PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003218-16 Mandatory labelling of the origin of dairy products. Currently, product labels inform consumers about the producer and not the country of origin of milk.
According to statistics published by the Competition Council, only 63% of consumer dairy products sold at supermarkets and hypermarkets are Romanian, with 36% being imported from other EU Member States and 1% from third countries. However, although the label on milk packages reads ‘Produced in Romania’, this does not mean that it comes from Romanian cows but rather that it was packaged in Romania.
In general, people are misled by the use of the term ‘cow's milk’ or ‘real milk’, as the product the term refers to does not come directly from dairy cows. In most cases, fresh consumer milk is a milk powder mix with very low nutritional value. According to data published by Eurostat, only 22% of the milk produced by Romanian farmers is processed at local factories, while the European average exceeds 90%.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002496-16 Extension of food origin labelling for meat and milk. In May 2015 the Commission concluded that voluntary labelling schemes are more appropriate than mandatory schemes.
They do not constitute an additional financial or regulatory burden. Two reports by the Commission have not been followed up by any legislative proposals. The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety is again calling for mandatory indication of the country of origin or place of provenance for certain foods. In 2013 the European Statistical Office asked consumers if they considered additional information to be necessary. 84% of respondents stated that the origin of milk should be indicated. 88% of citizens think that in the case of meat the origin should be indicated for types of meat other than beef, swine, sheep, goat and poultry meat. More than 90% also wished to know the origin of meat in processed food products.
What measures is the Commission preparing in connection with mandatory origin labelling for meat and milk foodstuffs?
MAAF 29/01/14 Accès aux Guides de Bonnes Pratiques d’Hygiène français publiés - Collecte lait cru et fabrication de produits laitiers. FOOD CONTROL 19/12/13 Development of Microbiological Criteria to Assess the Acceptability of a Food Lot – an Example for Milk Powder. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-013820-15 Greater transparency regarding labelling in the dairy sector. DGCCRF 25/11/15 Les laits de consommation.
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