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FRANCE BLEU 15/10/19 Safran : l'épice la plus chère du monde se récolte en ce moment en Creuse. Les producteurs de safran Creusois sont en pleine récolte en ce moment.

FRANCE BLEU 15/10/19 Safran : l'épice la plus chère du monde se récolte en ce moment en Creuse

Dans leurs champs, les petites fleurs de crocus sativus pointent le bout de leur nez. On produit l'épice "Safran", en récoltant une partie de leur pistil. La famille Werro s'est lancée dans cette culture en 2012, au domaine du Maignaux, sur la commune de Banize. Depuis quelques jours, ils vivent au rythme des floraisons: il faut souvent cueillir 10 000 fleurs par jours...

Parfois plus. Natacha et Jean-Marie Werro ont planté quatre safranières sur une surface d'un demi-hectare. "La récolte du safran est pénible", explique Jean-Marie Werro "Si on est jeune souple, ça va encore. L'émondage: une opération délicate Une fois les fleurs récoltées, la famille Werro doit émonder les fleurs : il s'agit de récupérer le pistil.

Le pistil doit être immédiatement séché. FRANCE INTER 09/10/19 L ESPRIT D INITIATIVE - Cueillette de safran sur les toits de Paris. Après les fraises, après les tomates...

FRANCE INTER 09/10/19 L ESPRIT D INITIATIVE - Cueillette de safran sur les toits de Paris

C’est au tour du safran de pousser sur les toits. Une exploitation pionnière montée par quatre sœurs. RADIO CANADA 08/07/17 Une pionnière de la culture du safran biologique à Shawinigan. Curr Drug Deliv. 2017 Nov 29. Antiviral effects of saffron and its major ingredients. CFPPA ARIEGE COMMINGES - Les problèmes phytosanitaires du safran. Molecules 2018, 23(1), 30; Saffron: An Old Medicinal Plant and a Potential Novel Functional Food. ACTA HORT - 2006 - Soilless cultivation of saffron in Mediterranean environment. INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE (MA) - 2017 - Guide pratique sur le safran. WIKIPEDIA - Trade and use of saffron. Saffron threads are soaked in hot—but not boiling—water for several minutes prior to use in cuisine.

WIKIPEDIA - Trade and use of saffron.

This helps release the beneficial components. BANGALORE MIRROR 21/03/11 Smugglers thrive on Iranian saffron. Lugging an imported sound system, he was about to walk out free before he was intercepted by sleuths from the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence.

BANGALORE MIRROR 21/03/11 Smugglers thrive on Iranian saffron

A search yielded five kg of Iranian saffron concealed in the cavity of the speakers. That was the first case of saffron smuggling through BIA a little over a year ago. Since then, instances of saffron smuggling have been on the rise. What with high import duties and the high price of Indian saffron, smuggling networks have made Bangalore and Mangalore airports the transit points for bringing in saffron from Iran to south India. The carriers (‘mules’ in smuggling parlance) are mostly people from Kerala and Karnataka working in the Gulf. Customs sources told Bangalore Mirror that saffron has now replaced gold on the priority list of smugglers. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences 31/05/14 Saffron and its Farming, Economic Importance, Export, Medicinal characteristics and Various Uses in South Khorasan Province-East of Iran.

Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism Volume 3, March 2016, The toxicity of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and its constituents against normal and cancer cells. 1.

Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism Volume 3, March 2016, The toxicity of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and its constituents against normal and cancer cells

Introduction Cancer remains as a major leading cause of mortality worldwide. It has been reported that more than 8 million people are diagnosed with cancer each year. GM Crops Food. 2014 Apr-Jun;5(2):97-105. Challenges of climate change: omics-based biology of saffron plants and organic agricultural biotechnology for sustainable saffron production. REVUE DE GEOGRAPHIE ALPINE - 2015 - Strategies used by the saffron producers of Taliouine (Morocco) to adapt to climate change. 1 The national average density is estimated at 37 inhab/km². 1In Morocco, the mountainous regions extend over 187,741 km2, which is about 26% of the national territory.

REVUE DE GEOGRAPHIE ALPINE - 2015 - Strategies used by the saffron producers of Taliouine (Morocco) to adapt to climate change

Approximately 7,548,000 inhabitants live in these areas, which is about 30% of the country’s total population, with a density1 of 40 inhab/km² (IFAD, 2014). They contain opportunities for agriculture, forestry, pastureland and mining, which play essential roles in the life of the rural populations and in the economy of the country. 2 Climate change is considered here as all the variations in the climatic characteristics in a given (...) 2The production systems in these zones are characterised by crop diversification and the integration (at the farm level) of annual crops, fruit trees and livestock.

Figure 1: Taliouine location map 4We chose to work in the agricultural sector because it constitutes the main pillar of the local economy. PHYS_ORG 20/01/16 Chemical fingerprints confirm the saffron fraud. Saffron from Spain is one of the world's most superior varieties, but the majority of this product which is labelled and exported as such originates in other countries.

PHYS_ORG 20/01/16 Chemical fingerprints confirm the saffron fraud

Scientists from the Czech Republic and Spain confirmed this false labelling after analysing 44 commercial products. By using a new technique based on each type of saffron's unique chemical 'fingerprint', the scientists have proved that over 50% of the samples were fraudulent. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis Volume 55, January 2017, Detection of saffron adulteration with gardenia extracts through the determination of geniposide by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Original research article Department of Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Biology, Environmental Sciences and Chemistry, Universidad de Alcalá, Ctra.

Journal of Food Composition and Analysis Volume 55, January 2017, Detection of saffron adulteration with gardenia extracts through the determination of geniposide by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry

Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33,600, 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain Received 27 June 2016, Revised 27 October 2016, Accepted 9 November 2016, Available online 10 November 2016 Get rights and content Highlights. MAA 15/06/16 Du safran en Bretagne : à la découverte de l'or rouge ! À Guégon, dans le Morbihan, Jean-Vincent Le Berre cultive le safran depuis 2010.

MAA 15/06/16 Du safran en Bretagne : à la découverte de l'or rouge !

Ce jeune agriculteur de 33 ans, diplômé en Sciences et techniques d’agronomie et de l’environnement, nous fait découvrir cette épice appelée aussi « l’or rouge ». Interview. Production Practices and Quality Assessment of Food Crops Volume 1 2004, Saffron Quality: Effect of Agricultural Practices, Processing and Storage. Journal of chromatography. A 2008;1209(1-2):55-60. Multi-residue contaminants and pollutants analysis in saffron spice by stir bar sorptive extraction and gas chromatography-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry.

Abstract A method for the simultaneous determination of 46 semi-volatile organic contaminants and pollutants in saffron has been developed for the first time using a stir bar sorptive extraction technique and thermal desorption in combination with gas chromatography–ion trap tandem mass spectrometry.

Journal of chromatography. A 2008;1209(1-2):55-60. Multi-residue contaminants and pollutants analysis in saffron spice by stir bar sorptive extraction and gas chromatography-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry

The analytical method proposed was easy, rapid and sensitive and showed good linearity, accuracy, repeatability and reproducibility over the concentration range tested. Moreover, the correlation coefficients were higher than 0.98 for all target compounds and detection limits were lower than 1 μg/kg except for simazine. The present method was also applied for the analysis of trace contaminants in saffron samples. Keywords. 18th National Congress on Food Technology (Iran) - OCT 2008 - Determination of microbial critical point in saffron preparation in iran. FAO - 2011 - Guide des bonnes pratiques agricoles de production du safran dans la région de Taliouine - Tazenakht. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 20/08/11 Historical uses of saffron: Identifying potential new avenues for modern research. PHYS_ORG 20/01/16 Chemical fingerprints confirm the saffron fraud.

Food Control 03/2011 Bactericidal effect of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) on Salmonella enterica during storage. JOURNAL OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS - MARCH 2011 - An Evidence-Based Systematic Review of Saffron (Crocus sativus) by the Natural Sta. An Evidence-Based Systematic Review of Saffron (Crocus sativus) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration March 2011, Vol. 8, No. 1 , Pages 58-114 (doi:10.3109/19390211.2011.547666) Catherine Ulbricht1, Julie Conquer2, Dawn Costa3, Whitney Hollands4, Carmen Iannuzzi5, Richard Isaac3, Joseph K. Jordan6, Natalie Ledesma7, Cathy Ostroff3, Jill M. Grimes Serrano3, Michael D. Safran du Quercy. Saffron. The saffron crocus, unknown in the wild, probably descends from Crocus cartwrightianus, which originated in Crete; C. thomasii and C. pallasii are other possible precursors.

The saffron crocus is a triploid that is "self-incompatible" and male sterile; it undergoes aberrant meiosis and is hence incapable of independent sexual reproduction—all propagation is by vegetative multiplication via manual "divide-and-set" of a starter clone or by interspecific hybridisation. If C. sativus is a mutant form of C. cartwrightianus, then it may have emerged via plant breeding, which would have selected for elongated stigmas, in late Bronze Age Crete. Etymology[edit] A degree of uncertainty surrounds the origin of the English word, "saffron" although it can be traced to have stemmed immediately from 12th-century Old French term safran, which comes from the Latin word safranum. Safranum comes from the Persian intercessor زعفران, or za'ferân. Species[edit] Description[edit] C. sativus. Cultivation[edit] Safran (épice)

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Vous lisez un « bon article ». Pour les articles homonymes, voir Safran. UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE - OCT 2002 - Thèse en ligne : contribution d'une approche ethnohistorique à la relance du safran dans le. INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE TOULOUSE - 2005 - Thèse en ligne : APPLICATION DU CONCEPT DE RAFFINAGE VEGETAL AU SAFRAN DU Q. Food Chemistry Volume 128, Issue 2, 15 September 2011, Geographical origin differentiation of saffron spice (Crocus sativus L. s. Abstract A preliminary study of the bulk hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope composition of 28 authentic saffron samples produced from Crocus sativus L. cultivated in the typical production areas of Western Macedonia in Greece (8), Khorasan Province in Iran (7), Sardinia in Italy (6) and Castilla-La Mancha in Spain (7) is described.

A chemical characterisation of 16 key quality parameters was also completed on the same samples by UV–Vis, HPLC and GC analyses. Multivariate analysis of the data revealed that 60.7% of saffron samples could be correctly assigned to their respective production countries using the chemical parameters. However, the combined bio-element stable isotope data reliably classified 100% of the saffron samples according to their respective geographical origins using posterior cross validation. Highlights. RESEARCH JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANT - 2011 - Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) strategies for enhancing productivity.