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PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-004368/2020 Assessment of the impact of plant protection products on pollinators/honeybees. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000596/2020 Impact des produits phytopharmaceutiques sur les abeilles. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002421-18 Impact of the use of insecticides on the beekeeping sector. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001583-18 Pesticides that are harmful to bees.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001442-17 Risks posed by using pesticides on bees and other species. Despite partial limitations imposed by the Commission in 2013(1) on the use of specific pesticides classified as harmful for populations of insects and living organisms, concerns over the constant decline of bee population are increasing, as bees play a crucial role in pollinating plants and environmental balance in general. According to new scientific studies, new evidence has emerged on the risks of using particular pesticides on bees and many other species. In particular, a risk assessment carried out by the European Food Safety Authority indicates that certain substances, including clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, are a great threat to bees(2), and a recent study carried out by scientists from the University of Sussex in cooperation with Greenpeace demonstrates that neonicotinoids can remain in agricultural soils for several years, leading to chronic contamination(3). 1.

What is the Commission’s position on the above? 2. Diminution du nombre d'abeilles - E-3915/2009. La Soil Association britannique prétend qu'il existe des preuves probantes que la catégorie de pesticides connus sous le nom de «néonicotinoïdes» est peut-être responsable de la diminution du nombre de colonies d'abeilles observée ces dernières années. Elle pense que ces produits chimiques attaquent le système nerveux central des abeilles et détériorent leur système immunitaire, les capacités de retour au nid et à butiner, leur activité de vol et leur capacité de distinction au moyen de l'odorat. Il est suggéré que l'effet cumulé de très petites doses de néonicotinoïdes peut nuire à la capacité des abeilles de travailler et de communiquer efficacement au sein de leurs colonies et que, pour ces raisons, l'utilisation de ces produits chimiques a été interdite ou suspendue en France, en Allemagne, en Italie et en Slovénie.

Recrudescence de la mortalité chez les abeilles à l'échelle mondiale - E-1387/2008. Je reçois de plus en plus de notifications me signalant que le taux de mortalité des abeilles en Europe ne cesse de prendre un tour toujours plus sérieux. Selon l'Université de Gand, 40 % des abeilles seraient mortes dans leurs colonies cet hiver, soit un pourcentage deux fois supérieur à la normale. En outre, l'université a reçu des rapports analogues provenant du pays tout entier. En France également, le taux de mortalité a connu une augmentation dramatique, atteignant jusqu'à 56 %, tandis qu'en Suisse il se monte même à 60 %.

Observée pour la première fois en octobre 2006 en Amérique, cette augmentation du taux de mortalité, qui se monte déjà à environ 60 % sur la côte ouest, et même à environ 70 % sur la côte est, continue de s'aggraver dans le monde et, à ce jour, a atteint des proportions préoccupantes en Europe. Selon ces rapports, les causes exactes n'ont pas encore été élucidées. 1. 2. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000934-13 Pesticides et abeilles en Europe. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - réponse à question E-001228/2012 Bee mortality linked to pesticides. There has been much ado in recent years about the decline in the bee population in Europe and other parts of the world. The European Commission has itself highlighted the possible consequences of this decline in its 2010 communication (COM(2010)0714) to the European Parliament and the Council. This debate often generates spontaneous references to the presence of pesticides in our environment. Compelling scientific evidence has recently emerged in this connection.

According to reports, a study, not yet published, by Dr Jeff Pettis of the USDA Bee Research Laboratory in Beltsville (US), obtained by the British newspaper, The Independent, shows that neonicotinoid pesticides are contributing to the unnaturally high mortality among bees. Thus, the aforesaid publication refers explicitly to a nicotine derivative called imidacloprid (sold by Bayer Crop Sciences under such trade names as Gaucho, Admire, Merit, Advantage, Confidor, Provado and Winner). 1. 2. 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN 25/04/13 Réponse à question E-004617-13 Measures to protect bees and other insects against certain pesticides.

On 15 March 2013 the Commission proposed a two-year ban on the use of pesticides called neonicotinoids, which are toxic to bees and other pollinators. That proposal failed to gain the required majority, with the UK and Germany among those who voted against. The toxicity of neonicotinoids has been confirmed by several scientific studies, including research carried out in 2012 by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and a Greenpeace study published on 9 April 2013. Neonicotinoids can be lethal to bees and other pollinators. Even small doses lower their resistance to disease and parasites, impair their health and reduce their chances of survival. Food production is highly dependent on bees and other insects, which play a vital role in pollinating plants, but the lives of those insects, and therefore the future of farming, are endangered by pesticides.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000956-15 Pesticides responsables de la disparition d'abeilles. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000956-15 Pesticides responsables de la disparition d'abeilles. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003083-15 Bee die-off and ban on pesticides. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012464-15 Impact of neonicotinoids on bees. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005046-16 Bee deaths and the use of pesticides. Bee deaths in the Union have reached dramatic levels and the use of pesticides is in many ways responsible for this development. 1.

Pesticide safety assessments are carried out almost exclusively on individual substances. However, mixtures of numerous active agents are also invariably found in the environment, in ecosystems and in beehives. To what extent are comprehensive reviews being considered with regard to the combined effects of such mixtures of active agents or the impact of their interaction? 2. To what extent are individual active agents or mixtures of pesticides tested and monitored in safety assessments, which are not only targeted towards individual organisms (honey bees etc.), but also towards ecosystems, biocenoses or even beehives over long periods (i.e. field studies)? 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007887-16 Bayer's pesticides kill bees.