FRONT. VET. SCI. 26/03/19 Negotiated Management Strategies for Bovine Tuberculosis: Enhancing Risk Mitigation in Michigan and the UK. Introduction Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is principally a disease of cattle, but there are several places worldwide where free-ranging wildlife are reservoirs of infection, namely brushtail possums in New Zealand, European badgers in the United Kingdom, wood bison and elk in Canada, African buffalo in South Africa and white-tailed deer in the United States (1).
Where the disease has become established, it can have considerable economic consequences for livestock keepers and poses challenges for national governments and agencies in devising a workable and socially acceptable eradication plan. The ultimate rationale for intervention is based on the potential threat Mycobacterium bovis poses to public health (2); however, the proximate driver for expenditure on bTB management is the potential economic effect of trade restrictions on milk and meat products (3, 4) and the wider ecological concerns associated with potential disease spread into new regions and ecosystems. Methodology Results 1. SCIENCEMADIACENTRE (UK) 13/11/18 expert reactions to an independent review on the bovine TB strategy. November 13, 2018 Reactions to an independent review on the bovine TB strategy as published by Defra.
Prof Malcolm Bennett, Professor of Zoonotic and Emerging Disease, University of Nottingham, said: “The Review is thorough and makes a number of interesting and potentially useful points, particularly concerning the governance of the disease. Few will disagree with the statement that “the current governance arrangements poorly serve bovine TB control”, and that there has been “too little industry ownership of the disease and a widespread implicit belief that bovine TB is government’s problem alone”.
Nor will there be much argument with “the ability of the current system to adapt rapidly to new epidemiological evidence or new technologies is inadequate”. “Much of the review emphasises how little we still know about the disease or its transmission: our diagnostic tests are inadequate and our surveillance – in both cattle and wildlife – inadequate. Declared interests. FRONT. VET. SCI 03/05/18 Bovine tuberculosis in Britain and Ireland – A Perfect Storm? The confluence of potential ecological and epidemiological impediments to controlling a chronic infectious disease.
1Agri Food and Biosciences Institute, United Kingdom Successful eradication schemes for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) have been implemented in a number of European and other countries over the last 50 years.
However, the islands of Britain and Ireland remain a significant aberration to this trend, with the recent exception of Scotland. Why have eradication schemes failed within these countries, while apparently similar programs have been successful elsewhere? While significant socio-economic and political factors have been discussed elsewhere as key determinants of disease eradication, here we review some of the potential ecological and epidemiological constraints that are present in these islands relative to other parts of Europe.
We argue that the convergence of these potential factors may interact additively to diminish the potential of the present control programs to achieve eradication. Received: 05 Feb 2018; Accepted: 03 May 2018. Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists - 2013 College Science Week Scientific Meeting 11–13 July 2013 Epidemiology Chapter proceedings, [PDF][PDF] Epidemiology Chapter proceedings QTG Coast, S Paradise - researchgate.net.
DEFRA - SEPT 2017 - Report on the incidence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in 2013 - 2016. AFSCA 21/11/17 Circulaire Produits animaux - Obligations réglementaires des personnes formées en matière d’examen initial du gibier chassé – Appel à la vigilance vis-à-vis des lésions de tuberculose chez le gibier sauvage. Enregistrement des opérateurs actifs dans le secteur de l’aquaculture et conditions d’autorisation/agrément des installations.
DEFRA 19/07/17 Bovine TB: simplifying testing in the High Risk Area of England. CATTLE HEALTH 27/11/16 New industry-led scheme will help farmers across England and Wales avoid the effects of bovine TB. A new industry-led cattle health programme to evaluate risk and recognise farmers who step up biosecurity to help control bovine TB (bTB), launches today on a dairy farm at Iron Acton near Bristol.
CHeCS bTB Herd Accreditation, a voluntary scheme which has been welcomed by Farming Minister George Eustice and Welsh Government Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Rural Affairs Lesley Griffiths, improves a herd’s ‘score’ every year it is free from a bTB breakdown, awarding a status of 0-10. The scheme is run by Cattle Health Certification Standards (CHeCS), which was established in 1999 by the cattle industry to set standards for the control and eradication of endemic diseases.
This new bTB scheme will require the herd vet and cattle owner to work together on following a number of biosecurity measures already successfully implemented in five other cattle disease control programmes. Farming Minister George Eustice welcomed the scheme, saying: The Cabinet Secretary, Mrs Griffiths, said: Tuberculose et blaireaux au Royaume-Uni.
DEFRA 15/11/16 11 questions about bovine tuberculosis. DEFRA 16/11/16 Historical statistics notices on the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle in Great Britain, 2016. The Veterinary Journal Volume 216, October 2016, Responses to diagnostic tests for bovine tuberculosis in dairy and non-dairy cattle naturally exposed to Mycobacterium bovis in Great Britain. DEFRA 15/07/16 Bovine TB epidemiology reports, 2015. These are detailed epidemiological reports covering the low bovine TB risk areas and the edge areas of England.
DEFRA 17/12/15 Guidance to Natural England: preventing spread of bovine TB. DG SANCO 27/05/15 GB United Kingdom - Animal health - bovine tuberculosis eradication. DEFRA 17/02/15 Response to FOI request for information about incidence of TB in cattle reactors. DEFRA 10/12/14 Historic statistics notices on the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle in Great Britain, 2014. Bovine TB surveillance in Great Britain. The annual bovine TB surveillance reports, commissioned by Defra and the devolved administrations, provide a comprehensive account of the current descriptive epidemiology of bovine TB in Great Britain.
In the GB report, the figures for the most recent year are analysed by country (England, Scotland and Wales) and put in the context of the more historical trends of the disease. From 2012, the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) has produced separate annual surveillance reports for England and Wales which include more in-depth analyses by risk area and by county. Previous reports are available on the archived AHVLA web pages on the National Archive website. Future reports will be produced by the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), which is now responsible for safeguarding animal and plant health. DEFRA 09/10/13 Badger cull extension application in Somerset. The Somerset pilot badger cull has now completed.
Current indications suggest that the pilot has been safe, humane and effective in delivering a reduction in the badger population of just under 60 per cent. The Chief Veterinary Officer has advised that this reduction will deliver clear disease benefits as part of a four year cull. Natural England is currently considering an application from the cull company for a short extension of two to three weeks so as to maximise the disease control benefits achieved in this first year. We expect Natural England to make a decision on the application to extend the application in the next few days. The advice of the Chief Veterinary Officer is that further increasing the number of badgers culled would improve those benefits even further and enable them to accrue earlier. We understand that the cull company in Gloucestershire will also be applying for a licence extension to Natural England today.
DEFRA 13/09/13 Monitoring staff in badger cull zones. DEFRA 13/09/13 Various bovine TB costs (2008 to 2013) Latest statistics on the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle in Great Britain. We would like to hear from our users about their experiences of using these statistics, and would be very grateful if you would complete this short survey.
Please note that this survey is not seeking views on any policies which are in place to control bovine TB. DEFRA 04/07/13 Draft Strategy for Achieving “Officially Bovine Tuberculosis-Free” Status for England. FSA 01/07/13 FSA statement on TB risk from meat. The Agency's meat hygiene inspectors check all meat before it enters the food chain to make sure it is fit for people to eat.
Where inspection reveals any lesions caused by TB in more than one organ or region of a carcass, it is declared unfit for human consumption and destroyed. When a TB lesion has been found in the lymph nodes of only one organ or part of the carcass, that organ or part of the carcass and the associated lymph nodes are removed and destroyed.
The remaining meat is considered safe to enter the food chain. The FSA is confident that the inspection systems in place are robust, otherwise we would not allow this meat into the food chain. According to the European Food Safety Authority, the risk of anyone catching bovine TB through eating meat is 'negligible'. This view is supported by the Advisory Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food (ACMSF), the independent panel of experts that advises the Agency in this area, following its own risk assessment in 2010. LONDON HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE - MARS 1986 - BADGERS AND BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS - Review of policy.
BMC Veterinary Research 2012, 8:51 Risk factors for bovine Tuberculosis at the national level in Great Britain. DG SANCO 15/03/12 food safety - Food and Veterinary Office - audit reports - GB United Kingdom - Animal health - bovine tubercul. [3R - Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants] - K. Walravens (1), C.
Allix (2), P. Supply (3), L. Rigouts (4), J. Godfroid (1), M. . (1) CERVA, Groeselenberg 99, B-1180 Uccle, Belgique (2) Institut Pasteur Bruxelles, rue Engeland 642, B-1180 Bruxelles, Belgique (3) INSERM U629, Institut Pasteur de Lille, rue du Professeur Calmette 1, BP 245, 59019 Lille Cedex, France (4) ITG, Nationalestraat 155, B-2000 Anvers, Belgique (5) AFSCA, Avenue Simon Bolivar 30, B-1000 Bruxelles, Belgique (6) Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Liège, Boulevard de Colonster, 20, B42, B- 4000 Liège, Belgique Suite à des décennies de lutte, l’incidence de troupeaux de la tuberculose bovine (TB) a diminuée progressivement pour finalement passer sous le seuil de 0,1 % depuis 1997.
. • Télécharger le fichier PDF (308.5 ko) • Voir tous les textes de : Allix C. | Dufey J. | Fauville-Dufaux M. | Godfroid J. | Govaerts M. | Portaels F. | Rigouts L. | Saegerman C. | Supply P. | Vanholme L. | Walravens K. ERGO 2008 - Click on underlined hyperlinks below to download document. For further information, please contact: William Wint Published: 2008 Climate Change Pattern Analysis. Report prepared by Euro-Aegis and ERGO Ltd, for VBORNE prject, for European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Solna, Stockholm. PARLIAMENT_UK 06/11/14 Badger Culling: Controlled Shooting Pilots - Commons Library Standard Note. Proposals for controlled shooting of badgers as part of bovine TB control measure were published for consultation in September 2010 by Defra.
In December 2011 it announced the decision to carry out pilot badger culls in two 150km2 areas. In each area farmers would be licensed to control badgers by shooting and would bear the costs of any culls. The Government pledged to bear the costs of licensing and monitoring the culls.