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Scandale des oeufs au fipronil - Juillet/septembre 2017

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PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001822-18 Lack of a uniform approach during the fipronil crisis. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000713-18 Scandale du fipronil et de l'amitraze dans les œufs. En septembre 2017, 39 produits étaient identifiés en France comme comportant un niveau de fipronil supérieur au seuil autorisé. La Commission se défend en arguant que la Belgique n'a tiré le signal d'alarme que le 20 juillet. Or, on sait que l'usage frauduleux du fipronil remonterait à novembre 2016.

La Commission se justifie également en affirmant ne pas avoir été destinataire de la notification de la Belgique aux Pays-Bas, dans le cadre du système d'assistance administrative et de coopération. Or, dans ce système, la Commission peut intervenir, si elle a connaissance d'activités qui semblent être contraires à la législation. En collaboration avec les États, la Commission peut réaliser des inspections ou demander à l'État concerné d'intensifier les contrôles officiels. 1. 2. EFSA 03/05/18 Occurrence of residues of fipronil and other acaricides in chicken eggs and poultry muscle/fat. EFSA 03/05/18 Fipronil : publication des résultats du programme de surveillance. L'EFSA a publié son analyse des données alimentaires recueillies suite à la détection à grande échelle de résidus de fipronil dans les œufs l'été dernier.

Les États membres ont soumis à l'EFSA les résultats de l’analyse de plus de 5 000 échantillons d'œufs et de poulets collectés entre le 1er septembre et le 30 novembre 2017. Les échantillons ont été analysés pour y détecter d’éventuelles traces de fipronil et d'autres substances actives spécifiées par la Commission européenne. L'analyse a révélé que 742 des échantillons contenaient des résidus en quantités dépassant les limites légales, presque toutes associées au fipronil.

La majorité des dépassements ont été relevés dans des échantillons déjà suspectés, c’est-à-dire issus de produits ou de producteurs où une utilisation illégale était connue ou supposée. Les produits dépassant les limites légales provenaient de huit États membres – Pays-Bas, Italie, Allemagne, Pologne, Hongrie, France, Slovénie et Grèce. Contexte. FOOD NAVIGATOR 02/11/17 Fipronil proficiency test reveals concerns in one lab. It was one of five labs that incorrectly said a spiked sample was compliant.

Findings come from results of a proficiency test​​ (PT) organised by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) with DG SANTE following a request by the Belgian Government in August. The aim was to assess the competence of Official Control Laboratories (OCLs) and National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) in EU Member States to determine content of the insecticide fipronil in eggs around the regulated Maximum Residue Level (MRL). Target analytes were fipronil, fipronil sulfone and the sum (fipronil and fipronil sulfone) expressed as fipronil. Analysis of 100-500 egg samples for lab with unsatisfactory result​ Individual laboratory performance was expressed in terms of z scores according to ISO 13528:2015.

Sample A was spiked with Fipronil and Fipronil Sulfone and Sample B was the unaltered starting material with the SUM of Fipronil and Fipronil Sulfone (expressed as Fipronil) far below the MRL. AFSCA 23/08/17 Evaluation et gestion des risques liés à la présence de fipronil dans les oeufs, les ovoproduits, la viande de volailles et les produits transformés. EUROPA_EU - DEC 2017 - Fipronil in eggs: Factsheet – December 2017. Abstract: News about the so-called 'FIPRONIL case' has received widespread media coverage, causing one of the most significant food scares in Europe since the 2013 'horse meat scandal' and leading to a judiciary enquiry and withdrawal of millions of eggs from supermarket shelves. The 'FIPRONIL case' is linked to the discovery of the insecticide in contaminated eggs and egg products in several EU Member States and outside Europe.

FIPRONIL is authorised to be used as veterinary medicine to combat fleas, mites and ticks in dogs and cats but forbidden for use in animals that are intended for the food chain, such as chickens. The European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis, communicated that 26 of the 28 EU Member States reported the presence of FIPRONIL in eggs and egg products, with more than 45 countries affected worldwide, including the United States, Russia, Israel and Canada. LES ECHOS 05/10/17 Oeufs au fipronil: un scandale qui joue en faveur de la France. BLV_BUND_DE 04/04/18 Untersuchungsergebnisse zu Fipronil in verarbeiteten eihaltigen Lebensmitteln. BVL veröffentlicht Bericht zum Sonderprogramm des Bundesweiten Überwachungsplans 2017 Durch die illegale Anwendung eines fipronilhaltigen Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittels mussten im vergangenen Spätsommer europaweit Eier zurückgerufen und vernichtet werden.

Auch solche Lebensmittel, in denen Eier verarbeitet wurden, wie beispielsweise Nudeln, Mayonnaise oder Eierlikör, wurden im Rahmen eines Sonderprogramms von den deutschen Überwachungsbehörden untersucht. Die heute vom Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL) veröffentlichten Untersuchungsergebnisse zeigen, dass in 116 der 903 Proben Rückstände von Fipronil nachgewiesen wurden. Sämtliche gemessenen Fipronilgehalte lagen jedoch deutlich unterhalb der Konzentration, die vom Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (BfR) als gesundheitlich bedenklich angesehen wird. 87 % der Proben ohne Fipronilnachweis In 116 Proben (13 %) konnten dabei Fipronilrückstände nachgewiesen werden. Bundesweiter Überwachungsplan Ausgabejahr. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007681-17 Fipronil eggs contamination: support measures for affected poultry farmers. Following answers from EU Commissioner Andriukaitis to my previous urgent questions on 9 August this year (P-005185/2017), the preliminary impact of Fipronil eggs contamination has now been assessed, and on Tuesday 12 December 2017 the Commission classified it as an ‘exceptional incident’ that justifies official aid.

The Commission has accordingly authorised support measures by the Member State Belgium to a value of EUR 21.8, of which five million has already been released from the first envelope. By the end of October the damage in the Netherlands already amounted to EUR 65‐75 million(1), which rose by EUR 5-10 million in December according to WER (Wageningen Economic Research). A further approximately EUR 70‐80 million in indirect damage is expected for egg packing centres and egg product manufacturers. 1. 2. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN Réponse à question E-007391-17 Contaminated eggs in the European Union. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006263/2017 Fipronil: follow-up question on European exchanges of food safety alerts. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005958/2017 Traces of fipronil in eggs: interests of consumers and producers. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005939-17 Contamination of hens' eggs. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006102-17 The contaminated eggs scandal.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Nouvelle question E-005526/2017 Shortcomings in the rapid alert system - Fipronil contamination in eggs. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Nouvelle question E-005583/2017 Fipronil eggs contamination. According to a European Commission announcement, around 22 EU Member States, 2 EEA Member States and 10 non-European countries have received Fipronil-contaminated food. In addition, Ukraine has imposed an import ban on eggs from Belgium, the Netherlands and France, and Oman has stopped importing EU eggs altogether.

Other countries, such as Brazil, have already banned exports from certain poultry farms in the EU. In Greece, no information has been published on the import of eggs or products from countries affected by this scandal. 1. How will the Commission support Member States like Greece in identifying and withdrawing from the market all products contaminated by the insecticide Fipronil? 2. Why was the RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) system triggered so late, seven months after this prohibited substance was first identified in a Member State? 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005362-17 Eggs contaminated with insecticide.

Following the scandal of eggs contaminated with insecticide (Fipronil), which is sold freely on the shelves of many supermarkets in Italy and in Europe in general, various government authorities, including Italy’s Ministry of Health, have issued a series of statements with the aim of reassuring the public about the level of risk that these substances present to their health. At present, the use of Fipronil in poultry houses is not permitted, but, as its use is authorised for the protection of domestic animals, it is in practice available for sale, even in large quantities, giving rise to the risk of improper use in poultry houses where eggs are produced for human consumption. — Are the effects of chronic exposure of human beings to Fipronil known? — Is it possible to prohibit the marketing of Fipronil and other products which, if used for purposes other than those indicated, constitute a serious hazard to human health? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005364-17 The EU's unsatisfactory response to the tainted-egg scandal.

In recent weeks, there has been growing concern across Europe raised by the incident involving contaminated eggs containing the insecticide Fipronil, which may potentially harm the liver, thyroid and kidney functions. Several million contaminated eggs were found in more than one half of EU countries, as well as outside Europe. This incident points to a lack of supervision and control over the supply chain and food safety standards which, in practice, are clearly being bypassed by some food companies seeking to increase their profits. This incident has also exposed a highly ineffective and much-delayed response to such scandals at the EU level and to inadequate mechanisms for protecting European citizens in the event of cross-border violations of food safety standards, and the communication and exchange of information among the EU countries was very poor.

This is unacceptable since we are dealing with a potential human health risk that calls for quick and effective actions. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005434-17 Œufs contaminés au fipronil. En juillet 2017, l'Agence fédérale belge pour la sécurité de la chaîne alimentaire (AFSCA) a activé le système d'alerte rapide géré par la Commission européenne pour les denrées alimentaires et les aliments pour animaux (RASFF), afin d'informer les pays limitrophes de la présence potentielle dans des œufs de résidus de l'insecticide «fipronil», pourtant proscrit dans la chaîne alimentaire.

En cause, la fourniture d'un produit de nettoyage contenant l'insecticide et commercialisé à l'insu des éleveurs de poules pondeuses. En quelques semaines, l'affaire des œufs contaminés s'est étendue à 18 pays européens et jusqu'à Hong Kong. D'après les premiers résultats des enquêtes judiciaires, il semblerait que la Belgique avait déjà analysé, à la mi-mai, un échantillon positif au fipronil. La Commission a critiqué la Belgique pour sa notification tardive et exige des explications. — Comment améliorer la coopération entre les pays européens au sein du marché unique? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005463-17 Egg contamination crisis.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005723-17 Fipronil egg scandal and functioning of the RASFF alert system. During July and August 2017, the European public witnessed a major scandal which involved Dutch egg manufacturers, whose eggs were contaminated with fipronil, a preparation which is hazardous for human health. The scandal infringed consumer trust in the European food safety system and public health protection mechanisms on the common market. The General Food Law and the RASFF system represent the basis of protection in cases like this one. However, during the affair, a doubt appeared that certain Member States, that is, their responsible authorities, failed to alert the RASFF on time and warn the Union about the problem. 1.

What steps does the Commission plan to take in order to prevent scandals like the one with contaminated eggs? 2. Does the Commission plan to revise the General Food Law and Commission Regulation (EU) No 16/2011 laying down the procedure of alerting and reporting threats in the RASFF system? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005733-17 Unanswered questions about fipronil eggs contamination. The following questions about the fipronil eggs contamination, that were put to the Commission during agriculture, environment and plenary meetings, remained unanswered. The EU has established guidelines to protect animal welfare. Companies that keep laying hens must strike the right balance with regard to animal welfare(1). Animal owners must take all appropriate measures to ensure and guarantee the welfare of such animals; animals may not be caused unnecessary pain, suffering or injury(2). Following the outbreak of fipronil eggs contamination, 2.5 million healthy chickens in the Netherlands were gassed to save costs. 1. 2.

Fipronil is harmful to pollinating insects, but is allowed in the EU as an insecticide for crops. 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006150-17 Fipronil scandal. Fipronil has been used as an insecticide since 1994. It works by disrupting insects’ central nervous system, which hyperexcites their nerves and muscles and kills them. It is used in a number of anti-parasitic products for pets, such as sprays and tick and flea collars. The chemical is used in farming to combat infestations that attack maize, sunflower and green apple crops. In 2004, its use as a pest control in the sector was banned in France and a number of other European countries after it was blamed for killing off bees.

Although banned in livestock farming, its fraudulent use in a disinfectant led to eggs contaminated with fipronil being found in 24 Member States and in Switzerland and Hong Kong. Taking into account the WHO’s view on the substance, is the Commission considering banning the use of fipronil outright? JO ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE 05/12/17 Au sommaire : QE 735 santé - Gestion de crise fipronil. Texte de la question M. Philippe Bolo interroge M. le ministre de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation sur l'ampleur de la crise des œufs contaminés au fipronil, sa gestion et les mesures d'anticipation envisagées en vue d'en réduire l'impact sur les consommateurs et les producteurs.

La révélation de la contamination frauduleuse au fipronil pose tout d'abord la question de la traçabilité effective, par l'administration, des entreprises et produits concernés dans le cadre du marché national et européen. D'autre part, en matière de gestion de crise, la révélation médiatique de l'événement interroge sur la réflexion à mener au regard de la communication gouvernementale, à même de contrer une communication anxiogène portée par les chaînes d'information en continu et les réseaux sociaux, ainsi que sur les moyens visant à réduire l'impact commercial et d'image pour les filières avicoles dans le cadre d'une éventuelle réduction du volume des ventes.

Texte de la réponse. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005301-17 Eggs contaminated with Fipronil. Recently, several Member States have found eggs in their food chain to be contaminated with Fipronil. 1. How is the Commission helping Member States to identify and withdraw from the market all the products containing these contaminated eggs? 2. How can the European Commission improve the Alert System to ensure prompter notification of the Member States in the event of food safety risks, such as in the case of eggs contaminated with Fipronil? As well as those cases that breach the law, biocides can often be used unsafely owing to the insufficient provision of information to users on their intended and correct use. 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN 12/09/17 Fipronil scandal: how to improve the EU rapid alert system for food and feed (debate)

POINT VETERINAIRE 12/09/17 Un seul usage du fipronil dans les élevages de poules pondeuses en France. ANIA 31/08/17 Fraude sur les œufs au Fipronil : priorité à l’action et à la concertation. VISIBRAIN 31/08/17 Scandale des œufs contaminés : un écho médiatique colossal. EUFIC 23/08/17 Les œufs contaminés par fipronil - Qu'est-ce que vous devez savoir? AFSCA_BE – Chronologie enquête Fipronil. WIKIPEDIA - 2017 Fipronil eggs contamination.

Plan d'action français concernant la crise

SANTE_PUBLIC_LU - AOUT 2017 - Dossier fipronil dans les œufs. NVWA_NL 10/08/17 Fipronil in eggs, response to statements made by Belgian government. AFSCA - Fipronil dans les œufs. BFR 01/08/17 Frequently asked questions about fipronil levels in foods of animal origin. WIKIPEDIA - Scandale des œufs contaminés au fipronil. NL_WIKIPDIA - Fipronilcrisis.