ANTIBIOTICS 23/11/21 Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance in Salmonella Serotypes Concurrently Isolated from the Environment, Animals, and Humans in South Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. One of the main global concerns is the usage and spread of antibiotic resistant Salmonella serovars.
The animals, humans, and environmental components interact and contribute to the rapid emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance, directly or indirectly. Therefore, this study aimed to determine antibiotic resistance (AR) profiles of Salmonella serotypes isolated from the environment, animals, and humans in South Africa by a systematic review and meta-analysis. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to search four databases for studies published from 1980 to 2021, that reported the antibiotic resistance profiles of Salmonella serotypes isolated in South Africa.
The AR was screened from 2930 Salmonella serotypes which were isolated from 6842 samples. ANTIBIOTICS 20/07/21 High Prevalence of ESBL and Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance Genes in Salmonella enterica Isolated from Retail Meats and Slaughterhouses in Egypt. The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) to humans through food of animal origin are considered a major global public health concern.
Currently, little is known about the prevalence of important antimicrobial resistance genes in S. enterica from retail food in Africa. Therefore, the screening and characterization of the extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes in S. enterica isolated from retail meats and slaughterhouses in Egypt were done by using PCR and DNA sequencing techniques.
AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY RESEARCH 07/06/21 Resistance profile of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N'Djamena, Chad. The preparation and sale of street foods is booming in African cities in general and especially in N’Djamena.
However, the hygienic failures observed during this activity constitute a source of contamination of these foods. The objective of this work is to determine the different serotypes of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N’Djamena in Chad and to test their sensitivity antibiotics. In total, 447 samples from 12 different types of food were collected and analyzed using standard food microbiology methods. PLOS 03/08/20 High relatedness of invasive multi-drug resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella genotypes among patients and asymptomatic carriers in endemic informal settlements in Kenya.
Abstract Invasive Non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) disease is a major public health challenge, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
In Kenya, mortality rates are high (20–25%) unless prompt treatment is instituted. The most common serotypes are Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis). The S. Author summary. FOODS 06/05/21 Not All Street Food Is Bad: Low Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Salmonella enterica in Ready-to-Eat (RTE) Meats in Ghana Is Associated with Good Vendors’ Knowledge of Meat Safety. Foodborne infections due to the consumption of meat is a significant threat to public health.
However, good vendor and consumer knowledge of meat safety could prevent meat contamination with and transmission of foodborne pathogens like Salmonella. Thus, this study investigated the vendor and consumer perception, knowledge, and practices of meat safety regarding ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and how this affected the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella enterica in RTE meats in the streets of Ghana. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain the demographics, knowledge, and practices of meat safety data from RTE meat vendors (n = 300) and consumers (n = 382). Salmonella enterica detection was done according to the United State of America (USA)-Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) Bacteriological Analytical Manual. The disk diffusion method was used for antibiotic resistance testing. ►▼ Show Figures. VETERINARY WORLD 28/04/21 Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. strains isolated from healthy poultry farms in the districts of Abidjan and Agnibilékrou (Côte d'Ivoire)
Research (Published online: 28-04-2021) 30.
Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. strains isolated from healthy poultry farms in the districts of Abidjan and Agnibilékrou (Côte d'Ivoire) Moumouni A. Assoumy, André P. VETERINARY WORLD 11/03/20 Phenotypes, antibacterial-resistant profile, and virulence-associated genes of Salmonella serovars isolated from retail chicken meat in Egypt. Research (Published online: 11-03-2020) 7.
Phenotypes, antibacterial-resistant profile, and virulence-associated genes of Salmonella serovars isolated from retail chicken meat in Egypt Amal Awad, Mayada Gwida, Eman Khalifa and Asmaa Sadat Veterinary World, 13(3): 440-445 Amal Awad: Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, 35516, Egypt. Mayada Gwida: Department of Hygiene and Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, 35516, Egypt. Eman Khalifa: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Matrouh University, Egypt. Asmaa Sadat: Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, 35516, Egypt. doi: www.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2020.440-445 Share this article on [Facebook] [LinkedIn]
Acta Tropica Available online 5 November 2018 Molecular characterisation of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica isolates recovered from meat in South Africa. Agyei-Baffour et al., 2013 P.
Agyei-Baffour, K. Sekyere, E. AddyPolicy on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) and adherence to food preparation guidelines: a cross sectional survey of stakeholders in food service in Kumasi Ghana. Ahmad et al., 2013. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY RESEARCH 28/04/17 Prevalence and antibiotics resistance patterns of Salmonella isolated from kitchen sponges at Jimma town, Ethiopia.
Braz J Microbiol. 2017 Feb 14. Prevalence, serotyping and antimicrobials resistance mechanism of Salmonella enterica isolated from clinical and environmental samples in Saudi Arabia. Abstract Salmonella is recognized as a common foodborne pathogen, causing major health problems in Saudi Arabia.
Herein, we report epidemiology, antimicrobial susceptibility and the genetic basis of resistance among S. enterica strains isolated in Saudi Arabia. Isolation of Salmonella spp. from clinical and environmental samples resulted in isolation of 33 strains identified as S. enterica based on their biochemical characteristics and 16S-rDNA sequences.
S. enterica serovar Enteritidis showed highest prevalence (39.4%), followed by S. Paratyphi (21.2%), S. Keywords. DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR INFEKTIONSFORSHUNG 01/06/16 Antibiotika gegen schwere Salmonelleninfektionen in Afrika zunehmend unwirksam. 01 Juni 2016 - PRESSEMITTEILUNG.
KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY 05/10/11 Thèse en ligne : Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Strains of Salmonella Typhi and Staphylococ. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 6(5): 637-640, 2010 Survival and Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella. Revue Elev. Méd. Vét. Pays trop. 2000 Identification d’une nouvelle salmonelle multirésistante dans une viande de poulet de chai. ANN. SOC. BELGE MED. TROP - 1986 - Multiresistant Salmonella typhimurium panophtalmia in an immunocompetent infant. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (1979) Decrease of drug resistance in Salmonella in the Netherlands.
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - JUIN 2001 - Dual Emergence in Food and Humans of a Novel Multiresistant Serotype of Salmonell. SANGER INSTITUTE 30/11/09 Biology of emergent Salmonella exposedDeadly bug targets vulnerable children and adults in Africa. 30th November 2009 Deadly bug targets vulnerable children and adults in Africa Researchers have characterised a new multi drug resistant strain of Salmonella Typhimurium that is causing life-threatening disease in Africa. This type of Salmonella bug normally causes diarrhoea and is rarely fatal. The new strain infects vulnerable children and adults in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa leading to death in up to one in four cases.
The new genome work, a collaboration between the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, the Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme and the Kemri-Wellcome Trust Programme, shows how genetic changes transformed this infection into a new antibiotic-resistant form of the disease. The severe effects of ST313 - invasive disease and high mortality rates - are seen predominantly in individuals with the immune compromising conditions, HIV, malaria, malnutrition or anaemia. Today's results paint a truer picture. "This is a new form of pathogen. " Genome Res. 2009 November 9, 2009 Epidemic multiple drug resistant Salmonella Typhimurium causing invasive disease in sub-Sahara.
+ Author Affiliations ↵9 These authors contributed equally to this work. Abstract Whereas most nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) are associated with gastroenteritis, there has been a dramatic increase in reports of NTS-associated invasive disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates are responsible for a significant proportion of the reported invasive NTS in this region. Multilocus sequence analysis of invasive S. Bacterial genomes harbor both conserved core genome sequence, shared within a species, and pan-genomic sequences that include variable sequence, specific for clusters of isolates or clonal types (Medini et al. 2005). In Salmonella enterica, ∼10% of any individual genome is variable, including many horizontally acquired or mobile elements such as prophages, transposons, plasmids, and insertion elements (McClelland et al. 2001; Parkhill et al. 2001a; Thomson et al. 2008).
Although S. Results. NY TIMES 30/11/09 Salmonella: Drug-Resistant Strain of Bacteria Gains in Africa, With High Death Rates. NY TIMES 01/12/09 GLOBAL UPDATE; Salmonella: Drug-Resistant Strain of Bacteria Gains in Africa, With High Death Rates. CDC EID - NOV 2010 - Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar Infantis, Israel.