QZ_COM 28/02/17 A new genetic tool maps how deadly viruses spread around the world in real time. GLOBAL CHALLENGES 10/01/17 Data, disease and diplomacy: GISAID's innovative contribution to global health. Abstract The international sharing of virus data is critical for protecting populations against lethal infectious disease outbreaks.
Scientists must rapidly share information to assess the nature of the threat and develop new medical countermeasures. Governments need the data to trace the extent of the outbreak, initiate public health responses, and coordinate access to medicines and vaccines. Recent outbreaks suggest, however, that the sharing of such data cannot be taken for granted – making the timely international exchange of virus data a vital global challenge.
This article undertakes the first analysis of the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data as an innovative policy effort to promote the international sharing of genetic and associated influenza virus data. Introduction Impact Box What challenges does the study address? The timely international sharing of virus data is critical for protecting populations against lethal infectious disease outbreak. Conclusion S. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), Spatiotemporal Frameworks for Infectious Disease Diffusion and Epidemiology. UNIVERSITE DE SOUTHAMPTON via SCIENCE DAILY 22/08/16 New global migration mapping to help fight against infectious diseases. Geographers at the University of Southampton have completed a large scale data and mapping project to track the flow of internal human migration in low and middle income countries.
Researchers from the WorldPop project at the University have, for the first time, mapped estimated internal migration in countries across three continents; Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean. Professor Andy Tatem, Director of WorldPop, comments: "Understanding how people are moving around within countries is vital in combating infectious diseases like malaria. The parasite which causes the disease can be quickly reintroduced to a malaria free area by highly mobile populations. "Having an accurate overview of how different regions of countries are connected by human movement aids effective disease control planning and helps target resources, such as treated bed nets or community health workers, in the right places.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), GIS and Remote Sensing Use in the Exploration of Lyme Disease Epidemiology. Int.
J. Environ. Res. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2014, 3, 868-870 GIS and Public Health. PLOS 10/07/15 A Spatial Analysis of Rift Valley Fever Virus Seropositivity in Domestic Ruminants in Tanzania. Abstract Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute arthropod-borne viral zoonotic disease primarily occurring in Africa.
Since RVF-like disease was reported in Tanzania in 1930, outbreaks of the disease have been reported mainly from the eastern ecosystem of the Great Rift Valley. This cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the variation in RVF virus (RVFV) seropositivity in domestic ruminants between selected villages in the eastern and western Rift Valley ecosystems in Tanzania, and identify potential risk factors. Three study villages were purposively selected from each of the two Rift Valley ecosystems. Serum samples from randomly selected domestic ruminants (n = 1,435) were tested for the presence of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and M (IgM), using RVF enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods.
Editor: Tetsuro Ikegami, The University of Texas Medical Branch, UNITED STATES Received: November 11, 2014; Accepted: June 3, 2015; Published: July 10, 2015 Introduction Fig 1. Results. SPACE NEWS 20/05/15 NASA Enlists Satellites To Watch for Harmful Algal Blooms. In August 2014, city officials in Toledo, Ohio warned 400,000 residents not to drink, cook with or bathe in the city’s tap water for three days due to an algal bloom in Lake Erie that tainted water flowing into the city treatment plant.
The harmful algal bloom, caused by excessive levels of nutrients including phosphorous in Lake Erie’s warm shallow water, produced green slime on the water’s surface and a type of cyanobacteria dangerous to people and animals. “There are currently insufficient resources to monitor all of the nation’s lakes and reservoirs for harmful algal blooms on the ground.” To identify other harmful algal blooms in freshwater ecosystems in the continental United States, NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Geological Survey are beginning a five-year $3.6 million research campaign that relies on space-based sensors originally designed to detect variations in ocean color.
ECDC 19/05/15 New GIS tool for disease mapping launched. Proceedings of WHO Consultation on Development and Application of Geographical Methods in the Epidemiology of Zoonoses, Germany, May 01/1994 Application of GIS in animal disease control-possibilities and limits. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND - 2014 - Spatio-Temporal Disease Tracking Using News Articles. Global Journal of Environmental Research - Volume 7 Number 1, 2013 - The Use of Multi Metric Index for Pollution Detection by Us. Geospatial Health 7(2), 2013, pp. 369-374 Assessing bias associated with geocoding of historical residence in epidemiology resea. Biology & control of vector-borne infections in Europe. EDENext, Biology and control of vector-borne infections in Europe, is a research project bringing together 46 international teams dedicated to investigating the biological, ecological and epidemiological components of vector-borne disease introduction, emergence and spread, and the creation of new tools to control them.
For more details on the EDENext project itself visit the project website www.edenext.eu. International Journal of Health Geographics 2011, 10:35 Geographic profiling as a novel spatial tool for targeting infectious di. The Ohio State University - Présentation : Supramap: Weather maps for infectious diseases based on analysis of genomic and geogr. HEALTHGIS - NOV 2012. LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE 30/01/13 Présentation : Guiding Control: Spatial Epidemiology of NTDs. J Vector Borne Dis 49, December 2012, pp. 197–204 The role of Remote Sensing and GIS for spatial prediction of vector-borne dise.