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SORGHO TRANSGENIQUE

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GENETIC LITERACY PROJECT 29/11/16 Nigeria expected to introduce GMO rice, bean and sorghum crops within 2 years. GM WATCH 19/12/14 US growers move towards sorghum due to its non-GMO appeal. China’s voracious appetite for the grain stems from the country’s rejection of certain varieties of GM corn As GMWatch has long predicted, the GMO industry has effectively "junked" the US corn crop by genetically modifying it.

GM WATCH 19/12/14 US growers move towards sorghum due to its non-GMO appeal

Herbicide-resistant superweeds choking up the fields and market rejection of GMOs are pushing farmers towards an alternative – sorghum (also known as milo), a grain crop that isn't GM. As the Nebraska Grain Sorghum Board states, the non-GMO label is part of the appeal and farmers oppose the idea of genetically modifying it. This is a cautionary tale for all those who are touting GM wheat.

It's imperative that the problems now afflicting US corn don't spread to other valuable crops. Milo in the limelight NICHOLAS BERGINLincoln Journal Star, 15 Dec Don Bloss’ phone has been ringing more than usual lately. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology Volume 91, July 2015, Transgenic expression of a sorghum gene (SbLRR2) encoding a simple extracellular leucine-rich protein enhances resistance against necrotrophic pathogens in Arabidopsis.

Highlights SbLRR2 expression is inducible by pathogen and methyl-jasmonate in sorghum seedlings.

Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology Volume 91, July 2015, Transgenic expression of a sorghum gene (SbLRR2) encoding a simple extracellular leucine-rich protein enhances resistance against necrotrophic pathogens in Arabidopsis

SbLRR2-overexpressing Arabidopsis showed enhanced resistance against necrotrophs. JA production and signaling may be involved in the SbLRR2-mediated resistance. Abstract Plant leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain-containing proteins are known to play important roles in signaling transduction and defense responses. THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER 21/07/15 Sorghum's GMO Question. Updated: March 14, 2016 Telvent DTN, LLC, doing business as “DTN The Progressive Farmer” or “Schneider Electric” (hereinafter “Schneider Electric”) respects individual privacy and values the confidence of its customers, employees, business partners, and others.

THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER 21/07/15 Sorghum's GMO Question

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In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant March 2014, Volume 50, Production and evaluation of transgenic sorghum for resistance to stem borer. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Nov;41(20):e188. Demonstration of CRISPR/Cas9/sgRNA-mediated targeted gene modification in Arabidopsis, tobacco, sorghum and rice.

DAILY NATION 29/05/16 Kenya: State Sanctions Sale of Local GM Maize, Sorghum Varieties. By James Kariuki The government has finally sanctioned the sale of locally developed biotech maize and sorghum varieties that are drought- and pest-resistant, to post high yields.

DAILY NATION 29/05/16 Kenya: State Sanctions Sale of Local GM Maize, Sorghum Varieties

Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (Kephis) acting managing director Esther Kimani said the 17 maize varieties would now be sold to farmers for commercial use after a rigorous process showed the varieties were also weed-resistant. The notice published in the latest Kenya Gazette said five fast-maturing varieties named Kalro Katumani, jointly developed by the Nairobi-based African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (Cimmyt), Monsanto Company and the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation were suitable for eastern, Nyanza and central regions. Its special attributes include proven resistance to drought, major leaf diseases and maize streak virus, where the yields were estimated at between six to seven tonnes per hectare.

COURRIER INTERNATIONAL 26/02/09 Du sorgho OGM pour lutter contre la malnutrition. Trends Biotechnol. 2008 Feb;26(2):64-9. Epub 2008 Jan 11. Can GM sorghum impact Africa? TREE HUGGER 22/09/08 Does Africa Need Genetically Modified Sorghum? INFOGM - JUILLET 2009 - Le « super sorgho » (transgénique) critiqué par un chercheur de l’Inra. MNN 27/04/12 Will sorghum and sugarcane be the next oil crops? Sorghum and sugar are both widely used crop plants that produce a small amount of oil, but they are mostly farmed for food purposes rather than used for fuel.

MNN 27/04/12 Will sorghum and sugarcane be the next oil crops?

The University of Illinois is looking to change that. Dr. Stephen Long, a genomics biology professor at the university in Urbana-Champaign, heads the project, and the goal is to enhance the oil-producing qualities of sorghum and sugar so that they produce more oil than sugar or starch. This would make these varieties of sorghum and sugar into major oil crops, which could provide a significant source of fuel for the U.S.

The oil these plants would produce would mainly be used for jet fuel and biodiesel, but this could still make a significant impact on the fuel economy of the U.S. Using sorghum and sugar as oil crops would be beneficial in many ways, but there is also controversy surrounding the idea. Overall, this is a very promising project, and if it's successful, it will be big news. INTECH 07/03/12 Genetic Transformation of Immature Sorghum Inflorescence via Microprojectile Bombardment. Rosangela L.

INTECH 07/03/12 Genetic Transformation of Immature Sorghum Inflorescence via Microprojectile Bombardment

Brandão1, Newton Portilho Carneiro1, Antônio C. de Oliveira1, Gracielle T. C. P. Coelho1 and Andréa Almeida Carneiro[a] - 1 1. Sorghum bicolor is one of the most important cereals in the world after rice, maize, wheat and barley. However, unlike others Poaceae, sorghum transformation has been a challenge mainly due to recalcitrance in tissue culture and long periods of selection required for the recovery and regeneration of putative transgenic plants (Casas et al., 1993, Zhao et al., 2000; Jeoung et al., 2002; Howe et al., 2005). Even though the efficiency of sorghum transformation using the microprojectile bombardment had been improved, by all this studies, since the initial experiments (from 0,3 to 1,3%), it is still low if compared with the efficiency of sorghum transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens from 2.1% – 4.5% (Zhao et al., 2000; Gao et al., 2005; Howe et al., 2006). 2. 2.1. 2.2.

LIGADOSMCS 21/10/12 South Africa Must License Analysis Lab on Genetically Modified Sorghum. Prof. Florence Wambugu, a renowned agricultural biotechnologist and the founder of Africa Harvest Biotech Foundation International, is at the moment entangled in a row with the South African government more than her strategy to set up a multimillion dollar study laboratory and greenhouses to develop genetically modified sorghum. Prof. Wambugu has received a large grant – US$415 million – from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to develop genetically modified crops, which have proved important in alleviating food insecurity. Her selection of South Africa stems from the fact that its the only African nation with Biosafety laws. South Africas early enactment of biosafety laws has made it the preferred destination for biotechnology investors.

In justifying its choice to suspend Prof. For the record, Prof. Prof. MERID 25/10/12 Exploiter le potentiel du sorgho pour la tolérance au froid. Exploiter le potentiel du sorgho pour la tolérance au froid Résumé posté par Meridian le 10/25/2012 Source: Checkbiotech.org (22 octobre 2012) Auteur(s): Dennis O'Brien Des scientifiques du Département de l’Agriculture des Etats-Unis (USDA) cherchent à accroître la tolérance au froid et le niveau de production du sorgho.

MERID 25/10/12 Exploiter le potentiel du sorgho pour la tolérance au froid

MERID 07/09/12 Les premières variétés de sorgho issues de la sélection assistée par marqueurs diffusées pour la mise en culture. Les premières variétés de sorgho issues de la sélection assistée par marqueurs diffusées pour la mise en culture en Afrique subsaharienne.

MERID 07/09/12 Les premières variétés de sorgho issues de la sélection assistée par marqueurs diffusées pour la mise en culture

AG ANNEX 03/05/12 Ceres sweet sorghum hybrids processed into diesel. May 3, 2012, Thousand Oaks, CA - Energy crop company Ceres, Inc. announced its improved sweet sorghum hybrids were successfully processed into renewable diesel by Amyris, Inc. under a U.S.

AG ANNEX 03/05/12 Ceres sweet sorghum hybrids processed into diesel

Department of Energy (DOE) grant. Amyris is expected to present a summary of the results this afternoon at the 34th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals in New Orleans, Louisiana. The pilot-scale project evaluated both sugars and biomass from Ceres’ sweet sorghum hybrids grown in Alabama, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana and Tennessee. To process the sugars that accumulate in the plants, known as free or soluble sugars, the sorghum juice was first extracted from the stems and concentrated into sugar syrup by Ceres. The inedible plant fibers of the sweet sorghum, known as cellulosic biomass or bagasse, provided an additional source of what are called cellulosic sugars. As a dedicated energy crop, sweet sorghum has a number of advantages. ICRISAT - 2012 - Adaptive values of wild X cultivated sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) hybrids in generations F1, F2, and F. Muraya, M M and Geiger, H H and Sagnard, F and Toure, L and Traore, P C S and Togola, S and de Villiers, S and Parzies, H K (2012) Adaptive values of wild X cultivated sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)

ICRISAT - 2012 - Adaptive values of wild X cultivated sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) hybrids in generations F1, F2, and F

Moench) hybrids in generations F1, F2, and F3. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 59 (1). pp. 83-93. ISSN 1573-5109 Gene flow between cultivated and their wild relatives is one of the main ecological concerns associated with the introduction genetically modified (GM) cultivars. AGBIO_ORG_ZA 13/08/10 GM Sorghum: Africa's Golden Rice. URBANORGANICNEWS 14/05/12 Genetically Modified Crops Threaten Gluten Free Sorghum. Plans for More Genetically Modified Crops Threaten Gluten Free Sorghum Sorghum is a staple food crop that feeds millions of people in Africa and Asia. It is a popular breakfast cereal grain in most countries, except the United States. Sorghum is a gluten free grain that allows people with celiac disease or a gluten intolerance to eat it without getting sick. Sorghum flour can be used to make foods like breads and cereals that are similar to products made with wheat and other grains that contain gluten, a protein that is causes an autoimmune response in people with a sensitivity.

ARS USDA - Programme de recherche 2010-2012 - Development of Tester Lines for Gm Sorghum Risk Assessment. DUPONT/PIONEER - OCT 2012 - Présentation : Africa biofortified sorghum (ABS) project update - sept 2012. LANCASTER FARMING 27/10/12 Scientists tap sorghum's potential for cold tolerance.