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CURRENT BIOLOGY 18/03/19 DNA barcoding validates species labelling of certified seafood. Summary Seafood is one of the most traded food commodities in the world with demand steadily increasing [1].

CURRENT BIOLOGY 18/03/19 DNA barcoding validates species labelling of certified seafood

There is, however, a rising concern over the vulnerability of seafood supply chains to species mislabelling and fraud 1, 2. DNA methods have been widely used to detect species mislabelling and a recent meta-analysis of 4500 seafood product tests from 51 publications found an average of 30 percent were not the species stated on the label or menu [3]. This high rate poses a serious threat to consumer trust, reputations of seafood businesses and the sustainability of fishery resources. Seafood certification schemes may help reduce this problem. View Abstract © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. MOLECULES 10/05/19 Approaching Authenticity Issues in Fish and Seafood Products by Qualitative Spectroscopy and Chemometrics. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license.

MOLECULES 10/05/19 Approaching Authenticity Issues in Fish and Seafood Products by Qualitative Spectroscopy and Chemometrics

No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field.

Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature. FRONT. MICROBIOL. 17/04/20 Exploring the Potential of the Microbiome as a Marker of the Geographic Origin of Fresh Seafood.

Introduction Globally, seafood is one of the most common food categories associated with fraud (Pardo et al., 2016; Van Ruth et al., 2018).

FRONT. MICROBIOL. 17/04/20 Exploring the Potential of the Microbiome as a Marker of the Geographic Origin of Fresh Seafood

Widespread fraud undermines the credibility and profitability of this industry which currently generates US$150 billion in economic activity annually (FAO, 2018). High rates of seafood fraud are the cumulative result of several factors: seafood is the most highly traded food commodity, it has a long and complex supply chain, and most of the supply chain is not readily transparent (Kittinger et al., 2017). International laws entitle consumers to know the identity of the species, the geographical origin, and the production method (caught or farmed) for all categories of seafood (Chatterjee et al., 2019). Seafood fraud includes any type of intentional mislabeling that misleads the consumer about any of these parameters. The current method for detection of species substitution is DNA barcoding. APPLIED SCIENCES 17/06/20 How Fishy Is Your Fish? Authentication, Provenance and Traceability in Fish and Seafood by Means of Vibrational Spectroscopy. Food authenticity, traceability and provenance are emerging issues of major concern for consumers, industries and regulatory bodies worldwide.

APPLIED SCIENCES 17/06/20 How Fishy Is Your Fish? Authentication, Provenance and Traceability in Fish and Seafood by Means of Vibrational Spectroscopy

In addition, both food safety and security are an intrinsic component of food quality where the above issues are key in modern traceability and management systems. It has been reported that substitution of a high-quality species by less expensive ones might be a frequent practice in seafood products such as fish and shellfish. In this type of products, the source (e.g., origin) and identification of the species are complex. Although different countries have implemented strict regulations and labelling protocols, these issues still are of concern. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005689-18 Preventing fraudulent labelling of fish.

FISH AND FISHERIES 21/12/18 DNA‐analysis to monitor fisheries and aquaculture: Too costly? DNA‐analysis can answer a number of questions relevant to control and enforcement and supply chain traceability in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors (Figure 1): “which species does a fish product contain?”

FISH AND FISHERIES 21/12/18 DNA‐analysis to monitor fisheries and aquaculture: Too costly?

, “from where did a fish originate?” (Ogden, 2008; Rasmussen & Morrissey, 2009), “was it captured legally?” (Glover et al., 2012a) and even the farm of origin of aquaculture escapees can be identified (Glover, 2010). Yet, while DNA‐analysis has undergone phenomenal methodological advances in the past decade it remains under‐utilized for fisheries and aquaculture management (Bernatchez et al., 2017). This is regrettable since there clearly is a need to strengthen fisheries control and enforcement schemes to combat Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing, which is a major impediment to achieving sustainable and profitable exploitation of fish stocks. I-JOE - 2017 - Quality and Safety Traceability System of Aquatic Products Based on Internet of Things. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002360-18 EU eco-label for fishery and aquaculture products. The common fisheries policy (CFP) should ensure that fishing and aquaculture activities contribute to long-term environmental, economic, and social sustainability.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002360-18 EU eco-label for fishery and aquaculture products

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002169/2012 Latin fish names. According to the Danish newspaper Berlingske (18 February 2012), in the very near future the Commission will submit a proposal for a directive which would require Danish fishmongers to begin displaying the Latin names for their fish and to tell consumers what a catch is called in Latin.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002169/2012 Latin fish names

Fishmongers infringing that rule would be liable to fines and penalties imposed by the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. The Danish Fishmongers Association is deeply concerned about this proposal and warns that it would only lead to yet more red tape, as each individual fish wholesaler would then have to pay for consultancy services to meet the new Danish Veterinary and Food Administration requirements and, at the same time, would have to take on extra staff who could translate into Latin. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008404-16 Fraudulent labelling of fish in the EU. In answer to my Question E-000149/2016 on fraud in the labelling of fish, the Commission said that a ‘project for sampling in view of DNA identification of fish species is planned for 2016’.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008404-16 Fraudulent labelling of fish in the EU

Since I submitted that question, further studies have continued to highlight the seriousness of consumer fraud over fish in the EU such as that revealed by the NGO Oceana in September 2016, which highlighted ‘errors’ in 98% of bluefin tuna served in Belgian restaurants, or that carried out in 2014 by the CEU San Pablo University in Madrid, which concluded that 32.5% of albacore in Spain was actually being substituted by other fish. This harms not only consumers but also traditional sustainable industry, such as the mussel sector in my region, Galicia, as I explained in my questions E-006052/2014 and E-007653/2014. — What progress has been made on the sampling project for DNA identification of fish species this year?

PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN AQUACULTURE - APRIL 2016 - ROLE OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN FISH FOOD SAFETY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN FISH TRADE. Food Chemistry 203:375-378 · July 2016 Development of a fast DNA extraction method for sea food and marine species identification. Food Control 50 · November 2014 DNA Barcoding identification of commercialized seafood in South Brazil: A governmental regulatory forensic program. FOOD CONTROL - 2011 - Critical criteria when implementing electronic chain traceability in a fish supply chain. GS1 - JUNE 2015 - GS1 Foundation for Fish, Seafood and aquaculture traceability implementation guideline. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004683-16 Impact on the European canning industry of trade liberalisation and deregulation: public certification system for canned fishery products (II)

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004721-16 Eco-labelling of fisheries products. Eco-labelling of products is becoming increasingly important.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004721-16 Eco-labelling of fisheries products

These labels fulfil various functions. They give consumers additional product information when making their purchases, including information concerning environmental aspects. Furthermore, labelling gives a product a certain character so that consumers can make an informed choice about products which meet their requirements in a given range. Unfortunately, it is only available in certain EU markets and only concerns specific products, and in some countries there is only a low level of recognition. Additionally, the lack of specific EU labelling for fisheries products has been highlighted. What is the Commission's position on the introduction of EU-wide standards, review procedures, certification and labelling to distinguish fisheries products originating from sustainable fisheries? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002791-15 Use of scientific names in labelling of fishery and aquaculture products for sale to final consumers and mass caterers.

EUROPE 04/12/15 Food fraud: Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration are published today. Food and Feed Safety (04-12-2015) Food fraud: Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration are published today Today, the European Commission published the results of EU-wide control plans to assess the prevalence of fraudulent practices in the marketing of fish and honey.

EUROPE 04/12/15 Food fraud: Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration are published today

SKYNEWS_COM_AU 12/08/15 No fish-labelling for restaurants. Australians still won't know where seafood sold at restaurants and fish-and-chip shops comes from after the Senate killed off suggested labelling changes. Despite fish-labelling being generally supported by the upper house, the coalition and Labor say they couldn't back the legislation because it breached Australia's obligations to co-regulators New Zealand.

The private member's bill would have forced the food regulatory body to come up with origin standards for cooked and pre-prepared seafood within 12 months. As an example, the standards would require a pub selling fish to list on the menu from where it comes. Seafood sold elsewhere, such as fish markets or supermarkets, is already required to have the source country identified to consumers. ABC_NET_AU 15/05/15 Restaurant seafood country of origin labelling laws 'would not work in Australia', Scullion says. Updated A bill to introduce national laws based on the Northern Territory's seafood-labelling legislation "would not work in Australia", Northern Territory Senator Nigel Scullion says.

In response, the NT Seafood Council has expressed hope any "technical issues" with the labelling could be overcome. The bill, which is expected to fail in its current form after it is voted on by the Senate in August, intends to change food-labelling laws so that country of origin is labelled on seafood sold in restaurants or takeaway shops. FOOD SAFETY MAGAZINE 04/03/14 Electronic Seafood Traceability in a World of Risk and Uncertainty: The Gulf Seafood Trace Experience. FSM eDigest | March 4, 2014 By Alexander Miller Seafood is the most traded food in the world,[1] and such distinction brings both challenge and opportunity, as recently witnessed in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico.[2] The seafood industry is open to significant risk and uncertainty with its complex supply chain in which multiple shipments become one finished product and extensive transformation and aggregation occur through numerous handoffs between harvest and consumption.

As information surrounding such complexity grows exponentially, the ability to access, manage, and share such information is critical to mitigating risk, whether at the supplier, buyer or consumer level. The current antiquated mass of documents associated with seafood products has resulted in daunting data overload. Quality and Safety Quality and safety concerns in the Gulf have stemmed from the high-risk nature of seafood; further recall, handling, shelf life, audit requirements and the lingering Deepwater Horizon disaster. FAO - fev 2014 - SUB-COMMITTEE ON FISH TRADE Fourteenth Session Bergen, Norway, 24–28 February 2014 BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES ON TRACEABILITY.

Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - Poster : Genetic traceability of canned fish products manufactured in Cape Verde. OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY - 2015 - Willingness to Pay for Multiple Seafood Labels in a Niche Market. CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY - 2016 - The role of traceability in transforming seafood governance in the global South. Sustainability 2014, 6, 8195-8217 Can Consumers Understand Sustainability through Seafood Eco-Labels? A U.S. and UK Case Study.

Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Received: 10 August 2014 / Revised: 14 October 2014 / Accepted: 23 October 2014 / Published: 18 November 2014 In the United States and the United Kingdom, over the last decade major retail chains have increasingly publicized their efforts to supply sustainably sourced and eco-labelled seafood. Debate exists over the extent of consumer demand for this product.

Seafood eco-labels purportedly resolve the information asymmetry between producer and consumer, allowing consumers who care about sustainability to easily find and purchase these products. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. ICTSD 14/10/15 Seafood traceability and labelling: Lessons from WTO Tuna disputes. How to track fish from sea to fork to ensure positive environmental outcomes? In the latest chapter of what is generally agreed to be the longest running international trade and environment dispute, last April a WTO compliance panel ruled in favour of Mexico’s claims that the US continues to unfairly discriminate against tuna products from its southern neighbour, particularly around the application of certification, tracking, and verification processes linked to a “dolphin-safe” label.

The April verdict by the global trade arbiter came in response to claims brought by Mexico under Article 21.5 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) alleging that the US failed to comply with 2012 recommendations from the WTO’s highest court on the matter. Both the US and Mexico have appealed the compliance panel ruling and a hearing was held before the Appellate Body on those appeals on 21-22 September. Compliance proceedings, a new chapter. FOOD MAGAZINE 24/11/14 OceanWatch Australia increases traceability with QR codes. Marking an Australian fishing industry first, OceanWatch Australia has introduced unique QR codes for fresh seafood, providing wholesale buyers with a complete picture of where, how, and by who the catch was caught.

Food Control. 09/2015 Authentication and traceability of fish maw products from the market using DNA sequencing. Food Policy. 10/2013 Consumer knowledge and use of information about fish and aquaculture. TRENDS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume 33, Issue 6, June 2015, Pages 331–336 Seafood traceability: current needs, available tools, and biotechnological challenges for origin certification.

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA - DEC 2014 - Current requirements for labelling of seafood and seafood products. International Symposium of IIFET - 2010 - Eco-labelling in Fisheries along West African Coast: the Potentials and Pitfalls. THE OPEN FOOD SCIENCE JOURNAL - 2007 - Determining the origin of seafood products on the Belgian Market: Challenges to traceability and database management.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007295-15 Indication of catch areas on the labelling of fishery products. GOV_UK 03/09/13 Commercial designations of fish: United Kingdom - List of the fish names (commercial designations) accepted at t. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002669/2012 Traceability of fish products. A recent investigation published in Italy shows that around two-thirds of the fish that are normally consumed in Italian restaurants are not in reality what they are sold as. An uninformed consumer can in fact be led to believe that they are eating a product from the Tyrrhenian Sea, which in reality comes from Vietnam. It is a common occurrence, for example, for Mekong catfish (pangasius) to be sold as grouper, or for Atlantic halibut to be passed off as sole. There are numerous examples and reasons for this: over the last year fish imports to Italy rose by 11 %, and this is not due to a lack of fish in our seas, which in reality are thriving.

It simply comes down to the fact that fish from other seas cost a lot less. However, these fish have different features from ours, and the two should absolutely not be mixed up. Is the Commission aware of this situation which is very damaging, especially for our fishermen, and highly misleading for consumers? DEFRA - 2012 - Guidance Notes on Fish Labelling legislation -The Fish Labelling Regulations 2012 - Regulations (EC) 104/2000, 20. Fifth SEAFOODplus Conference - Copenhagen 08-06-08 to 10-06-08 - Session 6 Seafood traceability. Food Standards Agency - Fish Labelling (England) Regulations 2010. FSA 06/04/10 New fish labelling rules. MITIP 2011, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway - EPCIS standard used for improved traceability in. BRITISH COLUMBIA - MARCH 2010 - The Requirements, Current Conditions and Readiness for Traceability in the Canadian Aquaculture. In 2005 the original report "Assessing the State of Readiness" was completed.

(View original report) The relevant guidelines, standards, and regulations have been re-examined and any changes brought into place since 2005 have been summarized in the updated 2010 report. Note: All files are in PDF format. Download Adobe Acrobat Reader for free from the Adobe web site. British Columbia took the lead on the traceability file in 2005 with the completion of the original report: "An Analysis of the Requirements, Current Conditions and Opportunities for Traceability in the British Columbia Seafood Sector: Assessing the State of Readiness". TRACEFOOD 13/04/11 Presentations of results from Nordic fish industry pilot project - Danish experiences from the SIF-project. NOFIMA - JANVIER 2011 - Traceability requirements for foreign producers wishing tu use the "Norway" logo. OCEANA - AOUT 2012 - Do You Know Where Your Seafood Comes From? - How Seafood Traceability Stacks Up Against Beef and Produce.