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Références résistance antimicrobienne (OIE - OMS – FAO - CODEX - ONU)

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OIE VIA YOUTUBE 23/11/20 “United to preserve antimicrobials" across the Asia-Pacific Region. FAO 07/10/20 Today the Development Law Service of FAO (LEGN) launched the public review of the “Methodology to analyse AMR-Relevant Legislation in the Food and Agriculture Sector – Guidance Document for Regulators”, 7 October.

FAO 07/10/20 Today the Development Law Service of FAO (LEGN) launched the public review of the “Methodology to analyse AMR-Relevant Legislation in the Food and Agriculture Sector – Guidance Document for Regulators”,

Today the Development Law Service of FAO (LEGN) launched the public review of the “Methodology to analyse AMR-Relevant Legislation in the Food and Agriculture Sector – Guidance Document for Regulators”, available in English, Spanish and Russian. The public review, starting on 7 Octoberand ending on 15 December 2020, aims to strengthen the consensus built so far and ensure the Methodology meets the needs of those seeking to improve the legislative frameworks for AMR.

National regulators, local lawyers, veterinarians, researchers, universities, NGOs and any other stakeholders across all agricultural sectors with knowledge on AMR, veterinary medical products, antimicrobial pesticides, food safety, animal or plant health legislation are invited to participate. The drafting team will analyse all comments received and act as appropriate.

The team will provide replies to each comment, when requested by commenters. Related documents: FAO - 2019 - REGIONAL ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE GUIDELINES. ALL ABOUT FEED 01/11/19 Nutritional strategies to reduce antibiotics in beef cattle. The approach to antibiotic use in animal husbandry requires specific considerations, particularly in relation to the type of animal bred with specific reference to the age and resistance of the animals.

ALL ABOUT FEED 01/11/19 Nutritional strategies to reduce antibiotics in beef cattle

In the beef cattle rearing sector, the greater resistance and robustness of the animals, together with the application of good management practices, make it possible to avoid preventive antibiotic treatments and decidedly limit their overall use. The “receiving phase” is, however, the one phase of the rearing cycle recognised as being particularly critical due to the high health risk associated with it. For animals naturally accustomed to living together in herds and therefore with social relations founded on a well-established and stable hierarchy, factors such as a change of environment, feed and, above all, mixing with other animals, may subject them to severe stress.

Stress impairs immune defences The role of yeast pro- and post-biotics and selenium-enriched yeast The study The results. FRONT. VET. SCI. 25/09/19 OIE Annual Report on Antimicrobial Agents Intended for Use in Animals: Methods Used. Introduction The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has worked actively for more than two decades on veterinary products, including antimicrobial agents, and developed a coherent strategy for its activities in this area (1).

FRONT. VET. SCI. 25/09/19 OIE Annual Report on Antimicrobial Agents Intended for Use in Animals: Methods Used

Monitoring of antimicrobial use (AMU) is an important source of information that, together with surveillance of AMR, can be used for the assessment and management of risks related to AMR. In the framework of the Global Action Plan on AMR, the OIE has also built a global database on antimicrobial agents intended for use in animals, supported by the Tripartite collaboration (WHO, FAO, OIE). The OIE ad hoc Group on Antimicrobial Resistance developed a template for harmonized AMU data collection, as well as guidance for its completion that are available in the three official OIE languages (i.e., English, French, and Spanish) (4). The OIE launched its annual data collection on AMU in 2015, and published the first Report in 2016 (5). Materials and Methods Table 1. 1. OIE - AVRIL 2019 - NO TIME TO WAIT: SECURING THE FUTURE FROM DRUG-RESISTANT INFECTIONS - REPORT TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS. ONU ENVIRONNEMENT 17/05/17 Frontières 2017 : questions émergentes d'ordre environnemental. Au sommaire notamment: Résistance aux antimicrobiens : étude de la dimension environnementale.

FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DU LAIT - SEPT 2018 - IDF ANIMAL HEALTH REPORT. Au sommaire: The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Annual Collection of Data on the Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Animals. ONU 30/05/18 Croissance des animaux de ferme : la FAO appelle à cesser l’utilisation des médicaments antimicrobiens. OIE - 2016 - Combattre l'antibiorésistance, un engagement à long terme.

FAO VIA YOUTUBE 08/11/17 Working together towards responsible antimicrobial use. UNENVIRONMENT 05/12/17 Antimicrobial resistance from environmental pollution among biggest emerging health threats, says UN Environment. Human antibiotic use up 36% this century; antibiotic use in livestock to grow 67% by 2030.Up to 75% of antibiotics used in aquaculture may be lost into the surrounding environment.Antimicrobial resistance one of six emerging areas of concern highlight in UN Environment Frontiers Report Nairobi, 5 December 2017 – Growing antimicrobial resistance linked to discharge of drugs and particular chemicals into the environment is one of the most worrying health threats today, according to new research from UN Environment that highlights emerging challenges and solutions in the environmental space.

UNENVIRONMENT 05/12/17 Antimicrobial resistance from environmental pollution among biggest emerging health threats, says UN Environment

Launched during the United Nations Environment Assembly at UN Environment headquarters in Nairobi, The Frontiers Report looks at six areas: the environmental dimension of antimicrobial resistance; nanomaterials, marine protected areas, sand and dust storms, off-grid solar solutions, and environmental displacement. The report also considers five other emerging issues. OMS 07/11/17 Cessons d’utiliser des antibiotiques chez des animaux en bonne santé afin de prévenir la propagation de la résistance à ces médicaments. FOOD SAFETY NEWS 15/08/17 OIE reports on antimicrobial agents, animals in 130 countries. The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) is out with a first-time overview of the use of antimicrobial agents in animals.

FOOD SAFETY NEWS 15/08/17 OIE reports on antimicrobial agents, animals in 130 countries

The 67-page report includes the first annual reporting on the use of antimicrobial agents in animals with global and regional analysis based on data ranging from 2010 to 2015. A total of 130 OIE member countries, or 72 percent of the 180 member nations, contributed data to the report. Members participated even when quantitative data on antimicrobial agents used in animals was not available. The report found 96 nations, or 74 percent, of the 130 OIE member countries do not permit antimicrobial agents for growth promotion in animals. Tylosin and Bacitracin were the most frequently mentioned antimicrobial agents used for growth promotion in the 25 countries where such use is permitted. Oral is the principal method of administering antimicrobials to animals, according to the OIE report. (To sign up for a free subscription to Food Safety News, click here.) OIE - DEC 2016 - OIE Annual report on the use of antimicrobial agents in animals - BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL SITUATION.

OIE 24/05/16 L’OIE présente les fondements de sa stratégie pour lutter contre l’antibiorésistance. OIE 26/06/14 Unir toutes les forces contre l’antibiorésistance. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz.,- Vol. 32 (2) Coordination des politiques de surveillance de la santé animale et de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments « de l'étable à la table ». Au sommaire: La surveillance intégrée de la santé animale et de la sécurité. Résumé : Les informations recueillies lors de la surveillance de la résistance aux agents antimicrobiens des bactéries commensales et zoonotiques pathogènes présentes chez l’homme et les animaux ainsi que dans les denrées alimentaires sont essentielles pour concevoir des mesures visant à améliorer la sécurité sanitaire des aliments.

Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz.,- Vol. 32 (2) Coordination des politiques de surveillance de la santé animale et de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments « de l'étable à la table ». Au sommaire: La surveillance intégrée de la santé animale et de la sécurité

OIE 08/10/15 Vers une meilleure surveillance de l’utilisation des antibiotiques en santé animale. OMS 05/12/14 Résistance aux antimicrobiens - Rapport récapitulant les progrès accomplis dans l’application de la résolution WHA67.25 sur la résistance aux antimicrobiens. OMS - 2014 - Antimicrobial resistance - Global report on surveillance 2014 Full report 256 pages. OMS - 2014 - Antimicrobial resistance - Global report on surveillance 2014.

OMS 29/04/15 Les systèmes pour combattre la résistance aux antibiotiques manquent dans toutes les régions du monde. OMS 27/03/15 Résistance aux antimicrobiens - Projet de plan d’action mondial pour combattre la résistance aux antimicrobiens. FAO - 2015 - Textes du Codex concernant la résistance aux antimicrobiens d’origine alimentaire. FAO - MARS 2015 - Rôle de la FAO dans la lutte contre la résistance aux antimicrobiens. La résistance aux antimicrobiens est un problème mondial majeur de santé publique et animale de plus en plus préoccupant.

FAO - MARS 2015 - Rôle de la FAO dans la lutte contre la résistance aux antimicrobiens

Le risque paraît particulièrement élevé dans les pays dotés de systèmes peu efficaces ou inadéquats pour surveiller et contrôler la législation et la règlementation concernant l’utilisation de ces médicaments. C’est la raison pour laquelle la FAO joue un rôle clé en aidant les gouvernements, les producteurs, les commerçants et les autres parties prenantes à adopter des mesures pour réduire au minimum l’emploi des antimicrobiens et empêcher que se développe une résistance à ces substances.

OMS 05/12/14 Résistance aux antimicrobiens - Rapport récapitulant les progrès accomplis dans l’application de la résolution WHA67.25 sur la résistance aux antimicrobiens. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. , 2014, (3), ... - ... Résidus d’antibiotiques et denrées d’origine animale en Afrique : risques de santé publique. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. , 2014, 33 (3), ... - ... Antimicrobial residues in foods of animal origin in Africa: public health risks.

OIE - Revue scientifique et technique 31 (1) AVRIL 2012 L’antibiorésistance en santé animale et en santé publique. CODEX ALIMENTARIUS – Au sommaire pour 2011 : ALINORM REP11/AMR Groupe intergouvernement spécial du Codex sur la résistance aux. FAO 05/04/11 FAO supports measures to minimize and contain antimicrobial resistance (AMR) FAO supports measures to minimize and contain antimicrobial resistance (AMR) The use of antibiotics for treatment of animal diseases has tremendous benefits for animal health and therefore contributes to supporting the livelihoods of livestock owners—particularly those in the poorest countries—and to propel economic development.

FAO 05/04/11 FAO supports measures to minimize and contain antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

However, inappropriate use of antimicrobials for treatment and prevention of diseases in food production or companion animals can also lead to the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistant microorganisms. The misuse of drugs, such as, for example, under-dosing, uncontrolled use to prevent disease, the use of counterfeit, and poor quality compounds can create the conditions that allow resistant microorganisms to emerge, spread, and persist. In short, development of resistance to antimicrobial drugs renders life saving treatments ineffective.

The appearance of AMR in food animals poses serious threats to food security and livelihoods. NOV 2007 - Réunion mixte d'experts FAO/OMS/OIE sur les agents antimicrobiens d'importance critique - Rapport de la réunio. CODEX - RAPPORT DE LA QUATRIÈME SESSION DU GROUPE INTERGOUVERNEMENTAL SPÉCIAL DU CODEX SUR LA RÉSISTANCE AUX ANTIMICROBIENS Muj. CODEX ALIMENTARIUS 05/10/05 CODE D'USAGES VISANT À RÉDUIRE AU MINIMUM ET À MAÎTRISER LA RÉSISTANCE AUX ANTIMICROBIENS. CODEX - JUILLET 2011 - LIGNES DIRECTRICES POUR L'ANALYSE DES RISQUES LIÉS À LA RÉSISTANCE AUX ANTIMICROBIENS D'ORIGINE ALIMENTAI. L’OIE lance un espace web dédié à l’antibiorésistance. Paris, 3 octobre 2011 - Dans le cadre de son mandat en faveur de la protection de la santé animale et de la santé publique vétérinaire, y compris la sécurité sanitaire des aliments, l’OIE est très concerné par l’antibiorésistance et a décidé de créer un espace web dédié fournissant des informations pertinentes et à jour sur le sujet.

L’OIE lance un espace web dédié à l’antibiorésistance