THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 10/05/13 The Neonicotinoid View: Why Sulfoxaflor Matters To Beekeepers. THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 07/05/13 The Neonicotinoid View -The Impact of Sulfoxaflor. THE ORGANIC VIEW via YOUTUBE 17/09/15 Why Did EPA Vacate Registration For Sulfoxaflor? CONSOGLOBE 30/11/15 Un pesticide interdit aux Etats-Unis autorisé en Europe. L’Union européenne avait décidé, il y a de ça plusieurs années, de limiter l’usage des pesticides de type néonicotinoïde, nocifs pour les abeilles.
La mise sur le marché d’un nouveau pesticide très proche vient pourtant d’être validée en Europe, alors que ce pesticide est interdit aux Etats-Unis, pays généralement bien plus permissif à ce niveau. Un scandale que dénoncent plusieurs associations. Les néonicotinoïdes toujours épinglés par les associations et les apiculteurs Les néonicotinoïdes représentent un danger immédiat pour les abeilles, comme l’a montré une étude parue dans le magazine Science dès 2010. Les études sur le sujet n’ont eu de cesse de se multiplier depuis, montrant la toxicité, et poussant des associations comme des groupes de particuliers à porter plainte contre les gros groupes de fabricants.(9) C’est en effet qu’on ne parle pas que de quelques colonies, mais bien de millions d’abeilles décimées chaque année.
Un nouveau pesticide autorisé malgré les mises en garde. POLLINIS - NOV 2015 - NOTE DE SYNTHESE SUR L’AUTORISATION DU SULFOXAFLOR SUR LE SOL EUROPEEN. SEPPI OVERBLOG 16/11/15 Sulfoxaflor, le « pesticide tueur d'abeilles » PHYS_ORG 17/08/16 Sulfoxaflor found to be less harmful to insect predators than broad-spectrum insecticides. A new study appearing in the Journal of Economic Entomology has found that the selective insecticide sulfoxaflor is just as effective at controlling soybean aphids (Aphis glycines) as broad-spectrum insecticides, without causing significant harm to some beneficial predators of the aphid.
The study provides evidence that selective insecticides like sulfoxaflor could play a larger role in integrated pest management, which attempts to minimize the adverse impact on beneficial insects while effectively controlling pests. "This study provides the first evaluation of the compatibility of novel selective insecticide with natural enemies for management of A. glycines in soybean production," the authors wrote. "Because management of A. glycines in the north central United States currently relies primarily on foliar applications of only two modes of action (pyrethroid and organophosphate insecticides), there is risk of A. glycines developing insecticide resistance. Last fall, the U.S. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology Volume 19, Issue 3, September 2016, Lethal and sublethal effects of sulfoxaflor on the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus.
A Institute of Plant Protection, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, People's Republic of Chinab Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, People's Republic of Chinac College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, People's Republic of Chinad Shengli College, China University of Petroleum, Dongying, 257097, People's Republic of China Received 5 April 2016, Revised 21 June 2016, Accepted 24 June 2016, Available online 25 June 2016 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access Get rights and content Highlights Sulfoxaflor exhibited higher level toxicity against L. striatellus adults compared with tested seven other insecticides.
Both LD10 and LD30 induced inhibition effects on L. striatellus. Abstract. EPA - NOV 2015 - Sulfoxaflor-Final Cancellation Order. EPA 17/05/16 Proposed Decision to Register the Insecticide Sulfoxaflor with Reduced Uses. Following the decision of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, EPA has reevaluated the data supporting the use of sulfoxaflor and is now proposing to approve an amended registration with fewer uses and additional requirements that will protect bees.
The proposed registration is very protective of pollinators and includes fewer crops than were allowed under sulfoxaflor's previous registration. For those crops that are included and that are bee-attractive, sulfoxaflor would be applied only post-bloom, when bees are not expected to be present. Other requirements are designed to prevent spray drift. In addition to requesting comment on the proposed registration of sulfoxaflor, EPA is also seeking public comment on two additional restrictions that may be added to the final label. One would require a buffer when there is blooming vegetation bordering the field. EPA is soliciting public comment for 30 days. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005021-16 Sulfoxaflor insecticide. The insecticide sulfoxaflor was approved on 18 August 2015, even though the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) had concluded that the available data were insufficient to rule out a high risk to honey bees.
EFSA also noted that data which would allow a robust assessment of all aspects of honey bee health were lacking. This is in stark contrast not only to decisions taken in other countries, but also to the partial banning of insecticides with a similar mode of action in the EU. According to the EU pesticides database, authorisation is in progress in five countries (Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Ireland and the Netherlands).
CODEX - Résidus de pesticides dans les aliments et les aliments pour animaux - Informations concernant le pesticide - 252 Sulfoxaflor. Arthropod Management Tests 2012, Vol. 37 FOLIAR APPLICATIONS OF SULFOXAFLOR, BYI02960, AND SOME COMMONLY USED INSECTICIDES FOR CONTROL OF ASIAN CITRUS PSYLLID AND CITRUS LEAFMINER IN ORANGES: SUMMER, 2011. EPA 06/05/13 Pesticide News Story: The EPA’s Final Decision on the New Active Ingredient Sulfoxaflor. For Release: May 6, 2013 The EPA has granted unconditional registrations for the new active ingredient sulfoxaflor, formulated as a manufacturing use product and two end-use products for use in production agriculture.
The EPA is granting the use of sulfoxaflor on barley, bulb vegetables, canola, citrus, cotton, cucurbit vegetables, fruiting vegetables, leafy vegetables, low-growing berries, okra, ornamentals (herbaceous and woody), pistachio, pome fruits, root and tuber vegetables, small vine climbing fruit (except fuzzy kiwifruit), soybean, stone fruit, succulent, edible podded and dry beans, tree nuts, triticale, turfgrass, watercress and wheat.
Occupational worker and food safety data confirm these uses are safe when sulfoxaflor is used in accordance with the labeling terms and restrictions. Also, the ecological effects profile for sulfoxaflor supports the registration finding. The registration will provide growers with a new pest management tool for use on piercing/sucking insects. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-013884-15 Les abeilles et sulfoxaflor. Sulfoxaflor; Pesticide Tolerances for Emergency Exemptions. This regulation is effective January 28, 2015.
Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before March 30, 2015, and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION). The docket for this action, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2014-0643, is available at or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays.
The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305-5805. WIKIPEDIA - Sulfoxaflor. Sulfoxaflor is a systemic insecticide which acts as an insect neurotoxin and is a member a class of chemicals called sulfoximines which act on the central nervous system of insects.
Mode of action Sulfoxaflor is classified for use against sap-feeding insects as a sulfoximine, which is a sub-group of insecticides that act as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) competitive modulators. Sulfoxaflor binds to nAChRs in place of acetylcholine. Sulfoxaflor binding causes uncontrolled nerve impulses resulting in muscle tremors followed by paralysis and death. Other nAChR competitive modulator sub-groups that bind differently on the receptor than sulfoximines include neonicotinoids, nicotine, and butenolides. Non-target effects PPDB: Pesticide Properties DataBase - GENERAL INFORMATION for sulfoxaflor. Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home Sulfoxaflor is a new insecticide that is used to control aphids in field crops and favourably compares with imidacloprid in efficiacy.
It is non-volatile, whilst potentially mobile in soils it has a low potential for leaching due to its rapid degradation rate. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT 17/09/13 Standard for Sulfoxaflor active constituent. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Apr 13;59(7):2950-7. Discovery and characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide targeting sap-feeding pests. JOURNAL OF COTTON SCIENCE - 2012 - Field Evaluations of Sulfoxaflor, a Novel Insecticide, Against Tarnished Plant Bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) in Cotton. Pest Management Science Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 328–334, March 2011 Biological characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide.
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Volume 41, Issue 7, July 2011, P Novel nicotinic action of the sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor. Volume 41, Issue 7, July 2011, Pages 432–439 Special Issue: Toxicology and Resistance Edited By Rene Feyereisen and Sarjeet Gill a Dow AgroSciences, LLC, 9330 Zionsville Rd., Indianapolis, IN 46268, USAb University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Received 19 November 2010, Revised 19 January 2011, Accepted 27 January 2011, Available online 4 February 2011 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2011.01.009 Get rights and content.
UNIVERSITY OF TIKRIT / UNIVERSITY OF DIYALA (IRAK) - 2013 - EVALUATION OF SULFOXAFLOR AS A NOVEL GROUP INSECTICIDE AGAINST WHITEFLY (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) ( ALEYRODIDAE: HOMOPTERA) ON CUCUMBER AT NINEVEH GOVERNORATE/KWER DISTRICT. FOOD SAFETY COMMISSION OF JAPAN - OCT 2014 - Risk Assessment Report Sulfoxaflor. SANTE CANADA 08/06/15 Décision d'homologation RD2015-09, Sulfoxaflore. Analytical methods. 11/2012 Determination of sulfoxaflor residues in vegetables, fruits and soil using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. SCI 30/10/12 Investigating the mode of action of sulfoxaflor: a fourth-generation neonicotinoid. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology Volume 107, Issue 1, September 2013, Sulfoxaflor and the sulfoximine insecticides: Chemistry, mode of action and basis for efficacy on resistant insects. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2014 May;44 Suppl 2:1-14. Application of a novel integrated toxicity testing strategy incorporating "3R" principles of animal research to evaluate the safety of a new agrochemical sulfoxaflor.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005591-13 Restrictions on the use of neonicotinoids blamed for high bee mortality in agriculture. Following a number of studies carried out by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) at the Commission’s behest, which highlighted the risks to bee health of neonicotinoid use in agriculture, and in the light of the agreement expressed by the European Environment Agency (EEA), the Commission has decided to enact a two-year moratorium imposing severe restrictions on the use of certain molecules within this class, which are known by the trade names clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. However, the moratorium only applies to the use of these products on ‘bee-attractive crops’, and thus ignores the risk posed by such molecules — the toxicity of which has by now been proven — to other forms of animal life, such as aquatic invertebrates, birds and other insects.
It should be emphasised that bees play a fundamental and strategic role in flower pollination and hence in the propagation of most land plants. EFSA 21/05/14 Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance sulfoxaflor. Sulfoxaflor is a new active substance for which in accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Regulation’), the rapporteur Member State (RMS) Ireland received an application from Dow AgroSciences on 1 September 2011 for approval. In accordance with Article 8(1)(g) of the Regulation, Dow AgroSciences submitted applications for maximum residue levels (MRLs) as referred to in Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. Complying with Article 9 of the Regulation, the completeness of the dossier was checked by the RMS and the date of admissibility of the application was recognised as being 30 September 2011. The RMS, Ireland, and the co-rapporteur Member States Czech Republic, France and Poland provided the initial evaluation of the dossier on sulfoxaflor in the Draft Assessment Report (DAR), which was received by the EFSA on 23 November 2012.
JOUE 29/07/15 RÈGLEMENT D'EXÉCUTION (UE) 2015/1295 DE LA COMMISSION du 27 juillet 2015 portant approbation de la substance active «sulfoxaflor», conformément au règlement (CE) n° 1107/2009 du Parlement européen et du Conseil concernant la mise sur le marc. ARS USDA - Projet de recherche 2014-2017 - Lethal and Sublethal Effects of a Systemic Pesticide on Alfalfa Leafcutter Bees.
FEDERAL REGISTER 17/05/13 RULES - Pesticide Tolerances: Sulfoxaflor; Pesticide Tolerances. In the Federal Register of July 25, 2012 (77 FR 43562) (FRL-9353-6), EPA issued a document pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), announcing the filing of a pesticide petition (PP 0F7777) by DOW AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN, 46268. Section 408(b)(2)(A)(i) of FFDCA allows EPA to establish a tolerance (the legal limit for a pesticide chemical residue in or on a food) only if EPA determines that the tolerance is “safe.” Section 408(b)(2)(A)(ii) of FFDCA defines “safe” to mean that “there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue, including all anticipated dietary exposures and all other exposures for which there is reliable information.” This includes exposure through drinking water and in residential settings, but does not include occupational exposure. A. NEW SCIENTIST 14/09/15 Bees win as US court rules against neonicotinoid pesticide.
Which way? Neonicotinoid pesticides can disrupt bee navigation (Image: Zhang Bo/Getty) A worldwide dispute over the threat to bees posed by the class of pesticides called neonicotinoids, took a dramatic new turn last week, when a US court overturned federal approval for a new formulation called sulfoxaflor. Judges found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had relied on “flawed and limited” data, and its green light was unjustified given the “precariousness of bee populations”. As a result of the US decisions, rules on the controversial chemicals in the US and European Union are in bizarre contradiction. EPA 05/02/14 Why did EPA register sulfoxaflor? I heard it harms bees. The EPA gave extensive consideration to pollinator protection when the agency approved the registration for sulfoxaflor.
EPA's Response to Public Comments on the agency's decision to register this chemical explains why the Agency believes a pesticide that is acutely toxic to bees can be used without causing widespread harm to pollinators. The Response to Comments document is 51 pages long, but we encourage everyone to read the entire document to better understand the issues and the data that support EPA's decision. In brief, the key is to limit exposure. BEYOND PESTICIDES 06/05/13 Response to Public Comments on EPA’s “Proposed Registration of the New Active Ingredient Sulfoxaflor for Use on Multiple Commodities, Turfgrass, and Ornamentals” (Docket # EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0889) LE MONDE 27/08/15 Les experts européens aggravent le cas des pesticides tueurs d’abeilles. BEE LIFE 13/08/15 L’Europe autorise un nouvel insecticide tueur d’abeilles: stupeur et consternation ! CHEMISTRY WORLD 16/09/15 Court rejects US approval of sulfoxaflor pesticide.
A US federal appeals court has overturned the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) approval of sulfoxaflor, an insecticide that acts on the same insect receptors as neonicotinoids, which have been implicated in the decline of honeybees and other pollinators. In the ruling, a trio of judges said that the studies the EPA relied upon for sulfoxaflor’s approval in May 2013 are inconclusive regarding the pesticide’s actual risks to bees. ‘In this case, given the precariousness of bee populations, leaving the EPA’s registration of sulfoxaflor in place risks more potential environmental harm than vacating it,’ wrote Judge Mary Schroeder.
‘I am inclined to believe the EPA ... decided to register sulfoxaflor unconditionally in response to public pressure for the product and attempted to support its decision retroactively with studies it had previously found inadequate,’ wrote Judge N R Smith. GREENPEACE (lettre à la Commission Européenne) 17/09/15 US Court annuls market approval for sulfoxaflor. Actualité Houssenia Writing 11/09/15 Interdiction d’un pesticide à l’origine de la disparition des abeilles. Une cour d’appel fédérale a bloqué l’utilisation d’un pesticide concernant ses effets sur les abeilles. Ces dernières années, les colonies d’abeilles se sont effondrées à une vitesse foudroyante aux États-Unis. Ce tribunal a déclaré que l’agence américaine de la protection de l’environnement (EPA) n’a pas étudié correctement le pesticide Sulfoxaflor avant d’approuver son utilisation en 2013 sur de nombreux types de graines incluant le citron et le coton.
Les études initiales sur le Sulfoxaflor avaient montré que ce pesticide était hautement toxique pour les abeilles et l’EPA aurait dû faire plus de tests. Et étant donné que la situation des abeilles est déjà précaire, l’utilisation du Sulfoxaflor est désormais interdite, car ses bienfaits sont neutralisés par son impact nocif sur l’environnement. Un porte-parole de l’EPA a déclaré que l’agence prenait note de la décision, mais elle ne ferait pas de commentaire. GREENPEACE 17/09/15 US Court annuls market approval for sulfoxaflor.
As the Commissioner responsible for approving sulfoxaflor for a wide range of uses in the European Union on 27 July 2015, we are sure that you will find this judgement of great interest. The findings of the Court are entirely consistent with the concerns raised by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Your approval for use in the EU was made despite the fact that EFSA concluded in its risk assessment that the available data were insufficient to rule out a high risk to honey bees. EFSA highlighted a fundamental lack of available data to allow a robust assessment of all aspects of honey bee health and, moreover, did not even attempt to evaluate the risk to other pollinators, such as wild bees. EFSA also stated that the proposed mitigation measures were not backed up by sufficient evidence to confirm that they were likely to be effective.
CHEMISTRY WORLD 16/09/15 Court rejects US approval of sulfoxaflor pesticide. REUTERS 10/09/15 U.S. court finds EPA was wrong to approve Dow pesticide harmful to bees.