 2019 - Decision to Register New Uses for the Insecticide Sulfoxaflor. EPA is registering new uses for the insecticide sulfoxaflor and restoring previously registered uses.
This decision is backed by substantial data and ensures that when used according to the label, sulfoxaflor poses no significant risk to human health and lower risk to non-target wildlife, including pollinators, than registered alternatives. Sulfoxaflor is an effective tool for growers that has a lower environmental impact because it disappears from the environment faster than widely-used alternatives like neonicotinoids.
Growers may have seen substantial losses (up to 50 percent for certain crops) due to pests that can now be treated with sulfoxaflor. AFP 07/08/19 BRÉSIL - Le gouvernement se défend d'« empoisonner » la population. Mer. 7 août 2019 à 10:05 • AFP La ministre de l'agriculture du Brésil Tereza Cristina a défendu mardi sa politique d'extension des autorisations d'usage de pesticides, se disant injustement « dénigrée » par ceux qui l'accusent de vouloir « empoisonner » la population. « Je suis indignée. Dire à la population que l'on veut mettre du poison dans les assiettes, c'est faux (...).
Ça porte atteinte à l'image du Brésil », a-t-elle affirmé lors d'une conférence de presse à Brasilia. « Il ne faut pas terroriser les consommateurs brésiliens, ni les consommateurs des 162 pays qui importent nos produits », a ajouté la ministre de 65 ans, surnommée la « muse du poison » par ses détracteurs. La semaine dernière, de nouvelles normes de l'Agence de veille sanitaire Anvisa ont redéfini le classement des pesticides, seuls ceux qui risquent d'entraîner la mort étant définis comme « extrêmement toxiques ». EFSA 28/03/19 Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment for the active substance sulfoxaflor in light of confirmatory data submitted. EFSA 31/01/19 Modification of the existing maximum residue levels for sulfoxaflor in various crops.
EFSA 20/09/18 Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for sulfoxaflor in light of confirmatory data. AFP 15/08/18 Le "probable successeur" des néonicotinoïdes néfaste aux bourdons (sulfoxaflor) Le sulfoxaflor, tout comme les néonicotinoïdes, a un impact négatif sur la santé des colonies de bourdons, selon une étude publiée mercredi qui met en garde contre le remplacement des pesticides controversés par cette nouvelle substance. Les néonicotinoïdes, utilisés en pulvérisation ou pour enrober les semences, s'attaquent au système nerveux des insectes, et désorientent et affaiblissent les pollinisateurs.
Face à la multiplication des études scientifiques soulignant leur nocivité pour les abeilles, un certain nombre de pays ont revu leur politique. Ainsi, l'utilisation de trois d'entre eux sera interdite à partir de fin 2018 dans l'UE pour toutes les cultures. En France, cinq d'entre eux seront interdits pour toute utilisation phytosanitaire à partir du 1er septembre. Il y a donc une "urgence" à tester les effets non mortels de cette substance, "rarement détectés" lors des évaluations standard. Dans un premier temps, les ruches exposées ont produit moins de bourdons +ouvriers+.
BIOMEDICAL CHROMATOGRAPHY 04/10/17 Chromatographic determination, decline dynamic and risk assessment of sulfoxaflor in Asian pear and oriental melon. EFSA 30/11/17 Modification of the existing maximum residue levels for sulfoxaflor in grape leaves and similar species, and globe artichokes. ANSES 24/11/17 Autorisations de mise sur le marché de produits à base de Sulfoxaflor : l’Anses prend acte de la décision du tribunal de Nice. PESTICIDE ACTION NETWORK EUROPE - SEPT 2016 - Sulfoxaflor et flupyradifurone: Néonicotinoïdes ou pas? Règlement (UE) 2017/405 de la Commission du 8 mars 2017 modifiant les annexes II et III du règlement (CE) n° 396/2005 du Parlement européen et du Conseil en ce qui concerne les limites maximales applicables aux résidus de sulfoxaflor présents dans ou sur.
Du 8 mars 2017. EPA 14/10/16 Decision to Register the Insecticide Sulfoxaflor with Limited Uses and Pollinator Protective Requirements. Following the decision of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to vacate the registration of sulfoxaflor, EPA has reevaluated the data supporting the use of sulfoxaflor and is approving a registration that meets all requirements of the court. Sulfoxaflor will now have fewer uses and additional requirements that will protect bees. THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 10/05/13 The Neonicotinoid View: Why Sulfoxaflor Matters To Beekeepers. THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 07/05/13 The Neonicotinoid View -The Impact of Sulfoxaflor. THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 17/09/15 Why Did EPA Vacate Registration For Sulfoxaflor? CONSOGLOBE 30/11/15 Un pesticide interdit aux Etats-Unis autorisé en Europe.
L’Union européenne avait décidé, il y a de ça plusieurs années, de limiter l’usage des pesticides de type néonicotinoïde, nocifs pour les abeilles. La mise sur le marché d’un nouveau pesticide très proche vient pourtant d’être validée en Europe, alors que ce pesticide est interdit aux Etats-Unis, pays généralement bien plus permissif à ce niveau. Un scandale que dénoncent plusieurs associations. Les néonicotinoïdes toujours épinglés par les associations et les apiculteurs Les néonicotinoïdes représentent un danger immédiat pour les abeilles, comme l’a montré une étude parue dans le magazine Science dès 2010. Les études sur le sujet n’ont eu de cesse de se multiplier depuis, montrant la toxicité, et poussant des associations comme des groupes de particuliers à porter plainte contre les gros groupes de fabricants.(9) POLLINIS - NOV 2015 - NOTE DE SYNTHESE SUR L’AUTORISATION DU SULFOXAFLOR SUR LE SOL EUROPEEN. SEPPI OVERBLOG 16/11/15 Sulfoxaflor, le « pesticide tueur d'abeilles »
Un nom barbare ! PHYS_ORG 17/08/16 Sulfoxaflor found to be less harmful to insect predators than broad-spectrum insecticides. A new study appearing in the Journal of Economic Entomology has found that the selective insecticide sulfoxaflor is just as effective at controlling soybean aphids (Aphis glycines) as broad-spectrum insecticides, without causing significant harm to some beneficial predators of the aphid.
The study provides evidence that selective insecticides like sulfoxaflor could play a larger role in integrated pest management, which attempts to minimize the adverse impact on beneficial insects while effectively controlling pests. "This study provides the first evaluation of the compatibility of novel selective insecticide with natural enemies for management of A. glycines in soybean production," the authors wrote. "Because management of A. glycines in the north central United States currently relies primarily on foliar applications of only two modes of action (pyrethroid and organophosphate insecticides), there is risk of A. glycines developing insecticide resistance.
Last fall, the U.S. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology Volume 19, Issue 3, September 2016, Lethal and sublethal effects of sulfoxaflor on the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus. A Institute of Plant Protection, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, People's Republic of Chinab Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, People's Republic of Chinac College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, People's Republic of Chinad Shengli College, China University of Petroleum, Dongying, 257097, People's Republic of China Received 5 April 2016, Revised 21 June 2016, Accepted 24 June 2016, Available online 25 June 2016 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
EPA - NOV 2015 - Sulfoxaflor-Final Cancellation Order. EPA 17/05/16 Proposed Decision to Register the Insecticide Sulfoxaflor with Reduced Uses. Following the decision of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, EPA has reevaluated the data supporting the use of sulfoxaflor and is now proposing to approve an amended registration with fewer uses and additional requirements that will protect bees. The proposed registration is very protective of pollinators and includes fewer crops than were allowed under sulfoxaflor's previous registration. For those crops that are included and that are bee-attractive, sulfoxaflor would be applied only post-bloom, when bees are not expected to be present. Other requirements are designed to prevent spray drift. In addition to requesting comment on the proposed registration of sulfoxaflor, EPA is also seeking public comment on two additional restrictions that may be added to the final label.
One would require a buffer when there is blooming vegetation bordering the field. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005021-16 Sulfoxaflor insecticide. The insecticide sulfoxaflor was approved on 18 August 2015, even though the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) had concluded that the available data were insufficient to rule out a high risk to honey bees. EFSA also noted that data which would allow a robust assessment of all aspects of honey bee health were lacking.
This is in stark contrast not only to decisions taken in other countries, but also to the partial banning of insecticides with a similar mode of action in the EU. According to the EU pesticides database, authorisation is in progress in five countries (Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Ireland and the Netherlands). 1. How coherent is the EU's decision to authorise a bee-harming pesticide which has been banned for the abovementioned reasons in the USA and Japan, especially given the Commission's claims that EU legislation on pesticides is the most advanced in the world? Arthropod Management Tests 2012, Vol. 37 FOLIAR APPLICATIONS OF SULFOXAFLOR, BYI02960, AND SOME COMMONLY USED INSECTICIDES FOR CONTROL OF ASIAN CITRUS PSYLLID AND CITRUS LEAFMINER IN ORANGES: SUMMER, 2011. EPA 06/05/13 Pesticide News Story: The EPA’s Final Decision on the New Active Ingredient Sulfoxaflor. For Release: May 6, 2013. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-013884-15 Les abeilles et sulfoxaflor.
Sulfoxaflor; Pesticide Tolerances for Emergency Exemptions. This regulation is effective January 28, 2015. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before March 30, 2015, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). WIKIPEDIA - Sulfoxaflor. PPDB: Pesticide Properties DataBase - GENERAL INFORMATION for sulfoxaflor.
AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT 17/09/13 Standard for Sulfoxaflor active constituent. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Apr 13;59(7):2950-7. Discovery and characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide targeting sap-feeding pests. JOURNAL OF COTTON SCIENCE - 2012 - Field Evaluations of Sulfoxaflor, a Novel Insecticide, Against Tarnished Plant Bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) in Cotton. Pest Management Science Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 328–334, March 2011 Biological characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Volume 41, Issue 7, July 2011, P Novel nicotinic action of the sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor.
UNIVERSITY OF TIKRIT / UNIVERSITY OF DIYALA (IRAK) - 2013 - EVALUATION OF SULFOXAFLOR AS A NOVEL GROUP INSECTICIDE AGAINST WHITEFLY (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) ( ALEYRODIDAE: HOMOPTERA) ON CUCUMBER AT NINEVEH GOVERNORATE/KWER DISTRICT. FOOD SAFETY COMMISSION OF JAPAN - OCT 2014 - Risk Assessment Report Sulfoxaflor. SANTE CANADA 08/06/15 Décision d'homologation RD2015-09, Sulfoxaflore. Analytical methods. 11/2012 Determination of sulfoxaflor residues in vegetables, fruits and soil using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. SCI 30/10/12 Investigating the mode of action of sulfoxaflor: a fourth-generation neonicotinoid. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology Volume 107, Issue 1, September 2013, Sulfoxaflor and the sulfoximine insecticides: Chemistry, mode of action and basis for efficacy on resistant insects. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2014 May;44 Suppl 2:1-14. Application of a novel integrated toxicity testing strategy incorporating "3R" principles of animal research to evaluate the safety of a new agrochemical sulfoxaflor.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005591-13 Restrictions on the use of neonicotinoids blamed for high bee mortality in agriculture. EFSA 21/05/14 Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance sulfoxaflor. JOUE 29/07/15 RÈGLEMENT D'EXÉCUTION (UE) 2015/1295 DE LA COMMISSION du 27 juillet 2015 portant approbation de la substance active «sulfoxaflor», conformément au règlement (CE) n° 1107/2009 du Parlement européen et du Conseil concernant la mise sur le marc. ARS USDA - Projet de recherche 2014-2017 - Lethal and Sublethal Effects of a Systemic Pesticide on Alfalfa Leafcutter Bees. NEW SCIENTIST 14/09/15 Bees win as US court rules against neonicotinoid pesticide. BEYOND PESTICIDES 06/05/13 Response to Public Comments on EPA’s “Proposed Registration of the New Active Ingredient Sulfoxaflor for Use on Multiple Commodities, Turfgrass, and Ornamentals” (Docket # EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0889)
LE MONDE 27/08/15 Les experts européens aggravent le cas des pesticides tueurs d’abeilles. CHEMISTRY WORLD 16/09/15 Court rejects US approval of sulfoxaflor pesticide. GREENPEACE (lettre à la Commission Européenne) 17/09/15 US Court annuls market approval for sulfoxaflor. Actualité Houssenia Writing 11/09/15 Interdiction d’un pesticide à l’origine de la disparition des abeilles. GREENPEACE 17/09/15 US Court annuls market approval for sulfoxaflor. CHEMISTRY WORLD 16/09/15 Court rejects US approval of sulfoxaflor pesticide.
REUTERS 10/09/15 U.S. court finds EPA was wrong to approve Dow pesticide harmful to bees.